Legendary kings of Magadha

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The Magadha Empire was established very likely by King Jarasandha, who was a son of Brihadratha, as it stated in the Puranas, one of the descendants of eponymical Puru. Jarasandha appears in the Mahabharatha as the Magadhan Emperor who rules all India and meets with an unceremonious ending. His descendants, according to the Vayu Purana, ruled Magadha for 1000 years followed by the Pradyota dynasty which ruled for 138 years. However, these rulers are mentioned in the Hindu texts, Buddhist texts and Jaina texts.

King Bimbisara, also known as King Shrenik, ruled this kingdom from 617-565 BC and belonged to the Haryanka dynasty. Here, the regime duration stated by Aryabhata (565–535 CE) are also given.

List[edit]

Kings in the Vayu Purana[edit]

The list of legendary kings of Magadha according to the Vayu Purana are as follows

Reign of Magadhan Kings (Brihadratha Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Brihadratha ? ?
Jarasandha ? ?
Sahadeva ? ?
Somapi 2933 BC 2851 BC
Srutasravas 2951 BC 2884 BC
Ayutayus 2801 BC 2648 BC
Niramitra 2548 BC 2448 BC
Sukshatra 2354 BC 2294 BC
Brihatkarman 2109 BC 2025 BC
Senajit 1985 BCE 1946 BC
Srutanjaya 1900 BCE 1900 BCE
Vipra 1761 BCE 1761 BCE
Suchi 1661 BCE 1661 BCE
Kshemya 1468 BCE 1498 BCE
Subrata 1248 BCE 1298 BCE
Dharma 1248 BCE 1195 BCE
Susuma 1101 BCE 1101 BCE
Dridhasena 944 BCE 944 BCE
Sumati 848 BCE 848 BCE
Subhala 822 BCE 811 BCE
Sunita 799 BCE 789 BCE
Satyajit 769 BCE 769 BCE
Biswajit 747 BCE 747 BCE
Ripunjaya 728 BCE 719 BCE
Reign of Magadhan Kings (Pradyota Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Pradyota 699 BCE 699 BCE
Palaka 679 BCE 679 BCE
Visakhayupa 659 BCE 659BCE
Janaka 639 BCE 639 BCE
Nandivardhdhana 619 BCE 619 BCE

Kings in the Matsya Purana[edit]

Reign of Magadhan Kings (Brihadratha Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Brihadratha ? ?
Jarasandha ? ?
Sahadeva ? ?
Somapi 3009 BCE 2951 BCE
Srutasravas 2951 BCE 2884 BCE
Apratipa 2884 BCE 2848 BCE
Niramitra 2848 BCE 2748 BCE
Sukshatra 2748 BCE 2740 BCE
Brihatsena 2740 BCE 2717 BCE
Senajit 2717 BCE 2694 BCE
Srutanjaya 2694 BCE 2654 BCE
Vidhu 2654 BCE 2629 BCE
Suchi 2629 BCE 2561 BCE
Kshemya 2561 BCE 2533 BCE
Subrata 2533 BCE 2473 BCE
Sunetra 2473 BCE 2468 BCE
Nivritti 2468 BCE 2430 BCE
Trinetra 2430 BCE 2382 BCE
Mahatsena 2382 BCE 2349 BCE
Netra 2349 BCE 2327 BCE
Abala 2327 BCE 2287 BCE
Ripunjaya 2172 BCE 2122 BCE
Reign of Magadhan Kings (Pradyota Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Pradyota 2122 BCE 2119 BCE
Palaka 2119 BCE 2085 BCE
Visakhayupa 2094 BCE 2041 BCE
Suryaka 2041 BCE 2020 BCE
Nandivardhdhana 2020 BCE 2000 BCE
Preceded by
None
Magadha dynasties Succeeded by
Pradyota dynasty