Leka, Norway

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Leka kommune
Skeisnesset geological reserve
Skeisnesset geological reserve
Coat of arms of Leka kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Leka kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Leka within Trøndelag
Leka within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 65°05′17″N 11°37′01″E / 65.08806°N 11.61694°E / 65.08806; 11.61694Coordinates: 65°05′17″N 11°37′01″E / 65.08806°N 11.61694°E / 65.08806; 11.61694
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictNamdalen
Established1 Oct 1860
Administrative centreLeknes
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Elisabeth Helmersen (Ap)
Area
 • Total110.13 km2 (42.52 sq mi)
 • Land108.34 km2 (41.83 sq mi)
 • Water1.79 km2 (0.69 sq mi)  1.6%
Area rank325 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total557
 • Rank348 in Norway
 • Density5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-6.1%
Demonym(s)Lekværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5052
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websiteleka.kommune.no

Leka is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Namdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Leknes on the island of Leka. Other villages in Leka include Sør-Gutvika and Madsøygrenda. The island municipality includes all of the island of Leka and part of the island of Austra as well as hundreds of smaller surrounding islands and skerries.

Leka island has a unique geology
View of the island

Primarily a fishing and farming community, Leka is the northernmost municipality in Trøndelag county. The island of Leka has been inhabited for at least 10,000 years, as evidenced by cave drawings in the Solsem section of the island.

The 110-square-kilometre (42 sq mi) municipality is the 325th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Leka is the 348th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 557. The municipality's population density is 5.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (13/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 6.1% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Leka was established on 1 October 1860 when it was separated from the large municipality of Kolvereid. Initially, the population of Leka was 1,702. On 1 January 1909, the southern district of Leka (population: 881) was separated from Leka to form the new municipality of Gravvik. This left Leka was 1,209 residents. The borders of Leka have not changed since then.[5] On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

On 8 June 2017, the Norwegian Parliament, the Storting, voted to merge the municipalities of Leka, Vikna, Nærøy, and Bindal to form one, large municipality effective 1 January 2020.[6] Leka and Bindal municipalities rejected the merger, but Vikna and Nærøy merged on that date to form the new municipality of Nærøysund.[7]

Toponomy[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Leka. The meaning of the name is unknown, but it may come from the word lekke which can mean "gravelly ground".[8][9]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 21 April 1989. The arms show the golden wing and claw of an eagle on a red background. This is a reference to an incident which supposedly occurred in 1932, in which a three-year-old girl disappeared on the island, and was subsequently discovered beneath the nest of a White-tailed eagle.[8][10][11]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Leka. It is part of the Namdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Leka
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Leka Leka Church Leknes 1867

Geography[edit]

Geology of Leka

Leka is an island municipality encompassing the main island of Leka, the western part of the island of Austra (with the biggest locality being Gutvik), and many other small islands in the surrounding area. The tiny island groups of Sklinna and Horta lie to the west of the main islands. Sklinna Lighthouse is located in the westernmost part of the municipality. Leka borders Vikna and Nærøy municipalities to the south and Bindal (in Nordland county) to the north.

History[edit]

Dated to the Viking Age, the burial mound Herlaugshaugen is one of the largest (in Norway) from that era.[12]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Leka, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[13] The municipality falls under the Namdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal. The municipality falls under the Namdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Leka is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Leka Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre),
Centre Party (Senterpartiet), and Liberal Party (Venstre)
9
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre),
Centre Party (Senterpartiet), and Liberal Party (Venstre)
7
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre),
Centre Party (Senterpartiet), and Liberal Party (Venstre)
9
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre),
Centre Party (Senterpartiet), and Liberal Party (Venstre)
9
 Non-party list, Gutvik election area
(Upolitisk liste, Gutvik valgkret)
2
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre),
Centre Party (Senterpartiet), and Liberal Party (Venstre)
8
 Local list for Gutvik election area
(Bygdaliste for Gutvik valgkrets)
1
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre),
Centre Party (Senterpartiet), and Liberal Party (Venstre)
5
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list for Gutvik area (Bygdaliste for Gutvik krets)3
Total number of members:15
Leka Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Collaborative List (Samarbeidslista)3
Total number of members:13
Leka Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:13
Leka Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)7
Total number of members:13
Leka Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:13
Leka Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:13
Leka Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)5
Total number of members:13
Leka Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)4
Total number of members:12
Leka Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)6
Total number of members:12
Leka Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:12
Leka Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [31]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12

Mayor[edit]

The mayors of Leka (incomplete list):

  • 2019–present: Elisabeth Helmersen (Ap)
  • 2011-2019: Per Helge Johansen (Sp)
  • 2003-2011: Arve Haug (Sp)
  • 2002-2003: Mari-Anne Hoff (SV)
  • 1999-2002: Elisabeth Helmersen (Ap)
  • 1995-1999: Margrethe Holmboe Askeland (Sp)
  • 1988-1995: Arve Haug (Sp)

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 municipal elections, Leka had the highest vote for the Centre Party in Norway, at 69.3 per cent.

Transportation[edit]

The island part of Leka (Skei) is connected to Gutvik by a ferry line, operated by Lekaferja.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Kommunesammenslåing Nærøy, Vikna, Leka, og Bindal" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Leka kommune. 2017-08-21. Retrieved 2017-09-26. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ "Navn på ny kommune" (in Norwegian). Vikna kommune. 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  8. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Leka" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-10-10.
  9. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1903). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Trondhjems amt (dokpro.uio.no) (in Norwegian) (15 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 369.
  10. ^ "Nord-Trøndelag fylke" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-02.
  11. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  12. ^ Mysteriet på Herlaugshaugen fortsetter - Nærmere undersøkelser av Herlaugshaugen på Leka har ikke gitt flere svar på hva som skjuler seg i haugen. De har likevel kartlagt noen nye funn. [The mystery at Herlaugshaugen continues - Closer examinations of Herlaugshaugen at Leka has not given more answers about what is hiding in the mound. They have nevertheless identified some new discoveries.]
  13. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  15. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  16. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Nord-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  21. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  31. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-02.

External links[edit]