Lenín Moreno

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Lenín Moreno
FRENTE TRANSPARENCIA CARONDELET (cropped).jpg
44th President of Ecuador
Assumed office
24 May 2017
Vice President Jorge Glas
María Vicuña (Acting)
Preceded by Rafael Correa
United Nations Special Envoy on Disability and Accessibility
In office
19 December 2013 – 30 September 2016
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Maria Soledad Cisternas Reyes
Vice President of Ecuador
In office
15 January 2007 – 24 May 2013
President Rafael Correa
Preceded by Alejandro Serrano
Succeeded by Jorge Glas
President of the PAIS Alliance
Assumed office
1 May 2017
Preceded by Rafael Correa
Personal details
Born Lenín Boltaire Moreno Garcés
(1953-03-19) 19 March 1953 (age 64)
Nuevo Rocafuerte, Ecuador
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Rocio Gonzalez
Children 3
Residence Carondelet Palace
Alma mater Central University of Ecuador

Lenín Boltaire Moreno Garcés (born 19 March 1953) is an Ecuadorian politician who is the President of Ecuador, in office since 2017. He was Vice President from 2007 to 2013, serving under President Rafael Correa.

On 1 October 2016, he was nominated as the candidate for Correa's Alianza País in the 2017 presidential election. On 2 April 2017, on the second round of voting, he won a narrow victory on the elections.[1]

Moreno was shot in 1998 in a robbery attempt and thereafter confined to a wheelchair. For his advocacy for people with disabilities, he was nominated for the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize.[2][3] On 24 May 2017, Moreno became the world’s only head of state in a wheelchair.[4][5][6]

Background[edit]

Childhood[edit]

Moreno was born into a middle-class family in Nuevo Rocafuerte, a small town in the Ecuadorian Amazon, near the Peruvian border. His father, Servio Tulio Moreno, was a teacher who promoted bilingual education and integrated schools for Indigenous children and mestizo children. Lenín Moreno was greatly influenced by his father’s example. He got his first name from his father, a professor who idolised Vladimir Lenin.[7] He moved to Quito with his family when he was 3 years old.[8]

Education[edit]

Moreno studied in Quito at the Instituto Nacional Mejía (Mejia National Institute), the Colegio Nacional Sebastián Benalcázar (Sebastian Benalcazar National School), and the Universidad Central del Ecuador (Central University of Ecuador), where he earned a degree in Public Administration and was honored as the best graduate. He studied psychology.[9]

Career[edit]

Moreno began his career in 1976 as the director of the Continental Professional Training Center. He went on to become Director of OMC Publigerencia Andina, sales manager of Satho and marketing manager of Zitro, all located in Ecuador. Then he moved to the public sector, taking an administrative post with the Minister of Government. He worked extensively in the public tourism industry. He founded the Chamber of Tourism of Pichincha, a province in Ecuador, and was Executive Director of the National Federation of Tourism Chambers and Executive Director of the Chamber of Tourism of Pichincha, between 1997 and 1999.

Politics and awards[edit]

Moreno has earned numerous awards while serving as vice president of Ecuador: the "Fray Jodoco Ricke" Award; the Order of the Sun of Peru in the rank of Grand Cross; and the Order of Merit to the Democracy, presented by the governments of Peru, Guatemala and Colombia, respectively. He was also recognized unanimously by the Council of the Metropolitan District of Quito on the order of Gran Collar Sebastian Benalcazar. He has received various Honoris Causa awards, from the Universidad de las Americas (University of the Americas), Universidad Tecnica del Norte del Ecuador (Technical University of Northern Ecuador) and the Universidad San Martin de Colombia (San Martin University of Colombia). He earned a Honoris Causa Masters, from the Business School (ESAE), Spain, on 25 November 2011.

Moreno was appointed as Special Envoy on Disability and Accessibility by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in December 2013.[10]

Eventa Foundation[edit]

After being shot, Moreno created the foundation "Eventa" to promote humor and joy as a way of life based on his personal experiences.

He is the author of numerous books on his theory of humor, including: Filosofía para la vida y el trabajo ("Philosophy for life and work"), Teoría y Práctica del Humor ("Theory and Practice of Comedy"), Ser Feliz es Fácil y Divertido ("Being Happy is Easy and Fun"), Los Mejores Chistes del Mundo ("World's Best Jokes"), Humor de los Famosos ("Humor of the Famous"), Trompabulario, Ríase, no sea enfermo ("Laugh, don’t be sick") and Cuentos no Ecológicos ("Non-Ecological Tales").[11]

Vice Presidency[edit]

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During his first year in the office of Vice President, Moreno investigated the state of disabled people in Ecuador. At the time the government’s entire budget for disabled services was approximately 100,000 U.S. dollars. Moreno increased the budget for disabled people more than fifty-fold. The state currently assists over 600,000 disabled Ecuadorians, and provides housing and income for 15,000 people and prostheses for another 4,000.[7]

He also founded the Manuela Espejo Solidarity Mission for the Disabled, which offers rehab, technical help, and psychological support to thousands of disabled Ecuadorians. Between 2009 and 2010 the Solidarity Mission visited over 1.2 million homes around the country and interviewed nearly 300,000 disabled people to find out what needs were most pressing. Many of those people received free medical checkups. And now the Solidarity Mission is spreading to Paraguay, Peru, Guatemala, Chile, El Salvador and Colombia.[12]

Moreno left the vice presidency on 24 May 2013 and was succeeded by Jorge Glas[13]. He was the first vice president to complete his term since 1992.

Nobel nomination[edit]

In 2012 a group of Ecuadorians living in Norway pushed Moreno’s nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize. Their efforts were backed by Assemblyman Celso Maldonado, Vice President of the People with Disabilities Commission of the National Assembly, who formally nominated Moreno. His advocates praise the “Ecuador sin barreras” (Ecuador without Barriers) projects, the government policies he has promoted in favor of the rights of people with disabilities, the Manuela Espejo Solidarity Mission, the Joaquin Gallegos Lara Stipends and Neonatal Screening, and other helpful work. The prize was expected in October, 2012; however, while he had wide international support with 180 countries supporting his nomination to the Nobel Peace Prize,[14][disputed ] that award was given to The European Union.

Presidency of Ecuador[edit]

On 1 October 2016, Moreno was nominated as a candidate for the 2017 presidential election at the conference of Alianza País. The statement was made by President Rafael Correa.

In the 19 February 2017 election, Moreno won the elections with a 39.3 percent of the vote. However he was short with less than one percentage point of outright victory, as Ecuador requires in its two-round system. In other words, he needed to either win 50 percent of the first-round vote or take 40 percent of the vote and be at least 10 percent ahead of the runner-up to win (Guillermo Lasso had obtained 28.09%). On 2 April 2017 second runoff, he defeated Lasso, with a 51.16% of the vote.[15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ecuador's ruling-party candidate Moreno declared presidential winner". ABC News. 
  2. ^ "Ecuador's Vice President Lenín Moreno, 2012 Nobel Peace Prize Nominee, Reflects on Human Welfare and the Rights of Nature". Forbes. 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2017-02-20. 
  3. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Lenín Voltaire Moreno Garces of Ecuador Special Envoy on Disability and Accessibility" (Press release). United Nations. 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2017-02-20. 
  4. ^ Worldcrunch (2017-05-24). ""Big Day" For Ecuador's Lenin Moreno". Worldcrunch. Retrieved 2017-06-02. 
  5. ^ Santiago PIEDRA SILVA (2017-05-24). "New leftist Ecuador president takes office". Yahoo.com. Retrieved 2017-06-02. 
  6. ^ Londoño, Ernesto (7 April 2017). "Ecuador Elects World's Only Head of State in a Wheelchair". New York Times. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  7. ^ a b Watts, Jonathan (2013-02-19). "Ecuador's Lenín Moreno gives revolutionary turn by quitting while on top". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-02-20. 
  8. ^ "Lenín Moreno, el heredero de la Revolución Ciudadana". LATERCERA. 3 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "Biografía". 
  10. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Lenín Voltaire Moreno Garces of Ecuador Special Envoy on Disability and Accessibility". Press release. United Nations. 19 December 2013. 
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Despite limited funds vice president leads the charge to make Ecuador accessible to the handicapped". www.cuencahighlife.com. 2011-03-16. Archived from the original on 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2017-06-02. 
  13. ^ "Vicepresidentes en la historia" (PDF). www.vicepresidencia.gob.ec. Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  14. ^ "180 Paises en el Mundo Quieren que Lenin Moreno sea Premio Nobel de la Paz - Quito Ecuador". 
  15. ^ "El Futuro Es Ahora". 
  16. ^ "CNE informa "resultados irreversibles": Moreno 51.16% - Lasso 48.84%" (in Spanish). Ecuavisa. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Alejandro Serrano
Vice President of Ecuador
2007–2013
Succeeded by
Jorge Glas
Preceded by
Rafael Correa
President of Ecuador
2017–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Rafael Correa
President of the PAIS Alliance
2017-present
Incumbent