Leichhardt, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||14,625 (2016 census)|
|• Density||3,203.7/km2 (8,297.6/sq mi)|
|Area||4.565 km2 (1.8 sq mi)|
|Location||5 km (3 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||Inner West Council|
|Leichhardt within the Inner West Council area|
Leichhardt is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Leichhardt is located 5 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district (CBD) and is the administrative centre for the local government area (LGA) of the Inner West Council. The suburb is bordered by Haberfield to the west, Annandale to the east, Lilyfield to the north and Petersham, Lewisham and Stanmore to the south.
Leichhardt was once an area broadly inhabited by the Wangal band of the Dharug (Eora) language group. The 'Eora people' was the name given to coastal Aborigines around Sydney – Eora means from this place – local Aboriginal people used this word to describe to Europeans where they came from, and in time the term became used to define Aboriginal people themselves. Wangal country was known as 'wanne' and it originally extended from the suburbs of Balmain and Birchgrove in the east to Silverwater and Auburn in the west. It is unclear how many people were in the tribe, some research indicates in the broader Sydney region there was between 8000 – 10000 indigenous people, migration over the seasons and violence between tribes would alter this number at different periods. The northern boundary was the Parramatta River. Neighbouring Darug bands were the Cadigal to the east, the Wallumattagal on the northern shore of the Parramatta River and the Bediagal to the south.
Leichhardt is named after the Prussian explorer Ludwig Leichhardt, who in the 1840s was feted for his 4,800 km (c. 3000 mi) expedition in search of an overland route from southern Queensland to Port Essington, a British settlement on the far northern coast of Australia (some 300 km to the north of the modern city of Darwin). In 1848, he famously vanished without trace on his attempt to cross the continent from the Darling Downs in Queensland to the Swan River Colony on the Western Australia coast.
Leichhardt was proclaimed a municipality in 1871. In 1949, it was merged with the municipalities of Annandale and Balmain. In 1967, the municipal boundary was altered to include Glebe and parts of Camperdown. In 2003, the municipal boundary was again changed, to exclude Glebe and Forest Lodge, which are now part of the City of Sydney.
The main commercial area in Leichhardt is located on Norton Street, north of Parramatta Road and parallel to Balmain Road. The Norton Street commercial area contains a mix of residential buildings, restaurants (Italian and others), cafés, eateries and individual retail outlets, including several bookstores and grocery shops. There are also hotels, a Palace Cinema and two of the suburb's two shopping centres – MarketPlace Leichhardt and Norton Plaza. Commercial developments are also found along the length of Parramatta Road.
The Italian Forum, located just off Norton Street, is notable for its design which seeks to emulate the feel of a Mediterranean town piazza. A pedestrian-only central courtyard featuring outdoors and indoors restaurant dining as well as Leichhardt Library is surrounded by small shops and boutiques on the level above, and all overlooked by residential apartments. Norton Street plays host to various events throughout the year, notably the Italian Fiesta in October, which showcases the Italian culture of the area.
The second shopping centre, MarketPlace Leichhardt (formerly Market Town), is located towards Haberfield on the corner of Marion and Flood Streets. MarketPlace Leichhardt has free car parking and is home to Woolworths, Aldi, Target and over 60 specialty stores. The centre recently celebrated its 40th birthday milestone of being in the heart of Leichhardt.
Leichhardt can be accessed by several main roads including Parramatta Road, Norton Street, Balmain Road, Marion Street and Catherine Street. The City West Link runs along the northern border of Leichhardt and is a major arterial road, which is part of the A4 and crosses the Anzac Bridge to the CBD. Leichhardt is well serviced by State Transit and Transit Systems through city and cross regional services. Leichhardt Bus Depot is located on the corner of William and Derbyshire Street.
The following list provides the bus routes in Leichhardt:
- 370 travels from Leichhardt to Coogee via Glebe, Newtown and the University of New South Wales
- 437 travels from Five Dock to City QVB via Haberfield, City West Link.
- 438X,438N travel from Martin Place, Railway Square, Parramatta Road, Leichhardt Town Hall, Haberfield, Abbotsford, with 438N being the all stops early morning and late night service, and 438X the limited stop service.
- 440 travels from Bondi Junction to Rozelle via Railway Square, Parramatta Road, Leichhardt Town Hall, Rozelle (Terry Street)
- 445 travels from Balmain (Darling Street), Rozelle, Leichhardt, Petersham, Dulwich Hill, Hurlstone Park, Canterbury station, Campsie station
- 480, 483, 461X travel from the Domain (461X), Railway Square (480,483) to Strathfield station via Parramatta Road (Leichhardt) and Ashfield shops
As of 25 October 2020, the following bus routes passing through Leichhardt were discontinued:
- Metrobus 10 travelled from Maroubra Junction through the City to Leichhardt.
- 436, 438, 439 all travelled from Circular Quay, Railway Square, Parramatta Road, Leichhardt Town Hall, Haberfield, Rodd Point and Chiswick (436), Abbotsford (438), Mortlake (439)
- 461 travelled from the City (Queen Victoria Building) to Burwood station via Parramatta Road (Leichhardt) and Ashfield shops
- L37 travelled at limited stops from Haberfield to Wynyard via Leichhardt, Rozelle, and Anzac Bridge
- L38 travelled at limited stops along the 438 route
- L39 travelled at limited stops along the 439 route
Other discontinued Bus Routes passing through Leichhardt include:
- 444 travelled from Balmain (Darling Street), Rozelle, Leichhardt, Petersham, Dulwich Hill, Hurlstone Park, Canterbury station, Campsie station
The southern portion of Leichhardt is serviced by trains at the nearby Petersham railway station, on the Inner West & Leppington Line. The station is an eight-minute walk from Norton Street, along Railway Street.
The western and northern portions of Leichhardt are serviced by light rail on the Dulwich Hill Line of Sydney's light rail network. Leichhardt North lies on the northern border with Lilyfield, adjacent to the City West Link. Hawthorne, serving the north-west of the suburb, and Marion, near Marion Street, are on the western border with Haberfield. Taverners Hill is adjacent to Parramatta Road and lies in the south-west corner of the suburb.
Leichhardt was served by trams from Sydney's former network from 1887 to the 1950s. The Annandale Line ran down Norton Street. The current bus depot at the top of William Street was a 12 road depot, designed to serve a number of planned lines that were never built. Instead, it was used to stored surplus trams in the off peak period, and was rebuilt as the Government Bus Workshops in 1937. A small spur of track remained and was later used by tour trams going through the depot yard nearest Pioneer Park.
Being situated close to the city, Leichhardt is an area for great capital growth as it very central and has a lot to offer, so housing is not very cheap and is much sought after. The architecture in Leichhardt ranges from Victorian single fronted brick homes to modern new homes and apartment blocks.
Churches and schools
- All Souls Anglican Church on the corner of Norton Street and Marion Street
- Leichhardt Baptist Church on the corner of Foster Street and Lords Road
- Leichhardt Congregational Church in Elswick Street
- Leichhardt Uniting Church in the old Methodist Central Hall on Wetherill Street
- St. Columba and The Holy Souls Parish (Catholic) in Elswick Street
- St. Fiacre's Parish (Catholic) in Catherine Street
- St. Joseph's Catholic Church in Roseby Street
- The Parish of St. Gerasimos Church (Greek Orthodox) in Henry Street
Leichhardt has a number of primary schools and one secondary school.
- Kegworth Public School, a primary, co-educational public school, established in 1887, is located on Tebbutt Street.
- Leichhardt Public School, a primary, co-educational public school, established in 1891, is located on Marion Street.
- St. Columba's Primary School, a Catholic, primary, co-educational public school, established in 1898, is located on Elswick Street.
- St. Fiacre's Primary School, a Catholic, primary, co-educational public school, established in 1894, is located on Catherine Street.
- Sydney Secondary College – Leichhardt campus, a secondary, co-educational public school (partially selective; 7–10), established in 2002, is located on Balmain Road.
- Leichhardt Fire Station on the corner of Marion Street and Balmain Road
- Leichhardt Hotel (Former) on the corner of Balmain Road and Wetherill Street
- Norton Hotel on the corner of Norton Street and Parramatta Road
- Old Cyclops Toy Factory on William Street
- Palace Cinema on Norton Street
- Leichhardt Town Hall, corner Norton and Marion Streets (1888)
- Post Office, corner Norton and Weatherill Streets (1888)
- Public School Buildings, Marion Street (first building 1891, second building 1897)
- Church of England, corner Norton and Marion Streets (1883)
Parks and recreation
- Pioneers Memorial Park is located in Norton Street and features large grassed areas, native and formal plantings, a war memorial and the Bicentennial Rotunda. It was formally the location for the Balmain Cemetery.
- War Memorial Park is situated on the corner of Moore and Catherine Streets and features large grassed areas as well as shaded areas and a children's playground.
- 36th Battalion Park is situated on the corner of Mackenzie and Hill St and features medium-sized grassed park, electric barbecue, children's play equipment and a half-size basketball court.
- Blackmore Oval is located off Canal Road and is used to play competitive Rugby league and Cricket, amongst others, in the local area. it is the home ground for the Leichhardt Wanderers Junior Rugby League and Cricket club. Facilities include cricket nets, public toilets and the clubhouse.
- Leichhardt Oval: Home to NRL team Wests Tigers and previously for the NSW Premier League team APIA Leichhardt Tigers.
- Lambert Park (Leichhardt) is located on Marion Street and is the home of NSW Premier League team APIA Leichhardt Tigers.
Leichhardt is home to many creative industry workers and is known for its colourful and inventive mural art, such as the panorama at the Renwick Lane and at the Hawthorne Canal Railway Underpass. Leichhardt has access to many art and cultural organisations. Commercial galleries are found throughout the area and Boomali Gallery, the Aboriginal Arts Organisation is situated in Flood Street in Leichhardt.
The Italian community has a wealth of social and cultural organisations located in Leichhardt, and work is underway everyday to develop the Italian Forum Cultural Centre. Co.As.It. is one of them and they provide a range of culturally and linguistically appropriate services to enhance the quality of life of the community and to promote the Italian language and culture in New South Wales. The suburb was originally considered to be Sydney's 'little Italy', but that reputation has since decreased.
Leichhardt is the yearly host of the Italian Festa on Norton Street where local traffic is temporarily closed on Norton and neighbouring streets transforming surroundings into a huge European style outdoor café, celebrating Leichhardt's cultural diversity with an International Food Fair, gift stalls, community expos and live entertainment throughout the day. Leichhardt is also known for its café culture with cafés in abundance. The oldest café in the area is Café Sport, which is located on Norton Street.
|2016 Census: Leichhardt|
|Median household income (weekly)||$2,256||$1,802||$1,438|
|Born in Australia||64.2%||54.6%||66.7%|
According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 14,625 people in Leichhardt.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.4% of the population.
- 64.2% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 5.0%, Italy 3.2%, New Zealand 2.5%, China 1.1% and Ireland 1.0%.
- 72.8% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 5.2%, Spanish 1.8%, Greek 1.4%, Mandarin 1.1% and Cantonese 0.9%.
- The most common responses for religion were No Religion 41.1% and Catholic 26.4%.
41% of occupied dwellings were terraces, semis or townhouses, 35% were separate density housing houses and 22% were apartments. The average age of people in the suburb was similar to the rest of Sydney (36) and a lower percentage of people owned their homes outright (23.4%) than those paying them off (34.2%) or renting (40.1%). Median loan repayments ($3,000 per month) were much higher than the national figure ($1,755).
Since the middle of the 20th century, Leichhardt has been a centre for the Italian community, reflected in the many Italian-owned businesses in the area. Although it has become less distinctively Italian with the increasing gentrification of the suburb and movement of families to suburbs with larger blocks of land, its Italian character is still palpable, particularly in the popular restaurants and cafés of its main street, Norton Street. Many residents moved to suburbs further away from Sydney as the city has expanded and larger housing blocks became available.
- Federal Government: Leichhardt is in the Division of Grayndler in the Australian House of Representatives.
- State Government: Leichhardt is in the Electoral district of Balmain in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
- Local Government: Leichhardt is in the Inner West Council local government area.
- Thelma Forshaw (1923–1995), writer, journalist – attended St Fiacre's Primary School
- Aaron Woods – rugby league player
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Leichhardt (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Archived 26 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
- Ken Eastwood, 'Cold case: Leichhardt's disappearance', Australian Geographic Archived 7 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine, AG Online, accessed online 7 August 2010
- Sands Post Office Directories 1871-1932/3
- "Bus service changes from 25 October". Transport NSW. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/39
- "Pioneers Memorial Park". Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Wall to Wall Mural Tour of Leichhardt | Things to do in Sydney". Time Out Sydney. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- "Public art projects - Inner West Council". www.innerwest.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- "Explore Sydney's Little Italy - Leichhardt". canadabayclub.com.au. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- "Arrivederci to Leichhardt's Little Italy?". www.dailytelegraph.com.au. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- "Norton Street Festa – One of Australasia's largest street festivals…and it's Italian!". Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Sydney (Urban Centre and Locality)"". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Patrick Skene (7 July 2015). "NSW State of Origin star Aaron Woods: the family man with a warrior spirit". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
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