Leicester Hemingway

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Leicester Hemingway
Born (1915-04-01)April 1, 1915
Oak Park, Illinois, U.S.
Died September 13, 1982(1982-09-13) (aged 67)
Occupation Writer
Children 4
Relatives Grace Hall Hemingway (mother)
Ernest Hemingway (brother)

Leicester Clarence Hemingway (April 1, 1915, in Oak Park, Illinois – September 13, 1982) was an American writer. He was the younger brother of writer Ernest Hemingway and wrote six books, including a first novel entitled The Sound of the Trumpet (1953), based on Leicester's experiences in France and Germany during World War II.

In 1961, Leicester published My Brother, Ernest Hemingway,[1] a biography. The work was well-received and brought Leicester both recognition as a writer in his own right and significant financial rewards. With the capital from the work, Hemingway created the micronation of New Atlantis on a barge off the coast of Jamaica,[2] intended to serve as a marine research headquarters. The project was cut short when New Atlantis was destroyed in a 1966 tropical storm.[3][4]

Early life and family[edit]

Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, to Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a physician, and Grace Hall Hemingway a musician. He was the youngest of six siblings: Marcelline (1898), Ernest (1899), Ursula (1902), Madelaine (1904), and Carol (1911).

Personal life[edit]

He had two marriages; the first gave him two sons, the second two daughters.[citation needed]

Suicide[edit]

In 1982, Hemingway committed suicide with a gunshot to the head,[5][6] after having suffered several years from Type II diabetes, which necessitated numerous operations.

New Atlantis[edit]

Hemingway founded his micronation of New Atlantis on an 8 foot by 30 foot barge he had towed 12 nautical miles out from Jamaica, in July 1964.[7] He utilized the 1856 Guano Islands Act to claim half of the barge as a new nation and half for the United States.[8] Hemingway also "wrote" a constitution, which was a copy of the U.S. Constitution with the words "New Atlantis" substituted for "United States".[7] New Atlantis' purpose was to generate money for oceanographic research by selling coins and stamps.[7] In 1966, the micronation was ravaged by a storm and then ransacked by fishermen.[2][4][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hemingway, Leicester (1962). My Brother, Ernest Hemingway (1996: 4, illustrated, reprint ed.). Florida: Pineapple Press. ISBN 978-1-56164-098-0. 
  2. ^ a b Turner, William (2007-01-01). History of Philosophy (3 Vols. Set). Global Vision Publishing House. p. 142. ISBN 9788182202337. 
  3. ^ Hale, Russell. "Contents of a Country: Leicester Hemingway's New Atlantis". Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Walker, Lawrence R.; Bellingham, Peter (March 24, 2011). Island Environments in a Changing World. Cambridge University Press. p. 34. ISBN 9781139500265. 
  5. ^ Michael Largo - Genius and Heroin
  6. ^ Mitang, Herbert (September 15, 1982). "Leicester Hemingway, Writer and Ernest's Brother, is Suicide". The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c d Johanson, Mark (October 11, 2013). "Create Your Own Country: Australia Leads In The Number Of Micronations; If You're Unhappy With Your Country, Start A New One". International Business Times. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ Hale, Russell. "Harry Ransom Center: Contents of a Country: Leicester Hemingway's New Atlantis". Harry Ransom Center. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 

Sources[edit]