Coordinates: 50°11′02″N 5°26′24″W / 50.184°N 5.440°W / 50.184; -5.440
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The railway station and old station building. The building is now a private house.
Lelant is located in Cornwall
Location within Cornwall
OS grid referenceSW544372
• London300 mi (480 km) ENE
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townST. IVES
Postcode districtTR26
Dialling code01736
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
50°11′02″N 5°26′24″W / 50.184°N 5.440°W / 50.184; -5.440

Lelant (Cornish: Lannanta[1]) or Uny Lelant is a village in the civil parish of St Ives in, west Cornwall, England, UK. It is on the west side of the Hayle Estuary, about 2+12 miles (4.0 km) southeast of St Ives and one mile (1.6 km) west of Hayle.[2] The village is part of the Lelant and Carbis Bay ward on Cornwall Council,[3] and also the St Ives Parliamentary constituency. The birth, marriage, and death registration district is Penzance.[4] Its population at the 2011 census was 3,892[5] The South West Coast Path, which follows the coast of south west England from Somerset to Dorset passes through Lelant, along the estuary and above Porth Kidney Sands.[2]


Sand dunes Near Lelant, Cornwall, by Walter Elmer Schofield

The name is derived from the Cornish lann and Anta, meaning church-site of Anta.[6] The earliest attested spelling is Lananta in about 1170.[7][8] Nothing is known about Anta, and Lelant parish church is dedicated to St Uny.[9] However, Carbis Bay church is dedicated to St Anta. Arthur Langdon (1896) records eight stone crosses in the parish, of which four are in the churchyard; the other crosses are at Brunian Cairn, Lelant Lane, Sea Lane and the churchtown.[10]

At one time Lelant was an important town and seaport having a market and a custom-house.[11] A parish terrier of 1727 describing the bounds of the glebe land states that about 50 acres of land, and the vicarage, were overwhelmed by sand. The terrier does not give a date but does say that it was not in the living memory of man. In the spring of 1875, during the building of the railway line between St Erth railway station and St Ives, several human skeletons, graves and a building were found by a gang of navvies. Observers of the building thought it was of an ecclesiastical nature, and it is possible that it is the site of a pre-Norman church, burial ground and the former Lelant town.[11] Lelant was formerly an ecclesiastical parish being the mother church of both Towednack and St Ives.[12] The parish church of St Uny's Church, Lelant is at the eastern end of the village on the edge of the towans and overlooking the West Cornwall Golf Club.[2]

Lelant was a seaport in the Middle Ages, but the trade was lost to St Ives when the estuary silted up. In 1888 the Lelant Quays were offered for let from Lady Day (25 March). They had a water frontage of 574 feet (175 m) and there was a rail link to the St Ives branch line.[13]

At Lower Lelant is a house called The Abbey which was built in the 16th century and renovated in the 18th.[14] In 1831 it was reported that much granite was quarried here, and that there were several tin mines nearby.[9] The family of Praed were landowners here for many centuries. The early 19th century politician and poet Winthrop Mackworth Praed was a member of the family, though he did not live in Cornwall.

On 15 October 1878, the School Board Office of Uny Lelant advertised for tenders for the building of a school to accommodate 234 children. The architect was Silvanus Trevail of Tywardreath.[15] The school, at Trevarrack, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of Lelant, is currently a public house.

The local community radio station is Coast FM (formerly Penwith Radio), which broadcasts on 96.5 and 97.2 FM.[16]\

In 1931 the civil parish of Uny Lelant had a population of 1733.[17] On 1 April 1934 the parish was abolished and merged with St Ives and Ludgvan.[18]


St. Ives Bay Line running above Porth Kidney Sands
The South West Coast Path overlooking Porth Kidney in 2008 (the South West Coast Path passes through Lelant, along the estuary and above Porth Kidney Sands)

Lelant lies on the short A3074 road that leads to Carbis Bay and St Ives, just to the north of the main A30 after it bypasses Hayle and where it swings southwestwards across country towards Penzance on the south coast, about six miles away.

The village is served by two railway stations on the St Ives branch. The original station, Lelant, was built by the Great Western Railway in 1877 to serve Lelant village. Lelant Saltings was built in 1978 as a park and ride station to relieve traffic congestion in St Ives and Carbis Bay. However, in June 2019, the park and ride facilities closed.

The St Michael’s Way trail, established in 1994, starts at Lelant parish church and terminates 12.5 miles (20 km) later on the south coast at St Michael's Mount. The initial segment of this modern pilgrim route coincides with the South West Coast Path as far as the western end of Carbis Bay.[2]


The West Cornwall Golf Club is situated to the east of the village overlooking St Ives Bay and Godrevy Island. It is the oldest golf club in Cornwall.[19] St Ives Town play in the Cornwall Combination, a level 12 league in the English football league system. They play their home matches at the Saltings, which is between the village and Lelant Saltings railway station.

Cornish wrestling[edit]

Cornish wrestling tournaments were held in field opposite the Ship Inn in Lelant.[20]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "The Cornish Language - Cornwall Council". Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  3. ^ "Cornwall Council Interactive Map". Cornwall Council. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  4. ^ Adams, Maxwell. "Lelant Administration". Lelant website. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Ward population for 2015 census". Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  6. ^ Mills, A. D. (1991). The Popular Dictionary of English Place-Names. Parragon Book Service Ltd & Magpie Books. p. 208. ISBN 0-7525-1851-8.
  7. ^ Archives of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, Number 3672.
  8. ^ For further information about the forms of this place name see: Gover, J. E. B. (1948) The place names of Cornwall volume 6, pages 635-658 (typescript at the Royal Institution of Cornwall and reference copy at the Cornwall Record Office, Truro); research note books on Cornish place names of Oliver Padel (at the Institute of Cornish Studies, Tremough); and Adams, Maxwell. "The real and true name of Lelant". Lelant website. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  9. ^ a b GENUKI website; Lelant. Retrieved April 2010.
  10. ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard
  11. ^ a b Noall, Cyril (1964). "Nineteenth-Century Discoveries at Lelant". Cornish Archaeology Hendhyscans Kernow. 3: 34–6.
  12. ^ Beacham, Peter; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2014). Cornwall. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 301. ISBN 978-0-300-12668-6.
  13. ^ "The Lelant Quays". The Cornishman. No. 506. 15 March 1888. p. 1.
  14. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; p. 100
  15. ^ "Tenders". The Cornishman. No. 15. 24 October 1878. p. 1.
  16. ^ "Volunteer run Penwith Radio to change its name to Coast FM". falmouthpacket.co.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  17. ^ "Population statistics Uny Lelant AP/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 11 May 2024.
  18. ^ "Relationships and changes Uny Lelant AP/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 11 May 2024.
  19. ^ "West Cornwall Golf Club". Club Systems International. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  20. ^ The Cornish Telegraph, 2 October 1884.