Legislative assemblies of Canadian provinces and territories

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This is a list of the Legislative Assemblies of Canada's provinces and territories. Each province's legislative assembly, along with the province's Lieutenant Governor, form the province's legislature (which is called a parliament or general assembly in some provinces). Historically, several provinces had bicameral legislatures, but they all eventually dissolved their upper house or merged it with their lower house.

Current legislative assemblies of provinces and territories of Canada[edit]

Table of legislative assemblies by history and by jurisdiction[edit]

Jurisdiction Period Elected assembly (lower house) Appointed assembly (upper house)
General legislature for Canada
Canada
(Parliament of Canada)
1867– House of Commons of Canada Senate of Canada
Legislatures of provinces
Ontario
(Parliament of Ontario)
1867– Legislative Assembly of Ontario N/A
Quebec
(Quebec Legislature)
1867–1968 Legislative Assembly of Quebec Legislative Council of Quebec
1968– National Assembly of Quebec N/A
Nova Scotia
(General Assembly of Nova Scotia)
1758–1838 Nova Scotia House of Assembly Nova Scotia Council
1838–1928 Legislative Council of Nova Scotia
1928– N/A
New Brunswick
(New Brunswick Legislature)
1784–1891 Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick Legislative Council of New Brunswick
1891– N/A
Manitoba
(Manitoba Legislature)
1870–1876 Legislative Assembly of Manitoba Legislative Council of Manitoba
1876– N/A
British Columbia
(Parliament of British Columbia)
1871– Legislative Assembly of British Columbia N/A
Prince Edward Island
(General Assembly of Prince Edward Island)
1773–1893 House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island[1]
1893– Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island N/A
Saskatchewan
(Saskatchewan Legislature)
1905– Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan N/A
Alberta
(Alberta Legislature)
1905– Legislative Assembly of Alberta N/A
Newfoundland and Labrador
(General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador)
1833–1934 Newfoundland House of Assembly Legislative Council of Newfoundland
1934–1949 N/A Commission of Government
1949–2001 Newfoundland House of Assembly N/A
2001– Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly
Legislatures of territories
Northwest Territories
(Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council (1870–1905))
(Commissioner in Council (1905–))
1870–1876 N/A Temporary North-West Council
1876–1888 1st Council of the Northwest Territories
1888–1905 North-West Legislative Assembly N/A
1905–1951 N/A 2nd Council of the Northwest Territories
1951–1975 Northwest Territories Legislative Council N/A
1975– Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
Yukon
(Commissioner in Council (1898–1978))
(Yukon Legislature (1978–))
1898–1909 N/A Yukon Territorial Council
1909–1978 Yukon Territorial Council N/A
1978– Yukon Legislative Assembly
Nunavut
(Nunavut Legislature)
1999– Legislative Assembly of Nunavut N/A
Legislatures of former colonies and territories
Colony of British Columbia
(Colony of British Columbia Legislature)
1858–1866 N/A Colonial Assembly of British Columbia
United Colony of British Columbia
(United Colony of British Columbia Legislature)
1866–1871 N/A Legislative Council of British Columbia
Province of Canada
(Parliament of the Province of Canada)
1841–1867 Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada Legislative Council of the Province of Canada
Colony of Cape Breton
(Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council)
1784–1820 N/A Cape Breton Council
District of Keewatin
(Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council)
1876–1877 N/A Council of Keewatin
1877–1905 N/A
Lower Canada
(Parliament of Lower Canada)
1791–1838 Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada Legislative Council of Lower Canada
1838–1841 N/A Special Council of Lower Canada
Province of Quebec (1763–91)
(Province of Quebec Legislature)
1763–1791 N/A Council for the Affairs of the Province of Quebec
Upper Canada
(Parliament of Upper Canada)
1791–1841 Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada Legislative Council of Upper Canada
Colony of Vancouver Island
(Governor-in-Council (1849–1855))
(Colony of Vancouver Island Legislature (1855–1866))
1849–1855 N/A N/A
1855–1866 Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island

Governing parties in modern assemblies[edit]

Current provincial/territorial governments (as of October 2018)
Province/Territory Premier[2] Party in government[2] Party political position Majority
/Minority
Lieutenant Governor/
Commissioner[3]
Alberta Rachel Notley New Democratic Centre-left [4] ◕ Majority Lois Mitchell
British Columbia John Horgan New Democratic Centre-left to Left-wing[5][6] ◔ Minority[note 1] Janet Austin
Manitoba Brian Pallister Progressive Conservative Centre-right ◕ Majority Janice Filmon
New Brunswick Blaine Higgs[7] Progressive Conservative Centre to centre-right ◔ Minority Jocelyne Roy-Vienneau
Newfoundland and Labrador Dwight Ball Liberal Centre to centre-left ◕ Majority Judy Foote
Nova Scotia Stephen McNeil Liberal Centre to centre-left[8] ◕ Majority John James Grant
Ontario Doug Ford Progressive Conservative Centre-right ◕ Majority Elizabeth Dowdeswell
Prince Edward Island Wade MacLauchlan Liberal Centre to centre-left ◕ Majority Frank Lewis
Quebec François Legault Coalition Avenir Québec[9][10] Centre-right ◕ Majority J. Michel Doyon
Saskatchewan Scott Moe Saskatchewan Party Centre-right[11][12][13][14] ◕ Majority W. Thomas Molloy
Northwest Territories Bob McLeod Consensus government Nonpartisan Margaret Thom
Nunavut Joe Savikataaq Consensus government Nonpartisan Nellie Kusugak
Yukon Sandy Silver Liberal Centre to centre-left ◕ Majority Angélique Bernard
  1. ^ Supported by a confidence and supply agreement with the Green Party of British Columbia.


References[edit]

  1. ^ The Legislative Council was an elected body from 1862 to 1893. "Elections PEI: Provincial Electoral Reform". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
  2. ^ a b "Premiers". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  3. ^ "Lieutenant Governors and Territorial Commissioners". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  4. ^ Britannica Book of the Year 2013. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2013. p. 402. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  5. ^ Magnusson, Warren; Shaw, Karena (2003). A Political Space: Reading the Global Through Clayoquot Sound. U of Minnesota Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-8166-4039-3.
  6. ^ Susan Lee Kang (2008). Contestation and Collectivies: Protecting Labor Organizing Rights in the Global Economy. ProQuest. p. 315. ISBN 978-0-549-63283-2. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  7. ^ Brian Gallant's minority government defeated after losing confidence vote
  8. ^ The Canadian Press; The Chronicle Herald. Liberal Premier Stephen McNeil: Nova Scotia's soft-spoken fiscal hawk.
  9. ^ Philip Authier, "Inside the CAQ cabinet: François Legault names 13 women, 13 men," Montreal Gazette, October 18, 2018.
  10. ^ "Meet the key cabinet ministers in the new Coalition Avenir Québec government", CBC News, October 18, 2018.
  11. ^ Randy Boswell; Saskatoon StarPhoenix and Regina Leader-Post; Lynn McAuley (1 January 2005). Province with a Heart: Celebrating 100 Years in Saskatchewan. CanWest Books. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-9736719-0-2.
  12. ^ Linda Trimble; Jane Arscott; Manon Tremblay (31 May 2013). Stalled: The Representation of Women in Canadian Governments. UBC Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-7748-2522-1.
  13. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. (1 March 2012). Britannica Book of the Year 2012. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. p. 378. ISBN 978-1-61535-618-8.
  14. ^ Charles S. Mack (2010). When Political Parties Die: A Cross-national Analysis of Disalignment and Realignment. ABC-CLIO. p. 225. ISBN 978-0-313-38546-9.