Leicester East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leicester East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Leicester East in Leicestershire.
Outline map
Location of Leicestershire within England.
County Leicestershire
Electorate 74,377 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of parliament Keith Vaz (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Leicester South East
Leicester North East
19181950
Number of members One
Replaced by Leicester South East
Leicester North East
Created from Leicester
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Leicester East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1987 by Keith Vaz of the Labour Party and former Chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The County Borough of Leicester wards of Belgrave, Latimer, Spinney Hill, and West Humberstone.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Leicester wards of Belgrave, Charnwood, Evington, Humberstone, and Latimer.

1983-2010: The City of Leicester wards of Belgrave, Charnwood, Coleman, Evington, Humberstone, Latimer, Rushey Mead, Thurncourt, and West Humberstone.

2010–2015: The City of Leicester wards of Belgrave, Charnwood, Coleman, Evington, Humberstone & Hamilton, Latimer, Rushey Mead, and Thurncourt.

Constituency profile[edit]

This is an urban seat in the commercial and engineering centre of Leicester. The seat excludes the heart of the city centre, skirting its tightly planned ring road, a golf course is within the south-east and a large municipal garden, the north-west, of the boundaries.

Leicester East has a relatively high Asian population. In the 2011 census two-thirds of the population were non-white and 48.5% of people described themselves as Asian. Almost a third of the population are Hindu and the majority of others of Asian ethnicity are of Muslim or Sikh faiths. Those of mixed ethnicities are gradually increasing — to 3.1% of the population in 2011.

The bulk of the eastern outskirts are relatively compact and much of the remainder of the county by the 21st century has become transformed economically into a retirement and commuter belt for the city and its railway links. The division's south-west quarter is within normal walking distance of all parts of Leicester City Centre and the seat is served by buses and cycle routes into the city centre.

History[edit]

First creation[edit]

The seat was created in 1918 and for the next four years was served by Sir Gordon Hewart KC, resigning to become Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. In 1950 the area was divided between Leicester North East and Leicester South East, which also covered part of the present Charnwood seat and Rutland and Melton.

Second creation, current creation[edit]

In 1974 the seat was recreated.

Summary of results

Leicester East has been won by the Labour Party's candidate in 10 of 11 elections since its recreation. Its MP, Keith Vaz, has won an absolute majority (plurality) of votes since the 1992 general election. The 2015 result made the seat the 37-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[2] Leicester East was narrowly won by Conservative candidate Bruinvels at the height of the Tory party's popularity in 1983.[n 3]

Opposition parties

The candidate fielded by the Conservative Party has been runner-up in every election save for Bruinvels's win in 1983. The candidate of UKIP for the first time took third place in 2015, her 2010-counterpart having won 1.5% of votes and the party not having stood before. The pro-UKIP swing election-to-election of 7.4% of the vote was less than the national average — 9.5% in 2015 — and came the year before the 2016 EU membership referendum. Cooper fell 1.8% short of second-place in 2005 giving the best result of a Liberal Democrat to date, attracting just under one fifth of the vote.

Turnout

Turnout in the recreated seat has ranged between 78.7% in 1992 to 62.1% in 2001.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918–1950[edit]

Year Member[3] Party
1918 Sir Gordon Hewart Liberal
1922 by-election George Banton Labour
1922 Henry Arthur Evans National Liberal
1923 George Banton Labour
1924 John Loder Conservative
1929 Edward Frank Wise Labour
1931 Abraham Montagu Lyons Conservative
1945 Terence Norbert Donovan Labour
1950 constituency abolished

MPs since 1974[edit]

Year Member[3] Party
Feb 1974 Tom Bradley Labour
1981 Social Democrat
1983 Peter Bruinvels Conservative
1987 Keith Vaz Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Leicester East[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Vaz 29,386 61.1 +7.4
Conservative Kishan Devani 11,034 23.0 -1.5
UKIP Susanna Steptoe[5] 4,290 8.9 +7.4
Green Nimit Jethwa [6] 1,468 3.1 +1.5
Liberal Democrat Dave Raval 1,233 2.6 -11.6
TUSC Michael Barker 540 1.1 N/A
Independent Tom Darwood 117 0.2 N/A
Majority 18,352 38.2
Turnout 48,599 63.7
Labour hold Swing +4.5
General Election 2010: Leicester East[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Vaz 25,804 53.8 −5.0
Conservative Jane Hunt 11,722 24.4 +4.6
Liberal Democrat Ali Asghar 6,817 14.2 −2.3
BNP Colin Gilmore[8] 1,700 3.5 N/A
Green Mo Taylor[9] 733 1.5 N/A
UKIP Felicity Ransome 725 1.5 N/A
Unity for Peace and Socialism Avtar Sadiq 494 1.0 N/A
Majority 14,082 29.3
Turnout 47,995 65.8 +3.9
Labour hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Leicester East[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Vaz 24,015 58.1 +0.5
Conservative Suella Fernandes 8,139 19.7 −4.8
Liberal Democrat Susan Cooper 7,052 17.1 +4.8
Veritas Colin Brown 1,666 4.0 N/A
Socialist Labour Valerie Smalley 434 1.1 −1.0
Majority 15,876 38.4
Turnout 41,306 62.2 +0.1
Labour hold Swing +2.6

In 2005 this seat bucked the national trend as there was a swing to Labour whereas the national swing was 2.5% to the Conservatives.

General Election 2001: Leicester East[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Vaz 23,402 57.6 −7.9
Conservative John Mugglestone 9,960 24.5 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Harpinder Athwal 4,989 12.3 +5.3
Socialist Labour David Roberts 837 2.1 +1.1
BNP Clive Potter 772 1.9 N/A
Independent Shirley Bennett 701 1.7 +1.5
Majority 13,442 33.1
Turnout 40,661 62.1 −7.1
Labour hold Swing -4.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Leicester East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Vaz 29,083 65.50
Conservative Simon Milton 10,661 24.01
Liberal Democrat Jay Matabudul 3,105 6.99
Referendum Philip Iwaniw 1,015 2.29
Socialist Labour Sohan Singh Sidhu 436 0.98
Independent Neil Slack 102 0.23
Majority 18,422 41.49
Turnout 69.11
Labour hold Swing +9.4
General Election 1992: Leicester East[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Vaz 28,123 56.3 +10.2
Conservative Jeffery C. Stevens 16,807 33.7 −8.8
Liberal Democrat Sheila A. Mitchell 4,043 8.1 −3.3
Green Murray R. Frankland 453 0.9 +0.9
Independent Dennis J. Taylor 308 0.6 +0.6
Natural Law ASK Mahaldar 186 0.4 +0.4
Majority 11,316 22.7 +19.0
Turnout 49,920 78.7 +0.1
Labour hold Swing +9.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Leicester East[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Keith Vaz 24,074 46.16
Conservative Peter Bruinvels 22,150 42.47
Social Democratic Aileen Ayres 5,935 11.38
Majority 1,924 3.69
Turnout 78.59
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1983: Leicester East[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Bruinvels 19,117 38.94
Labour Patricia Hewitt 18,184 37.04
Social Democratic Tom Bradley 10,362 21.11
Independent RV Ganatra 970 1.98
BNP RL Sutton 459 0.93
Majority 933 1.90
Turnout 73.19
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Leicester East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Bradley 23,844 46.90
Conservative M Waterhouse 20,988 41.28
Liberal B Andrews 4,623 9.09
National Front BJ Calver 1,385 2.72
Majority 2,856 5.62
Turnout 75.58
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Leicester East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Bradley 20,688 44.78
Conservative KG Reeves 16,877 36.53
Liberal W Capstick 5,668 12.27
National Front A Reed-Herbert 2,967 6.42
Majority 3,811 8.25
Turnout 72.30
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Leicester East[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Bradley 23,474 47.7 N/A
Conservative K.G. Reeves 22,061 44.8 N/A
National Front K. Sanders 3,662 7.5 N/A
Majority 1,413 2.9 N/A
Turnout 49,199 77.8 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Leicester East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Terence Donovan 28,414 56.94
Conservative Abraham Lyons 15,182 30.42
Liberal David Goodwillie Galloway 6,306 12.64
Majority 13,232 26.52
Turnout 76.05
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Leicester East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Abraham Lyons 20,442 49.28
Labour F Gould 17,532 42.62
Liberal Frederick Lawson 3,509 8.46
Majority 2,910 7.01
Turnout 70.18
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Leicester East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Abraham Lyons 30,265 68.67
Labour Frank Wise 13,811 31.33
Majority 16,454 37.33
Turnout 79.10
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Leicester East [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Wise 22,533 50.8
Unionist John de Vere Loder 13,801 31.1
Liberal Frederick Lawson 8,054 18.1 n/a
Majority 8,732 19.7
Turnout
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1923: Leicester East [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Banton 13,162 44.8
Unionist Arthur Evans 8,247 28.0
Liberal James Henderson-Stewart 7,998 27.2 n/a
Majority 4,915 16.8
Turnout 76.1
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
Leicester East by-election, 1922[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Banton 14,062 52.9 +25.8
Coalition Liberal Albert E. Marlow 8,710 32.8 n/a
Liberal Ronald Wilberforce Allen 3,825 14.4 n/a
Majority 5,352 20.1
Turnout 71.3 +5.7
Labour gain from Coalition Liberal Swing n/a

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Soon thereafter, a lay canon, Peter Bruinvels served the seat 1983-1987.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Electorate Figures". Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Leicester East 2015 Result". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Nimit Jethwa". Green Party. Archived from the original on 2015-04-18. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Full slate in Leicestershire as BNP candidate nominated in Leicester East". BNP. March 2010. Archived from the original on 30 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "Green Candidate Mo Taylor for Leicester East". Green Party. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "General Election 1992". Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". Politics Resources. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c Craig, F. W. S. (1969). British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. 

Coordinates: 52°38′N 1°05′W / 52.64°N 1.08°W / 52.64; -1.08