Legends, Op.59, B.122, (Czech: Legendy) is a cycle of ten small-scale pieces by the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák. The work was composed originally for piano duet, but later was arranged also for a reduced orchestra.
On 15 October 1880, the day before finishing the score of his sixth symphony, Dvořák wrote to his publisher Fritz Simrock about his plans for the near future saying he hoped to finish a piano duet cycle, "Legends," in the next month. He did not, however, begin to sketch the work until 30 January 1881. The definitive shape of the piano version was created from 12 February to 23 March 1881, partly in Prague and partly in Vysoká u Příbrami.
Dvořák dedicated the composition to the critic Eduard Hanslick, who praised the cycle with great enthusiasm. The piano duet version was printed by the German publishing house Simrock in summer, 1881. In that same year Dvořák arranged the cycle for orchestra. The orchestration differs in every individual piece. The work was premiered in 1882, at the concert of the Prague Conservatory (part 1, 3, 4), under the baton of Antonín Bennewitz. Three more of the "Legends" (Nos. 2, 5, 6) were premiered at a concert of the Vienna Philharmonic on 26 November 1882, conducted by Wilhelm Jahn.
The cycle consists of ten pieces:
- Allegretto non troppo, quasi andantino (in D minor)
- Molto moderato (in G major)
- Allegro giusto (in G minor)
- Molto maestoso (in C major)
- Allegro giusto (in A♭ major)
- Allegro con moto (in C♯ minor)
- Allegretto grazioso (in A major)
- Un poco allegretto (in F major)
- Andante con moto (in D major)
- Andante (in B♭ minor)
The approximate duration is 40 minutes.
Note: the seventh movement (Alegretto grazioso, A Major) was originally to have been the third movement, but Dvorak shifted it to its ultimate position before publication. Source, recent edition published by Kalmus which includes editorial notes.
- Album notes (SU 3533-2 031), p. 4-5
- Score, p. V
- Album notes (SU 3533-2 031), p. 5
- Dvořák, Antonín (1956). Legendy, Op. 59, Piano 4 ms (Score). Prague: Bärenreiter Editio Supraphon.
- Holeček, Jaroslav (2001). Symphonic Variations, Scherzo capriccioso, Legends (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras) (Media notes). Translated by Sarah Gráfová. Antonín Dvořák. Prague: Supraphon. pp. 4–5. SU 3533-2 031.
- Info on a comprehensive Dvorak site
- Legends, Op.59 (Dvořák, Antonín): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
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