Lehigh, Oklahoma

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Lehigh, Oklahoma
City
Owl Grocery in Lehigh, 2012
Owl Grocery in Lehigh, 2012
Location of Lehigh, Oklahoma
Location of Lehigh, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°28′12″N 96°13′7″W / 34.47000°N 96.21861°W / 34.47000; -96.21861Coordinates: 34°28′12″N 96°13′7″W / 34.47000°N 96.21861°W / 34.47000; -96.21861
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Coal
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)
 • Land 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 620 ft (189 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 356
 • Density 227/sq mi (87.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74556
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-42200[1]
GNIS feature ID 1094575[2]

Lehigh is a city in Coal County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 356 at the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

Lehigh began as the first mining camp in Coal County, Oklahoma.[4] It was originally named Boone, but the name was changed to Lehigh.[4] The new name was taken from Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, a coal mining region.[5][4] A post office opened in Lehigh on April 4, 1882, and several railroads built lines to Lehigh, including the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway, the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, and the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway.[4] During the late-19th and early-20th centuries, Lehigh was a growing settlement which greatly profited from the coal mines surrounding it.[6] During the 1910s and 1920s, the demand for coal lessened as railroads switched to oil-powered trains.[6] The mines eventually closed, and in the early 1920s, boll weevils destroyed the cotton crops in the area.[6] Many businesses closed, and people left the town.[6] The Merchants National Bank Building in Lehigh is the only structure that remains from the once prosperous downtown area.[6]

Geography[edit]

Lehigh is located in southeastern Coal County at 34°28′12″N 96°13′7″W / 34.47000°N 96.21861°W / 34.47000; -96.21861 (34.470084, -96.218578).[7] U.S. Route 75 passes through the city, leading north 5 miles (8 km) to Coalgate, the county seat, and southeast 9 miles (14 km) to Atoka.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (2.47%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,500
1910 1,880 25.3%
1920 1,898 1.0%
1930 497 −73.8%
1940 519 4.4%
1950 352 −32.2%
1960 296 −15.9%
1970 296 0.0%
1980 284 −4.1%
1990 303 6.7%
2000 315 4.0%
2010 356 13.0%
Est. 2015 340 [8] −4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

At the 2000 census,[1] there were 315 people, 114 households and 77 families residing in the city. The population density was 199.9 people per square mile (77.0/km²). There were 144 housing units at an average density of 91.4 per square mile (35.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.51% White, 0.95% African American, 14.92% Native American, 0.95% Asian, and 6.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.

There were 114 households of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.26.

28.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 111.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median household income was $24,16, and the median family income was $25,156. Males had a median income of $20,278 compared with $17,344 for females. The per capita income was $10,699. About 18.8% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.8% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lehigh, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 49.2
(9.6)
54.6
(12.6)
63.9
(17.7)
73.5
(23.1)
79.6
(26.4)
87.4
(30.8)
93.4
(34.1)
94.1
(34.5)
85.7
(29.8)
75.7
(24.3)
63.4
(17.4)
52.9
(11.6)
72.8
(22.7)
Average low °F (°C) 27.0
(−2.8)
31.4
(−0.3)
40.6
(4.8)
50.2
(10.1)
58.5
(14.7)
66.6
(19.2)
71.0
(21.7)
70.1
(21.2)
63.0
(17.2)
51.3
(10.7)
40.9
(4.9)
30.9
(−0.6)
50.1
(10.1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.0
(51)
2.5
(64)
3.6
(91)
4.6
(117)
5.3
(135)
4.2
(107)
2.5
(64)
2.5
(64)
4.8
(122)
3.7
(94)
3.2
(81)
2.3
(58)
41.3
(1,049)
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [10]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lehigh city, Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d Caruthers, Lorene. "Lehigh," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, Accessed July 4, 2015.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 184. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Jim Gabbart (October 26, 2006). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Merchants National Bank Building" (pdf). National Park Service.  "Accompanying 7 photos, from 2006." (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Weather for Lehigh, Oklahoma, United States". 
  11. ^ Meserve, John Bartlett. "Chief Benjamin Franklin Smallwood and Chief Jefferson Gardner," Chronicles of Oklahoma, Volume 19, No. 3, September, 1941.
  12. ^ Muriel Hazel Wright, Joey Horsley, FemBio.org, retrieved 8 February 2015