Odisha Legislative Assembly
|Odisha Legislative Assembly
ଓଡ଼ିଶା ବିଧାନ ସଭା
Leader of the House
Leader of Opposition
The Odisha Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Odisha state in eastern India. The seat of the Legislative Assembly is at Bhubaneshwar, the capital of the state. The Legislative Assembly comprises 147 Members of Legislative Assembly.
- 1 Procedure
- 1.1 Sessions and Time of Sittings
- 1.2 Procedure
- 1.3 Question Hour
- 1.4 Main Business
- 1.5 Financial Business
- 2 History
- 3 Leaders of Opposition
- 4 Political Parties
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Sessions and Time of Sittings
The Governor from time to time summons the Assembly to meet at such time and place as thinks fit, but the gap between the Assembly's last sitting in one session and the date appointed for its first sitting in the next session cannot exceed 6 months. The Governor may also from time to time prorogue the Assembly or dissolve the Assembly. 
When the Governor summons the Assembly, summons are sent to each member by name, indicating the date, time and place appointed by the Governor for the session of the Assembly. Prorogation by the Governor terminates the session of the Assembly and within a session the Speaker may adjourn the House from time to time or adjourn sine die.
Subject to Article 174 of the Constitution of India read with rule 11 of Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Orissa Legislative Assembly, in every calendar year the Assembly is required to have minimum of three sessions with minimum 60 sittings days
Unless the Speaker otherwise desires, the sitting of the Assembly commences at 10:30 am local time and concludes at 7 pm local time with a lunch break of two hours which is from 1 pm to 3 pm local time. Under special circumstance, the speaker can allow the House to continue till 9 pm local time.
All items of businesses require a notice period as follows:-
Questions - 14 clear days (Rule37)
Resolutions - 15 clear days (Rule-98-B)
Amendments to resolutions – 3 clear days (Rule 103)
Private Members' Bills - 30 clear days (Rule 66)
Amendment to Bills - 2 clear days (Rule 81)
Motions - 15 days (Rule 111)
Motions for reduction of demands,i.e.Cut-Motions - 5 days (Rule 124)
Half-an-hour discussion - 3 days (Rule 57)
Resolution for removal of Speaker -14 days (Article 179)
Adjournment Motion - One hour before the sitting (Rule 59)
For the purpose of answering questions, the Departments of Government are divided into groups and dates are fixed for each group. The Ministers concerned are required to answer the questions relating to the group.
The first hour of every sitting of the Assembly is available for answering questions. Questions are classified as
- Starred Questions
- Unstarred Questions
- Short Notice Starred Questions.
If a member desires oral answer, he is required to indicate the question by putting an asterisk mark (*) before it. The questions are answered in the order in which they are printed in the list of questions put for the day. Members are restricted to three such questions for any sitting day. The questions are asked in the order listed by the member who requested it. Supplementary questions can be asked for the purpose of eliciting further information on any matter of fact. The Speaker decides the number of supplementary questions according to the importance of a question.
On urgent matter and matters of public importance, members are allowed to put short notice questions, in which case notice period of 14 clear days is not observed. The speaker has the discretion of allowing such a question and the time period for a response from the ministry involved. If the Minister is unable to answer, the question is disallowed but if the Speaker is of the opinion that the question is of sufficient public importance, he may direct that it be answered as the first question on the day allotted to the group.
Notices of questions are required to be in writing in appropriate forms. In order that a question may be admissible, it is required to satisfy the various conditions detailed in the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the House. The Speaker decides the admissibility of questions. After a question is admitted, it is sent to the department concerned for furnishing answers to the Minister concerned.
List of Starred, Unstarred and Short Notice question are drawn for each category and circulated to all concerned. Questions are listed as per the order of priority determined by ballot. The dates on which ballot will be held are intimated to members sufficiently in advance. Members are free to witness the ballot.
Any member is allowed to give notice to raise a half-an-hour discussion on matter of sufficient public importance which has been the subject of a question, oral or written and the answers need elucidation on matter of fact. The Speaker may allot half-an-hour on three sittings in a week for such discussion.
The main business of the day may be consideration of a Bill or financial business or consideration of a resolution or a motion.
A bill is a draft of an Act introduced in the Legislature by the Minister. It consists of (1) the title, (2) the enacting formula, (3) the body of the Bill which is divided into clauses with the statement of objects and reasons
Introduction of Bill
The Speaker may order the publication of any Bill (together with the statement of objects and reasons accompanying) in the Gazette, although no motion has been made for leave to introduce the Bill. In that case, it is not necessary to move for leave to introduce the Bill and if the Bill in afterwards introduced, it is necessary to publish it again. The Speaker will cause a copy of the notice and of the Bill together with the statement of objects and reasons to be forwarded to the Secretary to the Governor and the Law Department.
Whenever a Bill seeking to replace and ordinance with or without modification is introduced in the House, it is placed before the House along with the Bill, a statement explaining the circumstances which had necessitated immediate legislation by ordinance. Whenever an ordinance, which embodies wholly or partly or with modification the provisions of a Bill pending before the House, is promulgated a statement explaining the circumstances, which had necessitated immediate legislation by ordinance is laid on the Table during the Session following the promulgation of the ordinance.
If a motion for leave to introduce a Bill is opposed the Speaker after permitting, if he thinks fit, a brief explanatory statement from the member who opposes and from the member who moves the motion may, without further debate, put the question thereon. As soon as may be after a Bill has been introduced, the Bill unless it has already been published, is published in the Gazette.
Any member is allowed to ask for any paper or return connected with any Bill before the Assembly. The Speaker has the power to determine, either at the time or at the meeting of the Assembly next following whether the papers or returns asked for can be given.
Motions after introduction of a bill
When a bill is introduced or on some subsequent occasion, the Member-in-Charge may make one of the following motions in regard to his bill, namely: (i) that it be taken into consideration; or (ii) that it be referred to a Select Committee composed of such members of the Assembly and with instruction, if any, to report before such date as may be specified in the motion; or (iii) that it be circulated for the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon by a date to be specified in the motion:
Provided that no such motion shall be made until after copies of the bill have been made available for the use of members and that any member may object to any such motion being made unless copies of the Bill have been so made available for seven days before the day on which the motion is made and such objection shall prevail unless the Speaker allows the motion to be made.
On the date on which any motion referred to in Rule 70 is made or on any subsequent date to which discussion thereof is postponed, the principle of the Bill and its provision may be discussed generally, but the details of the Bill shall not be discussed further than is necessary to explain its principles.
At this stage no amendments to the Bill may be moved, but-
(a) If the Member-in-Charge moves that the Bill be taken into consideration, any member may move as an amendment that the Bill be referred to a Select Committee, or be circulated for the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon by a date to be specified in the motion.
(b) If the Member-in-Charge moves that the Bill be referred to a Select Committee, any member may move as an amendment that the Bill be circulated for the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon by a date to be specified in the motion.
Where a motion that a Bill be circulated for the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon is carried and the Bill is circulated in accordance with that direction and opinions are received thereon, the Member-in-Charge if he wishes to proceed with the Bill thereafter, shall move that the Bill be referred to a Select Committee unless the Speaker allows a motion to be made that the Bill be taken into consideration.
No motion that the Bill be taken into consideration or be passed shall be made by any member other than the Member-in-Charge of Bill and no motion that a Bill be referred to a Select Committee or be circulated for the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon shall be made by any member other than the Member-in-Charge except by way of amendment to a motion made
With regard to reference of the Bill to Select Committee and the procedure adopted thereon are laid down under the Rule 73 to 80 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Orissa Legislative Assembly.
Amendments to clauses, etc. and consideration of Bill
If notice of an amendment has not been given two days before the day on which the Bill is to be considered any member may object to the moving of the amendment and such objection shall prevail unless the Speaker allows the amendment to be moved : Provided that in the case of Government Bill, an amendment of which notice has been received from the Member-in-Charge has ceased to be a Minister or a Member and such amendment shall stand in the name of the new Member-in-Charge of the Bill. (2) The Secretary shall, if time permits make available to members from time to time lists of amendments of which notices have been received. Conditions of admissibility of amendments are detailed under Rules 82 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Orissa Legislative Assembly.
Amendments shall ordinarily be considered in the order of the clauses of the bill to which they respectively relate. An amendment moved may by leave of the Assembly but not otherwise be withdrawn on the request of the member moving it. If an amendment has been proposed to an amendment, the original amendment shall not be withdrawn until the amendment proposed to it has been disposed of.
Passing of Bill
When a motion that a Bill be taken into consideration has been carried and no amendment of the Bill is made, the Member-in-Charge may at once move that the Bill be passed. If any amendment of the Bill is made, any member may object to any motion being made on the same day that the Bill be passed and such objection shall prevail unless the Speaker allows the motion to be made. Where the objection prevails, a motion that the Bill be passed may be brought forward on any future day. No amendments, not being merely verbal shall be made to any Bill after such a motion is moved.
The discussion on a motion that the Bill be passed shall be confined to the submission of arguments either in support of the Bill or for the rejection of the Bill without going into it details. When a Bill which has been passed by the Assembly is returned by the Governor for reconsideration, the point or points referred for reconsideration shall be put before the Assembly by the Speaker and shall be discussed and voted upon in the same manner as amendments to a Bill, or in such other way as the Speaker may consider most convenient for their consideration by the Assembly.
Adjournment of Debate and Withdrawal and Removal of Bill
At any stage of a Bill which is under discussion in the Assembly, a motion that the debate on the Bill be adjourned may be moved with consent of the Speaker. The Member who has introduced a Bill may at any stage of the Bill move that the Bill be withdrawn Provided that where a Bill has been referred to a Select Committee, notice of any motion for the withdrawal of the Bill shall automatically stand referred to the committee and after the Committee has expressed its opinion in a report to the Assembly the motion shall be set down in the list of business.
If a motion for leave to withdraw a Bill is opposed the Speaker may, if he thinks fit permit the Member who moves and the Members who opposes the motion to make brief explanatory statements and may thereafter, without further debate, put the question.
Procedure regarding Non-Official Bills
Members may give notice of Bills. In the first instance the Members should give 30 days notice of their intention to move for leave to introduce a Bill and send a copy of the Bill together with a statement of objects and reasons. An intimation will be sent to the concerned Member if the Bill requires the recommendation of the Governor for introduction or for its consideration. It is the responsibility of the Member-in-Charge to obtain Governor's recommendation and annex to the notice.
On the day on which the item is included in the agenda, the Member concerned should move for leave to introduce the Bill and after the leave is granted formally to introduce the Bill. The Bill after introduction, will be published in the Gazette. If the Bill does not require the recommendation of the Governor for its consideration, the Member concerned should give notice of his intention to move for consideration of the Bill and for the Bill being passed.
Governor's (or President's ) Assent to Bill
Assent is the final stage in the making of a law. It is the Act where by the Governor (or President, if a Bill is reserved for his assent) gives his assent to the Bill passed by House after which it is published as an Act of the Legislature.
An amendment is an alternation proposed or made in a motion. It must be either to insert certain words in the motion or Bill or to leave out certain words or substitute others. Notice of amendments should be in writing, signed and given to the office before the time prescribed for its receipt. Members, who give amendments should clearly indicate to which clause or sub-clause of a Bill their amendments relate. Amendments received in the office after the prescribed time are liable to be rejected. No notice of amendment need to be given for deleting a whole clause in a Bill. Members who want the deletion of a whole clause may oppose the clause itself when it is put to vote.
Copies of the Budget papers including Supplementary Budget and Excess Demand are supplied to Members soon after the same is presented.
The Budget is disposed of a in two stages, i.e. general discussion and voting on demands, Members may participate in the general discussion and speak on the Budget as a whole or any question of principle involved therein, but no motion shall be moved at this stage. In the case of Supplementary Budget, Excess Demand, etc. no general discussion takes place.
A Member may give notice of Motions for reduction of Demands (Cut Motion) in the prescribed form available in the office. On the recommendation of the Business Advisory Committee, a time table showing the dates on which demands will be taken up for voting and the dates of giving notice of Cut Motion is circulated. Cut Motions received after the prescribed date and time are rejected.
On the last day of the days allotted for voting on demands at 17.00 Hrs. or at such other hour as the Speaker may fix, the Speaker shall forthwith put every question necessary to dispose of all outstanding matters in connection with the demands for grants, which process is called the "Guillotine'.
Motions for reduction of Demands for Grants : (1) Cut-motions are divided into the following three categories ---
(i) Refusal of supplies, i.e., a motion to reduce the amount of demand to a nominal figure of one rupee. Such motions are intended to refuse supplies because the whole policy underlying this demand is disapproved by a member. Under each demand motions of this category are arranged in the "List of Motions" in the order of receipt. In the case of such motions, no question proposed to be raised need be indicated in brackets except the words refusal of supplies. If any specific grievance is indicated therein the motion will be treated as a "Token Cut " for determining priority.
(ii) Economy cut, i.e. a Cut-motion for the purpose of effecting economy or retrenchment in the "List of Motions". Such motions are entered under the relevant Demand after the motions for Refusal of supplies are arranged in the List of Motions according to the amounts of the cuts proposed. In this case there is no need to mention any specific grievance. The word "economy" should be mentioned and an indication may be given of the particular sub-head or item in respect of which retrenchment of economy is proposed.
(2) The "List of Motions" under the various demands for grants is arranged as explained above. But before the Demands for grants are actually discussed in the Assembly on the days allotted for this purpose the demands that should be discussed are selected by the Business Advisory Committee.
(iii) Token Cut, i.e., a Cut-Motion for a nominal figure in order to ventilate a specific grievance. In giving notices of such motions it is the established practice for members to indicate briefly within brackets the question which they want to raise on each motion for reduction separately. Only one grievance can be discussed on each such uniform figure of cut viz. Rs. 100. These motions are entered after the economy cuts and are arranged in the list of motion in the order of receipt irrespective of amount of the cut. In moving such motions, suggestions to amend existing legislation are not in order. Moreover, a special demand is put down to cover a specific and particular subject, it can be discussed only under that specific demand and not under any other demand.
Since the Demands which the Finance Minister may subsequently find necessary to present to the Assembly for excess grant and for supplementary or additional grants are dealt the same manner by the Assembly as if they were demands for grants. It is open to members to give notice of Cut-Motions in respect of such demands also.
The following is the list of Odisha Legislative Assembly sittings:
|a||First Pre-Independent Assembly||03.02.1937||14.09.1945||Shri Mukunda Prasad Das (28.07.1937 - 29.05.1946)|
|b||Second Pre-Independent Assembly||18.04.1946||20.02.1952||Lal Mohan Patnaik (29.05.1946 - 06.03.1952)|
|1||First Assembly after Independence||20.02.1952||04.03.1957||Nanda Kishore Das (06.03.1952 - 27.05.1957)|
|2||Second Assembly||01.04.1957||25.02.1961||Nilakantha Das (27.05.1957 – 01.07.1961)|
|3||Third Assembly||21.06.1961||01.03.1967||Lingaraj Panigrahi (01.07.1961 – 18.03.1967)|
|4||Fourth Assembly||01.03.1967||23.01.1971||Nanda Kishore Misra (18.03.1967 – 12.04.1971)|
|5||Fifth Assembly||23.03.1971||03.03.1973||Nanda Kishore Misra (12.04.1971 – 21.03.1974)|
|6||Sixth Assembly||06.03.1974||30.04.1977||Braja Mohan Mohanty (21.03.1974 - 01.07.1977)|
|7||Seventh Assembly||26.06.1977||17.02.1980||Satyapriya Mohanty (01.07.1977 – 12.06.1980)|
|8||Eighth Assembly||09.06.1980||09.03.1985||Somnath Rath (12.06.1980 – 11.02.1984)*
Prasanna Kumar Dash (22.02.1984 - 14.02.1985)
|9||Ninth Assembly||09.03.1985||03.03.1990||Prasanna Kumar Dash (14.02.1985 – 09.03.1990)|
|10||Tenth Assembly||03.03.1990||15.03.1995||Yudhistir Das (09.03.1990 – 22.03.1995)|
|11||Eleventh Assembly||15.03.1995||29.02.2000||Kishore Chandra Patel (22.03.1995 - 14.01.1996)*
Chintamani Dyan Samantra (16.02.1996 – 10.03.2000)
|12||Twelfth Assembly||29.02.2000||06.02.2004||Sarat Kumar Kar (10.03.2000 - 21.05.2004)|
|13||Thirteenth Assembly||15.05.2004||19.05.2009||Maheshwar Mohanty (21.05.2004 - 31.03.2008)*
Kishore Kumar Mohanty (19.08.2008 - 25.05.2009)
|14||Fourteenth Assembly||19.05.2009||24.05.2014||Pradip Kumar Amat (25.05.2009-24.05.2014)|
|15||Fifteenth Assembly||25.05.2014||Incumbent||Niranjan Pujari (24.05.2014-Incumbent)|
Leaders of Opposition
|I.N.*||Name||Party||Term start||Term end|
|1||Shradhakara Supakar||Ganatantra Parisad||16.02.1952||04.03.1957|
|2||Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo||Ganatantra Parisad||01.04.1957||22.05.1959|
|(2)||Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo||Ganatantra Parishad/ Swatantra Party||21.06.1961||01.03.1967|
|3||Sadashiva Tripathy||Indian National Congress||18.03.1967||14.09.1970|
|4||Gangadhra Mohapatra||Utkal Congress||15.09.1970||23.01.1971|
|(2)||Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo||Swatantra Party||14.06.1972||09.02.1973|
|6||Biju Patnaik||Pragati Legislature Party (PLP)||09.02.1973||03.03.1973|
|(6)||Biju Patnaik||PLP/ Bharatiya Lok Dal||19.03.1974||24.03.1977|
|7||Ram Prasad Mishra||Janata Legislature Party||31.03.1977||30.04.1977|
|8||Chintamani Panigrahi||Indian National Congress||29.06.1977||20.02.1978|
|9||Brundaban Nayak||Indian National Congress||20.02.1978||03.09.1979|
|10||Prahalad Mallick||Janata Party||03.09.1979||13.02.1980|
|11||Ananta Narayan Singh Deo||Janata Party||13.02.1980||17.02.1980|
|12||Sarat Kumar Dev||United Front||02.04.1984||10.03.1985|
|(6)||Biju Patnaik||Janata Dal||22.03.1985||03.03.1990|
|(6)||Biju Patnaik||Janata Dal||23.03.1995||20.05.1996|
|13||Ashok Kumar Das||Janata Dal||22.05.1996||17.12.1997|
|14||Rama Krishna Patnaik||Biju Janata Dal||22.02.1998||16.11.1998|
|15||Prafulla Samal||Biju Janata Dal||16.11.1998||01.12.1998|
|16||Satchidananda Dalal||Biju Janata Dal||11.12.1998||29.02.2000|
|17||Ramakanta Mishra||Indian National Congress||21.03.2000||06.02.2004|
|18||Janaki Ballabh Pattanaik||Indian National Congress||04.06.2004||24.01.2009|
|19||Rama Chandra Ulaka||Indian National Congress||24.01.2009||19.05.2009|
|20||Bhupinder Singh||Indian National Congress||27.05.2009||07.03.2014|
|21||Surendra Singh Bhoi (interim)||Indian National Congress||08.03.2014||16.05.2014-|
|22||Narasingha Mishra||Indian National Congress||11.06.2014||Incumbent-|
*: Incumbent number
|Party||No. of Candidates Elected||Vote Percentage|
|Biju Janata Dal||118||43.4%|
|Indian National Congress||15||25.7%|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||10||18.0%|
- "Niranjan Pujari new Odisha Assembly Speaker". Business Standard. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Sanand Marandi elected dy speaker". Odisha Reporter. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Narasingh Mishra New CLP Leader". New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Orissa Legislative Assembly". legislativebodiesinindia.nic.in. 2005. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
The strength of Assembly was later increased to 147 with effect from the Sixth Legislative Assembly (1974).
- "List of all speakers of Orissa Assembly till date". orissa.oriyaonline.com. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
Speakers of Orissa Assembly from 1937-2009