Leland Stanford Winery

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Leland Stanford Winery
Leland Stanford Winery.jpg
Leland Stanford Winery circa 1893
Location330 Stanford Ave., Fremont, California
Coordinates37°30′12″N 121°54′44″W / 37.503411°N 121.912311°W / 37.503411; -121.912311Coordinates: 37°30′12″N 121°54′44″W / 37.503411°N 121.912311°W / 37.503411; -121.912311
Built1869
Designated1958[1]
Reference no.642[1]

Leland Stanford Winery was a winery located in the Santa Clara Valley AVA,[2] in Fremont, California, United States. The winery was founded by Leland Stanford in 1869. The vineyard was planted by Stanford's brother, Josiah Stanford. Today, the winery is owned by Weibel Champagne Vineyards.[1] It was the third vineyard owned by Leland Stanford.[3] It is a California Historical Landmark.[1]

History[edit]

The location of the Leland Stanford Winery was on the former Rancho Agua Caliente, an 1836 Mexican land grant in Alta California. The name means "warm water" and refers to the warm springs located in the foothills.

In 1850, Clement Columbet bought a large parcel, and opened the Warm Springs Hotel, a resort for wealthy San Francisco Bay Area residents during the 1850s through 1860s.[4] It was destroyed in the 1868 Hayward earthquake.

In 1869 Leland Stanford purchased its site and 100 acres, and founded a winery.[1][5] Stanford's brother, Josiah Stanford, served as vineyard manager. He planted the vines and managed the winery. In 1893, Josiah Stanford inherited the winery from his brother.[5] By 1898 the property was 1,225 acres.[6]

Despite success, the vineyard was victim to phylloxera. It also experienced two major earthquakes, including the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.[7]

The winery was purchased and renamed Weibel Champagne Vineyards in 1945.[5][7]

Wine production[edit]

By 1893, Leland Stanford Winery was producing 320,000 gallons of wine. They were the first winery in California to make sparkling wine.[5]

Other products[edit]

The property also had an orchard and produced hay and beef. They also had lemon trees.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Leland Stanford Winery". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
  2. ^ "History". Santa Clara Wines. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  3. ^ Tankersley, Jim. "The Stanford Label". Features. Stanford University. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Historic landmarks in Fremont". Directory. City of Fremont. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d Nelson, Michael P. "The Josiah Stanfords (1882 – 1905)". Pacific Petroleum Geologist Newsletter. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  6. ^ a b "History: Hidden Valley". 24 April 2012. Tri-City Voice. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  7. ^ a b McMillin, Fred. "Winery of the Week". WineDay. Global Gourmet. Retrieved 31 August 2012.