La Petite Haïti
|Neighborhood of Miami|
|Nickname(s): Lemon City (historic name)|
Little Haiti neighborhood within the City of Miami
|• City of Miami Commissioner||Keon Hardemon|
|• Miami-Dade Commissioner||Audrey Edmonson|
|• House of Representatives||Daphne Campbell (D) and Cynthia Stafford (D)|
|• State Senate||Larcenia Bullard (D), and Oscar Braynon (D)|
|• U.S. House||Frederica Wilson (D)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2.1 m)|
|• Density||9,946/sq mi (3,840/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-05)|
|ZIP code||33127, 33137, 33138, 33150|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
Little Haiti (French: La Petite Haïti), is a neighborhood of Miami, Florida, United States. It is also known as Lemon City, Little River and Edison. It is home to many Haitian immigrant residents, as well as many residents from the rest of the Caribbean.
Little Haiti is the best known neighborhood of Haitian exiles in the world. The area is characterized by its French–Creole designations, with its street life, restaurants, art galleries, dance, music, theatre performances, family owned enterprises, and other cultural activities.
Viter Juste, a noted Haitian businessman, activist and respected community leader, came up with the name of Little Haiti. According to Jean-Claude Exulien, a retired professor of history and friend of Juste's since 1977, Juste wrote an article in the Miami Herald in which he first referred to the neighborhood as "Little Port-au-Prince." However, editors at the Miami Herald found the name, "Little Port-au-Prince," too long, so the newspaper shortened the term in the headline to Little Haiti. Over the intense objections of historian, Bahamians and African-Americans in May 2016, Miami commissioners voted in favor of designating Little Haiti as an official neighborhood overlapping the historic Lemon City" and historic Little River'
The southern border is North (NW/NE) 54th Street, west to Interstate 95 and north along the Miami city boundary on North (NW/NE) 80th Street. It then goes back down along East (NE) Second and Fourth avenues.
As of 2000, Little Haiti had a population of 3,365 and 1,983 residents, with 9,368 households, and 6,181 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $18,887.49. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 64.92% Black or African American, 4.78% White (non-Hispanic), 14.74% was Hispanic or Latino of any race and 15.56% other races. Hispanic people are the fastest growing group in the area.
The zip codes for the Little Haiti include 33127, 33137, 33138, and 33150. The area covers 3.456 square miles (8.95 km2). As of 2000, there were 14,708 males and 15,357 females. The median age for males were 31.0 years old, while the median age for females were 33.8 years old. The average household size had 3.0 people, while the average family size had 3.7 members. The percentage of married-couple families (among all households) was 27.6%, while the percentage of married-couple families with children (among all households) was 13.8%, and the percentage of single-mother households (among all households) was 20.7%. 2.1% of the population were in nursing homes. The percentage of never-married males 15 years old and over was 21.7%, while the percentage of never-married females 15 years old and over was 22.0%.
Landmarks and attractions
- Athalie Range Park (named after M. Athalie Range)
- Legion Park
- Lemon City Park
- Little Haiti Soccer Park
- Eaton Park on NE 4th Court at 60th Street.
Miami-Dade County Public Schools runs area public schools. Schools within Little Haiti include:
- The Cushman School
- Edison Park Elementary School
- Jesse J. McCrary Elementary School
- Morningside Elementary School
- Toussaint L'Ouverture Elementary School
Miami-Dade Public Library operates all area public libraries:
- Edison Center Library
- Lemon City Library (Miami's first public library)
- Little River Library
- Martone, Laura. "Moon Florida Keys". Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Fodor's Travel: Little Haiti
- Nijman, Jan (2011). "Miami: Mistress of the Americas". p. 158. ISBN 9780812242980. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Sokol, Brett, ed. (23 November 2015). "Miami's Art World Sets Sights on Little Haiti Neighborhood". New York Times. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Miami, Greater Miami and the Beaches: Little Haiti - La Petite Haiti
- Staff, ed. (27 April 2015). "Little Haiti: A Taste of Culture, Food And Art.". The Harlem Times. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Viter Juste, Haitian community pioneer and leader, dies at 87". Retrieved 2015-09-04.
- Smiley, David, ed. (26 May 2016). "What's in a name? Little Haiti boundaries now official". Miami Herald. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Vela, Hatzel, ed. (26 May 2016). "Miami commissioners vote in favor of designating area as Little Haiti". Local10. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Demographics of Little Haiti Miami, FL.". miamigov.com. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
- "Demographics of Little Haiti, Miami, FL.". city-data. Retrieved 2009-09-07.
- Miami - Parks & Recreation: Athalie Range Park
- Miami - Parks & Recreation: Legion Park
- Miami - Parks & Recreation: Lemon City Park
- Barber, Timothy A.; (adapted from Gepsie M. Metellus (eds.). "The Legacy of Lemon City/the Magic of Little Haiti". Miami Black Visitor Guide. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Miami - Historic Sites and Districts Cushman School
- Jeannot, David, ed. (31 May 2012). "Elementary School Hosts White Hot Heat Party". NBC Miami. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) - Jesse J. McCrary Elementary School
- Klein, Lee, ed. (7 May 2010). "Fine Restaurants at Morningside Elementary Fundraiser Tonight (Updated)". Miami New Times. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Hines, Bea L., ed. (3 December 2015). "Friends and Neighbors: Alvin Ailey director Robert Battle's story told in children's book". Miami Herald. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Bramson, Dara (2011). "Insiders' Guide® to Miami". p. 280. ISBN 9780762764716. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Staff, ed. (27 May 2016). "Lemon City? Make that Little Haiti – neighborhood lands designation". The Real Deal. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Fleuranvil, Fabiola, ed. (16 July 2014). "Little Haiti's Caribbean Marketplace Reopens". Miami.com. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Green, Nadege, ed. (5 May 2015). "The Haitian Cultural Arts Alliance Among 73 Knight Arts Finalists". WLRN. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
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