Lembach

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Lembach
Commune
Lembach2.jpg
Coat of arms of Lembach
Coat of arms
Lembach is located in France
Lembach
Lembach
Location within Grand Est region
Lembach is located in Grand Est
Lembach
Lembach
Coordinates: 49°01′N 7°47′E / 49.01°N 7.79°E / 49.01; 7.79Coordinates: 49°01′N 7°47′E / 49.01°N 7.79°E / 49.01; 7.79
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Haguenau-Wissembourg
Canton Reichshoffen
Intercommunality Sauer-Pechelbronn
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Charles Schlosser
Area1 48.89 km2 (18.88 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 1,600
 • Density 33/km2 (85/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 67263 /67510
Elevation 177–551 m (581–1,808 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Lembach is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France.

Geography[edit]

Lembach lies in the Sauer valley, surrounded by the woods and sandstone cliffs of the Palatinate Forest-North Vosges Biosphere Reserve. It is located on Departmental Road 3 which runs from Wissembourg, 12 km to the east of Lembach, to the north-western tip of Bas-Rhin and the onward route to Bitche in the department of Moselle. The German frontier lies some 5 km to the north.

In the village centre is a Protestant church dating from 1750 (but incorporating a tower from the late Medieval period) as well as a nineteenth-century Catholic church.

The commune, which covers an extensive land area, much of it uninhabitable owing to the topography, also includes the small village of Mattstall and the hamlet of Pfaffenbronn.

Tourism[edit]

The spectacular scenery and the fortifications of past centuries, coupled with the limited possibilities for agriculture in the immediate area, make tourism a key source of employment.

The presence in Lembach of a well regarded haute cuisine restaurant has in recent years made the village something of a "centre of pilgrimage" for gourmets, many of whom cross the border from such nearby population centres as Karlsruhe, Germersheim, and Mannheim.

Clearly marked footpaths, some of them leading to ruined fortifications or to picturesque rock faces, are promoted as another tourist attraction. The best known and most substantial of the medieval period fortifications is probably the Château du Fleckenstein. The commune also includes a section of the Maginot Line.

History[edit]

The extensive territory has often found itself a crossing-point between the French and German worlds in times both of peace and of war.

In September 1972 the commune of Lembach was merged with the neighbouring village of Mattstall to the south. Mattstall retains the semi-independent status of an associated commune.

Notable people[edit]

  • Author and doctor Paul Bertololy lived in Lembach and died there in 1972. (At the time of his birth at Frankenthal in 1892, Lembach was a part of Germany, and German was the mother tongue in which Bertololy wrote.)
  • Astronaut Rusty Schweickart is the grandson of a couple who emigrated from Lembach to the United States. He has visited the village twice and given his name to one of its streets.

Landmarks[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]