Lemuel Boulware

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Lemuel Boulware
A portrait of Lemuel Boulware
Born(1895-06-03)June 3, 1895
Springfield, Kentucky, U.S.
DiedNovember 7, 1990(1990-11-07) (aged 95)
Delray Beach, Florida, U.S.

Lemuel Ricketts Boulware (1895 in Springfield, Kentucky – November 7, 1990 in Delray Beach, Florida) was General Electric's vice president of labor and community relations from 1956 until 1961.[1] Boulware's business tutelage and political cultivation of Ronald Reagan from 1954 to 1962 while Reagan was a spokesman for the company is argued to have led to Reagan's conversion from New Deal-style liberalism to Barry Goldwater-style conservatism.[2]

Boulware's aggressive 20-year-long policy of "take-it-or-leave-it" bargaining by GE became known as "Boulwarism". He devised the strategy in reaction to success in the 1946 general strikes by the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (UE) and the other two largest unions of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).

Published works[edit]

  • Boulware, Lemuel R. (1969). The Truth About Boulwarism: Trying to Do Right Voluntarily. Washington D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs. pp. 180.


  1. ^ Obituary, by Joan Cook, at the New York Times
  2. ^ "How did Ronald Reagan Become a Conservative?". Archived from the original on February 8, 2007. Retrieved 2014-04-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), by Joshua Zeitz, at American Heritage

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]