|Comune di Legnano|
Legnano within the Province of Milan
|Metropolitan city||Milan (MI)|
|• Mayor||Gianbattista Fratus|
|• Total||17.68 km2 (6.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||199 m (653 ft)|
|• Density||3,400/km2 (8,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Magnus|
|Saint day||November 5|
Legnano (Italian pronunciation: [leɲˈɲaːno]; Legnanese: Legnàn [leˈɲãː] or Lignàn[a]) is an Italian town and comune in the north-westernmost part of the Metropolitan City of Milan, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from central Milan. With 60,259, it is the thirteenth-most populous township in Lombardy. Legnano is located in the Alto Milanese and is crossed by the Olona river.
Because of the historic victory of the Lombard League over Frederick Barbarossa at Legnano, it is the only town other than Rome named in the Italian national anthem. Every year the people of Legnano commemorate the battle.
Geography and Climate
The comune of Legnano has an area of 12.72 square kilometers (4.91 sq mi), has an elevation of 192–227 meters (630–745 ft) above sea level, and is seismically classified in Zone 4 (Irrelevant seismology). The town is located within the Olona valley, south of the Varesine Prealps. The valley soil is mainly composed of sand, gravel, and clay. A thin layer of humus also used to coat the valley, rendering it a moorland useless to agriculture.
The Olona river, which cuts Legnano into two near-equally sized portions, has a number of deviations both natural, like the Olonella, and artificial. The latter of these are the diversionary channels and levees that encase much of the river as it flows through Legnano, especially around the former Cantoni and Dell'Acqua cotton mills. These were built because the Olona was prone to damaging floods, but consequently made the Olona one of the most polluted rivers in Italy. The pollution of the river is gradually lessening, however, while the last damaging flood occurred in 13 September 1995.
According to the climatic classification of Italian comunes, Legnano is in Zone E with a rating of 2451 GR/G. Due to its location in the upper Po Valley, Legnano has a Continental climate with cold winters characterized by many days of snowfall and fog. Summers are hot humid, and moderately wet; temperatures can exceed 30 °C (86 °F) and humidity 80%. That humidity persists for the entire year because of precipitation brought on by cyclones originating in the Mediterranean or in the Russian north. That precipitation itself remains in the Po Valley because of its poor ventilation.
Data from the Milan Malpensa meteorological station indicates that, based on the more than thirty years (1961–1990) of reference accumulated by the World Meteorological Organization, that the average temperature of the Milan area the coldest month, January, is −4 °C (25 °F) and the that of the hottest month, July, is 28 °C (82 °F). Rainfall averages at 1,000-millimetre (39 in) and has peaks in spring and autumn, countered by a relative drop during the winter.
The toponymy of the name "Legnano" is uncertain, as the early settlement was known by several names, but it is obvious that Legnano's name is older than that of the surrounding municipalities. "Legnano" could have originated as a predial adjective, formed from the name of the most prominent landowner in the area. In Legnano's case, this landowner's name could have been Lemennius or Limenius, to which was adjoined the suffix -anum. This would confirm the complete Latinization of the Legnano area; in other places where Celtic influence was still substantial, the suffix -acum would have been used. Thus, Lemoniano , Leminiano or Lemegniano , later to become Limnianum and finally Legnanum.
Another theory advances that one of the names that Legnano was known by in the Middle Ages, Ledegnanum, derives from the name for the region, Latinanium. Therefore, any suppositions linking the name of the city to the Celtic toponym Lemonianum ("place of the sacred grove") or the predial adjective Laenianum, referring to a potential landowner named Laenius are false.
From 1820 to 1915, with the introduction of numerous textile and mechanical companies, the town grew from an agricultural to an industrial center. Most of the textile industries closed in the 1960s: today the services sector is the most thriving one.
- Basilica of San Magno (early 16th century) – The church was designed by Giovanni Antonio Amadeo or one of his followers. The interior, on the Greek cross plan, contains an altar by Bernardino Luini which it is said to have been begun by Bramante or, more likely, by Amadeo or Antonio da Lonate.
- Church of Sant'Ambrogio, known from 1389. It was rebuilt in the 17th century.
- Castle of Legnano, enlarged by the Torriani in 13th century re-using a former convent. Later it was owned by the Lampugnani family.
- The monument to the "Warrior of Legnano" (1900), often mistakenly attributed to Alberto da Giussano, in the Piazza Monumento.
- "Palazzo Leone da Perego"- It is a XIII century building located in the centre of the town. It was rebuilt in 1898.
The town is served by Legnano railway station.
|Legnano Basket Knights||Basketball||1966||Serie A2|
|Frogs Legnano||American Football||1977||Serie A|
|Baseball Softball Club Legnano||Baseball and Softball||1950||Serie A1 (softball); Serie C1 (baseball)|
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