Legazpi, Albay

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Legazpi City
Component City
Legazpi City at Night.jpg
Official seal of Legazpi City

Nickname(s): Queen City of Southern Luzon;[1][2][3] City of Fun and Adventure; Gateway of Southern Luzon;[4]

Gateway City of Bicol[5]
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Legazpi City is located in Philippines
Legazpi City
Legazpi City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733
Country Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
Province Albay
District 2nd district
Founded 1616
Cityhood June 12, 1959
Barangays 70
 • Mayor Noel Rosal
 • Total 153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[8]
 • Total 182,201
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4500
Dialing code +63 (0)52
Income class 2nd class; urban[9]
Website www.legazpicity.gov.ph

Legazpi, officially the City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legaspi; Spanish: Ciudad de Legazpi) and often referred to as Legazpi City, is a component city and capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 182,201.[8]

Legazpi City is the administrative center and largest city of the Bicol Region.[10][11] It is also considered as the center of tourism, education, health services, commerce[12] and transportation[4] in the Bicol Region.

Mayon Volcano, one of the Philippines' most popular icons and tourist destinations, is partly within the city's borders.[13] Legazpi is located on the east or Pacific coast of Albay province, specifically on Albay Gulf. The city comprises two districts: Legazpi Port, and Albay District. Legazpi uses the nickname "City of Fun and Adventure".[14]


Legazpi was named after Miguel López de Legazpi, the Basque Spanish conquistador who officially annexed the Philippine Islands to the Spanish Empire in 1565, and whose surname came from a town in Gipuzkoa, Spain.



Legazpi was originally a fishing settlement called Sawangan that occupied what is now the Legazpi Port, whose inhabitants were mostly fishermen and farmers.

In 1587, Franciscan friars of the Doctrina de Cagsawa began to convert the area's population to Christianity and in 1616, founded a separate parish town a few kilometres inland called Albay. Its first parish priest built a small chapel and established the Misión de San Gregorio Magno de Sawangan. Eventually, Sawangan was absorbed into Albay, which later gave its name to the entire province.

San Gregorio Magno Cathedral

On September 22, 1856, through Royal Decree, the name Legazpi was officially adopted and the settlement was expanded to include the visitas of Lamba, Rawis and Bigaa. The newly expanded and independent town of Legazpi was officially inaugurated on October 23, 1856.

After the eruption of Mayon Volcano on February 1, 1814, Legazpi residents evacuated to Makalaya (now Taysan). At the decree of the Gobierno Superior on October 1, 1829, they were prohibited from establishing another town, leaving them to settle in Taytay (Bagumbayan). In 1818, Sawangan (now called Albay Viejo, 'Old Albay'), was partitioned from Cagsawa and made the capital of Partido de Ibalon (the former name of Albay Province). Some remained in Albay Viejo and established a new settlement around an ermita (hermitage/chapel of ease) dedicated to the Archangel Raphael, whom they adopted as their patron saint after Saint Gregory the Great had been transferred to the new site of Albay.

Legazpi was first declared a city under the Becerra Law of 1892.[15][16][17][18][19][20] The new city comprised the municipalities of Legazpi, Albay Nuevo, and Daraga under the Ayuntamiento de Albay.

Battle of Legazpi[edit]

The battle of Legazpi started when the Americans landed in Legazpi in January 23, 1900. The Filipinos were led by Gen Ignacio Paua with 245 riflemen, an engineer corps, 200 artillery recruits, and a Bolo Contingent. The Filipino troops were inferior against the well-armed American troops but their patriotism gave the Americans a hard time in taking Legazpi.[21]

The Filipinos were entrenched in strategic positions in Legazpi but the American troops were using naval gunfire support that bombarded the positioned troops. The bloodiest battle took place at the San Rafael Bridge which resulted in hand-to-hand combat.[21]

American Colonial Era[edit]

Following their occupation of the city in 1900, the American colonizers cancelled the Legazpi's city status. In 1908 after the war's conclusion, the Americans split Legazpi into two separate towns, Legazpi Port and Albay District, which became the provincial capital of Albay. In 1922, the town of Daraga was further split from the then municipality of Albay.

World War II[edit]

After the Japanese invasion of Legazpi, a few days after the Attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 12, 1941 Legazpi was occupied by forces of the Imperial Japanese Army, and the airstrip outside town was an important center for Japanese operations. Throughout the Japanese occupation, resistance by Bicolano and local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army continued in the hills and mountains south of Legazpi. In January 1945, American and Filipino liberation forces supported by Bicolano guerrillas liberated Legazpi. However, the city suffered extensive aerial bombardment from US aircraft and many old buildings were destroyed.

Independent Philippines[edit]

Legazpi City Hall

Legazpi became a city for the second time on July 18, 1948, when Daraga and Legazpi were combined to constitute its territory under Republic Act No. 306; at that time, President Elpidio Quirino commissioned Ma. Leonora Mecayer as the first City Mayor.[22] But on June 8, 1954, Republic Act No. 993 was approved, recreating the two towns (Daraga and Legazpi) and the city was dissolved.[23]

Finally, on June 12, 1959, Legazpi became a city for the third time under Republic Act no. 2234.[24] Amendments were introduced under R.A. 5525.[25] Presidential Decree 125 issued on February 23, 1973, declared the town of Daraga as part of the territorial jurisdiction of the city.[26][27] This decree, however, was not implemented with the onset of the Integrated Reorganization Plan, which involved the restructuring of local governments.

Designation as Administrative Center of Bicol[edit]

On September 24, 1972, then President Ferdinand Marcos designated Legazpi as the administrative center of Bicol Region through the Integrated Reorganization Plan of 1972, the implementing framework of Presidential Decree No. 1.[28][29]


Legazpi is politically subdivided into 70 barangays.[9]

No. Barangay name Class Population
Barangay head[30]
Bgy. 1 Em's Barrio Urban 3,817 Adronico D. Geraldino
Bgy. 2 Em's Barrio (South) Urban 1,806 Echedita M. Salcedo
Bgy. 3 Em's Barrio (East) Urban 973 Jose P. Pispis
Bgy. 4 Sagpon Urban 881 Felixberto S. Cordornez, Jr.
Bgy. 5 Sagmin Urban 1,261 Alberto R. Murilla
Bgy. 6 Bañadero Urban 1,353 Alex Locsin
Bgy. 7 Baño Urban 817 Domingo Pasano, Jr.
Bgy. 8 Bagumbayan Urban 3,175 Gil L. Alianza
Bgy. 9 Pinaric Urban 1,415 Roy A. Nanoz
Bgy. 10 Cabugao Urban 587 Victor Lapasaran
Bgy. 11 Maoyod Urban 970 Manuel A. Omnes
Bgy. 12 Tula-Tula Urban 2,686 Miguelito A. Barcoma
Bgy. 13 Ilawod West Pob. (Ilawod 1) Urban 735 Marilou Baltazar
Bgy. 14 Ilawod Pob. (Ilawod 2) Urban 825 Susana M. Contacto
Bgy. 15 Ilawod East Pob. (Ilawod 3) Urban 1,790 Herlim Azotea
Bgy. 16 Kawit Urban 5,130 Jonathan Rodenas
Bgy. 17 Rizal St. - Ilawod Urban 1,832 Lina Chan
Bgy. 18 Cabañgan (West) Urban 2,668 Leoncio Song
Bgy. 19 Cabañgan Urban 1,246 Roger H. Esquivel
Bgy. 20 Cabañgan (East) Urban 560 Nimfa Bolanos
Bgy. 21 Binanuahan (West) Urban 866 Ma. Theresa F. Abiera
Bgy. 22 Binanuahan (East) Urban 1,514 Napoleon Cardel
Bgy. 23 Imperial Court Urban 680 Gina M. Samaupan
Bgy. 24 Rizal Urban 2,104 Ricardo Abunda
Bgy. 25 Lapu-Lapu Urban 1,279 Gemma M. Espiritu
Bgy. 26 Dinagaan Urban 863 Edwin T. Alzaga
Bgy. 27 Victory Village (South) Urban 1,346 Joie Bahoy
Bgy. 28 Victory Village (North) Urban 2,819 Antonio Loveriza
Bgy. 29 Sabang Urban 1,638 Ismael G. Santillan
Bgy. 30 Pigcale Urban 1,589 Fernando Lopez
Bgy. 31 Centro Baybay Urban 1,332 Diosdado Empig
Bgy. 32 San Roque Urban 5,109 Joselito G. Martinez
Bgy. 33 Peñaranda PNR Site Urban 2,905 Beatriz N. Toledo
Bgy. 34 Oro Site Urban 2,440 Joseph Philip L. Lee
Bgy. 35 Tinago Urban 513 Cyril Sayco
Bgy. 36 Capantawan Urban 766 Evelyn B. Brizuela
Bgy. 37 Bitano Urban 7,022 Joel M. Balinis
Bgy. 38 Gogon Urban 5,296 Perfecto Nacion
Bgy. 39 Bonot Urban 3,594 Henry G. Asejo
Bgy. 40 Cruzada Urban 5,198 Edsil L. Llaguno
Bgy. 41 Bogtong Urban 4,291 Armando Toledo
Bgy. 42 Rawis Urban 8,399 Jojo Orosco
Bgy. 43 Tamaoyan Rural 1,592 Sylvia Del Agua
Bgy. 44 Pawa Rural 3,348 Roger M. Nunez
Bgy. 45 Dita Rural 1,652 Alfredo Garbin, Sr.
Bgy. 46 San Joaquin Rural 2,010 Tomas Abaroa
Bgy. 47 Arimbay Urban 3,659 Rosalina O. Gervero
Bgy. 48 Bagong Abre Rural 1,376 Diego E. Obido
Bgy. 49 Bigaa Rural 5,992 Roberto Arienda
Bgy. 50 Padang Rural 680 Manuel P. Alagaban, Sr.
Bgy. 51 Buyuan Rural 3,431 Ernesto Perez
Bgy. 52 Matanag Rural 1,792 Reynaldo B. Poquilla
Bgy. 53 Bonga Rural 3,319 Michael A. Mina
Bgy. 54 Mabinit Rural 1,346 Levy Nunez
Bgy. 55 Estanza Rural 4,159 Roger Alteche
Bgy. 56 Taysan Rural 11,418 Renato Valladolid
Bgy. 57 Dap-dap Rural 2,078 Marites N. Barcelon
Bgy. 58 Buraguis Rural 4,026 Jose Alfonso V. Ariso
Bgy. 59 Puro Rural 4,409 Nicasio Barrios
Bgy. 60 Lamba Rural 1,610 Mario P. Abaluado
Bgy. 61 Maslog Rural 4,116 Nenelita C. Berjuega
Bgy. 62 Homapon Rural 4,233 Benhur Ariola, Jr.
Bgy. 63 Mariawa Rural 1,603 Anabelle A. Teope
Bgy. 64 Bagacay Rural 1,603 Julian A. Ariola
Bgy. 65 Imalnod Rural 2,027 Velentin Llaneta
Bgy. 66 Banquerohan Rural 6,313 Efren F. Obido
Bgy. 67 Bariis Rural 1,952 Geremias B. Leron
Bgy. 68 San Francisco Rural 2,384 Ronald P. Aringo
Bgy. 69 Buenavista Rural 1,167 Ester P. Ardales
Bgy. 70 Cagbacong Rural 2,131 Leon Andes


Legazpi City features a tropical rainforest climate with copious amount of rainfall throughout the course of the year. Legazpi has noticeable wetter and drier periods of the year. However, the city’s driest month, April, still sees on average, over 150 millimetres (5.9 in) of precipitation per year. Similar to many other cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively constant throughout the course of the year, with a mean annual average of 26.9 °C (80.4 °F).[31] The coolest month is January with a daily mean of 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) and the hottest months are jointly May and June with a daily mean of 28.1 °C (82.6 °F). The all-time record high temperature was 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) on May 27, 1968, and the all-time record low temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on February 28, 1971.[31]

Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]
Climate data for Legazpi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.7
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
Record low °C (°F) 16.7
Average rainfall mm (inches) 296.9
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 19 15 15 15 14 16 17 16 17 20 22 22 208
Average relative humidity (%) 79 74 72 68 67 68 78 78 80 81 84 84 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 155 168 217 240 279 210 186 186 186 180 157 149 2,313
Source #1: PAGASA[32]
Source #2: World Climate Guide (sunshine data).[33]


Population census of Legazpi
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 121,116 —    
1995 141,657 +2.98%
2000 157,010 +2.23%
2007 179,481 +1.86%
2010 182,201 +0.55%
Source: National Statistics Office[8][34]


Saint Raphael Church

The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi.



As of June 30, 2014, the volume of bank deposits in the city is at 21.9 Billion Pesos,[35] making it the city with the highest volume of bank deposits in the Bicol Region.

Business Process Outsourcing[edit]

The city currently has two IT parks — the Embarcadero de Legazpi and the Legazpi Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Park that are both highly conducive for outsourcing businesses.The two facilities offer about 8,000 call center seats that could provide jobs to some 24,000 agents in three-shifts. Pioneering the business in the city is the Incubation Center of Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation Inc. (SLTCFI) which is an extension of Embarcadero’s P1.8-billion IT Park, the very first IT ecozone in the Bicol region inaugurated in July 2009.[4]


View of Mount Mayon and Ligñon Hill from Casablanca Suites

Located on the southern foothills of the scenic Mount Mayon, the city has a booming tourism industry. The province of Albay, whose center of trade and commerce is in the city, experienced a 66% growth rate in tourist arrivals for 2013.[36] In the same year, the city had a total of 263,568 foreign tourist arrivals, the most in the region.[37] In 2014, the city recorded 666,210 tourist arrivals, an increase of 15% from the previous year.[38]

Legazpi brands itself as the "City of Fun and Adventure",[39][40] offering a number of adventure tourism activities including riding an ATV around Mt. Mayon,[41] zip-lining,[42] and water sports.[43][44] It is also aiming to be one of the top five convention destinations in Luzon by 2020.[45]

The Oriental Legazpi

The city is home to a number of hotels and convention facilities. As of 2013, Legazpi had a total of 1,673 hotel rooms.[46] Among the notable hotels in the city is The Oriental Legazpi. Located in the hills of Taysan, it offers a panoramic view of the city, the Albay Gulf and Mt. Mayon.[47] It served as the venue of the joint conference meetings of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) from May 14 to 20, 2014[48] as well as the PATA New Tourism Frontiers Forum 2015.[49] Another hotel is Hotel St. Ellis, located in the port district, along Rizal Street. Business establishments, shopping malls, and places of worship are all within walking distance.[50] The city hosts two festivals. The Ibalong Festival is an annual festival held in August celebrating the Bikol epic-fragment Ibalong.[51][52][53][54][55][56][57] The Daragang Magayon Festival is an annual month-long festival celebrating Mayon Volcano and showcasing Albay's myths and legends.[58]

Foreign Trade[edit]

With a total exports trade of $129,423,764, the port of Legazpi city is the leading port for exports in the entire Bicol Region for 2013.[59] Among the 17 port districts in the country, Legazpi is one of the only five port districts that posted positive collection goals for January to April 2015.[60]

Places of interest[edit]

Ligñon Hill
Legazpi Harbor as seen from Embarcadero de Legazpi


  • Peñaranda Park is a plaza dedicated to Jose Ma. Peñaranda, the first governor of Albay.[61] It is located in the Albay District surrounded by the Legazpi City Hall, Albay Capitol and St. Gregory the Great Cathedral.
  • Rizal Park is located in front of Saint Raphael Church on Peñaranda Street. Its dominating features are the fountain located at the center of the park, and the monument of José Rizal, the country's national hero, sculpted by National Artist Napoleon Abueva in 1966.[62]
  • The Albay Park and Wildlife, located along Binitayan Road, is a picnic grove and a zoological park combined.[62]
  • Camp Simeon A. Ola is the seat of the Police Regional Office 5 for the Bicol Region. Named after the General Simeon Ola, a hero during the Philippine Revolution, the camp is open to the public as a culture and a heritage park.[63]

Natural Attractions[edit]

  • Mayon Volcano is an active stratovolcano located 15 kilometers northwest of Legazpi renowned for its symmetric conical shape.
  • Ligñon Hill is a 156-meter peak with a nature park in its summit offering panoramic views of the city and Mt. Mayon as well as adventure activities like zip-line.[64]
  • Kapuntukan Hill (also known as the Sleeping Lion Hill) is located at the point south of the Port of Legazpi. The Embarcadero, the Legazpi Port District, and Albay Gulf with Mayon Volcano can be viewed from the top of the hill.[62]

Historical Landmarks[edit]

  • The Japanese Tunnel is an L-shaped tunnel used as an arsenal by the Japanese Imperial Army during the World War II. It measures 40 metres (130 ft) long and around 7 feet (2.1 m) deep below the ground. The tunnel is located in Brgy. EM's Barrio South in the Albay District.[62]
  • The Legazpi City Museum showcases the heritage and culture of the city and province.
  • Liberty Bell is a bronze bell installed in 1945 by the American liberation forces at the Peñaranda Park. It is enclosed with a dome-shaped concrete structure with the inscription, “Whenever oppression knocks at your door, feel free to ring this bell”.[62]


  • The Legazpi Boulevard is a picturesque seaside road along the city's southern coastline with wide promenades, bike lanes and monuments such as the statue of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, JCI Legazpi Tourism Marker[65] and the Freemason Obelisk.[66]
Legazpi Heroes Memorial


  • The Legazpi Heroes Memorial Pylon at the intersection of Quezon and Rizal Streets, is a 16-metre (52 ft) high monument built to commemorate the defeat of Filipino fighters by American forces in 1900. The city went through raids by Dutch and Muslim pirates before the arrival of the Spanish and was the sight of a much bloody battle during the Philippine-American War and World War II.[62]
  • The General Simeon Ola statue is located at Bicol Heritage Park located inside the police camp named in his honor, Camp Simeon A. Ola.
  • The Jose Maria Peñaranda Monument was built as a tribute to the late Governor of Albay who served from 1834-1843. It is located at the Peñaranda Park.[62]
  • The Headless Monument was constructed as a dedication to the unknown heroes who died and shed their blood during the Japanese military occupation of Legazpi City in World War II. The memorial is located within the city's Post Office Compound in Barangay Lapu-Lapu.[62]


Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co (PLDT) Bayantel and Digitel provides wired telephone/ DSL services. Wi-MAX (4G), 3G/HSDPA / 2G mobile facilities are served by Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular. Tripinvision, ESTV and DCTV provides cable TV services in the city.

Legazpi also has a good number of FM and AM stations. ABS-CBN has their own relay station in the city, along with GMA Network has their relay station in the city, with TV5 This provides the city with good Television and radio stations.


Legazpi Airport

Colloquially considered as the "Gateway to South Luzon", Legazpi is considered as the center of transportation in the Bicol Region, being strategically located in the middle, between two other major cities in Bicol. It hosts an airport, seaport and bus terminals.

By air
The city is served by Legazpi Airport. It is the busiest domestic airport in mainland Southern Luzon,[67] has a runway of 2,280 metres (7,480 ft) and is capable of handling international aircraft. Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific has three flights each daily from Manila.[4]
By land
Legazpi can be reached through land transport (by bus) from Manila in about 12 hours. More than 5 bus companies operate daily transport to and from Manila to Legazpi.


Tertiary education[edit]

  • Immaculate Conception College-Albay
  • Ago Medical and Educational Center-Bicol Christian College of Medicine
  • AMA Computer University
  • Aquinas University
  • Bicol University - Main, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, and College of Business, Economics and Management
  • Bicol College
  • Computer Arts Technological College
  • Computer Communication Development Institute
  • De Vera Institute of Technology
  • Divine Word College
  • Don Bosco Agro-Mechanical Technology Center
  • Forbes College
  • Genecom Institute of Science and Technology
  • Informatics Computer Institute Legazpi
  • Mariner's Polytechnic Colleges Foundation
  • Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation
  • STI College
  • Tanchuling College [68]

Secondary and primary education[edit]

  • Bicol University College of Education Integrated Laboratory School
  • Ago Medical and Education Center, Science High School
  • Aquinas University - Science High School
  • Arimbay National High School
  • Banquerohan National High School
  • CAT College High School
  • Christian Heritage Baptist Academy
  • Divine World College - High School
  • Dynamic Computer Science High School
  • Cabangan National High School
  • Forbes Academy
  • Global Two Wings Foundation School of Legazpi
  • Gogon High School
  • Holy Child's Amazing Grace Learning Center
  • Homapon High School
  • Legazpi Adventist Elementary School
  • Legazpi City High School
  • Legazpi Hope Christian School
  • Maslog High School
  • Mission Montessori Child Center
  • Nazarene Elementary and Kindergarten School
  • PRO5 Learning Center
  • Rawis Elementary School
  • Reyes Computer Oriented High School
  • Reyes Laboratory School and Tutorial Center
  • Saint Roche Learning Center
  • Oro Site National High School
  • Pag-asa National High School
  • Pawa High School
  • Bicol University Pilot Elementary School
  • The PEP Center Foundation
  • St. Agnes Academy
  • St. Peter's and Paul Early Childhood Center
  • St. Raphael Academy
  • St. There of the Child Jesus Learning of Legazpi City
  • SPED Center Regional SPED Center
  • Tanchuling Computer Oriented High School
  • Taysan Resettlement Integrated School [69][70][71]

Health care[edit]

Aquinas University Hospital

Health care institutions in Legazpi providing general care:

  • Aquinas University Hospital
  • Bicol Regional Training and Teaching Hospital (BRTTH)
  • Albay Doctors Hospital
  • Legazpi City Hospital ( Under Construction)

Notable Legazpeños[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]




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External links[edit]