Legislative districts of Sulu

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The Legislative districts of Sulu are the representations of the province of Sulu in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The province is currently represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through its first and second districts.

Tawi-Tawi last formed part of its representation in 1972.

History[edit]

Initially being excluded from representation in the lower house of the Philippine Legislature in 1907, the then-non-Christian-majority areas of the Philippines — which included the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, of which Sulu (including what is now Tawi-Tawi) was part — were finally extended legislative representation with the passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act in 1916 by the United States Congress. The Revised Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) enacted on 10 March 1917 further elaborated on the manner by which these areas would be represented.[1] The non-Christian areas were to be collectively represented in the upper house's 12th senatorial district by two senators, both appointed by the Governor-General.[1] Five assembly members, also appointed by the Governor-General, were to represent the seven component provinces of Department of Mindanao and Sulu — Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Sulu and Zamboanga — in the lower house as a single at-large district.

These arrangements remained in place despite the abolition of the Department in 1920. It lasted until 1935, when each of the seven provinces was provided a single representative to the National Assembly of the Philippines, albeit the manner of election varying between provinces. Voters of the more Christianized provinces of Agusan, Bukidnon, Davao and Zamboanga could elect their representative through popular vote by virtue of Article VI, Section 1 of the 1935 Constitution.[2] In the Muslim-dominated provinces of Cotabato, Lanao and Sulu, however, voter qualifications were more restrictive: the only persons allowed to vote for the province's representative were past and present municipal officials (municipal president, vice-president, municipal councilors); present senators, assembly representatives and 1935 Constitutional Convention delegates; provincial governors and members of provincial boards; and any persons currently residing in the concerned province who held any of the aforementioned positions in the past.[3] This was the manner by which Sulu's representative was elected in 1935.

The 1st National Assembly of the Philippines passed Commonwealth Act No. 44 on 13 October 1936 to finally give all qualified voters of Sulu (along with Cotabato and Lanao) the right to elect their own representatives through popular vote.[4] Voters began to elect their representatives in this manner beginning in 1938.

In the disruption caused by the Second World War, the Province of Sulu sent two delegates to the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Philippine Republic: one was the provincial governor (an ex officio member), while the other was elected through a provincial assembly of KALIBAPI members during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Upon the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1945 the province retained its pre-war lone district.

Sulu was represented in the Interim Batasang Pambansa as part of Region IX from 1978 to 1984. The province (minus what is now Tawi-Tawi, which became a separate province in 1973[5]) returned one representative to the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1984. The province was reapportioned into two congressional districts under the new Constitution[6] which was proclaimed on 11 February 1987, and elected members to the restored House of Representatives starting that same year.

1st District[edit]

1st District of Sulu
Period Representative[7]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Abdusakur M. Tan
9th Congress
1992–1995
Bensaudi O. Tulawie
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
Hussin U. Amin
12th Congress
2001–2004
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
Yusop Jikiri
15th Congress
2010–2013
Tupay T. Loong1
16th Congress
2013–2016
17th Congress
2016–2019
^1 Elected for third term, but died 30 June 2016 before assuming office.[8]

2nd District[edit]

2nd District of Sulu
Period Representative[7]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Arden S. Anni
9th Congress
1992–1995
Asani S. Tammang
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
12th Congress
2001–2004
Abdulmunir M. Arbison
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
15th Congress
2010–2013
Nur-Ana I. Sahidulla
16th Congress
2013–2016
Maryam N. Arbison
17th Congress
2016–2019
Abdulmunir M. Arbison

Lone District (defunct)[edit]

Period Representative[7]
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Ombra Amilbangsa
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Gulamu Rasul
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
Ombra Amilbangsa
1st Congress
1946–1949
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Gulamu Rasul1
Ombra Amilbangsa2
3rd Congress
1953–1957
4th Congress
1957–1961
5th Congress
1961–1965
Salih Ututalum3
6th Congress
1965–1969
Indanan Anni4
7th Congress
1969–1972
^1 Lost election protest lodged by Ombra Amilbangsa, 1950.[7]
^2 Won election protest against Gulamu Rasul, 1950.[7]
^3 Lost election protest lodged by Indanan Anni, 1969.[7]
^4 Took oath of office on 23 April 1969 after winning election protest against Salih Ututalum.[7]

At-Large (defunct)[edit]

1943–1944[edit]

Period Representatives[7]
National Assembly
1943–1944
Gulamu Rasul[9]
Ombra Amilbangsa (ex officio)[9]

1984–1986[edit]

Period Representative[7]
Regular Batasang Pambansa
1984–1986
Hussin T. Loong

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philippine Legislature (1917). Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 (Act No. 2711) (Digitized Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 from the Presidential Museum and Library Collection, uploaded on 15 February 2016). Bureau of Printing. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Commonwealth of the Philippines (8 February 1935). "The 1935 Constitution". Official Gazette. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Philippine Legislature (1937). Public Laws Enacted by the Philippine Legislature, Acts No. 4203 to 4275. Bureau of Printing Office. p. 5. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  4. ^ National Assembly of the Philippines (13 October 1936). "Commonwealth Act No. 44 - An Act applying the General provisions of the Election Law to the election of Assemblymen from the Provinces of Lanao, Cotabato, and Sulu". Official Gazette. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 302 - Creating the Province of Tawi-Tawi". The LawPhil Project. 27 September 1973. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  6. ^ 1986 Constitutional Commission (2 February 1987). "1987 Constitution of the Philippines - Apportionment Ordinance". Retrieved 13 June 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Congressional Library Bureau. "Roster of Philippine Legislators". Republic of the Philippines, House of Representatives. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  8. ^ Lacson, Nonoy E. (3 December 2016). "Sulu leaders want special elections to fill late Rep. Loong's seat". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  9. ^ a b Official program of the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His Excellency Jose P. Laurel. Bureau of Printing. 1943.