Legendary kings of Magadha

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The Magadha empire was established very likely by semi-mythical king Jarasandha who was a son of Brihadratha, as it stated in the Puranas, one of the descendants of eponymical Puru. Jarasandha appears in the Mahabharatha as the Magadhan Emperor who rules all India and meets with an unceremonious ending. His descendants, according to the Vayu Purana, ruled Magadha for 1000 years followed by the Pradyota dynasty which ruled for 138 years. However, no sufficient evidence to prove the historicity of this claim. However, these rulers are mentioned in the Hindu texts, Buddhist texts and Jaina texts.

King Bimbisara, also known as King Shrenik, ruled this kingdom from 543-491 BC and belonged to the Haryanka dynasty. Here, the regime duration stated by Aryabhata (476–550 CE) are also given.

Kings in the Vayu Purana[edit]

The list of legendary kings of Magadha according to the Vayu Purana are as follows

Reign of Magadhan Kings (Brihadratha Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Brihadratha ? ? ? ?
Jarasandha 1760 BC 1718 BC ? ?
Sahadeva 1718 BC 1676 BC ? ?
Somapi 1676 BC 1618 BC 3009 BC 2951 BC
Srutasravas 1618 BC 1551 BC 2951 BC 2884 BC
Ayutayus 1551 BC 1515 BC 2884 BC 2848 BC
Niramitra 1515 BC 1415 BC 2848 BC 2748 BC
Sukshatra 1415 BC 1407 BC 2748 BC 2740 BC
Brihatkarman 1407 BC 1384 BC 2740 BC 2717 BC
Senajit 1384 BC 1361 BC 2717 BCE 2694 BC
Srutanjaya 1361 BCE 1321 BCE 2694 BCE 2654 BCE
Vipra 1321 BCE 1296 BCE 2654 BCE 2629 BCE
Suchi 1296 BCE 1238 BCE 2629 BCE 2561 BCE
Kshemya 1238 BCE 1210 BCE 2561 BCE 2533 BCE
Subrata 1210 BCE 1150 BCE 2533 BCE 2473 BCE
Dharma 1150 BCE 1145 BCE 2473 BCE 2468 BCE
Susuma 1145 BCE 1107 BCE 2468 BCE 2430 BCE
Dridhasena 1107 BCE 1059 BCE 2430 BCE 2382 BCE
Sumati 1059 BCE 1026 BCE 2382 BCE 2349 BCE
Subhala 1026 BCE 1004 BCE 2349 BCE 2327 BCE
Sunita 1004 BCE 964 BCE 2327 BCE 2287 BCE
Satyajit 964 BCE 884 BCE 2287 BCE 2207 BCE
Biswajit 884 BCE 849 BCE 2207 BCE 2172 BCE
Ripunjaya 849 BCE 799 BCE 2172 BCE 2122 BCE
Reign of Magadhan Kings (Pradyota Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Pradyota 779 BCE 776 BCE 2122 BCE 2119 BCE
Palaka 776 BCE 752 BCE 2119 BCE 2085 BCE
Visakhayupa 752 BCE 702 BCE 2085 BCE 2035 BCE
Janaka 702 BCE 681 BCE 2035 BCE 2014 BCE
Nandivardhdhana 681 BCE 661 BCE 2014 BCE 1994 BCE

Kings in the Matsya Purana[edit]

Reign of Magadhan Kings (Brihadratha Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Brihadratha ? ? ? ?
Jarasandha 1760 BCE 1718 BCE ? ?
Sahadeva 1718 BCE 1676 BCE ? ?
Somapi 1676 BCE 1618 BCE 3009 BCE 2951 BCE
Srutasravas 1497 BCE 1433 BCE 2951 BCE 2884 BCE
Apratipa 1433 BCE 1407 BCE 2884 BCE 2848 BCE
Niramitra 1407 BCE 1367 BCE 2848 BCE 2748 BCE
Sukshatra 1367 BCE 1311 BCE 2748 BCE 2740 BCE
Brihatsena 1311 BCE 1288 BCE 2740 BCE 2717 BCE
Senajit 1288 BCE 1238 BCE 2717 BCE 2694 BCE
Srutanjaya 1238 BCE 1198 BCE 2694 BCE 2654 BCE
Vidhu 1198 BCE 1170 BCE 2654 BCE 2629 BCE
Suchi 1234 BCE 1170 BCE 2629 BCE 2561 BCE
Kshemya 1170 BCE 1142 BCE 2561 BCE 2533 BCE
Subrata 1142 BCE 1078 BCE 2533 BCE 2473 BCE
Sunetra 1113 BCE 1078 BCE 2473 BCE 2468 BCE
Nivritti 1078 BCE 1020 BCE 2468 BCE 2430 BCE
Trinetra 1020 BCE 992 BCE 2430 BCE 2382 BCE
Mahatsena 992 BCE 944 BCE 2382 BCE 2349 BCE
Netra 944 BCE 914 BCE 2349 BCE 2327 BCE
Abala 914 BCE 882 BCE 2327 BCE 2287 BCE
Ripunjaya 882 BCE 832 BCE 2172 BCE 2122 BCE
Reign of Magadhan Kings (Pradyota Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Pradyota 832 BCE 809 BCE 2122 BCE 2119 BCE
Palaka 809 BCE 781 BCE 2119 BCE 2085 BCE
Visakhayupa 781 BCE 728 BCE 2094 BCE 2041 BCE
Suryaka 708 BCE 687 BCE 2041 BCE 2020 BCE
Nandivardhdhana 687 BCE 667 BCE 2020 BCE 2000 BCE
Preceded by
None
Magadha dynasties Succeeded by
Pradyota dynasty