Legality of cannabis

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Map of world cannabis laws
Legal status of recreational cannabis across the world
  Legal
  Illegal but decriminalized
  Illegal but often unenforced
  Illegal

See also countries that have legalized medical use of cannabis.

The legality of cannabis for medical and recreational use varies by country, in terms of its possession, distribution, and cultivation, and (in regards to medical) how it can be consumed and what medical conditions it can be used for. These policies in most countries are regulated by the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs that was ratified in 1961, along with the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances and the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.[1][2]

The use of cannabis for recreational purposes is prohibited in most countries; however, many have adopted a policy of decriminalization to make simple possession a non-criminal offense (often similar to a minor traffic violation). Others have much more severe penalties such as some Asian and Middle Eastern countries where possession of even small amounts is punished by imprisonment for several years.[3]

Uruguay and Canada are the only countries that have fully legalized the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide. In the United States, ten states and the District of Columbia have legalized sales and consumption although it remains federally illegal. Court rulings in Georgia and South Africa have led to the legalization of personal cultivation and consumption of cannabis, but not legal sales. A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments.[4][5]

Countries that have legalized the medical use of cannabis include Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Sri Lanka[6] and the United Kingdom. Others have more restrictive laws that only allow the use of certain cannabinoid drugs, such as Sativex or Marinol.[7] In the United States, 33 states and the District of Columbia have legalized the medical use of cannabis, but at the federal level its use remains prohibited for any purpose.[8]


By country[edit]

Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 Afghanistan Illegal Illegal Illegal Production banned by King Zahir Shah in 1973.[9]
 Albania Illegal Illegal Illegal Prohibited but plants highly availabile throughout the country and law often unenforced.[10][11][12]
 Algeria Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Andorra Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Angola Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Antigua and Barbuda Decriminalized Illegal Decriminalized
 Argentina Decriminalized Legal Illegal Decriminalized for small amounts and private consumption, the Supreme Court ruled in 2009.[13] Medicinal cannabis legal nationally since 21 September 2017.[14]
 Armenia Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Australia Decriminalized for personal use in the Northern Territory, South Australia, and the Australian Capital Territory[15][16] Legal at federal level and in all states.[17] Qualifying conditions and other details vary by state.[18] Legal for medical purposes.
 Austria Possession for personal use decriminalized as of January 2016. Cannabis-derived drugs Allowed for medical purposes.[19]
 Azerbaijan Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Bahamas Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Bahrain Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Bangladesh Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal Sale banned in 1989,[20] but laws are rarely enforced and cannabis is openly sold in many parts of the country.[21][22]
 Barbados Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Belarus Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Belgium Decriminalized up to 3 g Cannabis-derived drugs[23] Decriminalized for cultivation of one plant Up to 3 g legal for adults since 2003.[24][25]
 Belize Decriminalized up to 10 g Illegal Illegal Possession prohibited, but use is common and largely tolerated.[26] Possession of up to 10 g decriminalized "in the works".[27]
 Benin Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Bhutan Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal, but plants grow prolifically and have multiple traditional uses, such as feeding pigs and producing textiles.[28]
 Bolivia Decriminalized up to 50 g Illegal Illegal
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Illegal Illegal Illegal In 2016 it was announced that the Ministry of Civil Affairs had formed a task force to explore the legalizing of cannabis and cannabinoids for medicinal purposes.[29]
 Botswana Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis (or dagga) is illegal.[30][31]
 Brazil Illegal (educational measures for small amounts and private use) Illegal Illegal (educational measures for small amounts and private use) Possession of any illegal drug entails a warning, community service and education on the effects of drug use. Sale, transportation, cultivation and possession of large amounts are considered drug trafficking.[32]
 Brunei Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 Bulgaria Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is classified as a class A (High-risk) drug, together with Heroin, Cocaine, Amphetamines and MDMA (ecstasy). Until 2004, a loosely defined "personal dose" existed.[33]
 Burkina Faso Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Burundi Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Cambodia Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal but often unenforced Illegal,[34] but this prohibition is lax and enforced opportunistically.[35][36][37] "Happy" restaurants in cities publicly offer food cooked with marijuana, or as a side garnish.[38]
 Cameroon Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Canada Legal Legal Legal Legal for medicinal purposes since 2001 and for recreational purposes since 2018.[39]
 Cape Verde Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Central African Republic Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Chad Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Chile Decriminalized Legal Legal[40] Private and personal use[41] and recreational cultivation[42][43][44] decriminalized. Medicinal cultivation legal with the authorization of The Chilean Agriculture Service (SAG)[45] and sale of medication allowed on prescription in pharmacies.[46]
 People's Republic of China (PRC) Illegal Illegal Illegal[47]
 Colombia Decriminalized up to 22 g for personal use Legal for medical use. Legal up to twenty plants for personal consumption. No limit for medicinal use and if licensed by the "National Anti-narcotics Council" Decriminalized up to 22 g for personal consumption. Someone carrying greater amounts, or up to 20 plants, cannot be persecuted if the drug is for personal use.[48][49][50][51]
 Comoros Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis was legal during the Comorian historical period between January 1975 and May 1978, when president Ali Soilih legalized cannabis consumption among other measures.[52][53]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Republic of the Congo Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Costa Rica Decriminalized[54][55] Illegal Decriminalized Decriminalization de facto implemented since police officers do not detain people carrying enough for only personal consumption, yet no amount has been defined as a minimum for possession. There is high tolerance and usage of smoking marijuana throughout the country.[54][55]
 Croatia Decriminalized[56][57] Legal[57] Illegal Possession of small amounts considered a misdemeanor which leads to fine. Medicinal cannabis legal for patients with illnesses such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, or AIDS.[57]
 Cuba Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Cyprus Illegal Legal for cancer patients[58] Illegal (decriminalized for some farms to grow hemp) Class B substance – life imprisonment is possible for use and maximum 8 years for possession (at the maximum 2 years for the first offence for under 25-year-olds).[59]
 Czech Republic Decriminalized up to 10 g since 2014.[60] Initially decriminalized in 2010 for up to 15 g.[61] Legal Decriminalized for cultivation of up to five plants. Cultivation for medicinal purposes subject to license legal. Possession of up to 15 g or cultivation of up to 5 plants is a misdemeanor subject to minor fine - mostly not enforced. Popular destination for smokers.[62][63] Medicinal use legal and regulated since 2013.[64][65]
 Denmark Illegal for recreational use, however, the law is often unenforced by police. (Declared legal in Freetown but this is unrecognized by Danish authorities) Legal Legal with government license. Licenses issued for medical production only. As with all drugs, cannabis-related offences are punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years.[66] Freetown Christiania, a self-declared autonomous community in Copenhagen, is known for its cannabis trade.[67]
 Djibouti Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Dominica Illegal Illegal Illegal Class B drug to cultivate, sell or possess.[68]
 Dominican Republic Illegal Illegal Illegal
 East Timor Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 Ecuador Decriminalized up to 10 g Illegal Illegal Possession of small amounts decriminalized.[69][70][71] Possession of under 10 g is considered personal use and not punished.[72]
 Egypt Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal Illegal since 1925[73] but widespread. Convictions for personal use are rare.[74] Formerly a plant of high status with several documented medicinal uses in ancient times.
 El Salvador Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Equatorial Guinea Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Eritrea Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Estonia Decriminalized With a special permit[75] Illegal Up to 7.5 g is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine. Large amounts and distribution are criminal offences punishable with a custodial sentence of up to 5 years.[76]
 Ethiopia Illegal Illegal Illegal Despite being the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement, possession of cannabis can result in up to six months imprisonment.[77]
 Fiji Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Finland Illegal but sometimes not enforced Legal under license. Legal for medicinal use only Personal use is generally not prosecuted in court but subject to summary fine. Medicinal cannabis possible under a special license since 2006; in 2014, 223 licenses were issued.[78]
 France Illegal Some cannabis-derived drugs. Illegal Cultivation, sale, ownership and consumption prohibited.[79] Medicinal cannabis legal since 2013.[80][81]
 Gabon Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Gambia Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Georgia Legal for possession and consumption but not for sale, per a July 2018 ruling by the Constitutional Court of Georgia[82][83] Use is legal, but no system for the dispensing of cannabis exists. Decriminalized for personal use [84][85]
 Germany Illegal but often tolerated. Under federal law, prosecution is optional for possession of "small amounts".[86][87] Legal to those with a prescription Legal if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices" Recreational possession illegal, but charges almost always dropped. Consumption itself considered self-harm, which is not a crime. Since early 2017, medicinal use is legal for seriously ill patients who have consulted with a doctor and "have no therapeutic alternative".[88][89][90][91][92][93]
 Ghana Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Greece Illegal Legal Legal for medicinal use only
 Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat) Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Grenada Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Guatemala Illegal Illegal Illegal In 2016 a constitutional commission rejected proposals to legalize medicinal or recreational use of cannabis.[94][95]
 Guinea Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Guinea-Bissau Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Guyana Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession of 15 g or over can result in charges of drug trafficking.[96]
 Haiti Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Honduras Illegal Illegal Illegal The possession, sale, transportation and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in Honduras.[97]
 Hong Kong Illegal Illegal Illegal The possession, sale, transportation, cultivation of cannabis is illegal under the Dangerous Drug Ordinance.[98] (Chapter 134 of the Law of Hong Kong)
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 Hungary Illegal Illegal illegal There is no distinction in Hungarian law between illicit drugs according to dangers. Heroin use has the same legal consequences as cannabis use.[99]
 Iceland Illegal Illegal Illegal Banned in 1969.[100] Consumption is illegal even in small amounts. Possession, sale, transportation and cultivation could result in jail time, with heavy fines given.[101] But possession prohibition is often not enforced.[citation needed]
 India Illegal at the federal level.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, and the North-Eastern states.
Decriminalized in Gujarat.
Illegal Illegal at the federal level.
Industrial hemp legal at the state level in Uttarakhand.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.
Albeit illegal, usage is prevalent and some government-owned shops sell cannabis in the form of bhang. Prohibition is rarely enforced and treated as low priority across India. Legalized in Uttarakhand in November 2015.[102] Decriminalized in Gujarat since 2017[103] Other states have their own laws allowing cannabis, locally known as Ganja.
 Indonesia Illegal Illegal Illegal Banned in 1927.[104] Minimum sentence of 4 years in prison (additional fines may apply) if caught in possession.[105] However, if the user is underage, they may instead be sentenced to rehabilitation.[106]
 Iran Illegal, but not strictly enforced Illegal Illegal
 Iraq Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Ireland Illegal[107] May be licensed.[108][107] Illegal[107] The National Drugs Strategy of 2009–2016 did not favour decriminalising cannabis.[109] A new strategy is planned from 2017.[110] Cannabis-derived medicines may be licensed since 2014.[108][111] A review of policy on medicinal cannabis was announced in November 2016,[112] and a private member's bill to legalise it passed second stage in the Dáil in December 2016.[113][114][115]
 Israel Currently illegal; decriminalization to take effect in April 2019 Legal Licensed medicinal providers only Personal possession decriminalized, with offenders going through a 4-stage process should they admit to their crime.[116]
 Italy Decriminalized; allowed for religious usage Legal Illegal Possession of small amounts for personal use is a misdemeanor subject to fines and the suspension of documents (passports or driver licenses). Sale and cultivation punishable by imprisonment, even if in small amounts and for exclusive personal use. Licensed cultivation for medicinal and industrial use strictly regulated.[117]
 Ivory Coast Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Jamaica Decriminalized; legal for Rastafari Legal Legal Decriminalized in amounts up to 2 oz or cultivation of up to 5 plants since 2015.[118] In 2018, the first medical cannabis dispensary was opened in Jamaica.[119]
 Japan Illegal Illegal Illegal Restricted in 1948.[120] Use and possession are punishable by up to 5 years imprisonment and a fine. Cultivation, sale, and transport are punishable by 7–10 years imprisonment and a fine.[121]
 Jordan Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Kazakhstan Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Kenya Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Kiribati Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Kosovo Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Kuwait Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Kyrgyzstan Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Laos Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal
 Latvia Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is illegal.[122] Possession of up to one gram can result in a fine of €280, for second offences within a year period criminal charges are applied. Larger quantities can be punished with up to 15 years in prison.
 Lebanon Illegal Illegal Illegal Hashish banned in 1926;[123] cannabis cultivation banned in 1992.[124] Possession is illegal. However, large amounts are grown within the country and personal use, as long as not in public, is not a major issue.[125]
 Lesotho Illegal but tolerated Illegal Medicinal cultivation with Ministry of Health authorisation[126]
 Liberia Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Libya Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 Liechtenstein Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Lithuania Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Luxembourg Decriminalized Legal Illegal Transportation and consumption are illegal. Since 2001, decriminalized and prison penalty has been substituted by a monetary fine ranging from €250 to €2,500.[127][128]
 Macau, SAR of China Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Macedonia Illegal Legal Illegal If one possesses a larger amount, a jail sentence of anywhere from 3 months to 5 years may be given.[129] Medicinal cannabis legalized since 2016.[130]
 Madagascar Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Malaysia Illegal Illegal Illegal Mandatory death penalty for convicted drug traffickers, legally defined as individuals arrested in possession of 15 g (0.5 oz) of heroin or 200 g (7 oz) of marijuana.[131]
 Malawi Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal but popular and widely cultivated; Malawian cannabis is famed internationally for its quality.[132] Chamba is grown mainly in central and northern regions like Mzuzu.[133]
 Maldives Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Mali Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Malta Decriminalized up to 3.5g Legal Illegal As of 2015, simple possession is decriminalized, but remains an arrestable offense for the police purpose of collecting intelligence about drug trafficking. Cultivation for personal use will no longer be punishable by a mandatory prison sentence or suspended sentence.[134][135]
 Marshall Islands Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Mauritania Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Mauritius Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Mexico De facto legal for personal use. Legal for medical use,
THC content below 1%.[136]
Legal for medical purposes.
De facto legal for personal use.
Possession of 5 g decriminalized since 2009.[137]
In 2015, the Supreme Court voted 4-1 that prohibiting people from growing the drug for consumption was unconstitutional as it violated the human right to the free development of one's personality.[138]
Medicinal cannabis legal since 2016[139] and non-commercial recreational use since 2018.[140] However, recreational usage is still regulated.[141]
 Micronesia Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Moldova Decriminalized Illegal Illegal Possession of small amounts is not a crime, but sale, cultivation and transport are illegal and penalized. Non-commercial possession and consumption without prescription are sanctioned with a fine or with community service.
 Monaco Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Mongolia Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Montenegro Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Morocco Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal All drugs banned since 1974, but cannabis is partially tolerated. Morocco is still among the world's top producers of hashish.
 Mozambique Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Myanmar Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal but often unenforced
 Namibia Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is illegal; in 2007 the government proposed but declined a 20-year jail sentence for any drug possession.
   Nepal Illegal (legal during Maha Shivaratri) Illegal Illegal All cannabis licenses canceled in 1973.[9] Despite being illegal, cannabis is cheap and widely available in Nepal, and the police have little-to-no interest in cannabis-related issues.[142]
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 Netherlands Illegal – but use and sale is tolerated in licensed coffeeshops.[5] Possession of up to 5 g is decriminalized. Legal Unenforced up to 5 plants for non-commercial use unless they are grown in a professional setup. Personal possession decriminalized and sale allowed only in certain licensed coffeeshops in the continental Netherlands.[143][144][145] Zero tolerance policy in the Caribbean Netherlands.[146] Even legally grown plants and equipment can be confiscated[147] and growers evicted [148] for one single plant[149] or deprived of their mortgage.[150]
 New Zealand Illegal Limited cannabis-derived pharmaceuticals Illegal Banned in 1927.[151] Cultivation, possession and sale of cannabis is illegal.[152] Legislation to decriminalize medicinal use was introduced in December 2017, but has yet to pass.[153][154] A planned referendum on legality of cannabis is to be held in the future, tentatively scheduled for 2020.
 Nicaragua Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Niger Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Nigeria Illegal Illegal Illegal
 North Korea (DPRK) Unknown Unknown Unknown There are conflicting reports on the legal status of cannabis in North Korea. Multiple reports from defectors and tourists claim there is no law regarding the possession of cannabis (as a result, it is not classified as a drug) in North Korea or if there is, it is mostly unenforced. However, other reports claim that cannabis is illegal.[155]
 Norway Illegal (in progress of decriminalization) Legal Illegal Personal use of up to 15 g punished with a fine in the case of first-time offenders; possessing more is punished more harshly. In December 2017, the Norwegian Parliament announced its intention to decriminalize certain psychoactive drugs for personal use, including cannabis and provide for medical treatment to users rather than enforce fines and imprisonment.[156]
 Oman Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Pakistan Illegal, but often unenforced (particularly in some tribal regions) Illegal Illegal Prohibited, but the smoking of hashish in Peshawar and the northern parts of Pakistan tends to be tolerated. One may be sent to jail for up to six months if found with charas in other parts of the country.[157]
 Palau Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Panama Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Papua New Guinea Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Paraguay Decriminalized up to 10 g Illegal Illegal Possession of up to 10 g not punished.[158][159]
 Peru Decriminalized Legal[160] Illegal Possession of up to 8 g is not punished.[161][162][163][164]

Illegal: Cultivation, production and sale are punished with 8–15 years in prison.[165][166]

 Philippines Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Poland Illegal, but sometimes not enforced for small amounts Legal Illegal Since 2011, prosecutors can choose not to prosecute possession of small quantities of cannabis for personal use, if it is a first offence, or if the person is drug dependent.[167] Possession of large quantities of drugs can result in up to 10 years in prison.[168]
 Portugal Decriminalized up to 25 g of herb or 5 g of hashish Legal Decriminalized In 2001, Portugal became the first country in the world to decriminalize the use of all drugs.[169]
 Qatar Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Romania Illegal Cannabis-derived drugs, less than 0.2% THC Illegal Small quantities punishable by a large fine for first offenders or 6 months to 2 years in prison if the person has been convicted before. Possession of large amounts or trafficking is punishable by 2–7 years of jail time.[170] Decriminalization proposed.[171] Limited medical use approved in 2013.[172][173]
 Russia Decriminalized for possession of up to six g Illegal Decriminalized for cultivation of up to twenty plants[citation needed] Possession of under 6 g of cannabis or 2 g of hashish is an administrative rather than criminal infraction.[174]
 Rwanda Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Saint Lucia Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Samoa Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 San Marino Illegal Legal Illegal
 São Tomé and Príncipe Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Saudi Arabia Illegal Illegal Illegal Use and possession for personal use of any kind of recreational drugs is punishable by imprisonment if caught. Imprisonment for personal use could go up to six months jail time or more. Dealing and smuggling of high amounts of drugs usually result in harsher prison time or even execution, although recently executions are rare. Foreigners who use drugs might be deported.[175]
 Senegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Serbia Illegal [176] Illegal Illegal Possession punishable by fine or imprisonment of up to 3 years. Sale and transportation punishable by 3–12 years imprisonment. Cultivation punishable by imprisonment from 6 months to 5 years. Higher penalties for organized crime.[177]
 Seychelles Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Sierra Leone Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis banned in 1920.[178]
 Singapore Illegal Illegal Illegal Banned in 1870.[179] Cannabis is a Class A drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act, making it illegal to cultivate, sell or possess. Those who are caught with 500g of cannabis or more, are presumed as drug traffickers, and are punished with a possible death penalty.[180][181]
 Slovakia Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession of small amounts punishable by up to 8 years in prison.[182][183] In April 2012, The Wall Street Journal reported that Robert Fico, the incoming Slovak prime minister, might push for partial legalisation of cannabis possession, and has argued for the legalisation of possession of up to three doses of cannabis for personal use.[183]
 Slovenia Decriminalized Cannabis-based drugs Legal for quantities with ≤ 0.2 % THC on a ≤ 0.1 ha surface, or ≥ 0.1 ha surface with a governmental permit for cannabis cultivation.[184] Cannabis-based drugs are legal for medicinal use, but not cannabis itself.[185][186] Possession of any drug for personal use is decriminalized.[187]
 Solomon Islands illegal illegal illegal
 Somalia Illegal Illegal Illegal
 South Africa Legal for possession and consumption but not for sale. Use is legal, but no system for the dispensing of medicinal cannabis exists. Legal for personal consumption. Private use and cultivation decriminalized since 2018 of cannabis in the country.[188][189]
 South Korea Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis banned under the Cannabis Control Act of 1976.[190]
 South Sudan Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Spain Use and possession in private areas allowed.[191] Public consumption can result in a fine from 601 to 30000 €[192]. Possession of larger amounts is considered trafficking.[193] Limited cannabis-derived pharmaceuticals Allowed in private areas in amounts for personal use (e.g. Cannabis Social Clubs).[191] Sale and importation punishable by jail time. All actions related to cannabis apart from sale or trade aren't considered criminal offenses,[194] but misdemeanors punishable by a fine.[195] Legalized in Catalonia since 2017,[196] but that law was appealed by the state and declared unconstitutional.[197] Use and consumption is permitted if not in public and if the plants cannot be seen from the street and other public spaces.[198]
 Sri Lanka Legal if bought from Ayurveidic shops, which often sell the drug as part of mixtures aimed at relaxation or spiritual celebration.[199][200] Legalized by amendment made in colonial law by 1980s and through the Ayurveda Act.[201] Cultivation allowed on the island under purveyor of the Government The sale of cannabis is decriminalized for traditional medicine vendors and it is commonly used in Ayurvedic traditional medicines.[202]
 Sudan Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Suriname Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis was banned in Suriname in the early 20th century, having been popularized there by Asian immigrants.[203]
 Swaziland Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Sweden Illegal Illegal Illegal All cannabis-related activity illegal. The national police runs a "disturb and annoy" program aimed at users supported by the national "zero tolerance" policy. .[204][205]
  Switzerland Decriminalized Legal Illegal Since 2012, possession of 10 g or less is decriminalized to a fine.[206]
 Syria Illegal Illegal Illegal Reportedly punished by life imprisonment under Bashar al-Assad's government policies. As a result of civil war, people living in areas controlled by Kurdish separatists have begun growing cannabis as a way of making money to fight poverty.[207]
 Taiwan (Republic of China, ROC) Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is a schedule 2 narcotic in the ROC, and possession can result in up to 3 years imprisonment.[208]
 Tajikistan Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes
 Tanzania Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Thailand Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal Criminalized in 1935.[209] Possession, cultivation, and transport (import/export) of up to 10 kg of cannabis may result in a maximum sentence of 5 years in prison or a fine.[210]
 Togo Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Tonga Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Trinidad and Tobago Illegal Illegal Illegal Banned in 1925.[211]
 Tunisia Illegal Illegal Illegal Banned in 1953.[212] Using or possessing entails 1–5 years of imprisonment + 1000-3000 dinars (around 500$-1500$).[213][214][215]
 Turkey Illegal Cannabis-derived pharmaceuticals Legal for medical purposes.[216] Medical cultivation legal in nineteen provinces. With permission, this can also be conducted in other provinces as well.[217] Consuming any drug is illegal and requires juridical process. Possessing, purchasing or receiving any illegal drug is punishable by 1–2 years in prison, treatment or probation.[218] Sale and supply is punishable by a prison term of 5–10 years, and production or trafficking by a minimum term of 10 years.[218]
 Turkmenistan Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Tuvalu Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Uganda Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Ukraine Decriminalized for possession of up to five g Illegal Decriminalized up to ten plants [219]
 United Arab Emirates Illegal Illegal Illegal Even the smallest amounts of the drug can lead to a mandatory 4-year prison sentence.[220]
 United Kingdom Illegal Legal for the few cases of severe epilepsy, vomiting or nausea caused by chemotherapy, and multiple sclerosis. [221] Legal with Home Office cannabis cultivation license [222] Banned in 1928,[223] made a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971[224]
 United States Legal in 10 states and some other internal jurisdictions, but illegal at federal level. Decriminalized in other 13 states and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Legal in 33 states and other internal jurisdictions, but illegal at federal level.[225]
Illegal at federal level, permitted locally in some states allowing recreational or medical use. Laws vary by state, territory, Indian Reservation, and the District of Columbia. Prohibited by federal law, but individuals acting in accordance with state medical cannabis laws are protected from federal prosecution by the Rohrabacher–Farr amendment. Recognized Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis for both recreational and medical use under a policy announced by the Justice Department in 2014.[226]
 Uruguay Legal; buying prohibited for foreigners Legal for all uses. Legal for up to six plants Legal since late 2013.[227] Buyers must be eighteen or older, residents of Uruguay, and must register with the authorities. Authorities grow the cannabis that can be sold legally.[228][229][230]
 Uzbekistan Illegal Illegal Illegal Opiates, cannabis and other plants containing psychotropic substances are illegal.[231]
 Vanuatu Illegal Legal Legal
  Vatican City Illegal Illegal Infeasible
 Venezuela Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession of up to 20 g of marijuana or 5 g of genetically modified marijuana for commercial purposes is punishable by 1–2 years in prison at judge's discretion. If deemed to be for personal consumption, the user is subject to security measures involving rehabilitation and detoxification procedures.[232]
 Vietnam Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal
 Yemen Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Zambia Illegal Illegal Legal if licensed by the Minister of Health; however, no licenses are currently issued
 Zimbabwe Illegal Legal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Cultivation Notes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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