Legislative districts of Cotabato

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The Legislative districts of Cotabato are the representations of the province of Cotabato in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The province is currently represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through its first, second and third districts.

The province of South Cotabato (including what is now Sarangani Province and the highly urbanized city of General Santos) last formed part of its representation in 1967, and the provinces of Maguindanao (including the independent component city of Cotabato) and Sultan Kudarat, in 1972.

History[edit]

Initially being excluded from representation in the lower house of the Philippine Legislature in 1907, the then-non-Christian-majority areas of the Philippines — which included the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, of which the undivided province of Cotabato was part — were finally extended legislative representation with the passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act in 1916 by the United States Congress. The Revised Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) enacted on 10 March 1917 further elaborated on the manner by which these areas would be represented.[1] The non-Christian areas were to be collectively represented in the upper house's 12th senatorial district by two senators, both appointed by the Governor-General.[1] Five assembly members, also appointed by the Governor-General, were to represent the seven component provinces of Department of Mindanao and Sulu — Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Sulu and Zamboanga — in the lower house as a single at-large district.

These arrangements remained in place despite the abolition of the Department in 1920. It lasted until 1935, when each of the seven provinces was provided a single representative to the National Assembly of the Philippines, albeit the manner of election varying between provinces. Voters of the more Christianized provinces of Agusan, Bukidnon, Davao and Zamboanga could elect their representative through popular vote by virtue of Article VI, Section 1 of the 1935 Constitution.[2] In the Muslim-dominated provinces of Cotabato, Lanao and Sulu, however, voter qualifications were more restrictive: the only persons allowed to vote for the province's representative were past and present municipal officials (municipal president, vice-president, municipal councilors); present senators, assembly representatives and 1935 Constitutional Convention delegates; provincial governors and members of provincial boards; and any persons currently residing in the concerned province who held any of the aforementioned positions in the past.[3] This was the manner by which Cotabato's representative was elected in 1935.

The 1st National Assembly of the Philippines passed Commonwealth Act No. 44 on 13 October 1936 to finally give all qualified voters of Cotabato (along with Lanao and Sulu) the right to elect their own representatives through popular vote.[4] Voters began to elect their representatives in this manner beginning in 1938.

In the disruption caused by the Second World War, the undivided Province of Cotabato sent two delegates to the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Philippine Republic: one was the provincial governor (an ex officio member), while the other was elected through a provincial assembly of KALIBAPI members during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Upon the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1945 the province retained its pre-war lone district. Even after receiving its own city charter by virtue of Republic Act No. 2634 on 20 June 1959, Cotabato City remained part of the representation of the Province of Cotabato.[5]

The enactment of Republic Act No. 4849 on 18 June 1966 reduced the territory of the province with the creation of South Cotabato.[6] Per Section 5 of R.A. 4849, the incumbent representative of Cotabato began to represent only the remaining portion of the province following the election of South Cotabato's separate representative in a special election held on the same day as the 1967 senatorial elections.[6]

On 22 November 1973 the reduced Cotabato Province was further subdivided into the provinces of Maguindanao, North Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 341.[7] All three successor provinces of the reduced Cotabato Province were represented in the Interim Batasang Pambansa as part of Region XII from 1978 to 1984. It was during this period that one of them—North Cotabato—was renamed Cotabato through Batas Pambansa Blg. 660.[8]

The present-day (North) Cotabato Province returned two representatives, elected at-large, to the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1984. The province was reapportioned into two congressional districts under the new Constitution[9] which was proclaimed on 11 February 1987, and elected members to the restored House of Representatives starting that same year. The approval of Republic Act No. 10177 on 14 September 2012 increased the representation of Cotabato by reapportioning the province into three legislative districts.[10] The representatives for the newly reconfigured districts were first elected in the 2013 elections.

1st District[edit]

Period Representative[11]
16th Congress
2013–2016
Jesus N. Sacdalan
17th Congress
2016–2019

1987–2013[edit]

Period Representative[11]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Rodrigo B. Gutang
9th Congress
1992–1995
Anthony P. Dequiña
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
12th Congress
2001–2004
Emmylou J. Taliño-Mendoza
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
15th Congress
2010–2013
Jesus N. Sacdalan

2nd District[edit]

Period Representative[11]
16th Congress
2013–2016
Nancy A. Catamco
17th Congress
2016–2019

1987–2013[edit]

Period Representative[11]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Gregorio A. Andolana
9th Congress
1992–1995
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
Gregorio T. Ipong
12th Congress
2001–2004
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
Bernardo F. Piñol, Jr.
15th Congress
2010–2013
Nancy A. Catamco

3rd District[edit]

Period Representative[11]
16th Congress
2013–2016
Jose I. Tejada
17th Congress
2016–2019

Lone District (defunct)[edit]

1935–1967[edit]

Period Representative[11]
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Datu Balabaran Sinsuat
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Ugalingan Piang
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
1st Congress
1946–1949
Gumbay Piang
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Datu Blah T. Sinsuat1
3rd Congress
1953–1957
Luminog Datu Mangelen
4th Congress
1957–1961
Salipada K. Pendatun2
5th Congress
1961–1965
6th Congress
1965–1969
see 1967–1972
^1 Only took oath of office on 3 January 1950.[11]
^2 Elected for a third term in 1965 as representative for the undivided province of Cotabato; began to serve as the representative of the reduced Cotabato province beginning in the second half of the 6th Congress, after the election of a separate representative for South Cotabato in 1967, pursuant to R.A. 4849.[6]

1967–1972[edit]

Period Representative[11]
6th Congress
1965–1969
see 1935–1967
Salipada K. Pendatun1
7th Congress
1969–1972
^1 Originally elected in 1965 as representative for the undivided province of Cotabato; began to serve as the representative of the reduced Cotabato province beginning in the second half of the 6th Congress, after the election of a separate representative for South Cotabato in 1967, pursuant to R.A. 4849.[6] For the 7th Congress: only took oath of office as representative on 29 July 1970,[11] following a legal battle over results of election contested by Datu Blah Sinsuat.[12]

At-Large (defunct)[edit]

1943–1944[edit]

Period Representatives[11]
National Assembly
1943–1944
Menandang Piang[13]
Alfonso A. Pablo (ex officio)[13]

1984–1986[edit]

Period Representatives[11]
Regular Batasang Pambansa
1984–1986
Tomas B. Baga, Jr.
Carlos B. Cajelo

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philippine Legislature (1917). Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 (Act No. 2711) (Digitized Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 from the Presidential Museum and Library Collection, uploaded on 15 February 2016). Bureau of Printing. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Commonwealth of the Philippines (8 February 1935). "The 1935 Constitution". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Philippine Legislature (1937). Public Laws Enacted by the Philippine Legislature, Acts No. 4203 to 4275. Bureau of Printing Office. p. 5. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  4. ^ National Assembly of the Philippines (13 October 1936). "Commonwealth Act No. 44 - An Act applying the General provisions of the Election Law to the election of Assemblymen from the Provinces of Lanao, Cotabato, and Sulu". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Republic Act No. 2364 - An Act Creating the City of Cotabato". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 20 June 1959. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Congress of the Philippines (18 June 1966). "Republic Act No. 4849 - An Act Creating the Province of South Cotabato". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Marcos, Ferdinand E. (22 November 1973). "Presidential Decree No. 341 - Creating the Provinces of North Cotabato, Maguindanao and Sultan Kudarat". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  8. ^ Batasang Pambansa ng Pilipinas (7 March 1984). "Batas Pambansa Blg. 660 - An Act Changing the Name of the Province of North Cotabato to Cotabato". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  9. ^ 1986 Constitutional Commission (2 February 1987). "1987 Constitution of the Philippines - Apportionment Ordinance". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 13 June 2016. 
  10. ^ Congress of the Philippines (14 September 2012). "Republic Act No. 10177 - An Act Reapportioning the Province of Cotabato into Three (3) Legislative Districts". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Congressional Library Bureau. "Roster of Philippine Legislators". Republic of the Philippines, House of Representatives. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  12. ^ Supreme Court of the Philippines (30 June 1970). "G.R. No. L-31501 - DATU BLAH SINSUAT, Petitioner, v. SALIPADA K. PENDATUN, COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, and THE PROVINCIAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS OF COTABATO, Respondents.". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  13. ^ a b Official program of the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His Excellency Jose P. Laurel. Bureau of Printing. 1943.