Lembá District

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Lembá
District
Location within São Tomé and Príncipe
Location within São Tomé and Príncipe
Coordinates: 0°21′N 6°30′E / 0.350°N 6.500°E / 0.350; 6.500Coordinates: 0°21′N 6°30′E / 0.350°N 6.500°E / 0.350; 6.500
Country São Tomé and Príncipe
Province/Island São Tomé
Seat Neves
Area
 • Total 230 km2 (90 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 15,370
 • Density 67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC (UTC+0)

Lembá is a district of São Tomé Province. It is one of the seven districts that make up the equatorial Atlantic island group of São Tomé and Príncipe. It has the westernmost point in the country. It is the second largest in terms of area, covering approximately 230 square kilometers. Its population is 15,370 (2012).[1] The district capital is Neves.

Population[edit]

  • 1940 6,885 (11.4% of the national population)
  • 1950 6,196 (10.3% of the national population)
  • 1960 6,196 (9.7% of the national population)
  • 1970 6,206 (8.4% of the national population)
  • 1981 7,905 (8.2% of the national population)
  • 1991 9,016 (7.7% of the national population)
  • 2001 10,696 (7.8% of the national population)[1]
  • 2008: 12,331 (est.)[1]
  • 2012: 15,370[1]

Settlements[edit]

The main settlement is the town Neves. Other settlements are:

Other settlements[edit]

Other hamlets, fractions and sections include:

  • Arribana
  • Binda - etymology of Angolan origin
  • Brigoma - etymology likely of Angolan origin
  • Cadão - etymology likely of Angolan origin
  • Cascata
  • Claudina
  • Dona Amélia
  • Emília
  • Esprainha
  • Fortunato
  • Frederico
  • Generosa
  • Vila Graciosa
  • João Paulo
  • José Luís
  • José Luís do Campo
  • Lembá - etymology of Angolan origin
  • Maria
  • Maria Luísa do Campo
  • Monte Carmo
  • Monte Figo
  • Morais, Antonio
  • Morais, Manuel
  • Mulundo - etymology of Angolan origin
  • Paga Fogo
  • Ponta Figo
  • Ponta Furada
  • Rebordelo
  • Ribeira Funda
  • Ribeira Palma
  • Ribeira Palma na Praia
  • Rio Ave
  • Rio Leça
  • Santa Clotilde
  • Santa Irene
  • Santa Jenny
  • Santa Jenny dos Quatros Caminhos
  • Santa Maria
  • Santa Teresa
  • São João de Lembá
  • São José
  • São Manuel
  • São Miguel
  • São Oscar
  • Sousa, Juliana de
  • Vila Sara

Geography[edit]

The district has always been completely forested. Agricultural plantations and built up areas also dominates the district. Formerly founded throughout the island, wildlife are still founded in many parts of the district including the southern part.

One of the main streams of the district is the Rio Xufexufe. Other stream include Morango. One of the beaches in the district include Palma and Pira.

Fauna[edit]

Numerous endemic fauna include the São Tomé fiscal (Lanius newtoni)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d INE, Evolução da população São-Tomense por localidades, 2001/2012