Leland Stanford Jr.

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Leland Stanford Jr.
Leland Stanford in 1872
Leland DeWitt Stanford

(1868-05-14)May 14, 1868
Died(1884-03-13)March 13, 1884
Florence, Italy
Known forNamesake of Stanford University

Leland Stanford Jr. (May 14, 1868 – March 13, 1884), known as Leland DeWitt Stanford until he was nine,[1] is the namesake of Stanford University, which is in Stanford, California.

Early life[edit]

He was the only child of California Governor Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane Stanford (née Lathrop). His mother was 39 when he was born and had had an 18-year childless marriage.

Illness and death[edit]

Leland caught typhoid two months before his 16th birthday on a Grand Tour of Europe with his parents. He originally fell ill in Athens. His parents rushed him to Italy for medical treatment, first to Naples, then to Rome, and eventually to Florence, where he died after weeks of a condition that alternately improved and worsened.[2]


Leland Stanford Sr. told his wife that "the children of California shall be our children."[3][4][5] To honor their son, once they had returned to the United States, the Stanfords devoted their fortune to a memorial in his name, Leland Stanford Junior University, which opened its doors in 1891.

Leland Stanford Jr. is interred beside his parents at the Stanford family mausoleum on the Stanford campus. After the death of his father on June 21, 1893,[6] his mother guided the development of the university until her murder on February 28, 1905.


Although the university is generally referred to as "Stanford University" or "Stanford," its official name is still "Leland Stanford Junior University," as is seen on the university seal.[7]


  1. ^ Stanford Founders
  2. ^ Mirielees, Edith R., Stanford:The Story of a University, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1959, p. 20
  3. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. II, p. 129. New York: James T. White & Company, 1899. Reprint of 1891 edition.
  4. ^ Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. XVII, p. 504. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1935.
  5. ^ Cleveland Amory, Who Killed Society?, pp. 432–433. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1960.
  6. ^ Cutler, Robert W.P. (August 1, 2003). The Mysterious Death of Jane Stanford. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4793-6. OCLC 52159960. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  7. ^ Viz.

External links[edit]