Legislative district of Davao

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The Legislative district of Davao was the representation of the historical province of Davao in the various national legislatures of the Philippines until its dissolution in 1967. The undivided province's representation encompassed the present-day provinces of Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Occidental and Davao Oriental. Except during the Second World War, the chartered city of Davao also formed part of the province's representation.

History[edit]

Initially being excluded from representation in the lower house of the Philippine Legislature in 1907, the then-non-Christian-majority areas of the Philippines — which included the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, of which Davao was part — were finally extended legislative representation with the passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act in 1916 by the United States Congress. The Revised Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) enacted on 10 March 1917 further elaborated on the manner by which these areas would be represented.[1] The non-Christian areas were to be collectively represented in the upper house's 12th senatorial district by two senators, both appointed by the Governor-General.[1] Five assembly members, also appointed by the Governor-General, were to represent the seven component provinces of Department of Mindanao and Sulu — Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Sulu and Zamboanga — in the lower house as a single at-large district. These arrangements remained in place despite the abolition of the Department in 1920.

The voters of Davao Province were finally given the right to elect their own representative through popular vote beginning in 1935 by virtue of Article VI, Section 1 of the 1935 Constitution.[2]

In the disruption caused by the Second World War, the Province of Davao sent two delegates to the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Philippine Republic: one was the provincial governor (an ex officio member), while the other was elected through a provincial assembly of KALIBAPI members during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Davao City, being a chartered city, was represented separately in this short-lived legislative body. Upon the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1945, the province and the city were once again represented together.

The enactment of Republic Act No. 4867 on 8 May 1967 split the province into Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental, providing each new province a congressional district.[3] The last representative of the undivided Davao Province was Lorenzo Sarmiento, who chose to represent Davao del Norte beginning in the second half of the 6th Congress when separate representatives for Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental took office.

Lone District (defunct)[edit]

Period Representative[4]
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Romualdo Quimpo
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Cesar M. Sotto
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
Juan A. Sarenas
1st Congress
1946–1949
Apolinario Cabigon
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Ismael L. Veloso
3rd Congress
1953–1957
4th Congress
1957–1961
Gavino R. Sepulveda
5th Congress
1961–1965
Ismael L. Veloso
6th Congress
1965–1969
Lorenzo S. Sarmiento1
see Lone district of Davao del Norte
^1 Elected in 1965 as representative for the undivided province of Davao; served as Davao del Norte's separate representative beginning in the second half of the 6th Congress after separate representatives for Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental took office.

At-Large (defunct)[edit]

Period Representatives
National Assembly
1943–1944
Juan A. Sarenas[5]
Romualdo C. Quimpo (ex officio)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philippine Legislature (1917). Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 (Act No. 2711) (Digitized Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 from the Presidential Museum and Library Collection, uploaded on 15 February 2016). Bureau of Printing. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Commonwealth of the Philippines (8 February 1935). "The 1935 Constitution". Official Gazette. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Congress of the Philippines (May 8, 1967). "Republic Act No. 4867 - An Act Creating the Provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental". Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  4. ^ Congressional Library Bureau. "Roster of Philippine Legislators". Republic of the Philippines, House of Representatives. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Official program of the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His Excellency Jose P. Laurel. Bureau of Printing. 1943.