Legio XVI Flavia Firma

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Map of the Roman empire in AD 125 under emperor Hadrian, showing the Legio XVI Flavia Firma stationed on the river Euphrates at Samosata (Samsat, Turkey), in the Roman province of Syria, where it was stationed from AD 117 until the 4th century

Legio sexta decima Flavia firma ("Steadfast Flavian Sixteenth Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army. The legion was created by Emperor Vespasian in 70 from the remains of the XVI Gallica (which had surrendered in the Batavian rebellion), and still existed in the 4th century, when it guarded the Euphrates border and camped in Sura (Syria). The emblem of the legion was a Pegasus,[1][2] although earlier studies assumed it to have been a lion.[3]

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  1. ^ Oliver Stoll: Römisches Heer und Gesellschaft. Gesammelte Beiträge 1991 - 1999, Steiner, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-515-07817-7, pp. 66f.
  2. ^ Marion Meyer: Die Personifikation der Stadt Antiocheia: ein neues Bild für eine neue Gottheit, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 2006, p. 246.
  3. ^ For example, Yann Le Bohec: Die römische Armee von Augustus zu Konstantin dem Großen, Steiner, 1993, ISBN 3-515-06300-5, p. 287.



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