Lemuria in popular culture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
"Lemuria" in Tamil nationalist mysticist literature, connecting Madagascar, South India and Australia (covering most of the Indian Ocean).

Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical "lost land" variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is said in Tamil legend to have been civilised for over 20,000 years, with its population speaking Tamil. The concept of Lemuria has been rendered obsolete by modern understanding of plate tectonics. However, it has still been used as a location and inspiration in a wide range of novels, television shows, films and music.

Blavatsky, Elliot, and Bramwell[edit]

1896 map of Lemuria superimposed over the modern continents from Scott-Elliott's The Story of Atlantis and Lost Lemuria.

"Lemuria" entered the lexicon of the occult through the works of Helena Blavatsky, who claimed that the Mahatmas had shown her an ancient, pre-Atlantean Book of Dzyan. Lemuria is mentioned in one of the 1882 Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett.[1] According to L. Sprague de Camp, Blavatsky's concept of Lemuria was influenced by other contemporaneous writers on the theme of lost continents, notably Ignatius L. Donnelly, American cult leader Thomas Lake Harris and the French writer Louis Jacolliot.[2]

Within Blavatsky's complex cosmology, which includes seven "Root Races", the "Third Root Race" occupied Lemuria. She describes them as about 7 feet (2.1 m) tall, sexually hermaphroditic, egg-laying, mentally undeveloped and spiritually more pure than the following "Root Races". Before the coming of the Lemurians, the second "Root Race" is said to have dwelled in Hyperborea. After the subsequent creation of mammals, Mme Blavatsky revealed to her readers, some Lemurians turned to bestiality.

The later theosophical author William Scott-Elliot gave one of the most elaborate accounts of lost continents. The English theosophist received his knowledge from Charles Webster Leadbeater, who reportedly communicated with the Theosophical Masters by "astral clairvoyance".[3] In 1896 he published The Story of Atlantis, followed in 1904 by The Lost Lemuria, in which he included a map of the continent of Lemuria as stretching from the east coast of Africa across the Indian and the Pacific Oceans.[4]

James Bramwell portrayed Lemuria in his book, Lost Atlantis, as "a continent that occupied a large part of what is now the South Pacific Ocean".[5] He described the people of Lemuria in detail and characterized them as one of the "root-races of humanity". According to Bramwell, Lemurians are the ancestors of the Atlanteans, who survived the period "of the general racial decadence which affected the Lemurians in the last stages of their evolution". From "a select division of" the Atlanteans – after their promotion to decadence – Bramwell claims the Aryan race arose. "Lemurians, Atlanteans, and Aryans are root-races of humanity", according to Bramwell.[6]

Mount Shasta[edit]

In 1894, Frederick Spencer Oliver published A Dweller on Two Planets, which claimed that survivors from a sunken continent called Lemuria were living in or on Mount Shasta in northern California. Oliver claimed the Lemurians lived in a complex of tunnels beneath the mountain and occasionally were seen walking the surface dressed in white robes.

In 1931 Harvey Spencer Lewis using the pseudonym Wisar Spenle Cerve[7] wrote a book (published by the Rosicrucians) about the hidden Lemurians of Mount Shasta that a bibliography on Mount Shasta described as "responsible for the legend's widespread popularity."[8] This belief has since been repeated by Guy Warren Ballard, followers of the Ascended Masters and the Great White Brotherhood, The Bridge to Freedom, The Summit Lighthouse, Church Universal and Triumphant, and Kryon.[citation needed]

Kumari Kandam[edit]

Some Tamil writers such as Devaneya Pavanar have associated Lemuria with Kumari Kandam, a legendary sunken landmass mentioned in the Tamil literature, claiming that it was the cradle of civilization.

List of notable examples in popular culture[edit]


  • George Firth Scott is best known for his novel The Last Lemurian: A Westralian Romance (1898)
Shaver's "I Remember Lemuria" was the cover story in the March 1945 Amazing Stories



  • In the 1990s cartoon series Mighty Max, the characters Virgil and Skullmaster were Lemurians. Along with Atlantis, Lemuria is one of two civilizations Skullmaster has already destroyed.[citation needed]
  • Transformers: Cybertron, in its initial form of Transformers: Galaxy Force, featured Lemuria as the name of a starship. That carried the first colonists of Gigantion (in Cybertron) and/or Animatron (in Galaxy Force).[citation needed]
  • In the Japanese television series and the 30th Super Sentai Series GoGo Sentai Boukenger, the character Natsuki Mamiya (BoukenYellow) is a survivor and princess of ancient Lemuria.[citation needed]
  • Lemuria is mentioned in the opening narration of Battlestar Galactica.
  • In The Secret Saturdays, a main character, Fiskerton, is a Lemurian.[citation needed]
  • In the 1980s cartoon series, The Mysterious Cities of Gold, the character Tao is the last of the Hiva, an ancient and advanced civilization which had thrived until their entire continent sank into the Pacific Ocean due to an enormous volcanic cataclysm.
  • In the 2015 TV series, The Deep, the Nekton family search for their homeland Lemuria with the Ephemychron.


  • The video game Radia Senki: Reimeihen takes place in a world called Lemuria.
  • In the video game Wurm: Journey to the Center of the Earth, the antagonistic underground faction known as the Nonmaltas are descendants of Lemuria, their humanoid rivals the Dinamur are descendants of Atlantis, while modern surface-dwelling humans are descendants of Mu.
  • In the video game Golden Sun series, Lemuria is a major plot point. In the first title, locating Lemuria is the motivation behind the construction of Babi's Lighthouse, and in the sequel, Golden Sun: The Lost Age, one of the main characters, Piers, is a Lemurian, and travel to Lemuria is possible.
  • Lemuria is an underwater zone, in the MMO Champions Online.[citation needed]
  • In the visual novel Ever 17, the primary setting is an underwater theme park called LeMU, which is entirely themed around Lemurian ruins.
  • In the video game Nostalgia, one of the many secret dungeons included in the game is the "Dungeon of Lemuria".
  • The video game Kinectimals, takes place on an island named "Lemuria" populated mainly by lemurs and felines.
  • In the video game Final Fantasy XI, a supernatural region known as Lumoria (commonly referred to as "Sea" by players) is introduced in the expansion Chains of Promathia towards the end of the main storyline.
  • The video game Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings, the main part of the story centers around the discovery of Lemurés, a floating continent above Ivalice that was shielded from the rest of the world by the god Feolthanos.
  • In Genius: the Transgression, a fan-made expansion of the tabletop role-playing game New World of Darkness, Lemuria is two things: 1) a "Bardo" (a scientifically-obsolete theoretical place that manifests when disproved) that appeared when the theory of plate tectonics became accepted as fact; or 2) an ancient organization of Geniuses who controlled the course of human development (led by the time-traveling former inhabitants of said Bardo), whose control began to falter during the Renaissance and ended in World War II.
  • In the trading card game Yu-Gi-Oh!, there is a card known as "Lemuria, the Forgotten City".
  • The video game Child of Light takes place in a mystical world known as Lemuria.
  • In the video game Risk of Rain, which takes place on a mysterious, fictional planet, enemies are called Lemurians.
  • Within the Halo Universe, the planet Arcadia has a continent called Lemuria.
  • The tabletop role-playing game Barbarians of Lemuria is inspired by the Thongor novels mentioned above.
  • In the online game Fate/Grand Order, the Noble Phantasm Chant of Helena Blavatsky contains Lemuria's name as "Lemuria in the sea"
  • The Commodore 16 game Lemuria published by Atari in Germany takes place there.




  1. ^ The Mahatma Letters, XXIIIb
  2. ^ Sprague de Camp, L. (1970). Lost Continents: The Atlantis Theme in History, Science, and Literature. Dover Publications. p. 58. Madame Blavatsky's lost-continent doctrine seems to be based largely on the works of Donnelly, Harris and Jacolliot 
  3. ^ See also Man: whence, how and whither, a record of clairvoyant investigation#In Lemuria
  4. ^ The Lost Lemuria, at Sacred Texts.com
  5. ^ Bramwell, James. Lost Atlantis. (Hollywood: Newcastle, 1974), 193.
  6. ^ Bramwell, 195.
  7. ^ Melton, J. Gordon (Mar 1999). Religious leaders of America: a biographical guide to founders and leaders of religious bodies, churches, and spiritual groups in North America (2nd ed.). Cengage Gale. p. 332. ISBN 978-0810388789. 
  8. ^ Meisse, William C. (1993). Mount Shasta: an annotated bibliography. College of the Siskiyous. p. 146. 
  9. ^ The cover of I Remember Lemuria is featured in an article Warum Aliens nicht grün sein müssen (in German) (Why Aliens don't have to be green) at Telepolis.
  10. ^ Lovecraft, H.P. The Haunter of the Dark. It was treasured and placed in its curious box by the crinoid things of Antarctica, salvaged from their ruins by the serpent-men of Valusia, and peered at aeons later in Lemuria by the first human beings. 
  11. ^ Howard, Robert E. (2006). Kull: Exile of Atlantis. Del Rey Books. ISBN 0-345-49017-7.
  12. ^ Howard, Robert E. (2003). "The Hyborian Age" essay in The Coming of Conan the Cimmerian. Del Rey Books. ISBN 978-0345461513.
  13. ^ Thomas Pynchon, Inherent Vice, 1st Paperback Edition (New York: Penguin Books, 2010), 101, et seq.
  14. ^ "Lemur" (in German). Pr-materiequelle.de. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  15. ^ Čapek, Karel (1985). War with the Newts. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. p. 189. ISBN 0810106639. 
  16. ^ Pinkwater, Daniel M. (1980). Alan Mendelsohn, the boy from Mars (2. [pr.]. ed.). New York: Dutton. p. 27. ISBN 0-525-25360-2. 
  17. ^ Alan Mendelsohn, the boy from Mars, p. 17 et. seq
  18. ^ "Visions of Atlantis -- Lemuria -- Listening & Stats at Last.fm". 
  19. ^ "Metal Archives -- Visions of Atlantis -- The Deep & The Dark". 
  20. ^ "Discography - You're Never Alone with a Cigarette (1990)". Sun City Girls. Retrieved 2014-08-05. 
  21. ^ "Black Francis - Velouria (Live at 89.3 The Current) on YouTube". 
  22. ^ Elliot R. Brown (a). "Lemuria" (Deluxe edition) The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe 7: 26 (1985), Marvel, retrieved on 5 August 2014
  23. ^ "Archive » Dark Science #22 - Caspar". Dresden Codak. 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2014-08-05.