A portrait of Lemuel Boulware
Delray Beach, Florida
Lemuel Ricketts Boulware (1895 in Springfield, Kentucky – November 7, 1990 in Delray Beach, Florida) was General Electric's vice president of labor and community relations from 1956 until 1961. Boulware's business tutelage and political cultivation of Ronald Reagan from 1954 to 1962 while Reagan was a spokesman for the company is argued to have led to Reagan's conversion from New Deal-style liberalism to Barry Goldwater-style conservatism.
Boulware's aggressive 20-year-long policy of "take-it-or-leave-it" bargaining by GE became known as "Boulwarism". He devised the strategy in reaction to success in the 1946 general strikes by the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (UE) and the other two largest unions of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).
- Boulware, Lemuel R. (1969). The Truth About Boulwarism: Trying to Do Right Voluntarily. Washington D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs. pp. 180.
- Evans, Thomas (August 11, 2008). The Education of Ronald Reagan: The General Electric Years and the Untold Story of His Conversion to Conservatism. Columbia Studies in Contemporary American History (Print). New York Chichester: Columbia University Press. ISBN 023113861X. ISBN 9780231138611
- Roberts, Harold S. (1986). Boulwarism. Roberts' Dictionary of Industrial Relations (3rd ed.). Washington D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs. pp. 76–77.
- Lemuel R. Boulware papers, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania
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