Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica
Asamblea Legislativa de la Republica de Costa Rica
Antonio Álvares Desanti (PLN)
|San Jose, Costa Rica|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Legislative Assembly (Spanish: Asamblea Legislativa) is the unicameral legislative branch of the government of Costa Rica. The national congress building is located in the city capital, San José, specifically in El Carmen District in San José Canton.
The Legislative Assembly is composed of 57 deputies (diputados), who are elected by direct, universal, popular vote on a proportional representation basis, by provinces, for four-year terms. A 1949 constitutional amendment prevents deputies from serving for two successive terms; however, a deputy may run again for an Assembly seat after sitting out a term.
Following the 2014 legislative election, the Citizens' Action Party was able to form an alliance with Broad Front and the Social Christian Unity Party. The three parties together amounted to thirty seats, thus giving them control of the legislature. The alliance broke a year later, with PAC only receiving the support of Broad Front and PUSC joinning an opposition-lead alliance headed by PLN that gave PUSC the presidency of Congress. This was the first time that historical rivals PLN and PUSC join together in Parliament. The following year PLN's candidate was endorsed by the oppositional alliance whilst PAC and FA votes by their respective ballots.
Parties in Legislative Assembly, 2014-2018
|Political Parties in, 2014-2018|
|Party Flag||Party Name (English)||Party Name (Spanish)||Abbrev.||Seats||Percentage of Assembly|
||National Liberation Party||Partido Liberación Nacional||PLN||18||31.5%|
||Citizens' Action Party||Partido Acción Ciudadana||PAC||13||22.6%|
||Broad Front||Frente Amplio||FA||9||15.7%|
||Social Christian Unity Party||Partido Unidad Social Cristiana||PUSC||8||14.0%|
||Libertarian Movement||Partido Movimiento Libertario||PML||4||7.0%|
||Costa Rican Renovation Party||Partido Renovación Costarricense||PRC||2||3.5%|
||National Restoration Party||Partido Restauración Nacional||PRN||1||1.7%|
||Accessibility without Exclusion||Partido Accesibilidad sin Exclusión||PASE||1||1.7%|
||Christian Democratic Alliance||Alianza Demócrata Cristiana||ADC||1||1.7%|
2010 legislative election
Elections were last held on February 2010. The former composition of the National Assembly is as follows:
- National Liberation Party (PLN): 46.91%, 24 seats
- Citizens' Action Party (PAC): 25.06%, 12 seats
- Libertarian Movement Party (PML): 20.92%, 9 seats
- Social Christian Unity Party (PUSC): 3.88%, 6 seats
- Accessibility without Exclusion Party (PASE): 4 seats
- Costa Rican Renovation Party (PRC): 1 seat
- Broad Front (FA) : 1 seat
The Assembly meets in the Edificio Central ("Central Building") located in the city centre of San José. Work began on this building in 1937, with the plan of having it serve as the new presidential palace. Since much of the building materials were imported from Germany and Czechoslovakia, however, the onset of the Second World War put a halt to the project. Work did not recommence until 1957, but by 1958 the legislature was installed and operating in its new premises.
Central American Parliament
- La Nacion, "30 diputados eligieron al economista Henry Mora, del PAC, comon presidente legislativo," May 1, 2014
- "Opposition parties maintain control over Legislative Assembly". Tico Times. May 1, 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.