Leh district

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Leh district
Location of Leh district
Country India
Union territoryLadakh
Established1 July 1979
HeadquartersLeh
TehsilsLeh, Khaltsi, Nyoma, Kharu, Diskit Nubra, Saspol, Durbuk and Sumoor
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerSachin Kumar Vaishya
 • Chief Executive CouncillorGyal P Wangyal
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesLadakh
Area
 • Total45,110 km2 (17,420 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total133,487 (2,011)
 • Urban
45,671
Demographics
 • Literacy77.2%
 • Sex ratio690
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitehttp://leh.nic.in/

Leh district is a district in the union territory of Ladakh in northern India. With an area of 45,110 km2, it is the second-largest district in the country (after Kutch, Gujarat) in terms of area. It is bounded on the north by Gilgit-Baltistan's Kharmang and Ghanche districts and Xinjiang's Kashgar and Hotan prefectures linked via the historic Karakoram Pass. It has Aksai Chin and Tibet are to the east, Kargil district to the west, and Lahul and Spiti to the south. The district headquarters is in Leh. It lies between 32 to 36 degree north latitude and 75 to 80 degree east longitude.

The whole of Ladakh was under the administration of Leh until 1 July 1979, when the Kargil and Leh administrative districts were created. Religion has been a source of grievances between Buddhists and Muslims since the late 20th century and was a contributor to this division.[1]

In 2017, the district was declared a tobacco-free zone. The Directorate of Health Services Kashmir under the National Tobacco Control Programme began working towards the designation early in 2017 and the status was declared in August. Rehana Kousar (in-charge, NTCP, Kashmir) said that work was done with civil society, religious and women's groups and that a "major success was achieved by the involvement of women in the anti-tobacco campaign."[2]

In August 2019 the Parliament of India passed an act that contained provisions to make Leh a district of the new union territory of Ladakh, which was formed 31 October 2019.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Leh district had a population of 133,487,[4][5] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.[6] This gives it a ranking of 609th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 3 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.8/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.87%, (it was 30.15% for 1991-2001).[4] Leh has a sex ratio of 690 females for every 1000 males (this varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 77.2%.[4]

Sex Ratio in Leh District in 2011 Census.[7]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Buddhist (pop 88,635)
1,014
Hindu (pop 22,882)
42
Muslim (pop 19,057)
816
Other (pop 2,913)
165
Total (pop 133,487)
690

Religion[edit]

Religion in Leh district (2011)[7][8]

  Buddhism (66.40%)
  Hinduism (17.14%)
  Islam (14.28%)
  Sikhism (0.82%)
  Christianity (0.49%)
  Jainism (0.08%)
  Others (0.04%)
  Not Stated (0.75%)
Leh district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[7]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 22,882 19,057 658 1,092 88,635 103 54 1,006 133,487
17.14% 14.28% 0.49% 0.82% 66.40% 0.08% 0.04% 0.75% 100.00%
Male 21,958 10,493 469 1,018 44,019 49 29 936 78,971
Female 924 8,564 189 74 44,616 54 25 70 54,516
Gender ratio (% female) 4.0% 44.9% 28.7% 6.8% 50.3% 52.4% 46.3% 7.0% 40.8%
Sex ratio
(no. females per 1,000 males)
42 816 403 73 1,014 75 690
Urban 14,542 5,169 358 927 24,023 24 53 575 45,671
Rural 8,340 13,888 300 165 64,612 79 1 431 87,816
% Urban 63.6% 27.1% 54.4% 84.9% 27.1% 23.3% 98.1% 57.2% 34.2%

Languages[edit]

Leh district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]

  Bengali (0.61%)
  Dogri (0.67%)
  Hindi (12.75%)
  Marathi (1.01%)
  Nepali (1.01%)
  Punjabi (1.00%)
  Tamil (0.54%)
  Telugu (0.59%)
  Balti (3.95%)
  Bauti (66.91%)
  Ladakhi (3.31%)
  Tibetan (3.46%)
  Others (4.19%)
Leh district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 281 0.21%
002007 Bengali 808 0.61%
004001 Dogri 896 0.67%
005018 Gujarati 302 0.23%
006086 Bhadrawahi 7 0.01%
006102 Bhojpuri 149 0.11%
006195 Garhwali 101 0.08%
006207 Gojri/Gujjari/Gujar 123 0.09%
006235 Haryanvi 70 0.05%
006240 Hindi 17,017 12.75%
006291 Kangri 7 0.01%
006340 Kumauni 65 0.05%
006394 Mandeali 7 0.01%
006400 Marwari 7 0.01%
006439 Pahari 168 0.13%
006489 Rajasthani 92 0.07%
007016 Kannada 367 0.27%
008005 Kashmiri 521 0.39%
008010 Kishtwari 17 0.01%
008019 Dardi 21 0.02%
010008 Maithili 19 0.01%
011016 Malayalam 607 0.45%
012003 Manipuri 60 0.04%
013071 Marathi 1,349 1.01%
014011 Nepali 1,349 1.01%
015043 Odia 449 0.34%
016002 Bagri 14 0.01%
016038 Punjabi 1,336 1.00%
020027 Tamil 725 0.54%
021046 Telugu 793 0.59%
022015 Urdu 158 0.12%
029002 Balti 5,269 3.95%
031001 Bhotia 320 0.24%
031011 Bauti 89,319 66.91%
040001 English 26 0.02%
053005 Gujari 31 0.02%
073003 Ladakhi 4,416 3.31%
082005 Lushai/Mizo 8 0.01%
108001 Sherpa 21 0.02%
111001 Tamang 18 0.01%
115008 Tibetan 4,623 3.46%
115011 Purkhi 160 0.12%
Others 1,391 1.04%
Total 133,487 100.00%

Administration[edit]

Leh district in Ladakh

As of July 2019, Leh district is divided into 6 sub-divisions, 8 tehsils and 16 blocks.[10][11] Six (6) sub-divisions are Khaltsi (Khalsi), Nubra (Diskit), Kharu, Nyoma, Durbok (Durbuk) and Likir.[10]

The eight (8) tehsils are:

The 16 blocks are:[10]

As a result of The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Removal of Difficulties) Second Order, 2019, Leh district would claim de jure jurisdiction over the following areas of Pakistani-administered Kashmir: Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilas and Tribal territory.[12]

Politics[edit]

Leh District had two assembly constituencies: Nobra and Leh.[13] The district falls under Ladakh (Lok Sabha constituency).

Autonomous Hill Council[edit]

Leh District is administered by an elected body known as the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh. The LAHDC was established in 1995.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Muslim Precedence Politics - How it operates in Ladakh". Kashmir Sentinel. August 2002. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008.
  2. ^ "Leh Declared Tobacco-Free". The Tribune India. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Article 370 revoked Updates: Jammu & Kashmir is now a Union Territory, Lok Sabha passes bifurcation bill". Business Today. 6 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Leh district census data 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Leh District Population Census 2011-2020, Jammu and Kashmir literacy sex ratio and density".
  9. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "Subdivisions & Blocks". District Leh - Ladakh.
  11. ^ a b Leh tehsils.
  12. ^ "J&K Reorganisation (Removal of Difficulties) Second Order, 2019 -- [Territory of Leh district shall constitute, Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilas, Tribal territory & 'Leh & Ladakh' except present territory of Kargil]". 2 November 2019.
  13. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  14. ^ "Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh". Leh. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 6 December 2007.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°10′00″N 77°35′00″E / 34.1667°N 77.5833°E / 34.1667; 77.5833