Leland B. Harrison
|United States Minister to Switzerland|
September 10, 1937 – October 14, 1947
|President||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
Harry S. Truman
|Preceded by||Hugh R. Wilson|
|Succeeded by||John Carter Vincent|
|United States Minister to Romania|
July 24, 1935 – September 3, 1937
|President||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Preceded by||Alvin M. Owsley|
|Succeeded by||Franklin Mott Gunther|
|United States Minister to Uruguay|
April 11, 1930 – October 9, 1930
|Preceded by||Ulysses Grant-Smith|
|Succeeded by||J. Butler Wright|
|United States Minister to Sweden|
May 31, 1927 – November 11, 1929
|Preceded by||Robert Woods Bliss|
|Succeeded by||John Motley Morehead III|
|United States Assistant Secretary of State|
March 31, 1922 – June 30, 1924
|President||Warren G. Harding|
|Preceded by||Fred Morris Dearing|
|Succeeded by||Wilbur J. Carr|
|Born||April 25, 1883|
New York City
|Died||June 6, 1951 (aged 68)|
Washington, D.C., United States
Anne C. Coleman
Harvard Law School
Leland B. Harrison (April 25, 1883 – June 6, 1951) was a United States diplomat.
Family and education
After law school, Harrison became the private secretary of United States Ambassador to Japan Thomas J. O'Brien. He was appointed Third Secretary of the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo on June 10, 1908. He later filled posts in the United States embassies in Peking, London, and Bogotá. In 1918, he became diplomatic secretary of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace. He later became counselor of the U.S. Embassy in Paris.
In 1916 President Woodrow Wilson allowed Secretary of State Robert Lansing and Frank Polk quietly and informally to channel the flow of military and law enforcement material into the State Department's Bureau of Secret Intelligence (U-1), what is now known as the Diplomatic Security Service. The two men picked Leland Harrison "to take charge of the collection and examination of all information of a secret nature coming into the Department from various sources and also to direct the work of the agents specially employed for that purpose."
In 1921, Harrison moved to Washington, D.C. to become assistant to the Conference on the Limitation on Armament. On March 21, 1922, Harrison was named United States Assistant Secretary of State and he held this office from March 31, 1922, to June 30, 1924. In 1927, Harrison was named Minister to Sweden, a post he held from May 31, 1927, to November 11, 1929. He also headed the U.S. delegation to the International Telegraph Conference in Brussels in 1928. In 1929, he became Minister to Uruguay, holding this post from April 11, 1930, to October 9, 1930. He then resigned temporarily from the United States Foreign Service. A short time later, however, he returned to government service as chief of the International Relations Division of the United States Tariff Commission. On May 15, 1935, he was named Minister to Romania, serving there from July 24, 1935, to September 3, 1937.
Ambassador to Switzerland
He was then Minister to Switzerland from September 10, 1937, to October 14, 1947.
As Ambassador to Switzerland, Harrison was sympathetic to Jewish rescue and relief operations and worked closely with Gerhardt Riegner, the representative of the World Jewish Congress in Geneva and sent several reports regarding the murder of the Jews of Europe to the United States Department of State in Washington D.C.
Personal life, retirement and death
He married Anne C. Coleman on June 27, 1925.
- Book: Allen Dulles – Master of Spies by James Srodes 1999; Page 83
- History of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security of the United States Department of State, Page 6
- Feingold, Henry (1970). The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust, 1938–1944. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. pp. 180–181, 239–240.
- Bauer, Yehuda (1981). American Jewry and the Holocaust. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. pp. 401, 404.
- "LELAND HARRISON EX-DIPLOMAT, DIES; Former Assistant Secretary of State Dies at Capital-- Held Other Major Posts". The New York Times. June 8, 1951. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 28, 2019.