Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland

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Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland
Logo for the legislative black caucus of maryland.jpg
MottoFacing The Rising Sun of a New Day Begun
Formation1970
TypePolitical organization
Legal status501(c)(4)
Purposepublic policies
HeadquartersLowe House Office Building
Location
Region served
Maryland, United States of America
Membership
57 members, 2019–22 Maryland Assembly:
Official language
English
Chairman
Darryl Barnes
Parent organization
National Black Caucus of State Legislators
AffiliationsMaryland Legislative Black Caucus Foundation
Staff
1
Volunteers
10
Websitehttp://www.marylandblackcaucus.org

The Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland, Inc. (also known as The Maryland Legislative Black Caucus) is an American political organization composed of African Americans elected to the Maryland General Assembly.[1] Incorporated in 1970, the Caucus membership has grown from 17 to 58 and is one of the largest state legislative black caucuses in the country.

Founding[edit]

The Caucus was incorporated in 1970 by Lena King Lee, then a member of the Maryland House of Delegates.[2][3][4]

Role[edit]

By drafting and sponsoring legislation to address constituent needs and by examining all bills that affect the black populace, the Caucus acts as a legislative body on behalf of the black community. Currently, of Maryland's 24 sub-divisions, only Baltimore City, Prince Georges, Baltimore, Montgomery, Howard and Wicomico Counties have elected members to the Maryland Black Caucus. So additionally the Caucus presents a black perspective from the entire state to the Legislature and advocates public policies that promote black social, cultural and economic progress, statewide. In addition, the Caucus serves as a research study group to generate pertinent data in support of appropriate public policies.

Current membership[edit]

Officers 2019-2020[edit]

District Officers Position
25 Delegate Darryl Barnes Chair
40 Delegate Melissa Wells 1st Vice-chair
39 Delegate Gabriel Acevero 2nd Vice-chair
23B Delegate Ron Watson Treasurer
19 Delegate Charlotte Crutchfield Secretary
32 Delegate Mike Rogers Financial Secretary
24 Senator Joanne C. Benson Chaplain
20 Delegate Jheanelle Wilkins Parliamentarian
45 Delegate Talmadge Branch Historian

Senators[edit]

District County(s) Represented Member Senator Party First Elected Committee
10 Baltimore County Delores G. Kelley (2009).jpg Delores G. Kelley Democratic 1994 Finance (Chair)
20 Montgomery WSmithWiki.jpg Will Smith Democratic 2016 Judicial Proceedings (Chair)
24 Prince George's Joanne C. Benson (2007).jpg Joanne C. Benson Democratic 1998 Finance
25 Prince George's Melony G. Griffith (2007).jpg Melony G. Griffith Democratic 2019 Budget and Taxation (President Pro Tem)
26 Prince George's Obie Patterson Democratic 2019 Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs
28 Charles Arthur Ellis Democratic 2019 Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs
40 Baltimore City Delegate Antonio Hayes.jpg Antonio Hayes Democratic 2019 Finance
41 Baltimore City Jill P. Carter Democratic 2018 Judicial Proceedings
43 Baltimore City 1mary washington.jpg Mary L. Washington Democratic 2019 Judicial Proceedings
44 Baltimore City and County Charles E. Sydnor III.jpg Charles E. Sydnor III Democratic 2020 Judicial Proceedings
45 Baltimore City Delegate Cory McCray.jpg Cory V. McCray Democratic 2019 Budget and Taxation
47 Prince George's Malcolm L. Augustine Democratic 2019 Finance

Delegates[edit]

District County Represented Member Delegate Party First Elected Committee
8 Baltimore County Delegate Carl Jackson Baltimore county.jpg Carl W. Jackson Democratic 2019 Economic Matters
10 Baltimore County Adrienne A. Jones (November 2007).jpg Adrienne A. Jones Democratic 1997[5] House Speaker
10 Baltimore County Benjamin Brooks.jpg Benjamin Brooks Democratic 2015 Economic Matters
12 Baltimore County and
Howard
Terri L. Hill Democratic 2015 Health & Government Operations
13 Howard Vanessa Atterbeary Democratic 2019 Judiciary
14 Montgomery Pamela E. Queen Democratic 2016 Judiciary
18 Montgomery Alfred C. Carr.jpg Alfred C. Carr Jr. Democratic 2007[6] Environmental Matters
19 Montgomery Charlotte Crutchfield Democratic 2019 Judiciary
20 Montgomery Jheanelle Wilkins (13957138843).jpg Jheanelle Wilkins Democratic 2017[6] Ways & Means
21 Anne Arundel and
Prince George's
Joseline Peña-Melnyk (2007).jpg Joseline Peña-Melnyk Democratic 2006 Health & Government Operations (Vice Chair)
22 Prince George's Delegate NICOLE A. WILLIAMS.jpg Nicole A. Williams Democratic 2019 Judiciary
22 Prince George's ATW 2014 Headshot.jpg Alonzo T. Washington Democratic 2012 Ways & Means (Vice Chair)
23B Prince George's Marvin E. Holmes, Jr. (2007).jpg Marvin Holmes Democratic 2002 Environmental Matters
23B Prince George's Ron Watson Democratic 2019 Judiciary
24 Prince George's Erek Barron Democratic 2014 Health & Government Operations
24 Prince George's Andrea Harrison Democratic 2019 Environment & Transportation
24 Prince George's Jazz Lewis Democratic 2017 Judiciary
25 Prince George's Nick Charles Democratic 2019 Health & Government Operations
25 Prince George's Dereck E. Davis (2007).jpgDereck E. Davis Democratic 1994 Economic Matters (Chair)
25 Prince George's Delegate D Barnes.jpgDarryl Barnes Democratic 2015 Judiciary
26 Prince George's Jay Walker (quarterback and politician) (2007).jpg Jay Walker Democratic 2006 Ways & Means
26 Prince George's Delegate Veronica Turner.jpgVeronica L. Turner Democratic 2019 Ways & Means
27A Prince George's and
Charles
Susie Proctor Democratic 2016[6] Judiciary
27B Calvert and
Prince George's
Maryland Delegate Michael Jackson.jpg Michael A. Jackson Democratic 2015 Appropriations (Vice Chair)
28 Charles 1ct wilson.jpg C.T. Wilson Democratic 2010 Economic Matters
28 Charles Edith J. Patterson Democratic 2015 Ways & Means
28 Charles Delegate Debra M. Davis.jpg Debra M. Davis Democratic 2019 Judiciary
30A Anne Arundel SHANEKA T. HENSON.jpg Shaneka Henson Democratic 2019 Appropriations
32 Anne Arundel Delegate Sandy Bartlett.jpg J. Sandy Bartlett Democratic 2019 Judiciary
32 Anne Arundel Mike Rogers Democratic 2019 Economic Matters
37A Dorchester and
Wicomico
Delegate Sheree Sample-Hughes.jpgSheree Sample-Hughes Democratic 1998 Health & Government Operations/ Speaker Pro Tem
39 Montgomery Gabriel Acevero Democratic 2019 Appropriations
40 Baltimore City Frank M. Conaway, Jr. (2007).jpg Frank Conaway Democratic 2006 Judiciary
40 Baltimore City Delegate Melissa Wells.jpg Melissa Wells Democratic 2019 Environment & Transportation
40 Baltimore City Delegate Nick Mosby.jpgNick Mosby Democratic 2017[6] Ways & Means
41 Baltimore City Delegate Tony Bridges.jpgTony Bridges Democratic 2019 Environment & Transportation
43 Baltimore City Curt Anderson.jpg Curt Anderson Democratic 1983 Judiciary
44A Baltimore City Keith E. Haynes (2007).jpg Keith E. Haynes Democratic 2002 Appropriations
45 Baltimore City Talmadge Branch (2007).jpg Talmadge Branch Democratic 1994 Appropriations
45 Baltimore City Chanel Branch Democratic 2020 Ways & Means
45 Baltimore City Delegate Stephanie Smith.jpgStephanie M. Smith Democratic 2019 Ways & Means
46 Baltimore City Robbyn Lewis Democratic 2017[6] Environment & Transportation
47A Prince George's Diana M. Fennell Democratic 2015 Economic Matters
47A Prince George's Delegate ivey prince georges county.jpgJulian Ivey Democratic 2019 Ways & Means
47B Prince George's Delegate Wanika Fisher.jpg Wanika B. Fisher Democratic 2019 Judiciary

History[edit]

Former chairmen Trotter and Anderson with Rev. Jesse Jackson during a Caucus meeting in Annapolis, Maryland (1988)

The Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland was formed in 1970 as the Maryland Legislative Black Caucus. The Caucus has increased from it original membership of 17 to its present membership of 44.[7] From its inception to the 1990s, only Prince George's County and Baltimore City had sent members to the Caucus. The present membership of the Legislative Black Caucus now includes elected representatives from Baltimore, Montgomery, and Charles counties as well as the Eastern Shore of Maryland.

Former chairs[edit]

Parren Mitchell receiving a Maryland House of Delegates citation from the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland and House Speaker Ben Cardin on the occasion of his retirement. (from l-r: Delegates Elijah Cummings, Clarence Davis, Hattie Harrison, John Douglass, Nathaniel Oaks, Ben Cardin, Pete Rawlings, Parren Mitchell, Curt Anderson, Ruth Kirk, Ralph Hughes, Larry Young, Wendell Phillips, Margaret "Peggy" Murphy
The 1992 Members of Maryland's Legislative Black Caucus:
Front row l-r J. Jeffries, C. Jones, H. Harrison, M. Murphy
2nd row: J. Proctor, N. Exum, T. Fulton, B. Tignor, R. Kirk, C. Howard
3rd row: J. Benson, C. Anderson, S. Parham, N. Irby
back row: J. Douglass, C. Davis, S. Marriott, C. Blount, L. Young

List of Chairpersons of the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland:[8]

Chamber Name Tenure County
Delegate Arthur King 1970–1972 Prince George's
Delegate Lloyal Randolph 1972–1975 Baltimore City
Senator Robert Douglas 1976–1978 Baltimore City
Delegate Arthur G. Murphy Sr. 1978 Baltimore City
Senator Robert Douglas 1978–1980 Baltimore City
Delegate Frank Conaway Sr. 1981–1982 Baltimore City
Senator Clarence W. Blount 1982–1984 Baltimore City
Delegate Elijah Cummings, CPD photo 109th Congress.jpg Elijah Cummings 1984–1985 Baltimore City
Senator Decateur trotter.jpg Decatur "Bucky" Trotter 1986–1988 Prince George's
Delegate Curt Anderson (1990).jpg Curt Anderson 1988–1990 Baltimore City
Delegate Christine Jones (April 1990).jpg Christine M. Jones 1991–1992 Prince George's
Delegate John D. Jefferies 1992–1994 Baltimore City
Delegate Joanne C. Benson (2007).jpg Joanne C. Benson 1995–1996 Prince George's
Senator Larry Young 1996–1997 Baltimore City
Delegate Carolyn J. B. Howard (2007).jpg Carolyn J. B. Howard 1998–2000 Prince George's
Delegate Talmadge Branch (2007).jpg Talmadge Branch 2000–2002 Baltimore City
Delegate Obie Patterson 2002–2004 Prince George's
Delegate Rudolph C. Cane (2007).jpg Rudolph C. Cane 2004–2006 Wicomico
Senator Verna L. Jones (2007).jpg Verna L. Jones 2006–2008 Baltimore City
Delegate Veronica L. Turner (2007).jpg Veronica L. Turner 2008–2010 Prince George's
Senator Catherine E. Pugh (2007).jpg Catherine Pugh 2010–2012 Baltimore City
Delegate Aisha N. Braveboy (2009).jpg Aisha N. Braveboy 2012–2014 Prince George's
Delegate Barbara A. Robinson (2007).JPG Barbara A. Robinson 2014–2016 Baltimore City
Delegate Delegate Cheryl Glenn.jpg Cheryl Glenn 2016–2018 Baltimore City

2007 legislation[edit]

During the 2007 session of the Maryland General Assembly the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland pushed several bills through both Houses and had them signed into law. One of which was a bill that required state contractors to pay their employees a "living wage." For fiscal year 2008, the living wage is set at $11.30 in Montgomery, Prince George's, Howard, Anne Arundel and Baltimore Counties and Baltimore City. It is set at $8.50 for all other areas of the State. Additionally, the Caucus pushed for SB 488. This bill allows an individual convicted of any crime, with the exception of buying or selling votes, to register to vote if not actually serving a court-ordered sentence of imprisonment, including any term of parole or probation, for a felony conviction.[9] Another Caucus bill, SB 543-2007 Darfur Protection Act-Divestiture from the Republic of Sudan, requires the Board of Trustees of the State Retirement and Pension System to encourage companies hold actively traded accounts in its portfolio that conduct business in Sudan to act responsibly and avoid actions that promote or enable human rights violations in Sudan.[10] Additionally, the Caucus pushed for Senate Joint resolution 6 which requires the state to express regret for the role that Maryland played in instituting and maintaining slavery and for the discrimination that was slavery's legacy.[11] The Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland also supported the creation of state debt for funding towards the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial in Washington D.C., leading to a $500,000 donation (equivalent to $617,000 in 2019) to the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Foundation.

2009 legislation[edit]

During the 2009 session of the Maryland General Assembly, the following Caucus general priorities were passed: SB 186- Correctional Facilities-Released Inmates-Identification Cards Sponsored by Senator Catherine Pugh. This bill will require the Commissioner of Correction to issue an identification card to an inmate before being released from confinement in a State Correctional facility. The identification card must comply with the requirements for secondary identification for the purpose of an identification card issued by the Motor Vehicle Administration.

SB 489- Minority Business Enterprise Certification-Cap on Personal Net Worth Sponsored by Senator Catherine Pugh. This bill requires that the personal net worth cap for eligibility in the State's Minority Business Enterprise program be adjusted annually according to the Consumer Price Index. Personal net worth does not include up to $500,000 of the cash value of any qualified retirement savings plan or individual retirement account. The Maryland Department of Transportation, in consultation with the Attorney General's office and specified legislative committees must evaluate whether the personal net worth cap should be further adjusted, and report its findings to the General Assembly by December 1, 2010.

SB 568-Minority Business Enterprise Program-Directory of Minority Business Enterprise Sponsored by Senator Catherine Pugh. This bill requires the Maryland Department of Transportation to include in its directory of Minority Business Enterprises (MBEs) a list of all MBEs that are ineligible to participate in the State's MBE program because (1) one or more of its owners has a personal net worth that exceeds the statutory cap; or (2) the MBE no longer qualifies as a small business under federal guidelines.

HB 637- Task Force on Prisoner Reentry Sponsored by Delegate Gerron Levi, this emergency bill establishes a Task Force on Prisoner Reentry. The Secretary of Public Safety and Correctional Services, or the Secretary's designee, must chair the task force and provide staff support for the taskforce from the Department. An interim report to the Governor and the General Assembly is required by December 31, 2010 and final report of findings and recommendation is required by December 31, 2011.

During the 2009 session of the Maryland General Assembly, the following Caucus budgetary priorities were passed:

  • Bowie State University received the $34 million needed for their new fine and performing arts building;
  • Coppin State University received $4.1 million of the $9.4 million needed for their science and technology center;
  • Morgan State University received $43.5 million of the $45 million needed for campus-wide renovations, new environment studies and business schools;
  • The Minority Outreach and Technical Assistance program funding remained in the budget; and
  • The Office of Minority Health received $335,000 out of $1 million set aside for infant mortality programs.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Maryland General Assembly Caucuses - Legislative Black Caucus". www.msa.md.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  2. ^ "'She stood very tall': Educator was one of first black women in General Assembly: Lena K. Lee 1906-2006". The Baltimore Sun. August 26, 2006.
  3. ^ "The Lena Lee Collection". Thurgood Marshall Law Library. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  4. ^ Clark, Eric L. (February 1996). "Attorney Lena S. King Honored for Life's Work". The Crisis. 103 (2): 32–33.
  5. ^ Originally appointed to office to fill an open seat. Each member so marked has been elected in their own right since their appointment.
  6. ^ a b c d e Originally appointed to office to fill an open seat, rather than elected.
  7. ^ "About Us". Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  8. ^ "General Assembly - Caucuses - Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland - Chairs". Maryland State Archives. Government of Maryland. Retrieved 2020-09-04.
  9. ^ "SB488". Maryland Legislative Information System. Retrieved 2007-08-01.
  10. ^ "BILL INFO-2007 Regular Session-SB 543". mlis.state.md.us. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Maryland issues apology for its role in slavery". NBC News. 27 March 2007. Retrieved 18 May 2017.