Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
|Region||Bicol (Region V)|
|Cityhood||June 12, 1959|
|• Mayor||Noel Rosal|
|• Total||153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|Dialing code||+63 (0)52|
|Income class||2nd class; urban|
Legazpi, officially the City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legaspi; Spanish: Ciudad de Legazpi) and often referred to as Legazpi City, is a component city and capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 182,201.
Legazpi City is the administrative center and largest city of the Bicol Region. It is also considered as the center of tourism, education, health services, commerce and transportation in the Bicol Region.
Mayon Volcano, one of the Philippines' most popular icons and tourist destinations, is partly within the city's borders. Legazpi is located on the east or Pacific coast of Albay province, specifically on Albay Gulf. The city comprises two districts: Legazpi Port, and Albay District. Legazpi uses the nickname "City of Fun and Adventure".
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Barangays
- 4 Climate
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Places of interest
- 8 Media
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Education
- 11 Health care
- 12 Notable Legazpeños
- 13 Twin towns – Sister cities
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Legazpi was named after Miguel López de Legazpi, the Basque Spanish conquistador who officially annexed the Philippine Islands to the Spanish Empire in 1565, and whose surname came from a town in Gipuzkoa, Spain.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
Legazpi was originally a fishing settlement called Sawangan that occupied what is now the Legazpi Port, whose inhabitants were mostly fishermen and farmers.
In 1587, Franciscan friars of the Doctrina de Cagsawa began to convert the area's population to Christianity and in 1616, founded a separate parish town a few kilometres inland called Albay. Its first parish priest built a small chapel and established the Misión de San Gregorio Magno de Sawangan. Eventually, Sawangan was absorbed into Albay, which later gave its name to the entire province.
On September 22, 1856, through Royal Decree, the name Legazpi was officially adopted and the settlement was expanded to include the visitas of Lamba, Rawis and Bigaa. The newly expanded and independent town of Legazpi was officially inaugurated on October 23, 1856.
After the eruption of Mayon Volcano on February 1, 1814, Legazpi residents evacuated to Makalaya (now Taysan). At the decree of the Gobierno Superior on October 1, 1829, they were prohibited from establishing another town, leaving them to settle in Taytay (Bagumbayan). In 1818, Sawangan (now called Albay Viejo, 'Old Albay'), was partitioned from Cagsawa and made the capital of Partido de Ibalon (the former name of Albay Province). Some remained in Albay Viejo and established a new settlement around an ermita (hermitage/chapel of ease) dedicated to the Archangel Raphael, whom they adopted as their patron saint after Saint Gregory the Great had been transferred to the new site of Albay.
Battle of Legazpi
The battle of Legazpi started when the Americans landed in Legazpi in January 23, 1900. The Filipinos were led by Gen Ignacio Paua with 245 riflemen, an engineer corps, 200 artillery recruits, and a Bolo Contingent. The Filipino troops were inferior against the well-armed American troops but their patriotism gave the Americans a hard time in taking Legazpi.
The Filipinos were entrenched in strategic positions in Legazpi but the American troops were using naval gunfire support that bombarded the positioned troops. The bloodiest battle took place at the San Rafael Bridge which resulted in hand-to-hand combat.
American Colonial Era
Following their occupation of the city in 1900, the American colonizers cancelled the Legazpi's city status. In 1908 after the war's conclusion, the Americans split Legazpi into two separate towns, Legazpi Port and Albay District, which became the provincial capital of Albay. In 1922, the town of Daraga was further split from the then municipality of Albay.
World War II
After the Japanese invasion of Legazpi, a few days after the Attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 12, 1941 Legazpi was occupied by forces of the Imperial Japanese Army, and the airstrip outside town was an important center for Japanese operations. Throughout the Japanese occupation, resistance by Bicolano and local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army continued in the hills and mountains south of Legazpi. In January 1945, American and Filipino liberation forces supported by Bicolano guerrillas liberated Legazpi. However, the city suffered extensive aerial bombardment from US aircraft and many old buildings were destroyed.
Legazpi became a city for the second time on July 18, 1948, when Daraga and Legazpi were combined to constitute its territory under Republic Act No. 306; at that time, President Elpidio Quirino commissioned Ma. Leonora Mecayer as the first City Mayor. But on June 8, 1954, Republic Act No. 993 was approved, recreating the two towns (Daraga and Legazpi) and the city was dissolved.
Finally, on June 12, 1959, Legazpi became a city for the third time under Republic Act no. 2234. Amendments were introduced under R.A. 5525. Presidential Decree 125 issued on February 23, 1973, declared the town of Daraga as part of the territorial jurisdiction of the city. This decree, however, was not implemented with the onset of the Integrated Reorganization Plan, which involved the restructuring of local governments.
Designation as Administrative Center of Bicol
On September 24, 1972, then President Ferdinand Marcos designated Legazpi as the administrative center of Bicol Region through the Integrated Reorganization Plan of 1972, the implementing framework of Presidential Decree No. 1.
|Bgy. 1||Em's Barrio||Urban||3,817||Adronico D. Geraldino|
|Bgy. 2||Em's Barrio (South)||Urban||1,806||Echedita M. Salcedo|
|Bgy. 3||Em's Barrio (East)||Urban||973||Jose P. Pispis|
|Bgy. 4||Sagpon||Urban||881||Felixberto S. Cordornez, Jr.|
|Bgy. 5||Sagmin||Urban||1,261||Alberto R. Murilla|
|Bgy. 6||Bañadero||Urban||1,353||Alex Locsin|
|Bgy. 7||Baño||Urban||817||Domingo Pasano, Jr.|
|Bgy. 8||Bagumbayan||Urban||3,175||Gil L. Alianza|
|Bgy. 9||Pinaric||Urban||1,415||Roy A. Nanoz|
|Bgy. 10||Cabugao||Urban||587||Victor Lapasaran|
|Bgy. 11||Maoyod||Urban||970||Manuel A. Omnes|
|Bgy. 12||Tula-Tula||Urban||2,686||Miguelito A. Barcoma|
|Bgy. 13||Ilawod West Pob. (Ilawod 1)||Urban||735||Marilou Baltazar|
|Bgy. 14||Ilawod Pob. (Ilawod 2)||Urban||825||Susana M. Contacto|
|Bgy. 15||Ilawod East Pob. (Ilawod 3)||Urban||1,790||Herlim Azotea|
|Bgy. 16||Kawit||Urban||5,130||Jonathan Rodenas|
|Bgy. 17||Rizal St. - Ilawod||Urban||1,832||Lina Chan|
|Bgy. 18||Cabañgan (West)||Urban||2,668||Leoncio Song|
|Bgy. 19||Cabañgan||Urban||1,246||Roger H. Esquivel|
|Bgy. 20||Cabañgan (East)||Urban||560||Nimfa Bolanos|
|Bgy. 21||Binanuahan (West)||Urban||866||Ma. Theresa F. Abiera|
|Bgy. 22||Binanuahan (East)||Urban||1,514||Napoleon Cardel|
|Bgy. 23||Imperial Court||Urban||680||Gina M. Samaupan|
|Bgy. 24||Rizal||Urban||2,104||Ricardo Abunda|
|Bgy. 25||Lapu-Lapu||Urban||1,279||Gemma M. Espiritu|
|Bgy. 26||Dinagaan||Urban||863||Edwin T. Alzaga|
|Bgy. 27||Victory Village (South)||Urban||1,346||Joie Bahoy|
|Bgy. 28||Victory Village (North)||Urban||2,819||Antonio Loveriza|
|Bgy. 29||Sabang||Urban||1,638||Ismael G. Santillan|
|Bgy. 30||Pigcale||Urban||1,589||Fernando Lopez|
|Bgy. 31||Centro Baybay||Urban||1,332||Diosdado Empig|
|Bgy. 32||San Roque||Urban||5,109||Joselito G. Martinez|
|Bgy. 33||Peñaranda PNR Site||Urban||2,905||Beatriz N. Toledo|
|Bgy. 34||Oro Site||Urban||2,440||Joseph Philip L. Lee|
|Bgy. 35||Tinago||Urban||513||Cyril Sayco|
|Bgy. 36||Capantawan||Urban||766||Evelyn B. Brizuela|
|Bgy. 37||Bitano||Urban||7,022||Joel M. Balinis|
|Bgy. 38||Gogon||Urban||5,296||Perfecto Nacion|
|Bgy. 39||Bonot||Urban||3,594||Henry G. Asejo|
|Bgy. 40||Cruzada||Urban||5,198||Edsil L. Llaguno|
|Bgy. 41||Bogtong||Urban||4,291||Armando Toledo|
|Bgy. 42||Rawis||Urban||8,399||Jojo Orosco|
|Bgy. 43||Tamaoyan||Rural||1,592||Sylvia Del Agua|
|Bgy. 44||Pawa||Rural||3,348||Roger M. Nunez|
|Bgy. 45||Dita||Rural||1,652||Alfredo Garbin, Sr.|
|Bgy. 46||San Joaquin||Rural||2,010||Tomas Abaroa|
|Bgy. 47||Arimbay||Urban||3,659||Rosalina O. Gervero|
|Bgy. 48||Bagong Abre||Rural||1,376||Diego E. Obido|
|Bgy. 49||Bigaa||Rural||5,992||Roberto Arienda|
|Bgy. 50||Padang||Rural||680||Manuel P. Alagaban, Sr.|
|Bgy. 51||Buyuan||Rural||3,431||Ernesto Perez|
|Bgy. 52||Matanag||Rural||1,792||Reynaldo B. Poquilla|
|Bgy. 53||Bonga||Rural||3,319||Michael A. Mina|
|Bgy. 54||Mabinit||Rural||1,346||Levy Nunez|
|Bgy. 55||Estanza||Rural||4,159||Roger Alteche|
|Bgy. 56||Taysan||Rural||11,418||Renato Valladolid|
|Bgy. 57||Dap-dap||Rural||2,078||Marites N. Barcelon|
|Bgy. 58||Buraguis||Rural||4,026||Jose Alfonso V. Ariso|
|Bgy. 59||Puro||Rural||4,409||Nicasio Barrios|
|Bgy. 60||Lamba||Rural||1,610||Mario P. Abaluado|
|Bgy. 61||Maslog||Rural||4,116||Nenelita C. Berjuega|
|Bgy. 62||Homapon||Rural||4,233||Benhur Ariola, Jr.|
|Bgy. 63||Mariawa||Rural||1,603||Anabelle A. Teope|
|Bgy. 64||Bagacay||Rural||1,603||Julian A. Ariola|
|Bgy. 65||Imalnod||Rural||2,027||Velentin Llaneta|
|Bgy. 66||Banquerohan||Rural||6,313||Efren F. Obido|
|Bgy. 67||Bariis||Rural||1,952||Geremias B. Leron|
|Bgy. 68||San Francisco||Rural||2,384||Ronald P. Aringo|
|Bgy. 69||Buenavista||Rural||1,167||Ester P. Ardales|
|Bgy. 70||Cagbacong||Rural||2,131||Leon Andes|
Legazpi City features a tropical rainforest climate with copious amount of rainfall throughout the course of the year. Legazpi has noticeable wetter and drier periods of the year. However, the city’s driest month, April, still sees on average, over 150 millimetres (5.9 in) of precipitation per year. Similar to many other cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively constant throughout the course of the year, with a mean annual average of 26.9 °C (80.4 °F). The coolest month is January with a daily mean of 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) and the hottest months are jointly May and June with a daily mean of 28.1 °C (82.6 °F). The all-time record high temperature was 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) on May 27, 1968, and the all-time record low temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on February 28, 1971.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
|Climate data for Legazpi|
|Record high °C (°F)||32.7
|Average high °C (°F)||28.6
|Average low °C (°F)||22.4
|Record low °C (°F)||16.7
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||296.9
|Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||19||15||15||15||14||16||17||16||17||20||22||22||208|
|Average relative humidity (%)||79||74||72||68||67||68||78||78||80||81||84||84||70|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||155||168||217||240||279||210||186||186||186||180||157||149||2,313|
|Source #1: PAGASA|
|Source #2: World Climate Guide (sunshine data).|
|Population census of Legazpi|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
As of June 30, 2014, the volume of bank deposits in the city is at 21.9 Billion Pesos, making it the city with the highest volume of bank deposits in the Bicol Region.
Business Process Outsourcing
The city currently has two IT parks — the Embarcadero de Legazpi and the Legazpi Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Park that are both highly conducive for outsourcing businesses.The two facilities offer about 8,000 call center seats that could provide jobs to some 24,000 agents in three-shifts. Pioneering the business in the city is the Incubation Center of Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation Inc. (SLTCFI) which is an extension of Embarcadero’s P1.8-billion IT Park, the very first IT ecozone in the Bicol region inaugurated in July 2009.
Located on the southern foothills of the scenic Mount Mayon, the city has a booming tourism industry. The province of Albay, whose center of trade and commerce is in the city, experienced a 66% growth rate in tourist arrivals for 2013. In the same year, the city had a total of 263,568 foreign tourist arrivals, the most in the region. In 2014, the city recorded 666,210 tourist arrivals, an increase of 15% from the previous year.
Legazpi brands itself as the "City of Fun and Adventure", offering a number of adventure tourism activities including riding an ATV around Mt. Mayon, zip-lining, and water sports. It is also aiming to be one of the top five convention destinations in Luzon by 2020.
The city is home to a number of hotels and convention facilities. As of 2013, Legazpi had a total of 1,673 hotel rooms. Among the notable hotels in the city is The Oriental Legazpi. Located in the hills of Taysan, it offers a panoramic view of the city, the Albay Gulf and Mt. Mayon. It served as the venue of the joint conference meetings of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) from May 14 to 20, 2014 as well as the PATA New Tourism Frontiers Forum 2015. Another hotel is Hotel St. Ellis, located in the port district, along Rizal Street. Business establishments, shopping malls, and places of worship are all within walking distance. The city hosts two festivals. The Ibalong Festival is an annual festival held in August celebrating the Bikol epic-fragment Ibalong. The Daragang Magayon Festival is an annual month-long festival celebrating Mayon Volcano and showcasing Albay's myths and legends.
With a total exports trade of $129,423,764, the port of Legazpi city is the leading port for exports in the entire Bicol Region for 2013. Among the 17 port districts in the country, Legazpi is one of the only five port districts that posted positive collection goals for January to April 2015.
Places of interest
- Peñaranda Park is a plaza dedicated to Jose Ma. Peñaranda, the first governor of Albay. It is located in the Albay District surrounded by the Legazpi City Hall, Albay Capitol and St. Gregory the Great Cathedral.
- Rizal Park is located in front of Saint Raphael Church on Peñaranda Street. Its dominating features are the fountain located at the center of the park, and the monument of José Rizal, the country's national hero, sculpted by National Artist Napoleon Abueva in 1966.
- The Albay Park and Wildlife, located along Binitayan Road, is a picnic grove and a zoological park combined.
- Camp Simeon A. Ola is the seat of the Police Regional Office 5 for the Bicol Region. Named after the General Simeon Ola, a hero during the Philippine Revolution, the camp is open to the public as a culture and a heritage park.
- Mayon Volcano is an active stratovolcano located 15 kilometers northwest of Legazpi renowned for its symmetric conical shape.
- Ligñon Hill is a 156-meter peak with a nature park in its summit offering panoramic views of the city and Mt. Mayon as well as adventure activities like zip-line.
- Kapuntukan Hill (also known as the Sleeping Lion Hill) is located at the point south of the Port of Legazpi. The Embarcadero, the Legazpi Port District, and Albay Gulf with Mayon Volcano can be viewed from the top of the hill.
- The Japanese Tunnel is an L-shaped tunnel used as an arsenal by the Japanese Imperial Army during the World War II. It measures 40 metres (130 ft) long and around 7 feet (2.1 m) deep below the ground. The tunnel is located in Brgy. EM's Barrio South in the Albay District.
- The Legazpi City Museum showcases the heritage and culture of the city and province.
- Liberty Bell is a bronze bell installed in 1945 by the American liberation forces at the Peñaranda Park. It is enclosed with a dome-shaped concrete structure with the inscription, “Whenever oppression knocks at your door, feel free to ring this bell”.
- The Legazpi Boulevard is a picturesque seaside road along the city's southern coastline with wide promenades, bike lanes and monuments such as the statue of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, JCI Legazpi Tourism Marker and the Freemason Obelisk.
- The Legazpi Heroes Memorial Pylon at the intersection of Quezon and Rizal Streets, is a 16-metre (52 ft) high monument built to commemorate the defeat of Filipino fighters by American forces in 1900. The city went through raids by Dutch and Muslim pirates before the arrival of the Spanish and was the sight of a much bloody battle during the Philippine-American War and World War II.
- The General Simeon Ola statue is located at Bicol Heritage Park located inside the police camp named in his honor, Camp Simeon A. Ola.
- The Jose Maria Peñaranda Monument was built as a tribute to the late Governor of Albay who served from 1834-1843. It is located at the Peñaranda Park.
- The Headless Monument was constructed as a dedication to the unknown heroes who died and shed their blood during the Japanese military occupation of Legazpi City in World War II. The memorial is located within the city's Post Office Compound in Barangay Lapu-Lapu.
Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co (PLDT) Bayantel and Digitel provides wired telephone/ DSL services. Wi-MAX (4G), 3G/HSDPA / 2G mobile facilities are served by Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular. Tripinvision, ESTV and DCTV provides cable TV services in the city.
Legazpi also has a good number of FM and AM stations. ABS-CBN has their own relay station in the city, along with GMA Network has their relay station in the city, with TV5 This provides the city with good Television and radio stations.
Colloquially considered as the "Gateway to South Luzon", Legazpi is considered as the center of transportation in the Bicol Region, being strategically located in the middle, between two other major cities in Bicol. It hosts an airport, seaport and bus terminals.
- By air
- The city is served by Legazpi Airport. It is the busiest domestic airport in mainland Southern Luzon, has a runway of 2,280 metres (7,480 ft) and is capable of handling international aircraft. Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific has three flights each daily from Manila.
- By land
- Legazpi can be reached through land transport (by bus) from Manila in about 12 hours. More than 5 bus companies operate daily transport to and from Manila to Legazpi.
- Immaculate Conception College-Albay
- Ago Medical and Educational Center-Bicol Christian College of Medicine
- AMA Computer University
- Aquinas University
- Bicol University - Main, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, and College of Business, Economics and Management
- Bicol College
- Computer Arts Technological College
- Computer Communication Development Institute
- De Vera Institute of Technology
- Divine Word College
- Don Bosco Agro-Mechanical Technology Center
- Forbes College
- Genecom Institute of Science and Technology
- Informatics Computer Institute Legazpi
- Mariner's Polytechnic Colleges Foundation
- Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation
- STI College
- Tanchuling College 
Secondary and primary education
- Bicol University College of Education Integrated Laboratory School
- Ago Medical and Education Center, Science High School
- Aquinas University - Science High School
- Arimbay National High School
- Banquerohan National High School
- CAT College High School
- Christian Heritage Baptist Academy
- Divine World College - High School
- Dynamic Computer Science High School
- Cabangan National High School
- Forbes Academy
- Global Two Wings Foundation School of Legazpi
- Gogon High School
- Holy Child's Amazing Grace Learning Center
- Homapon High School
- Legazpi Adventist Elementary School
- Legazpi City High School
- Legazpi Hope Christian School
- Maslog High School
- Mission Montessori Child Center
- Nazarene Elementary and Kindergarten School
- PRO5 Learning Center
- Rawis Elementary School
- Reyes Computer Oriented High School
- Reyes Laboratory School and Tutorial Center
- Saint Roche Learning Center
- Oro Site National High School
- Pag-asa National High School
- Pawa High School
- Bicol University Pilot Elementary School
- The PEP Center Foundation
- St. Agnes Academy
- St. Peter's and Paul Early Childhood Center
- St. Raphael Academy
- St. There of the Child Jesus Learning of Legazpi City
- SPED Center Regional SPED Center
- Tanchuling Computer Oriented High School
- Taysan Resettlement Integrated School 
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
Health care institutions in Legazpi providing general care:
- Aquinas University Hospital
- Bicol Regional Training and Teaching Hospital (BRTTH)
- Albay Doctors Hospital
- Legazpi City Hospital ( Under Construction)
- Irene Cortes - former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines / First Female Dean of the UP College of Law
- Merlinda Bobis - contemporary Filipino writer and academic in Australia
- Janelle Quintana - teen actress / Best New Female Artist (19th Aliw Awards) nominee
- Valerie Weigmann - actress / Miss World Philippines 2014 titleholder
Twin towns – Sister cities
- Bacolod, Negros Occidental
- Bacoor, Cavite
- Butuan, Agusan del Norte
- Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental
- Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu
- Puerto Princesa City, Palawan
- Parañaque City, Metro Manila
- Masbate City, Masbate
- Makati City, Metro Manila
- San Juan City, Metro Manila
- Valenzuela City, Metro Manila
- Chōshi, Chiba, Japan
- Legazpi, Spain
- Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
- Taipei City, Taiwan
- Kao Shiung, Taiwan
- "Typhoon Milenyo postpones Legazpi City Milo marathon". Philippine Star. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- "Municipality/City: LEGAZPI CITY (Capital)". Philippine Standard Geographic Code Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-17.
- "DILG Regional Office No. 5 Directory". Bicol Region Official website; retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Discover Legazpi". wowlegazpi.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "The City Tagline". About Legazpi City. City Government Of Legazpi. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "St. Raphael The Archangel Church". Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- "Quick Facts on Legazpi City". NSO Bicol Albay Tourism Weblink.
- "Welcome to My City of Legazpi". www.angelfire.com. Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- Espinas, Merito B. (1996-01-01). Ibálong: the Bikol folk epic-fragment : English and Bikol translation, views and comments. M.C. Espinas. ISBN 9789715060684.
- Pacho, Arturo G.; Panganiban, Elena M. (1974-01-01). Urban Development Planning in Four Philippine Cities: A Joint Project of the U.P. Local Government Center and the National Economic and Development Authority. College of Public Administration, University of the Philippines.
- Sabio, Rodolfo C. (1978-01-01). The Case of Annexation of Daraga to Legazpi City. Research & Publications Program, College of Public Administration, University of the Philippines.
- "An Act Creating the City of Legaspi (Charter of the City of Legaspi)". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "An Act Recreating the Municipalities of Legaspi and Daraga in the Province of Albay". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Republic Act No. 2234 The LawPhil Project (www.lawphil.net). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
- Republic Act No. 5525 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
- "About Legazpi City - City History and Profile". Official Website of Legazpi City. Retrieved on 2012-05-16.
- Philippine Presidential Decree No. 125 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
- "Climate Change Scenario for the Philippines". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Forecasters Handbook for the Philippine Islands and Surrounding Waters". The Naval Research Laboratory. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- , World Climate Guide, accessed 11 August 2012.
- "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Legazpi City Ulat sa Bayan 2015".
- "The City Tagline | LEGAZPI CITY". legazpi.gov.ph. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Philippines News Agency: The making of Legazpi as ‘City of Fun and Adventure’ (Feature with photo) By Danny O. Calleja". Philippines News Agency. 2014-03-11. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Of bumpy and dusty roads: An ATV adventure around Mt. Mayon". GMA News Online. https://plus.google.com/116241361588652310259. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Spice up your Albay adventure". Rappler. https://plus.google.com/+Rappler. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Wakeboarding at Legazpi City Boulevard". Journeying James (in en-us). Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Legazpi hosts national tourism meet - The Standard". Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Legazpi City Ulat sa Bayan 2015".
- "Legazpi City | Historical Data". www.competitive.org.ph. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "PATA New Tourism Frontiers Forum 2015 | PATA". www.pata.org. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- Abella, D. (1954). Bikol Annals: A Collection of Vignettes of Philippine History. Manila.
- Dery, L. C. (1991). From Ibalon to Sorsogon : A Historical Survey of Sorsogon Province to 1905. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
- Espinas, M. (1996). The Ibalong : The Bikol Folk Epic-fragment. Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House.
- Mallari, F. (1990). Ibalon Under Storm and Siege : Essays on Bicol History: 1565-1860. Cagayan de Oro City.
- Owen, N. (1999). The Bikol blend : Bikolanos and Their History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
- Prado, M. G. (1981). Ibalon : Ethnohistory of the Bikol Region. Legazpi City: AMS Press.
- Reyes, J. C. (January–February 1979). The Ibalen Epic - A Window to Bicols Pre-history. Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas v. 53 nos. 590-591, pp. 61-92.
- "A festival blend of Bicol myth, history". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Peñaranda Park | Visit Legazpi!". Visit Legazpi! (in en-US). https://plus.google.com/101605059627892230347/. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Tourism and Culture". About Legazpi City. City Government Of Legazpi. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "PRO 5 History-Camp Simeon A. Ola". Police Regional Office 5 Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-05-17.
- "Ligñon Hill Nature Park | Visit Legazpi!".
- "Legazpi mayor plays host to JCI world president’s visit | LEGAZPI CITY". legazpi.gov.ph. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Legazpi Boulevard | Visit Legazpi!".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Legazpi City.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Legazpi City.|
||Mayon Volcano||Santo Domingo|
|Pilar, Sorsogon||Castilla, Sorsogon|