|Date of birth||8 March 1986|
|Place of birth||Bielefeld, West Germany|
|Height||1.71 m (5 ft 7 in)|
|FC Gütersloh 2000|
|2003–2006||FC Gütersloh 2000||35||(7)|
|2006–2011||SC 07 Bad Neuenahr||97||(19)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 25 May 2015.
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 16 September 2016
Goeßling began her career at her local football club SV Löhne-Obernbeck. She later joined FC Gütersloh 2000, where she won the German Under-17 championship. Goeßling played two seasons in the second Bundesliga with Gütersloh, before joining the top division side SC 07 Bad Neuenahr in 2006. After five years and 97 games for the club, she announced her transfer to VfL Wolfsburg for the 2011–12 season.
Goeßling won the 2004 FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship with Germany. She had three appearances for the team and scored twice in the first group game against Thailand. Two years later, she again competed at the 2006 FIFA U-20 Women's World Championship. Now a regular starter, she was eliminated with her team in the quarter-finals against the United States.
In February 2008, Goeßling made her debut for the German national team against China. Twice she has been denied a place in a German squad at international tournaments. She was named to the 26 player preliminary squads at the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2009 European Championship, but failed to make the final 21 player squad at both tournaments. Goeßling has been called up for the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, which was her first major tournament.
Scores and results list Germany's goal tally first:
|Goeßling – goals for Germany|
|1.||22 October 2011||Bucharest, Romania||Romania||1–0||3–0||UEFA Women's Euro 2013 qualifying|
|2.||24 November 2011||Motril, Spain||Spain||1–0||2–2||UEFA Women's Euro 2013 qualifying|
|3.||15 September 2012||Karaganda, Kazakhstan||Kazakhstan||7–0||7–0||UEFA Women's Euro 2013 qualifying|
|4.||15 June 2013||Essen, Germany||Scotland||1–0||3–0||Friendly|
|5.||21 September 2013||Cottbus, Germany||Russia||7–0||9–0||2015 FIFA Women's World Cup qualification|
|6.||26 October 2013||Koper, Slovenia||Slovenia||11–0||13–0||2015 FIFA Women's World Cup qualification|
|8.||5 March 2014||Albufeira, Portugal||Iceland||4–0||5–0||2013 Algarve Cup|
|9.||18 September 2015||Halle, Germany||Hungary||6–0||12–0||UEFA Women's Euro 2017 qualifying|
- UEFA Women's Championship: Winner 2013
- FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship: Winner 2004
- UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship: Runner-up 2004
- Summer Olympic Games: Gold medal, 2016
- Algarve Cup: Winner 2012, 2014
- VfL Wolfsburg
- UEFA Women's Champions League : Winner 2012–13, 2013–14
- Bundesliga : Winner 2012–13, 2013–14
- DFB Pokal : Winner 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16
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