Legal Momentum

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Legal Momentum, formerly known as NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund, is the oldest legal advocacy group for women in the United States. It was founded in 1970 as the NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund, a 501(c)3 nonprofit, by leaders of NOW.[1] Muriel Fox was one of its co-founders and an ongoing leader of it. It changed its name to Legal Momentum in 2004. Legal Momentum is a liberal[2] multi-issue organization dedicated to advancing women’s rights across the country. It is headquartered in New York City with an office in Washington, DC that focuses primarily on policy initiatives and legislative issues.[3][4][5]

Major initiatives and involvement[edit]

Name confusion and notability[edit]

When Legal Momentum changed its name in 2004 it appeared to lose its identity in the eyes of both the non-profit world and the general public, and so hired a marketing firm to address the loss.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Honoring Our Founders & Pioneers". NOW. Retrieved March 31, 2015. 
  2. ^ Jones, Rachel (18 April 2005). "All Things Considered". NPR. 
  3. ^ See the Safe at Work Coalition's membership roster.
  4. ^ Legal Momentum, 'About' web page.
  5. ^ See the U.S. Department of Justice's list: Domestic Violence National Organizations.
  6. ^ Because of this effort, the National Center for State Courts now has an entire Resource Guide addressing gender-bias issues in the State courts. Legal Momentum's efforts in the federal courts resulted in the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994.
  7. ^ See Catherine Pierce's statement made as Acting Director of the U.S. Department of Justice's Office on Violence Against Women before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary on June 10, 2009, section entitled 'Expanding Nationwide Training, Education, and Promising Practices Regarding Violence Against Women', subsection 2, Improving Judicial Response to Violence Against Women Through Judicial Institutes.[1]
  8. ^ And see Legal Momentum's account of its task forces.
  9. ^ Tallon v. Liberty Hose Co. No. 1 , 485 A.2d 1209 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1984). (A volunteer fire department may be held liable under section 1983 for violating a plaintiff's constitutional rights.)
  10. ^ Robinson v. Jacksonville Shipyards Archived 2012-02-27 at the Wayback Machine., 760 F. Supp. 1486; 1991 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 4678; 136 L.R.R.M. 2920; 57 Fair Empl. Prac. Cas. (BNA) 971; 55 Empl. Prac. Dec. (CCH) P40,535.
  11. ^ Apessos v. Memorial Press Group, No. 01-1474-A, 2002 Mass. Super. LEXIS 404 (Mass. Super. Ct. Sept. 30, 2002).
  12. ^ Jonathan Rosenbloom, Do Welfare Workers Deserve Workplace Protection?, Gotham Gazette, February 2003.[2]
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ Nancy Schwartz, CASE STUDY: How a Nonprofit Name Change Generated Attention and Momentum . Archived June 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]