Legazpi, Albay

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Component City
Legazpi City Montage.jpg
Official seal of Legazpi

Nickname(s): Queen City of Southern Luzon;[1][2][3] City of Fun and Adventure; Gateway of Southern Luzon;[4]

Gateway City of Bicol[5]
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Legazpi is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733
Country Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
Province Albay
District 2nd district
Founded 1616
Cityhood June 12, 1959
Barangays 70
 • Mayor Noel Rosal
 • Total 153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[8]
 • Total 182,201
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4500
Dialing code +63 (0)52
Income class 2nd class; urban[9]
Website legazpi.gov.ph

Legazpi, officially the City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legaspi; Spanish: Ciudad de Legazpi) and often referred to as Legazpi City, is a component city and the capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 182,201.[8]

Legazpi City is the administrative center and largest city of the Bicol Region.[10][11] It is also considered as a center of tourism, education, health services, commerce[12] and transportation[4] in the Bicol Region.

Mayon Volcano, one of the Philippines' most popular icons and tourist destinations, is partly within the city's borders.[13] The city is composed of two districts: Legazpi Port and Albay district.

The city was adjudged as one of the most livable cities in Philippines.[14][15] It was also lauded as the most business-friendly city in Southern Luzon in 2007 by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry.[16][17]

Legazpi has the tagline "City of Fun and Adventure".[18]


Legazpi was named after Miguel López de Legazpi, the Basque Spanish conquistador who officially annexed the Philippine Islands to the Spanish Empire in 1565, and whose surname came from a town in Gipuzkoa, Spain.



Legazpi was originally a fishing settlement called Sawangan that occupied the swampy area that is now the Legazpi Port, inhabited by fisherfolk and farmers. In 1587, Franciscan friars of the Doctrina de Cagsawa began to convert the area's population to Christianity.

Spanish Colonial Era[edit]

Spanish religious missionaries administered the settlement in the 1580s. The village of Sawangan became more populous and progressive and the first parish priest, Fray Francisco de Sta. Ana, OFM, built a wooden chapel with St. Gregory the Great as patron. Sawangan then became an independent parish and was called 'Misión de San Gregorio Magno de Sawangan'.[19]

A bigger and more imposing church replaced the chapel during the tenure of Fray Martin del Espiritu, OFM, in 1636 and Sawangan continued to thrive despite the Moro raids in the 1700s, super typhoon of 1742, earthquake of 1811, and other calamities.[19] Sawangan was created a visita regular in 1605 and elevated as an independent town in 1616.

1814 Eruption of Mt. Mayon[edit]

Façade of the old church of Cagsawa, destroyed in the eruption of Mt. Mayon on February 1, 1814

On February 1, 1814, a catastrophic eruption of Mt. Mayon partially destroyed Sawangan and buried Cagsawa, Budiao and Camalig. The parish priest of Sawangan, Fray Pedro Licup, urged the residents to transfer to Makalaya (present-day Barangay Taysan) located on the slopes of Mt. Bariw. However, many residents decided to return to the lowlands and settled in Taytay (present-day Barangay Bagumbayan). Other survivors opted to return to the original location of Sawangan and established Binanuahan (Banuang Gurang) despite a decree by the Gobierno Superior signed on October 1, 1829, which prohibited the establishment of new towns.[19] The new settlement in Taytay grew larger and eventually became a township. Binanuahan was declared a visita or tributary of Taytay and the combined town became known as Albay Nuevo.[20]

In 1839, the settlers in Taytay started to erect a stone church designed by Gobernadorcillo Don Jose Ma. de Peñaranda, an architect, in consultation with Fray Jose Yagres, OFM. The structure would become the present Cathedral of San Gregorio Magno in the Albay district. Meanwhile, those who returned to Sawangan established an ermita or chapel dedicated to the Archangel Raphael, whom they adopted as patron saint. This became the present church of St. Raphael the Archangel in the Legazpi Port district.

On July 17, 1856, Ramon Montero of the Gobierno Superior de las Islas Filipinas signed a decree creating the visita of Pueblo Viejo, out of Binanuahan and the adjacent villages of Lamba, Rawis and Bigaa. In another decree, Montero named the town Legazpi, which was inaugurated on October 22 of the same year.

Port of Legazpi opened to world trade[edit]

The port of Legazpi served as anchorage for ships sailing to Nueva España (Mexico) beginning in the latter part of the 16th century. The nearby Sula Channel was used as a sanctuary by galleons during storms because of its sheltered inlet. In 1873, Legazpi was made a port of entry by a Royal Decree earlier issued in Madrid on May 18, 1872 and later promulgated by Governor Juan Alamenos y de Vivar on December 3, 1874.[19][21]

Legazpi was declared a city for the first time under the Becerra Law of 1892.[22][23][24][25][26][27] In 1894, the Spanish Minister of Ultramar promulgated a decree creating an ayuntamiento composed of the towns of Legazpi, Albay and Daraga.

Philippine Revolution[edit]

On September 22, 1898, the Civil Governor of Albay, Angel Bascaran y Federic and the Spanish residents evacuated Albay. Subsequently, a revolutionary junta was organized by Don Anacieto Solano who later turned over the command to General Vicente Lukban, General-in-chief of Operations of the revolutionary government in the southern region.[20]

Battle of Legazpi[edit]

On January 23, 1900, American forces composed of three infantry companies equipped with powerful rifles and canyons landed on the shores of Albay Gulf to conquer Legazpi. However, they were met by 800 revolutionary Filipino troops headed by General Ignacio Paua, Col. Antero Reyes, Captain Alvaro Nepomuceno, and Policarpio Pergone who put up a strong defense of the city.[28]

The American troops headed by Brigadier Gen. W.A. Kobbe encountered heavy resistance from the Filipino forces who gallantly engaged them in a bloody fight on San Rafael Bridge that resulted in the death of 172 Filipinos including Reyes, who used only bolos. Another 12 Filipinos were injured while the American forces suffered only 12 injured infantrymen.[28]

To commemorate the valiant efforts of the revolutionary troops, a monument was built on the site of the former San Rafael Bridge. The swampy area where the bridge was located was reclaimed during the early 20th century and is now the intersection of Rizal Street and Quezon Avenue.

Mayon Legaspi 1928.jpg

American Colonial Era[edit]

Following their occupation of the city in 1900, the American colonizers cancelled Legazpi's city status. In 1908, after the war's conclusion, the Americans split Legazpi into two separate towns, Legazpi and Albay, which became the provincial capital of Albay. In 1922, the town of Daraga was further split from the then municipality of Albay.

World War II[edit]

Japanese bombers from the aircraft carrier Ryujo attack Legazpi, December 12, 1941

On December 12, 1941, a few days after the Attack on Pearl Harbor, Legazpi was occupied by forces of the Imperial Japanese Army, the purpose of which was to obtain control of local air strips, which could be used as forward bases by fighter aircraft for operations in central Luzon. Throughout the Japanese occupation, resistance by Bicolano and local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army continued in the hills and mountains south of Legazpi. In January 1945, American and Filipino liberation forces, supported by Bicolano guerrillas, liberated Legazpi. However, the city suffered extensive aerial bombardment from US aircraft and many old buildings were destroyed including the old St. Raphael church and the Academia de Sta. Ines campus.

Independent Philippines[edit]

Legazpi became a city for the second time on July 18, 1948, when Daraga and Legazpi were combined to constitute its territory under Republic Act No. 306;[29] at that time, President Elpidio Quirino appointed Jose R. Arboleda[30] as the first City Mayor.[31] But on June 8, 1954, Republic Act No. 993 was approved, recreating the two towns (Daraga and Legazpi) and the city was dissolved.[32]

Finally, on June 12, 1959, Legazpi became a city for the third time under Republic Act no. 2234.[33] Amendments were introduced under R.A. 5525.[34] Presidential Decree 125 issued on February 23, 1973, declared the town of Daraga as part of the territorial jurisdiction of the city.[35][36] This decree, however, was not implemented with the onset of the Integrated Reorganization Plan, which involved the restructuring of local governments.

Designation as Administrative Center of Bicol[edit]

On September 24, 1972, then President Ferdinand Marcos designated Legazpi as the administrative center of Bicol Region through the Integrated Reorganization Plan of 1972, the implementing framework of Presidential Decree No. 1.[37][38]


View north from Brgy. Lamba located in the hilly southern areas of Legazpi

Legazpi is situated in latitude 13.1333° North and longitude 123.7333° East. It is on the eastern portion of the province of Albay bounded on the north by the municipality of Sto. Domingo, on the east by the Albay Gulf, on the west by the municipality of Daraga, and on the south by the municipalities of Manito, Albay and Pilar and Castilla, Sorsogon. The city is located 532 kilometers south of Manla.

From north to south, the city spans approximately 29 kilometers while from east to west, the narrowest portion is about 3 kilometers (urban district) while the widest is about 15 kilometers (southeast area).[39] Legazpi has a total land area of 20,437 hectares, ninety percent of which is classified as rural (18,431.66 hectares) while ten percent is classified as urban (2,005.39 hectares).[40]

Legazpi's topography is generally plain on the northeastern areas, with slopes ranging from five to fifteen degrees. The southern areas have mostly rolling to hilly terrain. In the city's coastal areas, the terrain varies from plain (north) to hilly (south).[41] Legazpi is criss-crossed by several rivers including the Tibu, Macabalo and Yawa rivers with a number of swampy areas particularly in the urban district. To mitigate flooding in these low-lying areas, the local government has built an urban drainage and flood control system consisting of dikes, canals, sea walls and three pumping stations located in Barangays San Roque, Bay-Bay and Victory Village.[42][43]


Legazpi City features a tropical rainforest climate with copious amount of rainfall throughout the course of the year. Legazpi has noticeable wetter and drier periods of the year. However, the city’s driest month, April, still sees on average, over 150 millimetres (5.9 in) of precipitation per year. Similar to many other cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively constant throughout the course of the year, with a mean annual average of 26.9 °C (80.4 °F).[44] The coolest month is January with a daily mean of 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) and the hottest months are jointly May and June with a daily mean of 28.1 °C (82.6 °F). The all-time record high temperature was 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) on May 27, 1968, and the all-time record low temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on February 28, 1971.[44]

Climate data for Legazpi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.7
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
Record low °C (°F) 16.7
Average rainfall mm (inches) 296.9
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 19 15 15 15 14 16 17 16 17 20 22 22 208
Average relative humidity (%) 79 74 72 68 67 68 78 78 80 81 84 84 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 155 168 217 240 279 210 186 186 186 180 157 149 2,313
Source #1: PAGASA[45]
Source #2: World Climate Guide (sunshine data).[46]


As of the 2010 Census, Legazpi has a population of 182,201 with an average annual population growth of 1.86% between 2000 and 2007. Fifty eight percent of the city's population or 105,853 live in areas classified as urban while 42% or 76,348 are in rural areas. The city has a population density of 9 people per hectare (54 people per hectare in urban areas and 4 people per hectare in rural areas). Languages spoken include Bikol (specifically Central Bikol Language), English, Filipino and Chinese.[47] Legazpi is the most populous city in the province of Albay and in the Bicol Region. It comprises 14.8% of the total population of Albay.[48]

Cathedral of San Gregorio Magno, Legazpi, Albay
Population census of Legazpi
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 121,116 —    
1995 141,657 +2.98%
2000 157,010 +2.23%
2007 179,481 +1.86%
2010 182,201 +0.55%
Source: National Statistics Office[8][49]


Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in the city. Other religious denominations include Iglesia ni Cristo (INC), Protestant churches such as Baptist, Methodist, Evangelical Christians, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Islam.The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi.



Ibalong Festival is a non-religious festival held annually in the month of August. The festival celebrates the epic-fragment Ibalong, which narrates the exploits of three legendary heroes of Ancient Bikol: Baltog, Handyong, and Bantong. It was first held in October 1992. Yearly activities include the Ibalong Street Presentation, trade fairs, bazaars and weekend markets, Mutya ng Ibalong Pageant, and sports-related events such as the annual Mt. Mayon Triathlon.[50] In 2013, the epic was adapted into a critically-acclaimed[51] dance-musical 'Ibalong the Musical'[52] by playwright Rody Vera as part of the Tanghalang Pilipino's 26th season. The musical premiered at the Tanghalang Aurelio V. Tolentino of Cultural Center of the Philippines on February 8, 2013.[53][54]

Daragang Magayon Festival is a month-long annual festival celebrating Mt. Mayon. It is held in April in the entire province of Albay with most of the activities held in Legazpi City. The name comes from the Bikol word 'magayon', which means beautiful, where the name of Mt. Mayon is derived. It is considered the biggest secular celebration of culture in Albay, helping promote trade and tourism in the province.[55] The festival features agricultural products display and trade fairs, culinary shows, cultural events, street parades, photo/arts exhibits, and sports events.[56] Notable activities include the Festival of Festivals Showdown, Legend Showdown, Mayon 360 Ultramarathon, Higantes (Parade of Giants), Search for Daragang Magayon, and Sayaw kan Tulong Bulod (Dance of the Three Mountains) Musical.[57]

Having different patron saints, the city's two districts have different fiestas. Legazpi port district fiesta is held every October 24 in honor of St. Raphael the Archangel. Yearly activities include street parade and a maritime procession. The Albay district fiesta is held every September 3, usually declared as a local non-working holiday.[58][59]

There are several local festivals held in the city's barangays including Sto. Cristo Festival in Barangay Dap-Dap, Bankero Festival in Barangay San Roque, Biga Festival in Barangay Bigaa, Banua Festival in Barangay Binanuahan, Peñafrancia Festival in Barangay Sabang and Hikot Festival in Barangay Victory Village.[60]


Legazpi City at Night, view from Brgy. Taysan

Legazpi City is a major economic hub in the Bicol Region. Economic activities in the city include wholesale and retail trade, agriculture, services, manufacturing and mining. Major sources of income include rice, root crops, and coconut. The city exports products such as coconut oil, copra cake, perlite, and abaca products.[61][62] The city also has a fast-growing tourism industry[63][64] with focus on adventure tourism. The city government is also promoting Legazpi as an ideal location for ICT-BPO businesses.

Trade and Industry[edit]

Landco Business Park in Legazpi City

There are 5,055 business establishments in Legazpi as of 2014.[65] Most of these are located in the city's central business district, the Legazpi Port District. Landco Business Park, the first master-planned commercial business district in the Bicol Region, opened in 2001.[66] Thriving industries in Legazpi include coco oil milling and production (Legaspi Oil Company - CIIF),[67][68] construction aggregate quarrying,[69] 'pinukpok' (abaca fabric) production in Brgy. Banquerohan,[70][71] and organic fertilizer manufacturing.[72][73]

The city is also home to a number of retail establishments. Liberty Commercial Center, Inc. (LCC), a homegrown Albayano company established in nearby Tabaco City in 1945, operates a major mall (LCC Mall Legazpi), two supermarkets and three Expressmarts (grocery stores) in the city.[74] Another notable mall is Pacific Mall Legazpi, the first full-sized mall in Bicol. Other malls in Legazpi include Embarcadero de Legazpi, A. Bichara Silverscreens and Entertainment Center, 101 Shopping Mall, Yashano Mall and Gregorian Mall. The city has also attracted investments from national retail chains including Metro Gaisano, SM Savemore, Robinsons Supermarket, Puregold and 7-Eleven as well as property developers such as Camella Homes.[75] The city will host upcoming shopping centers by Ayala Malls[76][77][78] and SM Supermalls.[79]

To further boost the local economy, the city government is promoting the establishment of information technology (IT) parks and industrial estates such as the Embarcadero IT Park in Brgy. Victory Village, City Light Industrial Park (CLIP) in Brgy. Bogtong, Legazpi City Special Economic Zone in Brgy. Banquerohan, Bicol Regional Agro-Industrial Center (BRAIC) and First Legazpi Industrial Estate, both in Brgy. Homapon.[80][81]

Banking and Finance[edit]

Legazpi Savings Bank

As of June 30, 2014, Legazpi has a total of forty banks.[82] The volume of bank deposits in the city is at 21.9 Billion Pesos,[83] making it the city with the highest volume of bank deposits in the Bicol Region. Legazpi Savings Bank, a thrift bank based in the city with eleven branches around the Bicol Region, was acquired by Robinsons Bank in 2012.[84] The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas also has an office in the city, along Rizal Street in Barangay Cabangan.

Business Process Outsourcing[edit]

Sutherland Global Services Legazpi

Legazpi is recognized as one of the '10 next wave cities' for Business Process Outsourcing.[85] The city currently has two IT parks — the Embarcadero de Legazpi and the Legazpi Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Park that are both highly conducive for outsourcing businesses.The two facilities offer about 8,000 call center seats that could provide jobs to some 24,000 agents in three shifts. Pioneering the business in the city is the Incubation Center of Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation Inc. (SLTCFI) which is an extension of Embarcadero’s P1.8-billion IT Park, the very first IT ecozone in the Bicol region inaugurated in July 2009.[4] As of 2015, the biggest locator in Embarcadero IT Park is Sutherland Global Services.[86][87]


ATV ride to Mayon, one of the adventure tourism activities in Legazpi

Located on the southern foothills of the scenic Mount Mayon, the city has a booming tourism industry. The province of Albay, whose center of trade and commerce is in the city, experienced a 66% growth rate in tourist arrivals for 2013.[88] In the same year, the city had a total of 263,568 foreign tourist arrivals, the most in the region.[89] In 2014, the city recorded 666,210 tourist arrivals, an increase of 15% from the previous year.[90]

Legazpi brands itself as the "City of Fun and Adventure",[91][92] offering a number of adventure tourism activities including riding an ATV around Mt. Mayon,[93] zip-lining,[94] and water sports.[95][96]

The Oriental Legazpi

The city is home to a number of hotels. As of 2013, Legazpi had a total of 1,673 hotel rooms.[97] Among the notable hotels in the city is The Oriental Legazpi. Located in the hills of Taysan, it offers a panoramic view of the city, the Albay Gulf and Mt. Mayon.[98] It served as the venue of the joint conference meetings of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) from May 14 to 20, 2014[99] as well as the PATA New Tourism Frontiers Forum 2015.[100] Another hotel is Hotel St. Ellis, located in the port district, along Rizal Street.[101]

Legazpi is also aiming to be one of the top five convention destinations in Luzon by 2020.[102] The city has two public indoor arenas that can also serve as convention centers: Ibalong Centrum for Recreation (capacity: 7,000 persons)[103] and Albay Astrodome (capacity: 5,000 persons).[104] In 2015, Legazpi hosted 51 national and international conventions.[105]

As part of its efforts to promote sports and adventure tourism, the city hosts annual sporting events such as Mt. Mayon Triathlon, Mayon 360 Ultramarathon and XTERRA Triathlon.

Foreign Trade[edit]

With a total trade value of US$129,423,764, the port of Legazpi city is the leading port for exports in the entire Bicol Region for 2013.[106] Among the 17 port districts in the country, Legazpi is one of only five port districts that posted positive collection goals for January to April 2015.[107]

Places of interest[edit]

Natural Attractions[edit]

Ligñon Hill Nature Park
  • Mayon Volcano is an active stratovolcano located 15 kilometers northwest of Legazpi renowned for its symmetric conical shape.
  • Ligñon Hill is a 156-meter peak with a nature park in its summit offering panoramic views of the city and Mt. Mayon as well as adventure activities like zip-line.[108]
  • Kapuntukan Hill (also known as the Sleeping Lion Hill) is located at the point south of the Port of Legazpi. The Embarcadero, the Legazpi Port District, and Albay Gulf with Mayon Volcano can be viewed from the top of the hill.[109]
  • Karangahan Falls, in Brgy. Banquerohan, has a deep catch basin ideal for swimming. It is accessible by motor vehicles.
  • Legazpi Dive Sites are a collection of sixteen coral reefs off the coast of Legazpi and around the Albay Gulf ideal for scuba diving.[110][111] The city plans to set up an underwater park in six of the coral reefs in the city.[112]
  • The city has a long coastline with black sand beaches ideal for skimboarding.[113][114][115]

Historical Landmarks[edit]

Kapuntukan Hill and Legazpi Boulevard at Night
  • The Japanese Tunnel is an L-shaped tunnel used as an arsenal by the Japanese Imperial Army during the World War II. It measures 40 metres (130 ft) long and around 7 feet (2.1 m) deep below the ground. The tunnel is located in Brgy. EM's Barrio South in the Albay District.[109]
  • The Legazpi City Museum showcases the heritage and culture of the city and province.
  • Liberty Bell is a bronze bell installed in 1945 by the American liberation forces at the Peñaranda Park. It is enclosed within a dome-shaped concrete structure with the inscription, “Whenever oppression knocks at your door, feel free to ring this bell”.[109]
  • The Albay Gulf Landing Monument on the shores of Brgy. Rawis was built in 1995 to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the Landing of the Allied American Forces in Legazpi City.


Our Lady of Guadalupe Shrine in Buraguis
  • The Cathedral of St. Gregory the Great, located in the Albay District, is the Episcopal Seat of the Diocese of Legazpi. It was first built by Spanish missionaries as a wooden chapel in 1581.
  • St. Raphael the Archangel Church is located in the Port District. Its altar table is made of a single block of hardened lava rock.
  • Our Lady of Guadalupe Shrine is built on a hillside in Brgy. Buraguis overlooking the port district. It features a life-sized Stations of the Cross and a huge statue of the Virgin of Guadalupe at the summit.
  • Our Lady of Fatima Church, located along Imelda Roces Avenue, is a modern church with a semi-circular nave.
  • Our Lady of Perpetual Help (Redemptorist) Church is the mission house of the Redemptorist congregation.
  • St. Jude Thaddeus Parish Church


Albay Park and Wildlife
  • Peñaranda Park is a plaza dedicated to Jose Ma. Peñaranda, the first governor of Albay.[116] It is located in the Albay District surrounded by the Legazpi City Hall, Albay Capitol and St. Gregory the Great Cathedral.
  • Rizal Park is located in front of Saint Raphael Church on Peñaranda Street. It has a fountain and a monument to José Rizal, the country's national hero, sculpted by National Artist Napoleon Abueva in 1966.[109]
  • The Albay Park and Wildlife, located along Binitayan Road, is a picnic grove and a zoological park combined.[109]
  • Kalayaan Park in Brgy. Barriada features pavilions, walkways, benches, children's playground, and a basketball court.
  • Bicol Heritage Park is located inside Camp Simeon A. Ola, headquarters of the Police Regional Office 5 in Bicol.

Shopping Centers[edit]

LCC Mall Legazpi
  • LCC Mall Legazpi is one of the pioneering commercial establishments in Albay engaged in retail.[117]
  • A. Bichara Silverscreens and Entertainment Center is a premier cinema and entertainment center that opened in 1998.[118]
  • Embarcadero de Legazpi is a waterfront lifestyle hub, commercial and entertainment center located in the city's port area.[119] It is part of the Embarcadero IT Park.
  • Liberty City Center is a joint venture between LCC Malls and Ayala Malls currently under construction in the city's main business district. It is a four storey mall with 200 stores, 4 cinemas, al fresco dining and underground parking.[120][121]
  • Pacific Mall Legazpi is the first full-sized integrated shopping center in the Bicol region.[122] The mall opened in 2001 as the centerpiece of Landco Business Park, a master planned central business district. Its anchor store is Metro Gaisano.[123]


Legazpi Boulevard
  • The Legazpi Boulevard is a picturesque seaside road along the city's southern coastline with wide promenades, bike lanes, monuments such as the statue of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, JCI Legazpi Tourism Marker[124] and the Freemason Obelisk, restaurants, cafes and pubs.[125] The boulevard is part of a 'tourism mega highway' project linking the city to the under-construction Bicol International Airport in Daraga.[126] As of 2015, construction of a northern extension of the Legazpi Boulevard has started.[127]


Battle of Legazpi Pylon
  • The Battle of Legazpi Pylon at the intersection of Quezon and Rizal Streets is a 16-metre (52 ft) high monument built to commemorate the defeat of Filipino fighters by American forces in 1900. The pylon marks the site of a bloody battle during the Philippine-American War and World War II.[109]
  • The General Simeon Ola Statue is located at Bicol Heritage Park inside the police camp named in his honor, Camp Simeon A. Ola.
  • The Jose Maria Peñaranda Monument was built as a tribute to the late Governor of Albay who served from 1834-1843. It is located at the Peñaranda Park.[109]
  • General Jose Ignacio Paua Statue is dedicated to Gen. Paua, the only pure-blooded Chinese who supported the Katipunan during the Philippine Revolution. It is located in a pocket park in Brgy. Bañadero.
  • The Headless Monument is dedicated to the unknown heroes who died in the Japanese occupation of Legazpi City during World War II. The memorial is located within the city's Post Office Compound in Barangay Lapu-Lapu.[109]
  • Ibalong Heroes Monument, located on the junction of RIzal and Lapu-Lapu Streets, honors the mythical heroes of the Ibalong epic-fragment: Baltog, Handyong and Bantong.
  • Mag-Ilusyon or Magsing-irog (Lovers) is a metal sculpture by award-winning artist Eduardo Castrillo, commissioned in 1976 for Kalayaan Park in Brgy. Barriada.
  • Padang Memorial Cross in Brgy. Padang is dedicated to the victims of Typhoon Reming in 2006.
  • The Obelisk is a landmark monument located along Legazpi Boulevard in Brgy. Puro; it is a joint project between the city government and Mayon Lodge No. 61.


Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co (PLDT) Bayantel and Digitel provides wired telephone/ DSL services. Wi-MAX (4G), 3G/HSDPA / 2G mobile facilities are served by Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular. Tripinvision, ESTV and DCTV provides cable TV services in the city.

Legazpi also has a good number of FM and AM stations. ABS-CBN has their own relay station in the city, along with GMA Network has their relay station in the city, with TV5 This provides the city with Television and radio stations.


Legazpi is considered as the gateway to Bicol because of its relative proximity to the provinces of the region due to its geographical location.[128][129] With an airport, seaport, bus and rail terminals, the city is accessible to all modes of transportation.


Legazpi Airport

The city is served by Legazpi Airport (IATA: LGP, ICAO: RPLP). It is the busiest domestic airport in mainland Southern Luzon[130] and was ranked 15th busiest in the country in 2012, with total passenger traffic of 578,762.[131] The Legazpi Airport has a runway length of 2,280 metres (7,480 ft) and is capable of handling international aircraft. As of 2015, Cebu Pacific Air flies thrice daily between Manila and Legazpi and 4x weekly between Cebu and Legazpi. Philippine Airlines has two daily flights between Manila and Legazpi. Cebgo (formerly Tigerair Philippines), a subsidiary of Cebu Pacific Air, has one daily flight between Manila and Legazpi. The Legazpi Airport is set to be replaced by the Bicol International Airport currently under construction in Brgy. Alobo, Daraga, fifteen kilometers away from the current airport.


Legazpi Grand Central Terminal

Legazpi is accessible by land transport. Several buses ply the route between Manila with stops in neighboring provinces.[132] The city has an award-winning integrated bus and public utility vehicle terminal called Legazpi Grand Central Terminal, a public-private partnership project.[133] Buses and public utility vehicles also have regular trips between Legazpi and neighboring cities. The city is also the southernmost terminus of the Philippine National Railways (PNR). Plans are underway to revive rail transport between Manila and Legazpi.[134] As of 2015, the PNR has started commuter rail service between Legazpi and Naga, Camarines Sur.[135] Modes of public transport within the city include jeepneys, tricycles, taxicabs and pedicabs.


Legazpi Port Terminal

The port of Legazpi is classified as a national sub-port of entry catering to domestic and foreign cargo vessels.[136] However, as of 2015, the only regular passenger trip from the port is between Legazpi and the island municipality of Rapu-Rapu.


Legazpi is a center of education in the Bicol Region. It is home to two universities (Bicol University and Aquinas University of Legazpi) and a number of colleges and technical-vocational schools. As of 2010, there are 63 daycare/pre-schools, 57 elementary schools and 27 secondary schools in the city.[137]

Bicol University Main Campus

Bicol University, established in 1969 as the premier regional state and research university and the first ISO 9001:2008 certified public university in Bicol, has its main campus in Legazpi near the boundary with neighboring Daraga town. The BU Main Campus hosts the College of Education (BUCE), College of Nursing (BUCN), College of Arts and Letters (BUCAL), College of Science (BUCS), Graduate School (BUGS), Institute of Physical Education, Sports and Recreation (IPESR), College of Medicine (BUCM), Bicol University College of Education Integrated Laboratory School-Elementary Department and Bicol University College of Education Integrated Laboratory School-High School Department (BUCEILS-HS). The Bicol University Research Extension Program Center (BUREPC), the Amphitheatre and the Little Theater are also found in this campus. For school year 2015-2016, BU has 27,226 enrollees.[138]

Aquinas University of Legazpi is a private Catholic University run by the Dominican Fathers/Order of Preachers. Originally founded by Don Buenaventura de Erquiaga as the Legazpi Junior Colleges in 1948, AUL became a university in 1968 when the administration of the college was passed on the Dominicans. Aquinas University offers elementary, secondary, vocational, tertiary and graduate curricula.[139]

St. Agnes' Academy, established in 1912 by the Missionary Benedictine Sisters, is the oldest Catholic school in Albay and the second Benedictine school to be established in the Philippines after St. Scholastica's College Manila.[140]

Tertiary education[edit]

  • Ago Medical and Educational Center-Bicol Christian College of Medicine
  • AMA Computer University
  • Aquinas University
  • Bicol University Main Campus
  • Bicol College
  • Computer Arts Technological College
  • Computer Communication Development Institute
  • De Vera Institute of Technology
  • Divine Word College
  • Don Bosco Agro-Mechanical Technology Center
  • Forbes College
  • Genecom Institute of Science and Technology
  • Informatics Computer Institute Legazpi
  • Immaculate Conception College-Albay
  • Mariner's Polytechnic Colleges Foundation
  • Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation
  • STI College
  • Tanchuling College

Secondary and primary education[edit]

  • Bicol University College of Education Integrated Laboratory School
  • Ago Medical and Education Center, Science High School
  • Aquinas University - Science High School
  • Arimbay National High School
  • Banquerohan National High School
  • CAT College High School
  • Christian Heritage Baptist Academy
  • Divine World College - High School
  • Dynamic Computer Science High School
  • Cabangan National High School
  • Forbes Academy
  • Global Two Wings Foundation School of Legazpi
  • Gogon High School
  • Holy Child's Amazing Grace Learning Center
  • Homapon High School
  • Legazpi Adventist Elementary School
  • Legazpi City High School
  • Legazpi Hope Christian School
  • Maslog High School
  • Mission Montessori Child Center
  • Nazarene Elementary and Kindergarten School
  • PRO5 Learning Center
  • Rawis Elementary School
  • Reyes Computer Oriented High School
  • Reyes Laboratory School and Tutorial Center
  • Saint Roche Learning Center
  • Oro Site National High School
  • Pag-asa National High School
  • Pawa High School
  • Bicol University Pilot Elementary School
  • The PEP Center Foundation
  • St. Agnes Academy
  • St. Peter's and Paul Early Childhood Center
  • St. Raphael Academy
  • St. There of the Child Jesus Learning of Legazpi City
  • SPED Center Regional SPED Center
  • Tanchuling Computer Oriented High School
  • Taysan Resettlement Integrated School [141][142][143]

Local Government[edit]

Legazpi City Hall

Legazpi City is governed by a mayor, vice-mayor, and ten councilors. Each city official is elected to serve for a three-year term. The representative of the Liga ng mga Barangay and the Sangguniang Kabataan also participates in the city council. The current city mayor of Legazpi is Noel Rosal, elected during the 2013 Philippine Elections. Vittorio C. Roces serves as vice-mayor[144]


Legazpi is politically subdivided into 70 barangays.[9] The City has 45 urban barangays and 25 rural barangays.[47]

No. Barangay name Class Population
Barangay head[145]
Bgy. 1 Em's Barrio Urban 3,817 Adronico D. Geraldino
Bgy. 2 Em's Barrio (South) Urban 1,806 Echedita M. Salcedo
Bgy. 3 Em's Barrio (East) Urban 973 Jose P. Pispis
Bgy. 4 Sagpon Urban 881 Felixberto S. Cordornez, Jr.
Bgy. 5 Sagmin Urban 1,261 Alberto R. Murilla
Bgy. 6 Bañadero Urban 1,353 Alex Locsin
Bgy. 7 Baño Urban 817 Domingo Pasano, Jr.
Bgy. 8 Bagumbayan Urban 3,175 Gil L. Alianza
Bgy. 9 Pinaric Urban 1,415 Roy A. Nanoz
Bgy. 10 Cabugao Urban 587 Victor Lapasaran
Bgy. 11 Maoyod Urban 970 Manuel A. Omnes
Bgy. 12 Tula-Tula Urban 2,686 Miguelito A. Barcoma
Bgy. 13 Ilawod West Pob. (Ilawod 1) Urban 735 Marilou Baltazar
Bgy. 14 Ilawod Pob. (Ilawod 2) Urban 825 Susana M. Contacto
Bgy. 15 Ilawod East Pob. (Ilawod 3) Urban 1,790 Herlim Azotea
Bgy. 16 Kawit Urban 5,130 Jonathan Rodenas
Bgy. 17 Rizal St. - Ilawod Urban 1,832 Lina Chan
Bgy. 18 Cabañgan (West) Urban 2,668 Leoncio Song
Bgy. 19 Cabañgan Urban 1,246 Roger H. Esquivel
Bgy. 20 Cabañgan (East) Urban 560 Nimfa Bolanos
Bgy. 21 Binanuahan (West) Urban 866 Ma. Theresa F. Abiera
Bgy. 22 Binanuahan (East) Urban 1,514 Napoleon Cardel
Bgy. 23 Imperial Court Urban 680 Gina M. Samaupan
Bgy. 24 Rizal Urban 2,104 Ricardo Abunda
Bgy. 25 Lapu-Lapu Urban 1,279 Gemma M. Espiritu
Bgy. 26 Dinagaan Urban 863 Edwin T. Alzaga
Bgy. 27 Victory Village (South) Urban 1,346 Joie Bahoy
Bgy. 28 Victory Village (North) Urban 2,819 Antonio Loveriza
Bgy. 29 Sabang Urban 1,638 Ismael G. Santillan
Bgy. 30 Pigcale Urban 1,589 Fernando Lopez
Bgy. 31 Centro Baybay Urban 1,332 Diosdado Empig
Bgy. 32 San Roque Urban 5,109 Joselito G. Martinez
Bgy. 33 Peñaranda PNR Site Urban 2,905 Beatriz N. Toledo
Bgy. 34 Oro Site Urban 2,440 Joseph Philip L. Lee
Bgy. 35 Tinago Urban 513 Cyril Sayco
Bgy. 36 Capantawan Urban 766 Evelyn B. Brizuela
Bgy. 37 Bitano Urban 7,022 Joel M. Balinis
Bgy. 38 Gogon Urban 5,296 Perfecto Nacion
Bgy. 39 Bonot Urban 3,594 Henry G. Asejo
Bgy. 40 Cruzada Urban 5,198 Edsil L. Llaguno
Bgy. 41 Bogtong Urban 4,291 Armando Toledo
Bgy. 42 Rawis Urban 8,399 Jojo Orosco
Bgy. 43 Tamaoyan Rural 1,592 Sylvia Del Agua
Bgy. 44 Pawa Rural 3,348 Roger M. Nunez
Bgy. 45 Dita Rural 1,652 Alfredo Garbin, Sr.
Bgy. 46 San Joaquin Rural 2,010 Tomas Abaroa
Bgy. 47 Arimbay Urban 3,659 Rosalina O. Gervero
Bgy. 48 Bagong Abre Rural 1,376 Diego E. Obido
Bgy. 49 Bigaa Rural 5,992 Roberto Arienda
Bgy. 50 Padang Rural 680 Manuel P. Alagaban, Sr.
Bgy. 51 Buyuan Rural 3,431 Ernesto Perez
Bgy. 52 Matanag Rural 1,792 Reynaldo B. Poquilla
Bgy. 53 Bonga Rural 3,319 Michael A. Mina
Bgy. 54 Mabinit Rural 1,346 Levy Nunez
Bgy. 55 Estanza Rural 4,159 Roger Alteche
Bgy. 56 Taysan Rural 11,418 Renato Valladolid
Bgy. 57 Dap-dap Rural 2,078 Marites N. Barcelon
Bgy. 58 Buraguis Rural 4,026 Jose Alfonso V. Ariso
Bgy. 59 Puro Rural 4,409 Nicasio Barrios
Bgy. 60 Lamba Rural 1,610 Mario P. Abaluado
Bgy. 61 Maslog Rural 4,116 Nenelita C. Berjuega
Bgy. 62 Homapon Rural 4,233 Benhur Ariola, Jr.
Bgy. 63 Mariawa Rural 1,603 Anabelle A. Teope
Bgy. 64 Bagacay Rural 1,603 Julian A. Ariola
Bgy. 65 Imalnod Rural 2,027 Velentin Llaneta
Bgy. 66 Banquerohan Rural 6,313 Efren F. Obido
Bgy. 67 Bariis Rural 1,952 Geremias B. Leron
Bgy. 68 San Francisco Rural 2,384 Ronald P. Aringo
Bgy. 69 Buenavista Rural 1,167 Ester P. Ardales
Bgy. 70 Cagbacong Rural 2,131 Leon Andes

Health care[edit]

Bicol Regional Training and Teaching Hospital

Health care institutions in Legazpi:

  • Ago General Hospital
  • Albay Doctors Hospital
  • Albay Polyclinic
  • Aquinas University Hospital
  • Bicol Eye Center
  • Bicol Regional Training and Teaching Hospital (BRTTH)
  • Dr. Esteban V. Ante Hospital
  • Estevez Memorial Hospital
  • Legazpi City Hospital ( Under Construction)
  • Legazpi Eye Center
  • Tanchuling Hospital

Notable Legazpeños[edit]

Image Gallery[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]




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