Lenauheim

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Lenauheim
Commune
Lenauheim is located in Romania
Lenauheim
Lenauheim
Coordinates: 45°52′N 20°48′E / 45.867°N 20.800°E / 45.867; 20.800
Country  Romania
County ROU Timis County CoA.svg Timiș
Government
 • Mayor Ilie Suciu (PNL)
Population (2002)[1] 5,676
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Lenauheim is a commune in Timiș County, Banat, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Bulgăruș, Grabaț and Lenauheim.

Name[edit]

The name Lenauheim is official since 1926. It was also called Cetad or Cetat in Romanian; Schadat, Schaddat or Tschatad in German; and Csatád in Hungarian. Bulgăruș is called Bogarosch in German and Bogarós in Hungarian. The German name for Grabaț is Grabatz, while in Hungarian, it is Garabos.

History[edit]

The Lenauheim village was founded by German colonists (Banat Swabians) in 1767. Originally called Csatád, in 1926 the village was renamed Lenauheim after the poet Nikolaus Lenau who was born here.

Demographics[edit]

In 1865. Lenauheim had c. 3200 inhabitants. In 1940, it had 2400, out of which 95% ethnic Germans. After the Second World War, the proportion of Germans fell to 50%. In 1992, out of 1400 inhabitants there were 346 Germans; in 2006, only 59.

Census[2] Ethnic structure
Year Population Romanians Germans Hungarians Serbs Romani Slovaks Others
1880 8.780 46 8.487 58 2 - 2 -
1930 7.170 114 6.653 77 6 253 60 2
1956 7.876 3.190 4.193 118 6 327 34 3
1977 7.490 3.478 3.509 77 4 402 12 6
1992 5.123 3.943 346 66 6 734 12 10
2002 5.665 4.617 193 90 8 723  ? 34

Twin towns[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

  • Lenau Memorial House: The birthplace of Nikolaus Lenau hosts today the Nikolaus Lenau Memorial House. An ethnographic collection of puppets wearing traditional Banat Swabian costumes is also on display in the museum.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°52′N 20°48′E / 45.867°N 20.800°E / 45.867; 20.800