University of Hanover
|Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover|
|Königliche Technische Hochschule
Technische Hochschule Hannover
Technische Universität Hannover
|Motto||Mit Wissen Zukunft gestalten|
Motto in English
|Shaping the Future with Knowledge|
|Budget||€ 441.8 million (2013)|
|Location||Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany|
The University of Hannover[nb 1], officially the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, short Leibniz Universität Hannover, is a public university located in Hannover, Germany. Founded in 1831, it is one of the largest and oldest science and technology universities in Germany. In the 2014/15 school year it enrolled 25,688 students, of which 2,121 were from foreign countries. It has nine faculties which offer 190 full and part degree programs in 38 fields of study. The University is named after Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, the 18th century mathematician and philosopher.
Leibniz Universität Hannover is a member of TU9, an association of the nine leading Institutes of Technology in Germany. It is also a member of the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER), a non-profit association of leading engineering universities in Europe. The university sponsors the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), the largest science and technology library in the world.
The roots of the University of Hanover begin in the Higher Vocational College/Polytechnic Institute (German: Höhere Gewerbeschule/Polytechnische Schule), founded in 1831. In 1879 the Higher Vocational School moved into the historic Guelph Palace, the Welfenschloss, which was specially converted for the purpose. Later, the Higher Vocational School became the Royal College of Technology (German: Königliche Technische Hochschule). In 1899 Kaiser Wilhelm II granted the College of Technology a status equal to that of universities and the right to confer doctorates. The College was reconstructed in 1921 with the financial support of the College Patrons’ Association. There were three faculties: Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering.
In 1968 the Faculty of Humanities and Political Science were founded and the "College of Technology" became the "Technische Hochschule" ("Technical University"). Between 1973 and 1980 the faculties of Law, Business and Economics, the formerly independent Teachers Training College were added to the University and the "Technical University" was renamed "University of Hannover." Student numbers exceeded 30,000 for the first time in 1991. On the 175th anniversary of the institution in 2006, the "University of Hannover" was given the name "Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover." While 64 pupils first attended the Vocational School, today the university now has around 25.700 students, more than 2.900 academics and scientists, and 160 departments and institutes.
The Senate of the University voted in April 2006 to rename the University of Hannover to "Leibniz Universität Hannover". Following agreement by the Leibniz Academy on the use of the name, the "Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover" received its name on the 360th anniversary of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's birth. The brand of the university is "Leibniz Universität Hannover."
The old logo of the University was inspired by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The current logo is a stylized excerpt from a letter to Duke Rudolf August of Wolfenbüttel, in which Leibniz presented binary numbers for the first time.
Faculties and staff
Nine faculties with more than 190 first-degree full-time and part-time degree courses make the university the second-largest institution of higher education in Lower Saxony. The university staff comprises 2930 research and teaching staff, of whom 321 are professors. It has 1810 additional employees in administrative functions, 90 apprentices and some 1400 staff funded by third parties.
- Faculty of Architecture and Landscape Sciences
- Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodetic Science
- Faculty of Economics and Management
- Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
- Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
- Faculty of Natural Sciences
The campus of the university is spread over 160 buildings occupying 322,700 m2 of floor space.
The University's overall budget was approximately 441.8 million euros in 2013, broken down as follows:
- Income of 222.6 million according to the annual report
- External funding amounting to 101.8 million euros
- Special funds from the State of Lower Saxony amounting to 58.3 million euros
- 42.3 million euros from other income
- 16.8 million euros from student contributions
University library and TIB
The library was established on the founding of the Höhere Gewerbeschule/Polytechnische Schule in 1831. It expanded into an important collection as the institution evolved from a vocational/technical college into the full University. The removal of the books into storage during the Second World War secured valuable old stocks that became a unique national collection of scientific and technical literature in postwar Germany. This was the basis on which the library of the Institute of Technology (German: Technische Informationsbibliothek) was established in 1959. Today the collection forms the heart of the German National Library of Science and Technology, which is the largest institution of its kind in the world.
GISMA School of Business
GISMA Business School in Hannover, Germany, was launched in 1999 as a joint initiative by the state of Lower Saxony and visionary private-sector enterprises. The school was closely affiliated with the Krannert School of Management at Purdue University (Indiana, USA) until 2011 when the Leibniz University Hannover briefly became its parent. In 2013 the association with Leibniz ended, and GISMA became part the for-profit education company Global University Systems.
- Peter Antes (born 1942), professor of studies in religion(s)
- Friedrich Bergius (1884–1949), Chemist, Nobel Prize in chemistry (1931)
- Constantin Carathéodory (1873–1950), Mathematician, professor
- Karsten Danzmann (born 1955), German physicist
- Horst Dreier (born 1954), Lawyer
- Gerhard Ertl (born 1936), Physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize in chemistry (2007)
- J. Hans D. Jensen (1907–1973), German physicist, Nobel Prize in physics (1963)
- Karl Karmarsch (1803–1879), Engineer, educationalist.
- Theodor Lessing (1872–1933), Philosopher
- Oskar Negt (born 1934), Social philosopher
- Eduard Pestel (1914–1988), Engineer and politician
- Ludwig Prandtl (1875–1953), Physicist and engineer in fluid- and aerodynamics, professor.
- Klaus Töpfer (born 1938), German politician (CDU)
- Carl F. W. Borgward (1890–1963), Entrepreneur, car manufacturer, engineer, guest auditor.
- Walter Bruch (1908–1990), Electronics and television engineer, honorary doctorate.
- Alfred Bucherer (1863–1927), Physicist
- Wilhelm Busch (1832–1908), Poet and artist
- Erich Gutenberg (1897–1984), German economist.
- Rento Hofstede Crull (1863–1938), Electrical pioneer
- Wolfgang Jüttner (born 1948), German politician (SPD)
- David McAllister (born 1971), German politician (CDU)
- Christian Otto Mohr (1835–1918), Civil and structural engineer
- Luise Druke (born 1948), German scholar and United Nations practitioner
- Carl Adam Petri (1926–2010), Mathematician, logician and computer scientist
- Frank Pohlmann (born 1959), American politician and businessman
- German National Library of Science and Technology
- List of universities in Germany
- List of colleges and universities
- Hanover is the traditional English spelling. The German spelling (with a double n) is becoming more popular in English; recent editions of encyclopedias prefer the German spelling and the University uses the German spelling on its English website. The traditional English spelling should always be used in historical contexts, especially when referring to the British House of Hanover.
- uni-hannover.de: Leitbild der Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover. Stand: 1. Februar 2012
- uni-hannover.de: Die Leibniz Universität Hannover in Stichworten; retrieved, 18 December 2014
- Studierendenzahlen für das Wintersemester 2014/15. Retrieved, December 2014
- Encyclopædia Britannica uses "Hannover". It says "English Hanover" but uses "Hannover" in the prose.
- Microsoft Encarta gives the primary spelling as "Hannover".
- uni-hannover.de: Studium, Stand: 15. April 2009
- Profile of the TIB at the University of Hanover online (English) retrieved 26-May-2012
- History of the University, http://www.uni-hannover.de/en/universitaet/geschichte
- uni-hannover.de. "Neues Corporate Design der Leibniz Universität Hannover entsteht". Retrieved 27 March 2008.
- http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-43067968.html "Der Bastler", Der Spiegel 51/1960
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Universität Hannover.|
- Leibniz Universität Hannover—Official website (English version)