Leicester (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leicester
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1295–1918
Number of members Two

Leicester was a parliamentary borough in Leicestershire, which elected two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1918, when it was split into three single-member divisions.

History[edit]

Leicester sent burgesses to Parliament for the first time in 1295. Originally both Members were chosen by the whole 'commons' of the borough until at least 1407, when Thomas Denton and John Tonge were stated to have been chosen 'per totam communitatem tocius burgi'. At some unknown date before the middle of the 15th century, however, the 'commons', lost power within the borough and were restricted to the election of just one of the Members, the other being chosen by the mayor and 24 jurats (or aldermen). This situation was reversed by the middle of the sixteenth century.

Although most Members were citizens, usually officials, of the borough there was considerable influence and involvement by the two leading families, the Hastings and the Greys during the 16th and 17th centuries.

The constituency was abolished in 1918 and replaced by Leicester East, Leicester South and Leicester West.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1295–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1294 Ralph Norman Robert de Scarnford[1]
1299 Robert Knythtecote Roger de Glenne[1]
?1299 Richard Donnington Roger de Glenne[1]
1301 Ralph Tewe[1]
1304 Richard Soning Nicholas de Glenne[1]
1306 Ralph Norman Henry de Carleton[1]
1307 William Lyndrych William le Palmer[1]
1308 Henry Erdington Richard Eggbaston[1]
1310 William Lyndrych Peter de Kent[1]
1311 William Lyndrych Robert de Leicester[1]
1312 William Clowne Richard Leverych[1]
?1312 Robert Hereward Nicholas Mercer[1]
1313 Roger de Glenne John Stocton[1]
1314 William de Benham Simon de Lyndrych[1]
?1314 Roger Pickering William le Palmer[1]
1318 Thomas Fox William le Palmer, jnr[1]
?1318 Henry Palmer John Derby[1]
1321 Geoffrey de Staunton John Derby[1]
1322 Ralph Burton Walter Busseby[1]
1326 William Reddington William Jolly[1]
1327 John FitzHenry of Leicester[2] John Geryn[1]
1328 Richard Claver John Leverich[2]
1328 Richard Claver John Geryn[1]
1328 Rad de Seccheville Robert de Waltham[2]
1329 John de Glenne Willim Petlyng[1]
1330 Richard de Bonyngton Robert de Gryndon[1] or

William Wareyn[2]

1330 John de Leverych Thomas Dawbenny[1]
1332 Henry Merlins Richard de Donnington[1]
1332 William de Cloune Richard Leverich[2]
1333 John Leverych John FitzHenry[1] or

John de Garthorp[2]

1334 Richard Foxton Richard Clerk[1]
1334 John Leverich Robert de Foston[2]
1336 John Leverych John Querndon[1]
?1336 William Rodington William le Palmer[1]
1337 Richard de Donnington Richard Leycester[1]
1337 Richard de Donnington John Martyn[1]
1338 Richard de Donnington John Querndon[1]
1338 Richard de Donnington John Turvey[1][2]
?1338 William Palmer Thomas Fox[1]
?1338 John Harding Robert Bonyng[1]
1339 William Warryn Thomas Fitz Robert[1]
1339 William Leverich Richard de Walcote[2]
1340 Nicholas Radding William Fitz Richard[1]
?1340 Richard Walcote William Brad[1]
?1340 Ralph Burton John Blake[1]
1341 John le Clerk William Donnington[1]
1343 Walter Busseby William Reddington[1]
1346 Richard Walcot William Dunstable[1]
1347 Richard Beby Allan Sutton[1]
1348 John Recenour William Wakefield[1]
1350 William Dunstable Thomas Beby[1]
1351 William Dunstable Thomas Beby[1]
1354 John Martin John de Hodynges[1]
1355 Thomas Beby[1]
1357 John de Petlyng Thomas de Crom.[1]
1360 Thomas Beby Roger Belgrave[1]
?1360 Roger Knyghton Thomas Beby[1]
1362 Richard Knyghton William Burton[1]
1363 John Peterburgh Roger Kilby[1]
1365 William Tabb John Stafford[1]
1368 Walter Lynd Roger de Belgrave[1]
1369 William Burton William atte Greene[1]
1371 William Taillard Richard de Knyghton[1]
1372 William atte Greene Roger Beby[1]
1373 John Stafford John Peterburgh[1]
1375 Henry de Petlyng Henry de Clipstone[1]
1377 William Huntedon John Stafford[1]
?1377 William Humberstone William de Thornton[1]
1378 John Chapman Andrew Glasewright[1]
1379 John de Stafford William Ferrour[1]
1380 John Sherote Richard Boyes[1]
1381 Stephen Chambre Robert Norton[1]
1382 John Stafford Thomas Wakefield[1]
?1382 Roger Belgrave Richard Braunston[1]
1383 Geoffrey Clerk John Fode[1]
1386 Geoffey Clerk William Morton[1]
1388 (Feb) Geoffrey Clerk William Morton[3]
1388 (Sep) Geoffrey Clerk John Cook[3]
1390 (Jan) ?Geoffrey Clerk[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Geoffrey Clerk Henry Beeby[3]
1393 Thomas Wakefield John Houghton[3]
1394 ?Geoffrey Clerk Henry Beeby[3]
1395 Robert Skillington Henry Beeby[3]
1397 (Jan) Thomas Wakefield Roger Humberston[3]
1397 (Sep) Thomas Bailly Richard Falconer[3]
1399 William Bispham John Church[3]
1401 John London Peter Clerk[3]
1402
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Donyngton Roger Goldsmith[3]
1407 Thomas Denton John Tonge[3]
1410 Robert Evington John Church[3]
1411 Robert Evington Ralph Brasier[3]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Hewet John Church[3]
1414 (Apr) Ralph Brasier Thomas Denton[3]
1414 (Nov) Henry Forster Robert Evington[3]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 Henry Forster Ralph Brasier[3]
1420 John Pykwell John Church[3]
1421 (May) Ralph Brasier John Church[3]
1421 (Dec) Henry Forster John Nightingale[3]
1423 Ralph Brasier [4]
1426 Ralph Brasier [4]
1432 Ralph Brasier [4]
1455–1456 Thomas Dalton
1510–1515 No names known[5]
1523 William Bolt Roger Wigston[5]
1529 Thomas Brokesby Robert Harward[5]
1536 ?
1539 John Beaumont William Wigston[5]
1542 Robert Burdett ?John Beaumont[5]
1545 Edward Hastings John Throckmorton[5]
1547 George Swillington Ralph Skinner[5]
1553 (Mar) George Swillington Robert Cotton[5]
1553 (Oct) William Faunt Thomas Farnham[5]
1554 (Apr) Francis Farnham Thomas Jenkinson[5]
1554 (Nov) Francis Farnham Hugh Aston[5]
1555 Francis Farnham ?[5]
1558 Robert Breham Maurice Tyttell[5]
1559 (Jan) John Hastings Robert Breham[6]
1562/1563 Robert Breham Rubert Brokesby[6]
1571 Thomas Cave Stephen Hales[6]
1572 (Apr) Robert Breham John Stanford I[6]
1584 (Nov) Henry Skipwith Thomas Johnson[6]
1586 (Oct) Henry Skipwith Thomas Johnson[6]
1588 (Oct) John Chippendale Robert Heyrick[6]
1593 John Stanford I James Clarke[6]
1597 (Sep) George Parkins John Stanford II[6]
1601 (Oct) George Belgrave William Herrick[6]
1604 William Skipwith, died 1610
and replaced by
Henry Rich)
Henry Beaumont
1614 Henry Rich Sir Francis Leigh
1621–1622 Sir Richard Moryson Sir William Herrick
1624 Sir Humphrey May William Ive
1625 Thomas Jermyn Sir Humphrey May, sat for Lancaster
and repl. by
Sir George Hastings)
1626 Sir Humphrey May Sir George Hastings
1628 Sir Humphrey May Sir John Stanhope
1629–1640 No parliaments summoned

1640–1918[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Thomas Coke Simon Every
November 1640 Thomas Coke Royalist Lord Grey of Groby Parliamentarian
January 1644 Coke disabled from sitting – seat vacant
1645 Peter Temple
1653 Leicester was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Sir Arthur Hesilrige William Stanley
1656
January 1659
May 1659 Peter Temple One seat vacant through the death of Lord Grey of Groby
1660 Thomas Armeston John Grey
1661 Sir William Hartopp Sir John Pretyman
1677 John Grey
1679 Sir Henry Beaumont
1685 Thomas Babington
1689 Lawrence Carter
1690 Sir Edward Abney
1695 Archdale Palmer
1698 Sir William Villiers Lawrence Carter
1701 James Winstanley Lawrence Carter
1702 Sir George Beaumont
1719 Thomas Noble
1722 (Sir) Lawrence Carter
January 1727 Thomas Boothby-Skrymsher
August 1727 George Wrighte
1737 James Wigley
1765 Anthony James Keck
1766 John Darker
1768 Hon. Booth Grey Eyre Coote
1774 John Darker
February 1784 Shukburgh Ashby
April 1784 John Macnamara Charles Loraine-Smith
1790 Thomas Parkyns Samuel Smith
1800 Thomas Babington
1818 John Mansfield Thomas Pares
1826 Sir Charles Abney-Hastings Robert Otway-Cave
1830 William Evans Whig
1831 Wynne Ellis Whig
1835 Edward Goulburn Conservative Thomas Gladstone Conservative
1837 Samuel Duckworth Whig Sir John Easthope Whig
1839 Wynne Ellis Whig
1847 [notes 1] Sir Joshua Walmsley Radical[7][8][9][10] Richard Gardner Radical[11][12][13][14]
1848 John Ellis Radical[15][16][17] Richard Harris Radical[15][16][17]
1852 Sir Joshua Walmsley Radical[7][8][9][10] Richard Gardner Radical[11][12][13][14]
1856 John Biggs Radical[18][19][20][21][22]
1857 John Dove Harris Whig[10][23][24]
1859 Joseph William Noble Liberal Liberal
1861 William Unwin Heygate Conservative
1862 Peter Alfred Taylor Liberal
1865 John Dove Harris Liberal
1874 Alexander McArthur Liberal
1884 James Allanson Picton Liberal
1892 Sir James Whitehead Liberal
1894 Henry Broadhurst Liberal Walter Hazell Liberal
1900 Sir John Rolleston Conservative
January 1906 Ramsay MacDonald Labour
March 1906 Franklin Thomasson Liberal
1910 Eliot Crawshay-Williams Liberal
1913 Sir Gordon Hewart Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished: see Leicester East, Leicester South, Leicester West

Notes

  1. ^ The election of 1847 was declared void on petition and a by-election was held

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1852: Leicester[25][26][27][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Joshua Walmsley 1,673 30.0 N/A
Radical Richard Gardner 1,673 30.0 N/A
Whig James Wilde 1,116 20.0 N/A
Whig Geoffrey Palmer 1,114 20.0 N/A
Majority 557 10.0 N/A
Turnout 2,788 (est) 72.4 (est) N/A
Registered electors 3,853
Radical hold Swing N/A
Radical hold Swing N/A

Gardner's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 18 June 1856: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical John Biggs Unopposed
Radical hold
General Election 1857: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Dove Harris 1,618 34.7 −5.3
Radical John Biggs 1,603 34.4 +4.4
Radical Joshua Walmsley 1,440 30.9 +0.9
Majority 15 0.3 N/A
Turnout 2,331 (est) 56.0 (est) −16.4
Registered electors 4,162
Whig gain from Radical Swing −5.3
Radical hold Swing +3.5
General Election 1859: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Biggs 1,584 26.6 −7.8
Liberal Joseph William Noble 1,496 25.1 N/A
Conservative William Unwin Heygate 1,476 24.8 N/A
Liberal John Dove Harris 1,397 23.5 −11.2
Majority 20 0.3 0.0
Turnout 2,977 (est) 70.8 (est) +14.8
Registered electors 4,207
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

Noble's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 7 February 1861: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Unwin Heygate 1,596 44.3 +19.5
Liberal John Dove Harris 1,033 28.6 +5.1
Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor 977 27.1 N/A
Majority 563 15.6 N/A
Turnout 3,606 90.9 +20.1
Registered electors 3,965
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.2

Biggs resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 17 February 1862: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1865: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Dove Harris 2,295 35.6 +12.1
Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor 2,199 34.2 +7.6
Conservative William Unwin Heygate 1,945 30.2 +5.4
Majority 254 3.9 +3.6
Turnout 4,192 (est) 88.0 (est) +17.2
Registered electors 4,762
Liberal hold Swing +4.7
Liberal hold Swing +2.5
General Election 1868: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor 7,148 43.3 +9.1
Liberal John Dove Harris 6,876 41.6 +6.0
Independent Liberal John Baker Greene[28][29][30] 2,494 15.1 N/A
Majority 4,382 26.5 +22.6
Turnout 9,506 (est) 62.7 (est) −25.3
Registered electors 15,161
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor 7,408 36.5 −6.8
Liberal Alexander McArthur 7,283 35.9 −5.7
Conservative John Henry Boyer Warner 5,615 27.7 N/A
Majority 1,668 8.2 −18.3
Turnout 12,961 (est) 75.9 (est) +13.2
Registered electors 17,069
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Leicester[25][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor 10,675 36.7 +0.2
Liberal Alexander McArthur 10,438 35.8 −0.1
Conservative William Winterton 4,186 14.4 +0.5
Conservative John Henry Boyer Warner 3,820 13.1 −0.8
Majority 6,252 21.5 +13.3
Turnout 14,560 (est) 77.4 (est) +1.5
Registered electors 18,808
Liberal hold Swing −0.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.4

Taylor resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 27 Jun 1884: Leicester[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Allanson Picton Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1885: Leicester[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Allanson Picton 11,480 39.1 +2.4
Liberal Alexander McArthur 11,121 37.9 +2.1
Conservative William Millican[33] 6,751 23.0 −4.5
Majority 4,370 14.9 −6.6
Turnout 18,104 83.5 +6.1 (est)
Registered electors 21,671
Liberal hold Swing +2.4
Liberal hold Swing +2.2
General Election 1886: Leicester[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Allanson Picton 9,914 39.2 +0.2
Liberal Alexander McArthur 9,681 38.3 +0.4
Liberal Unionist Robert Bickersteth 5,686 22.5 −0.5
Majority 3,995 15.8 +0.9
Turnout 15,456 71.3 −12.2
Registered electors 21,671
Liberal hold Swing +0.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.3

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Leicester[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Allanson Picton Unopposed
Liberal James Whitehead Unopposed
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Both Picton and Whitehead resigned, requiring a by-election.

Walter Hazell
Leicester by-election, 1894[34][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Henry Broadhurst 9,464 33.8 N/A
Liberal Walter Hazell 7,184 25.6 N/A
Conservative John Rolleston 6,967 24.9 N/A
Ind. Labour Party Joseph Burgess 4,402 15.7 N/A
Majority 217 0.7 N/A
Turnout 17,853 (est) 77.2 N/A
Registered electors 23,125
Lib-Lab hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Joseph Burgess
General Election 1895: Leicester[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Henry Broadhurst 9,792 33.6 N/A
Liberal Walter Hazell 7,753 26.5 N/A
Conservative John Rolleston 7,654 26.2 N/A
Ind. Labour Party Joseph Burgess 4,009 13.7 N/A
Majority 99 0.3 N/A
Turnout 18,856 (est) 77.2 N/A
Registered electors 24,113
Lib-Lab hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Henry Broadhurst
General Election 1900: Leicester[35][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Henry Broadhurst 10,385 32.3 −1.3
Conservative John Rolleston 9,066 28.2 +2.0
Liberal Walter Hazell 8,528 26.5 +0.0
Labour Repr. Cmte. Ramsay MacDonald 4,164 13.0 N/A
Turnout 83.3 +5.1
Registered electors 24,962
Majority 6,221 19.3 +19.0
Lib-Lab hold Swing −1.7
Majority 538 1.7 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.0
MacDonald
General Election 1906: Leicester[36][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Henry Broadhurst 14,745 39.9 +7.6
Labour Repr. Cmte. Ramsay MacDonald 14,685 39.8 +26.8
Conservative John Rolleston 7,504 20.3 −7.9
Turnout 88.9 +5.6
Registered electors 25,129
Majority 7,241 19.6 +0.3
Lib-Lab hold Swing +7.8
Majority 7,181 19.5 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative Swing +17.4
Thomasson
Leicester by-election, 1906[36][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Franklin Thomasson 10,766 59.9 +20.0
Conservative John Rolleston 7,206 40.1 +19.8
Majority 3,560 19.8 +0.2
Turnout 17,972 71.5 −17.4
Registered electors 25,129
Liberal hold Swing +0.1

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Leicester[36][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Eliot Crawshay-Williams 14,643 32.0 −7.9
Labour Ramsay MacDonald 14,337 31.4 −8.4
Conservative J. Foster Fraser 8,548 18.7 +8.5[n 1]
Conservative E.A.A. Bagley 8,192 17.9 +7.7[n 1]
Turnout 91.8 +2.9
Registered electors 25,336
Majority 6,095 13.3 −6.3
Liberal hold Swing −8.2
Majority 5,789 12.7 −6.8
Labour hold Swing −8.0
General Election December 1910[37][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Eliot Crawshay-Williams 13,238 39.2 +7.2
Labour Ramsay MacDonald 12,998 38.5 +7.1
Conservative Alured Myddelton Wilshere 7,547 22.3 −14.3
Turnout 83.5 -8.3
Registered electors 25,336
Majority 5,691 16.9 +3.6
Liberal hold Swing +11.0
Majority 5,451 16.2 +3.5
Labour hold Swing +10.7
Gordon Hewart
Leicester by-election, 1913[37][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Gordon Hewart 10,863 47.8 +8.6
Unionist Alured Myddelton Wilshere 9,279 40.8 +18.5
British Socialist Party Edward Hartley 2,580 11.4 N/A
Turnout 84.2 +0.7
Registered electors 26,972
Liberal hold Swing -4.9

Notes and References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Calculated from half of 1906 result

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs Curtis, John. A Topographical History of the County of Leicester. p. 97. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Leicester (England); Bateson, Mary; Chinnery, Gilbert Allen; Stevenson, William Henry; Stocks, John Edward; Stocks, Helen (1899–1974). Records of the borough of Leicester; being a series of extracts from the archives of the Corporation of Leicester. University of California Libraries. London : C. J. Clay. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/brasier-ralph
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Zuch, Ronald K.; Ziegler, Paul R. (1985). "The Little Charter". Joseph Hume: The People's M.P. Ephrata: The American Philosophical Society. p. 147. ISBN 0871691639. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  8. ^ a b Collins, Neil (1994). Politics and Elections in Nineteenth-Century Liverpool. Abingdon: Scolar Press. p. 40. ISBN 9781859280768. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  9. ^ a b "Postscript". Coventry Herald. 9 February 1849. p. 4. Retrieved 15 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ a b c Wigley, John (1980). The Rise and Fall of the Victorian Sunday. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 94. ISBN 0-7190-0794-1. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  11. ^ a b "Leicester". Staffordshire Advertiser. 31 July 1847. p. 6. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ a b "The Elections". London Daily News. 30 July 1847. pp. 3–6. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  13. ^ a b c McKinley, R A, ed. (1958). "The City of Leicester: Parliamentary history since 1835". A History of the County of Leicester. British History Online. 4: 210–250. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  14. ^ a b Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 170. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  15. ^ a b "The Leicester Election". Leicestershire Mercury. 9 September 1848. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  16. ^ a b "Latest Intelligence". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 9 September 1848. p. 8. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  17. ^ a b "Leicester Election". Berkshire Chronicle. 9 September 1848. p. 1. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  18. ^ Newitt, Ned. "John Biggs". The Who's Who of Radical Leicester. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  19. ^ "Art and sculpture". Friends of New Walk. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  20. ^ Moore, James R. (2017). "Leicester Liberalism: An Uneasy Alliance". The Transformation of Urban Liberalism: Party Politics and Urban Governance in Late Nineteenth-Century England. Routledge. p. 89. ISBN 9781351126038. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  21. ^ Quinn, P L (2017). Felix Holt, the True Story: Resolving the 150 year mystery of George Eliot's classic novel. Lulu.com. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-244-61150-7. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  22. ^ "Leicester Election". Nairnshire Telegraph and General Advertiser for the Northern Counties. 25 June 1856. p. 2. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  23. ^ "Electioneering Movements". Coventry Herald. 20 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  24. ^ "Election Intelligence". Morning Post. 25 March 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  26. ^ "The General Election". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 10 July 1852. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 17 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  27. ^ "Nottingham Journal". 9 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 17 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  28. ^ "Borough Election". Leicester Journal. 13 November 1868. p. 6. Retrieved 21 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  29. ^ "Borough Election". Leicester Journal. 20 November 1868. p. 6. Retrieved 21 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  30. ^ "The Polling". Leicester Chronicle. 21 November 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 21 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  31. ^ "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 31 March 1880. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  33. ^ "The Elections". Daily News. 27 November 1885. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  34. ^ David Howell, British workers and the Independent Labour Party, 1888–1906, p.233
  35. ^ David Howell, British workers and the Independent Labour Party, 1888–1906, p.237
  36. ^ a b c Liberal Yearbook 1916, p.287
  37. ^ a b The New Hazell Annual (1917), p.191