Legislative district of Agusan

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The Legislative district of Agusan was the representation of the historical province of Agusan in the various national legislatures of the Philippines until 1969. The undivided province's representation encompassed the present-day provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur, and the highly urbanized city of Butuan.

History[edit]

Initially being excluded from representation in the lower house of the Philippine Legislature in 1907, the then-non-Christian-majority areas of the Philippines — which included the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, of which Agusan was part — were finally extended legislative representation with the passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act in 1916 by the United States Congress. The Revised Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) enacted on 10 March 1917 further elaborated on the manner by which these areas would be represented.[1] The non-Christian areas were to be collectively represented in the upper house's 12th senatorial district by two senators, both appointed by the Governor-General.[1] Five assembly members, also appointed by the Governor-General, were to represent the seven component provinces of Department of Mindanao and Sulu — Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Sulu and Zamboanga — in the lower house as a single at-large district. These arrangements remained in place despite the abolition of the Department in 1920.

The voters of Agusan Province were finally given the right to elect their own representative through popular vote beginning in 1935 by virtue of Article VI, Section 1 of the 1935 Constitution.[2]

In the disruption caused by the Second World War, the Province of Agusan sent two delegates to the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Philippine Republic: one was the provincial governor (an ex officio member), while the other was elected through a provincial assembly of KALIBAPI members during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Upon the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1945 the province retained its pre-war lone district. When Butuan became a chartered city in 1950, it remained part of the representation of Agusan.[3]

Republic Act No. 4979, approved by plebiscite held simultaneously with the 1967 elections, split the old Agusan Province into Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur and provided them each with a congressional representative.[4] In accordance with Section 7 of R.A. 4979, the two new provinces first elected their separate representatives starting in the 1969 elections.[4]

Lone District (defunct)[edit]

  • includes Butuan (chartered in 1950)
Period Representative[5]
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Apolonio D. Curato
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
Elisa R. Ochoa
1st Congress
1946–1949
Marcos M. Calo
2nd Congress
1949–1953
3rd Congress
1953–1957
Guillermo R. Sanchez
4th Congress
1957–1961
5th Congress
1961–1965
6th Congress
1965–1969
Jose C. Aquino

At-Large (defunct)[edit]

Period Representatives[5]
National Assembly
1943–1944
Elisa R. Ochoa[6]
Ramon Z. Aguirre (ex officio)[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philippine Legislature (1917). Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 (Act No. 2711) (Digitized Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 from the Presidential Museum and Library Collection, uploaded on 15 February 2016). Bureau of Printing. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Commonwealth of the Philippines (8 February 1935). "The 1935 Constitution". Official Gazette. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Congress of the Philippines (15 June 1950). "Republic Act No. 523 - An Act Creating the City of Butuan". Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Republic Act No. 4979 - An Act Creating the Provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur". The LawPhil Project. 16 June 1967. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Congressional Library Bureau. "Roster of Philippine Legislators". Republic of the Philippines, House of Representatives. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Official program of the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His Excellency Jose P. Laurel. Bureau of Printing. 1943.