Lendava Synagogue

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lendava Synagogue
Sinagoga lendava 3.JPG
Exterior in Lendava Synagogue
Basic information
Location Lendava, Slovenia
Geographic coordinates 46°33′45.08″N 16°27′13.74″E / 46.5625222°N 16.4538167°E / 46.5625222; 16.4538167Coordinates: 46°33′45.08″N 16°27′13.74″E / 46.5625222°N 16.4538167°E / 46.5625222; 16.4538167
Affiliation Orthodox Judaism
Country Slovenia
Status Museum
Website sinagoga-lendava.si/en/
Architectural description
Architectural type Synagogue
Completed 18th century

Lendava Synagogue (Slovene: Sinagoga Lendava) is a former synagogue, currently a museum. It is located in the small town of Lendava, Slovenia, close to the Hungarian border. It was built in the 18th century and today has a permanent exhibition on the History of Jews in Lendava.[1] Near the synagogue was a Jewish school, which functioned until the 1920s and was demolished in the end of the 1990s to allow the construction of a Hungarian cultural centre and a cemetery with 176 tombstones, about 40 from the second half of the 19th century, most of the rest from the 20th century near the village of Dolga Vas, just outside town.

History[edit]

Cemetery

Jews from Hungary settled in Lendava in 1773. Local Jews at the end of the 18th century gathered to pray at the home of the innkeeper Bodog Weisz. In 1837, the community rented a house for use as a prayer hall, which had 50 seats. In 1843, the community rented and then purchased another building, which was their first real synagogue.

Construction on a new synagogue began in 1866, and this building still stands in the center of town at Spodnja ulica 5. It is a boxy, rectangular brick structure with a peaked roof. The corners are decorated with slightly raised, flat false pilasters. Heavily damaged by the Germans, the building was sold to the town after the 2nd war by the Jewish Federation of Yugoslavia and was used as a warehouse.

Work began in 1994 to renovate the synagogue for use as a culture center which will also have an exhibition on local Jewish history in the women's gallery. The only original interior decorative elements remaining in the building are six fluted cast iron pillars supporting a rebuilt gallery, plus stairway railings and a small niche in the stairwell. The one-time circular (rose) window over the Ark has been changed into an arched window, and two of the arched side windows (which exist on the south side only) have been lengthened and enlarged. The third (left hand) window on the south side has been left at apparently its original shape and size. There is also an arched window over the door in the West side.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Ruth Ellen Gruber, Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe (National Geographic Books, 2007), ISBN 978-1426200465, pp. 284-285. Excerpts available at Google Books.

External links[edit]

Official website