Castle of Leiria
The castle of Leiria was built by D. Afonso Henriques for the purpose of creating a line of defense against Arabs. In 1142 he reinforced the defense of the castle after regaining Leiria. D. Sancho I ordered erection of the walls of the castle in 1195. In 1324 D. Denis ordered construction of the keep (Tower of Menagem) which was completed only during the reign of D. Afonso IV. In the early 16th century D. Manuel ordered a sacristy to be built between the main chapel and the bell tower.
Throughout the centuries the castle gradually lost its military value. It was badly damaged during the French invasion. At the end of the 19th century restoration of the castle started in 1915 by the initiative of Liga dos Amigos do Castelo. The restoration project was directed by Ernesto Korrodi between 1921 and 1933, and then by Baltazar de Vastro.
The castle hosted important events as the meetings of the first courts called by D. Afonso III; became the residence of D. Denis and Queen Elizabeth; transformed into a meeting venue for the new court in the reign of D. Ferdinand I and the marriage of D. João I’s son D. Afonso was celebrated in this castle as well.
The present configuration of the castle of Leiria was influenced by the 4 major construction periods: the 12th century’s Romanesque, the 14th century’s Gothic Dionysus, the early 15th century’s Gothic Johannine and the restoration trends of late 19th and early 20th century.
The shape of the castle is irregular polygonal with solid walls and towers. Paços Reais (Royal Palace), the Church of Nossa Senhora da Pena, Menagem Tower, the former Collegiate space, and medieval barns are located inside the complex. The castle has 4 floors; the lower two floors are hardly seen from outside and are intended for domestic services. There is a large loggia with eight arches of twin capitals. The loggia has the panorama over the city and was used as a place for leisure and socializing. The loggia is accessed through a room called Royal Hall or Noble Hall which has a total area of 130 square meters used for receptions by monarchs.
- "Castelo de Leiria". oGuia da Cidade (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2018-09-04. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
- "Castelo de Leiria". Monumentos (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2018-09-04. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
- "Castelo – Passeio Matemático por Leiria". sites.ipleiria.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2018-09-05.
- "Castelo de Leiria". Patrimonio Cultural. Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- "Castelo | C.M. Leiria". www.cm-leiria.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2018-09-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Castelo de Leiria.|