|Texas State Representative from Travis County (District 51)|
|Preceded by||Gonzalo Barrientos|
|Succeeded by||Glen Maxey|
|Texas Railroad Commissioner|
|Preceded by||John Sharp|
|Succeeded by||Jim Wallace (temporary); Barry Williamson (full term)|
November 27, 1957|
Mission, Hidalgo County, Texas, USA
|Died||April 24, 2008
|Resting place||Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas|
|Spouse(s)||Lionel "Leo" Aguirre of Austin (married 1983 – her death)|
|Children||Leo G. Aguirre (born 1987)|
|Residence||Austin, Travis County, Texas|
(1) Though Guerrero was the first ethnic minority and the first female to serve on the Texas Railroad Commission, from 2009–2011, there were no white males serving on the three-member body. An African American man, an Hispanic man, and a white woman—all Republicans—were its three members.
(3) Guerrero's once bright political prospects ended in a dispute over falsification of her résumé in regard to a then nonexistent degree from the University of Texas.(4) Though a staunch Democrat, Guerrero crossed party lines in 2006 to endorse an old friend for reelection, Governor Rick Perry.
Lena Guerrero Aguirre (November 27, 1957 – April 24, 2008), known as Lena Guerrero, was the first woman and the first person of ethnic minority background to have served on the Texas Railroad Commission, an elected body that currently regulates the oil and natural gas industry. In 1992, her once promising political career ended over a falsified résumé. Sixteen years later she died of brain cancer at the age of fifty.
Early years in Mission
Guerrero was the fifth of nine children born to Alvaro Guerrero (1918–1969) and the former Adela Salazar (born ca. 1921) in Mission near McAllen in the Rio Grande Valley. As a child in the 1960s, Lena worked during summers as a migrant laborer alongside her eight siblings.
As a student at the University of Texas at Austin in the late 1970s, Guerrero became interested in politics. At the age of twenty-one in 1979, she was elected president of the Young Democrats of Texas. In 1984, at the age of twenty-five, she became the second female Hispanic to be elected to the Texas House of Representatives. She defeated five male opponents in a then Anglo-but-Democratic-majority district. No Republican contested the seat despite the landslide victory that year of Ronald W. Reagan as U.S. President. Guerrero's district included parts of Central and East Austin.
In 1989, Guerrero was named among the "Top 10" legislators by Texas Monthly magazine. She was cited in Newsweek and USA Today and, having left the legislature, was awarded a speaking slot at the 1992 Democratic National Convention in New York City, which nominated Bill Clinton of Arkansas to oppose incumbent George Herbert Walker Bush of Texas. She was also executive director of the Texas Women's Political Caucus.
In 1991, Governor Ann W. Richards, a fellow Democrat, appointed Guerrero to fill a vacancy on the three-member Railroad Commission. Her selection was said to have symbolized Richards' hope of a "New Texas"; prior to that, the commission's members had always been white males.
In 1992, Guerrero faced voters in her bid for a six-year term on the Railroad Commission. When it was revealed that Guerrero had lied about having graduated from UT, the momentum shifted heavily to her Republican opponent, attorney Barry Williamson, a native of Arkansas.
Guerrero later obtained her UT degree—she had been nineteen credits short of a bachelor's degree—and became an Austin lobbyist for Bravo Communications, representing such clients as American Telephone & Telegraph, Blue Cross, and the Tigua Indians. She helped pass a bill to allow the Tigua Indians casinos on their reservation. In defending her position, Guerrero said that the issue "is not about gambling. This is about the Indians and their right to use their land.".
In the race for Railroad Commissioner, Guerrero had expected to face Carole Rylander, then a Democrat Guerrero had supported in the successful nonpartisan race for mayor of Austin in 1977. However, Rylander, later Carole Strayhorn, lost the Republican primary to Williamson. Strayhorn's second husband, Hill Rylander, as president of the UT Alumni Association, learned that Guerrero did not have the college degree that she claimed when the association planned to honor her as a "distinguished alumna". Some official biographies at the time indicated Guerrero was a member of Phi Beta Kappa; she was not.
In a 1998 interview with the Houston Chronicle, Guerrero reflected that she had mishandled her resignation from the Railroad Commission. "... if you can't learn and go on and you dwell too much in the past, then you're really wasting your present." She resigned two months short of her being able to enter the State's health insurance program, which worked against her financially when she was stricken in 2000 with two malignant brain tumors.
Guerrero underwent proton beam therapy at Loma Linda University Medical Center near San Bernardino, California. Lobbyist Mignon McGarry said that Guerrero went for treatment at Loma Linda after having been admonished by physicians at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston that she would otherwise not live more than two years.
Endorsing Rick Perry
Though a staunch Democrat, Guerrero endorsed the reelection in 2006 of Republican Governor Rick Perry; the two had a friendship that began in 1985 when both were freshmen Democratic legislators. Guerrero said that while she and Perry disagreed on certain issues, they had a relationship of "civility". Perry won his general election with 39 percent of the vote over four rivals, including Carole Strayhorn, a Democrat-turned-Republican-turned-Independent. On Guerrero's death, Perry directed that flags at the Texas State Capitol and other state buildings be flown at half-staff in her memory. He described Guerrero as a "bright, passionate woman who worked hard to represent the interests of her constituents. . . . She was the sort of person who placed loyalty and principle ahead of politics." Former Speaker Pete Laney of Hale Center, a Democrat, agreed with Perry: "I don't think there was anyone who was more passionate about their service in the legislature or (about) their constituents and beliefs." Strayhorn said that Guerrero "did so much at a very young age, certainly knocked down a lot of barriers for women and Hispanics and all of the above."
Death and legacy
In addition to her mother and siblings, she was survived by her husband, Lionel "Leo" Aguirre of Austin, and a son, Leo G. Aguirre (born 1987), a baseball player at New Mexico State University in Las Cruces, New Mexico. J. Thomas Stewart, a former aide to Guerrero, issued this statement for the family: "Lena was a champion. She dealt with the struggles in her personal life in the same way she dealt with those in her public life — with tenacity, vigor and a sense of humor that we will miss more than words can say." Though her doctors estimated she would only live six months with the diagnosis of her brain cancer, she survived nearly eight years.
- MANA History
- Social Security Death Index Interactive Search
- Lena Guerrero
- Lena Guerrero: Texas Monthly September 2001
- Lena Guerrero, once a rising star in Texas politics, dies after battling cancer
- Lie by Texas Politician Puts Twist in Campaign
|Texas House of Representatives|
|Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from District 51 (Austin)
|Texas Railroad Commissioner
Jim Wallace (temporary)
Barry Williamson (full-term)