Leizhou Min

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Leizhou
黎話 / [lɔi˩uɛ˨˦]
Pronunciation [lui˨˩˧ jiu˨˩˨ ue˨˧] (Leicheng accent)
Native to China, United States (California), Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong
Region Leizhou
Native speakers
around 2.8 million in China  (2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog leiz1236[2]
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‹See Tfm›     Leizhou (mainland) and Hainanese
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Leizhou (simplified Chinese: 雷州话; traditional Chinese: 雷州話; pinyin: Léizhōu huà) is a branch of Min Chinese. It is spoken in the Leizhou city and its neighbouring areas on the Leizhou peninsula in the west of Guangdong province. In the classification of Yuan Jiahua, it was included in the Southern Min group, though it has low intelligibility with other Southern Min varieties. In the classification of Li Rong, used by the Language Atlas of China, it was treated as a separate Min subgroup.[3] It is sometimes combined with Hainanese in a Qiong–Lei group.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Consonants of Leizhou Min
Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiced b
voiceless unaspirated p t k
aspirated
Fricative voiced z
voiceless s h
Affricate voiceless unaspirated t͡s
aspirated t͡sʰ
Lateral approximant l

Vowels[edit]

Tones[edit]

Leizhou has six tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.

Tone chart of the Leizhou dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˦ (24) rising
2 yin shang (陰上) ˦˨ (42) falling (high falling)
3 yin qu (陰去) ˨˩ (21) bottom (low falling)
4 yin ru (陰入) ˥̚ (5) high checked
5 yang ping (陽平) ˨ (2) low
6 yang shang (陽上) ˧ (3) mid
7 yang qu (陽去) ˥ (5) high
8 yang ru (陽入) ˩̚ (1) low checked

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 湛江市志·第三十六篇 方言·第三章 雷州话
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Leizhou". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Kurpaska, Maria (2010). Chinese Language(s): A Look Through the Prism of "The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects". Walter de Gruyter. pp. 54–55, 86. ISBN 978-3-11-021914-2. 
  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)
  • Zhū, yuèmíng. (2005) "Léizhōuhuà yú Pǔtōnghuà bǐjiàoyīnxì yánjiū" (Comparative phonological studies on the Leizhou dialect and Putonghua) Yúnnán shīfàndàxué xuébào (zhéxué shèhuìkēxué bǎn) (Yunnan Normal University Journal (philosophy and social sciences)): vol.37 no. 5 p. 133-136. (朱月明. 2005. "雷州話與普通話音系比較研究" 《雲南師範大學學報 (哲學社會科學版)》: 第 37 卷 第 5 期 頁133-136)

External links[edit]