Left Party (France)
Parti de Gauche
|Co-leaders||Jean-Luc Mélenchon & Martine Billard|
|Founded||February 1, 2009|
|Split from||Socialist Party|
|Headquarters||20-22 rue Doudeauville, 75018 Paris|
|National affiliation||Left Front|
|European affiliation||Party of the European Left|
|European Parliament group||European United Left-Nordic Green Left|
|Politics of France
It was founded in November 2008 by former socialist senator Jean-Luc Mélenchon and deputy Marc Dolez and others dissidents of the party together with the MARS movement (Mouvement pour une Alternative Républicaine et Sociale – Movement for a Republican and Social Alternative).
They had left the PS five days earlier, in protest of the result of the Reims Congress vote on motions, where the leftist motion they supported won only 19%.
They were joined after by other members from the left of the Socialist Party, by people who hadn't been members of a political party before and by dissidents from the Green Party following the deputy Martine Billard.
- Deputies: Marc Dolez (Gauche démocrate et républicaine group)
- Member of the European Parliament: Jean-Luc Mélenchon
Around ninety local elected officials (municipal, regional and general councillors), including two municipal councillors in Paris, have also joined the party.
Popular support and electoral record
The PG has not yet run independently in an election, so its base of support is hard to pin-point.
|Election year||Number of votes||% of overall vote||# of seats won|
- Nina Bontemps-Terry (12 July 2014). "Le Parti de gauche, rongé par la désertion de ses militants" (in French). Le Point.
- Denis Tugdual (5 April 2013). "Le Pen-Mélenchon: la mode est au langage populiste" (in French). L'Express.
- Jean-Laurent Cassely (15 April 2013). "Le populisme «vintage» de Jean-Luc Mélenchon, trop élaboré pour être efficace" (in French). Slate.
- Results of the Left Front which includes the larger French Communist Party
- Of the 5 Left MEP, 1 is a member of the PG