Legio VIII Augusta
In republican service
They were ordered to Cisalpine Gaul around 58 BC by Julius Caesar, and marched with him throughout the entire Gallic Wars. They stood with him at the Battle of Pharsalus. The legion was also present in Egypt, when Caesar captured Egypt for Cleopatra. In 46 BC the legion took part in the Battle of Thapsus (modern Tunisia), shortly before their disbandment.
In imperial service
Around 45 AD the VIII Augusta took part in the suppression of the Thracian uprising, and founded its castrum at Novae where the Danube has its most southern bend and from where the legion controlled a long section of the Danube.
The legion left in 86 AD, at latest, to its next base at Argentoratum (Strasbourg).
Records indicate that they were still active during the first years of the 4th century at the Rhine frontier. This means that the history of the legion covers more than 400 years of almost continuous service. In 371 it was stationed in Argentoratum (Strasbourg), in Germania Superior, according to an inscription. Later, the Roman general Stilicho, was compelled to move the German legions back to Italy to defend it against the Visigothic invasion.
According to Notitia Dignitatum, around 420 an Octaviani unit was under the Magister Peditum of Italia; it is possible that this unit was the old VIII Augusta, which was originally a comitatensis unit, but that had been promoted to palatina status.
|Lucius Antistius Rusticus||legatus||79/81||Germania|
|Marcus Acilius Priscus Egrilius Plarianus||legatus||c. 120||Germania||CIL XIV, 155,CIL XIV, 4444|
|Lucius Varus Ambibulus||legatus||c. 162||Germania||CIL X, 3872|
|Marcus Juventius Caesianus||legatus||c. 186||Germania|
|Publius Aelianus Coeranus||legatus||221/223?||Germania||CIL XIV, 03586|
|Aulus Egnatius Proculus||legatus||190/235||Germania||CIL XII, 03163|
|Quintus Petronius Melior||legatus||c. 220||Germania||CIL XI, 1595|
|Gnaeus Petronius Probatus||legatus||c. 230||Germania||CIL X, 1254|
|Lucius Aemilius Carus||tribunus laticlavius||c. 125||Germania||CIL VI, 1333|
- ri[…] G̣allorum tribunus militum legionis VIII Augustae. Cohort of Gauls, military [tribune] of the Eighth Legion Augusta. Brougham (Brocavum). CIL VII 300 = RIB 782.
- J. KOLENDO, Claude et l’annexion de la Thrace, in: Claude de Lyon empereur romain. Actes du Colloque Paris-Nancy-Lyon. Novembre 1992, Paris 1998.
- Le camp légionnaire de Mirebeau (Goguey, Reddé, 1995)
- Géza Alföldy, Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter der Antoninen (Bonn: Rudolf Habelt Verlag 1977), p. 300
- Paul M. M. Leunissen, Konsuln und Konsulare in der Zeit von Commodus bis Severus Alexander (1989), p. 341