Lemon Grove, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lemon Grove)
Jump to: navigation, search
Lemon Grove, California
City
City of Lemon Grove
Lemon Grove Monument
Lemon Grove Monument
Motto: Best Climate on Earth
Location within San Diego County
Location within San Diego County
Lemon Grove, California is located in USA
Lemon Grove, California
Lemon Grove, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°44′29″N 117°01′54″W / 32.74139°N 117.03167°W / 32.74139; -117.03167Coordinates: 32°44′29″N 117°01′54″W / 32.74139°N 117.03167°W / 32.74139; -117.03167
Country  United States
State  California
County San Diego
Incorporated July 1, 1977[1]
Government
 • Type Council–manager
 • Mayor Mary Sessom[2]
 • City manager Graham Mitchell[3]
Area[4]
 • Total 3.880 sq mi (10.050 km2)
 • Land 3.880 sq mi (10.050 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[5] 446 ft (136 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 25,320
 • Density 6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 91945
Area code 619
FIPS code 06-41124
GNIS feature IDs 1660902, 2410818
Website www.lemongrove.ca.gov

Lemon Grove is a city in San Diego County, California. The population was 25,320 at the 2010 census, up from 24,918 as of the 2000 census. The large monument of a lemon pictured here has been its symbol since 1963.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The community was settled in 1869 by its first known permanent resident, sheep rancher Robert Allison. From the 1860s to 1900 the area was known for sheep and poultry ranching and vegetable crops. In the early 1900s, the community acquired its name when large citrus groves were planted, and lemon and orange growing and shipping became the area's major industry.

The Lemon Grove Incident in 1931 was a boycott of segregated schools by Mexican Americans, resulting in the first court-ordered school desegregation in the United States.

By World War II, most of the citrus groves had disappeared and suburbanization had begun. By 1960, most of the easily developable land was gone. Lemon Grove was incorporated as a general-law city in 1977;[6] however, it continues to receive law enforcement services, via contract, from the San Diego County sheriff's office.[7]

Geography[edit]

Lemon Grove is located at 32°44′0″N 117°2′1″W / 32.73333°N 117.03361°W / 32.73333; -117.03361 (32.733451, -117.033702).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 19,348
1970 19,690 1.8%
1980 20,780 5.5%
1990 23,984 15.4%
2000 24,918 3.9%
2010 25,320 1.6%
Est. 2014 26,511 [9] 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Lemon Grove had a population of 25,320. The population density was 6,525.3 people per square mile (2,519.4/km²). The racial makeup of Lemon Grove was 13,072 (51.6%) White, 3,495 (13.8%) African American, 225 (0.9%) Native American, 1,624 (6.4%) Asian, 275 (1.1%) Pacific Islander, 4,828 (19.1%) from other races, and 1,801 (7.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10,435 persons (41.2%).

The Census reported that 24,974 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 200 (0.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 146 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,434 households, out of which 3,295 (39.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,863 (45.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,419 (16.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 601 (7.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 516 (6.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 94 (1.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,928 households (22.9%) were made up of individuals and 734 (8.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96. There were 5,883 families (69.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.51.

The population was spread out with 6,458 people (25.5%) under the age of 18, 2,583 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 6,900 people (27.3%) aged 25 to 44, 6,550 people (25.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,829 people (11.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

There were 8,868 housing units at an average density of 2,285.4 per square mile (882.4/km²), of which 4,609 (54.6%) were owner-occupied, and 3,825 (45.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.0%. 13,984 people (55.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 10,990 people (43.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 24,918 people, 8,488 households, and 5,958 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,557.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,531.8/km²). There were 8,722 housing units at an average density of 2,295.2 per square mile (886.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.63% White, 12.08% African American, 1.10% Native American, 5.75% Asian, 0.84% Pacific Islander, 13.50% from other races, and 7.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.52% of the population.

There were 8,488 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,823, and the median income for a family was $45,844. Males had a median income of $35,042 versus $28,509 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,002. About 9.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Current estimates[edit]

According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Lemon Grove in 2005 was $55,436 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $45,016.

Government[edit]

The City Council includes Mayor Theresa Sessom, and Councilmembers Jerry Jones, Racquel Vasquez, George Gastil, and Jennifer Mendoza.[13]

In the California State Legislature, Lemon Grove is in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson, and in the 79th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Shirley Weber.[14]

In the United States House of Representatives, Lemon Grove is in California's 53rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Susan Davis.[15]

Notable residents[edit]

"The World's Biggest Lemon"[edit]

There is a ten-foot-wide sculpture of a lemon located at 3361 Main Street. It lies before a small lemon grove beside the Orange Line Trolley tracks near the local Trolley station and downtown bus stop. Written across the base of this monument are the words "Best Climate On Earth".

Education[edit]

Public primary education in the city is provided by the Lemon Grove School District. Grossmont Union High School District provides secondary and adult education.

High schools[edit]

Eligible students are sent outside the town for secondary education.

Middle schools[edit]

  • Lemon Grove Academy of Science and Humanities 7-8[20]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Lemon Grove Academy PK-6[21]
  • Monterey Heights Elementary School
  • Mount Vernon Elementary School
  • San Altos Elementary School
  • San Miguel Elementary School

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Mayor & Council". City of Lemon Grove. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  3. ^ "City Manager". City of Lemon Grove. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. 
  5. ^ "Lemon Grove". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  6. ^ "General law" means under the provisions established by the legislature, as opposed to a charter city which would have more local-government options. UCB Institute for Governmental Studies
  7. ^ San Diego County Sheriff's Lemon Grove Station
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Lemon Grove city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Current Lemon Grove City Council "Current Lemon Grove City Council". City of Lemon Grove. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  15. ^ "California's 53rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  16. ^ John Forester's website with Lemon Grove address
  17. ^ San Diego Reader, July 5, 2001
  18. ^ ABDUSSATTAR SHAIKH
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ Lemon Grove Academy of Science and Humanities 7-8
  21. ^ Lemon Grove Academy PK-6

External links[edit]