Leipzig Hauptbahnhof

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Leipzig Hauptbahnhof
Deutsche Bahn SS-Bahn
Terminal station
LE Hauptbahnhof-4.jpg
View from City-Hochhaus
Location Willy-Brandt-Platz 5, Leipzig, Saxony
Germany
Coordinates 51°20′43″N 12°22′56″E / 51.34528°N 12.38222°E / 51.34528; 12.38222Coordinates: 51°20′43″N 12°22′56″E / 51.34528°N 12.38222°E / 51.34528; 12.38222
Line(s)
Platforms 21 long distance platforms (19 + 2 City Tunnel)[1][2]
Construction
Architect Template:Behzad
Other information
Station code 3631
DS100 code
  • LL
  • LL T (City Tunnel)
Category 1[3]
Website www.bahnhof.de
History
Opened 4 December 1915; 100 years ago (1915-12-04)

Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (Leipzig main station) is the central railway terminus in Leipzig, Germany. At 83,460 square metres (898,400 sq ft), it is the world's largest railway station measured by floor area. It has 19 overground platforms housed in six iron train sheds, a multi-level concourse with towering stone arches, and a 298 metres (978 ft) long facade.[1][2] Two Leipzig City Tunnel underground platforms were inaugurated in December 2013.[4]

The station is operated by DB Station&Service, a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn AG, and is classified as a Category 1 station, one of twenty in Germany. It also functions as a large shopping centre.[5] Train services are operated by Deutsche Bahn, S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland, Erfurter Bahn and Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn. As of 2008, Leipzig Hauptbahnhof handled an average of 120,000 passengers per day.[6]

History[edit]

Thuringian and Dresden stations in Leipzig, 1860 map

After the opening of the Leipzig–Dresden railway line in 1839, followed by the Magdeburg-Leipzig railway one year later, the Leipzig–Hof railway in 1842, and the Leipzig–Großkorbetha railway in 1856, Leipzig had become the most important railway junction in the Kingdom of Saxony. Initially trains departed from separate termini, such as Bayerischer Bahnhof, located north and south of the Leipzig city centre. While the city's population increased sharply, especially upon German unification in 1871, the spatial separation proved to be complicated and ineffective.

By 1895, the Saxon railway lines were nationalized under the umbrella of the Royal Saxon State Railways, while the lines of the former Magdeburg–Halberstadt, Berlin-Anhalt, and Halle-Sorau-Guben railway companies had been incorporated into the Prussian state railways. Already in 1875, plans for the establishment of a united German imperial railway organisation, as proposed by Albert von Maybach, had failed due to the antagonism of the Central German states, notably by the Saxon government. Therefore, two state railways rivalled to meet the demands of a steadily growing transport volume in the Leipzig area.

Concourse, 1916

Finally in 1898, the Leipzig city council decided on a joint terminal for Royal Saxon and Prussian state railways north of the city centre. A building contract with both organisations was signed in 1902 and an architectural competition with 76 participants was held in 1906. The winning design by the archtitects William Lossow (1852–1914) and Max Hans Kühne (1874–1942) featured two identical domed entrance halls facing the street, one for each company. The foundation stone was laid on 16 November 1909 and the platforms were gradually brought into operation station from 1912 onwards. When construction works finished on 4 December 1915, Leipzig Hauptbahnhof had become one of the world's largest railway stations with 26 platforms.

The separate administration of the Saxon and Prussian parts of the station continued even after World War I and the establishment of the nationwide Deutsche Reichsbahn railway organisation in 1920. Not until 1934 Leipzig Hauptbahnhof as a whole was assigned to the Reichsbahn directorate in Halle. By 1939, it had become one of Germany's busiest railway stations. The building was severely damaged by Allied bombing during World War II when during an air raid by the US Eighth Air Force on 7 July 1944 the roof over the concourse collapsed and the western entrance hall was destroyed. Numerous travellers and railway employees were killed buried in the underground air-raid shelter. Rail traffic discontinued completely in April 1945.

Concourse, 1953

After the war, train service was quickly resumed. The hardly damaged eastern entrance hall was restored by 1949, and the western hall was rebuilt to its original appearance by the Deutsche Reichsbahn railway company of East Germany in the early 1950s. The concourse, however, remained without a roofing, until in 1954 the East German Council of Ministers resolved upon a complete reconstruction. The full restoration of Leipzig Hauptbahnhof was finished on 4 December 1965, 50 years after its inauguration.

Concourse after modification

After German reunification the station was renovated and modernized by the Deutsche Bahn AG. The concourse floor was removed and two basement levels were dug out to create a shopping mall. Other areas of the building were largely restored and modernized at the time. The modified station building was inaugurated on 12 November 1997.

The Leipzig City Tunnel, an underground railway line between the south of Leipzig and Hauptbahnhof via the central Markt station, opened on 14 December 2013.[7][8] Further modifications of platforms and tracks are currently being carried out in the course of the construction of the Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway line, part of the European Berlin–Palermo railway axis.

Historic exhibits[edit]

On the site of closed track No. 24, several historical Deutsche Reichsbahn locomotives are on display:

Movie set[edit]

Leipzig Hauptbahnhof served as a backdrop for several films, such as

Train services[edit]

First train at the Leipzig City Tunnel on 14 December 2013

The following services currently call at the station:[9]

Preceding station   DB Fernverkehr   Following station
towards Hamburg or Berlin
ICE 28
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 28
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 50
towards Dresden Hbf
towards Cologne Hbf
ICE 50
towards Dresden Hbf
IC 50
towards Dresden Hbf
towards Dresden Hbf
IC 55
towards Dresden Hbf
IC 56 Terminus
Preceding station   DB Regio   Following station
Terminus RE 10
toward Cottbus
RE 13 Terminus
Terminus RE 50
toward Dresden Hbf
Terminus RB 113
toward Geithain
Preceding station   Erfurter Bahn   Following station
Terminus RE 12
toward Gera Hbf
Preceding station   Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn   Following station
Terminus RE 6
toward Chemnitz Hbf
Terminus RB 110
toward Döbeln Hbf
Preceding station   S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland   Following station
S 1
S 1
S 2
toward Halle-Trotha
S 3
toward Geithain
toward Hoyerswerda
S 4
toward Wurzen
S 5
toward Zwickau Hbf
S 5X
toward Zwickau Hbf

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "OpenRailwayMap" (Map). Map of Leipzig Hauptbahnhof. Cartography by OpenStreetMap. OpenRailwayMap. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  2. ^ a b "Lageplan Hauptbahnhof Leipzig" (PDF) (orientation map) (in German). Deutsche Bahn AG. 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  3. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2016" [Station price list 2016] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.citytunnelleipzig.de/
  5. ^ http://www.promenaden-hauptbahnhof-leipzig.de/
  6. ^ Shopping und Service – 140 Geschäfte laden zum Bummeln und Verweilen ein. Accessed 13 December 2008 Archived April 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Große Pläne, große Probleme, Freizeitpark Nürburgring, Hamburger Elbphilharmonie, Leipziger City-Tunnel, Leipziger Volkszeitung, August 17. 2012 (in German)
  8. ^ http://www.lvz-online.de/nachrichten/aktuell_themen/leipzigs-citytunnel/city-tunnel-leipzig-geht-mit-volksfest-in-betrieb--kostenlose-pendelfahrten-am-samstag/r-leipzigs-citytunnel-a-218972.html
  9. ^ Timetables for Leipzig Hbf station (German)

External links[edit]