Lenin Peace Prize

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The back of the Lenin Peace Prize Medal

The International Lenin Peace Prize (Russian: международная Ленинская премия мира, mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya mira) was a Soviet Union award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin. It was awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government, to notable individuals whom the panel indicated had "strengthened peace among comrades". It was founded as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples, but was renamed the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples (Russian: Международная Ленинская премия «За укрепление мира между народами», Mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya «za ukrepleniye mira mezhdu narodami» ) as a result of de-Stalinization. Unlike the Nobel Prize, the Lenin Peace Prize was usually awarded to several people a year rather than to just one individual. The prize was mainly awarded to prominent Communists and supporters of the Soviet Union who were not Soviet citizens. Notable recipients include: W. E. B. Du Bois, Fidel Castro, Salvador Allende, Mikis Theodorakis, Sean MacBride, Angela Davis, Pablo Picasso, Oscar Niemeyer, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Abdul Sattar Edhi and Nelson Mandela.

History[edit]

The prize was created as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples on December 21, 1949 by executive order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in honor of Joseph Stalin's seventieth birthday (although this was after his seventy-first).

Following Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 during the Twentieth Party Congress, the prize was renamed on September 6 as the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples. All previous recipients were asked to return their Stalin Prizes so they could be replaced by the renamed Lenin Prize. By a decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 11, 1989, the prize was renamed the International Lenin Peace Prize.[1] Two years later, after the collapse of USSR in 1991, the Russian government, as the successor state to the defunct Soviet Union, ended the award program. The Lenin Peace Prize is regarded as a counterpart to the existing Nobel Peace Prize.

The International Lenin Prize should not be confused with the International Peace Prize, awarded by the World Peace Council. In 1941 the Soviet Union created the Stalin Prize (later renamed the USSR State Prize), which was awarded annually to accomplished Soviet writers, composers, artists and scientists.

Stalin Prize recipients[edit]

Year Picture Name Occupation Country Notes
1950 Eugénie Cotton[2][3]
(1881–1967)
Scientist, President of the Women's International Democratic Federation  France Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Jara corona.jpg Heriberto Jara Corona[2][3]
(1879–1968)
Politician, revolutionary  Mexico Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Hewlett Johnson by Jacob Epstein 02.JPG Hewlett Johnson[2][3]
(1974–1966)
Priest, Dean of Manchester (1924–1931), Dean of Canterbury (1931–1963)  United Kingdom Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Joliot-fred.jpg Frédéric Joliot-Curie[2][3]
(1900–1958)
Physicist, Member of the French Academy of Sciences, Professor at the Collège de France, President of the World Peace Council (1950–1958), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1935)  France Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Arthur Moulton[2][3]
(1873–1962)
Episcopal bishop  United States Declined
1950 Pak Jong Ae, 28 August 1946.png Pak Chong-ae[2][3]
(1907–?)
Politician, Chairwoman of the Korean Democratic Women's League (1945–1965)  North Korea Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Soong Ching-ling 1937.jpg Soong Ching-ling[2][3]
(1893–1981)
Politician, Vice President of China (1949–1954; 1959–1975)  China Awarded 6 April 1951
1951 Jorge Amado, 1935.jpg Jorge Amado[4][5][6]
(1912–2001)
Writer, Member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (1961–2001)  Brazil Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Monica Felton[4][5]
(1906–1970)
Town planner, feminist, politician  United Kingdom Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Guo Moruo.jpg Guo Moruo[7][4]
(1892–1978)
Writer, scientist, politician, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1949–1978)  China Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Pietro Nenni 2.jpg Pietro Nenni[4][5]
(1891–1980)
Politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy (1946–1947; 1968–1969), Deputy Prime Minister of Italy (1963–1968)  Italy Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Ikuo Oyama.jpg Oyama Ikuo[4][5]
(1889–1955)
Politician, Member of the House of Councillors of Japan  Japan Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Anna Seghers (Bundesarchiv-Bild 183-F0114-0204-003) – retouched by Carschten.jpg Anna Seghers[4][5]
(1900–1983)
Writer  East Germany Awarded 20 December 1951
1952 Fotothek df roe-neg 0006547 034 Portrait Johannes R. Bechers am Rednerpult währe.jpg Johannes R. Becher[5][8]
(1891–1958)
Writer  East Germany Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Elisa Branco (cropped).jpg Elisa Branco [pt][5][8]
(1912–2001)
Politician, Vice President of the Council of Brazilian Advocates for Peace (1949–1960)  Brazil Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Ilya Ehrenburg 1960s.jpg Ilya Ehrenburg[5][8]
(1891–1967)
Writer, journalist  Soviet Union Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 195104 世界和平理事会中国代表吴耀宗与加拿大代表文幼章 (cropped).png James Gareth Endicott[5][8]
(1898–1993)
Clergyman  Canada Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Yves Farge[5][8]
(1899–1953)
Journalist, politician  France Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Halldór Kiljan Laxness 1955.jpg Halldór Laxness[9]
(1902–1998)
Writer, Nobel laureate in Literature (1955)  Iceland Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Saifuddin Kitchlew[5][8]
(1888–1963)
Barrister, politician, Vice President of the World Peace Council (1955–1959), President of the All-India Peace Council  India Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Paul Robeson 1942 crop.jpg Paul Robeson[5][8]
(1898–1976)
Singer, actor  United States Awarded 20 December 1952
1953 Andrea Andreen.jpg Andrea Andreen[5][10]
(1888–1972)
Physician, educator, Chairman of the Swedish Women's Left-Wing Association (1946–1964), Vice President of the Women's International Democratic Federation  Sweden Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 John Desmond Bernal[7][10]
(1901–1971)
Scientist, Professor at Birkbeck College, University of London, Fellow of the Royal Society (1937), President of the World Peace Council (1959–1965)  United Kingdom Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Isabelle blume vis.jpg Isabelle Blume[7][10]
(1892–1975)
Politician, Member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (1936–1954), President of the World Peace Council (1965–1969)  Belgium Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Pierre Cot-1928.jpg Pierre Cot[10]
(1895–1977)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of France (1928–1940)  France Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Howard Fast[5][10]
(1914–2003)
Writer  United States Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Andrea Gaggiero [it][5][10]
(1916–1988)
Priest  Italy Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Leon Kruczkowski Polish writer 1950.jpg Leon Kruczkowski[5][10]
(1900–1962)
Writer  Poland Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Pablo Neruda 1963.jpg Pablo Neruda[5][6][10]
(1904–1973)
Poet, diplomat, Nobel laureate in Literature (1971)  Chile Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Nina Popova [ru][5][10]
(1908–1994)
Politician, Secretary of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (1945–1957)  Soviet Union Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Sahib Singh Sokhey[5][10]
(1887–1971)
Biochemist, Member of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Assistant Director General of the World Health Organization (1949–1952)  India Awarded 12 December 1953
1954 André Bonnard [fr][11][12]
(1888–1959)
Scholar, writer, Professor at the University of Lausanne   Switzerland Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Bertolt-Brecht.jpg Bertolt Brecht[11][12]
(1898–1956)
Playwright, poet, theatre director  Austria (citizenship)
 East Germany (residence)
Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 NicolásGuillén-1942.jpg Nicolás Guillén[6][11][13]
(1902–1989)
Poet  Cuba Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Felix Iversen[11][12]
(1887–1973)
Mathematician, Professor at the University of Helsinki, Chairman of the Peace Union of Finland  Finland Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Kodawmhine.jpg Thakin Kodaw Hmaing[11][12]
(1876–1964)
Poet  Burma Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Alain Le Léap [fr][11]
(1905–1986)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the General Confederation of Labour (1948–1957)  France Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Prijono.jpg Prijono[11][12]
(1907–1969)
Academic, politician, Minister of Culture and Education of Indonesia (1957–1966)  Indonesia Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0708-0014-010, Oberstes Gericht, Globke-Prozess, Pitt (cropped).jpg Denis Pritt[11][14]
(1887–1972)
Barrister, politician, Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom (1935–1950)  United Kingdom Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Sanín Cano, de Sancha, Nuevo Mundo, 08-10-1920 (cropped).jpg Baldomero Sanín Cano[6][11]
(1861–1957)
Essayist, linguist, journalist  Colombia Awarded 18 December 1954
1955 Muhammad Ashmar, 1925.jpg Muhammad al-Ashmar[15][16]
(1892–1960)
Rebel commander, politician  Syria Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Lázaro.Cárdenas.jpg Lázaro Cárdenas[15][16]
(1895–1970)
General, politician, President of Mexico (1934–1940)  Mexico Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Ragnar Forbech [no][15][16]
(1894–1975)
Priest, Chaplain of Oslo Cathedral (1947–1964)  Norway Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Seki Akiko.JPG Seki Akiko[15][16]
(1899–1973)
Singer  Japan Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Tôn Đức Thắng.jpg Tôn Đức Thắng[15][16]
(1888–1980)
Politician, President of North Vietnam (1969–1976), President of Vietnam (1976–1980)  North Vietnam Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Bundesarchiv Bild 146III-105, Joseph Wirth.jpg Karl Joseph Wirth[15][16]
(1879–1956)
Politician, Chancellor of Germany (1921–1922)  West Germany Awarded 9 December 1955
Unknown year Fotothek df ps 0000061 Bildnisse - Porträts ^ Künstlerbildnisse - Künstlerporträ.jpg Martin Andersen Nexø[17]
(1869–1954)
Writer  Denmark


Lenin Prize recipients[edit]

Year Picture Name Occupation Country Notes
1957 Portrait Aragon (cropped).jpg Louis Aragon[14]
(1897–1982)
Poet  France
1957 Liberation of Marseille, August 1944 (cropped).jpg Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie[14]
(1900–1969)
Journalist, politician, Member of the National Assembly of France (1945–1958)  France
1957 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-26513-0003, Weimar, 7. CDU-Parteitag (cropped).jpg Heinrich Brandweiner [de][14]
(1910–1997)
Jurist, Chairman of the Peace Council of Austria  Austria
1957 Danilo Dolci.jpg Danilo Dolci[14][18]
(1924–1997)
Social activist, educator, sociologist  Italy
1957 Maria Rosa Oliver.jpg María Rosa Oliver[6][14]
(1898–1977)
Writer, essayist  Argentina
1957 Sir CV Raman.JPG C. V. Raman[14]
(1888–1970)
Physicist, Professor at the University of Calcutta, President of the Indian Academy of Sciences (1934–1970)  India
1957 Udakendawala Siri Saranankara Thero [nl][14]
(1902–1966)
Buddhist monk  Ceylon
1957 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S98599, Berlin, Deutscher Schriftsteller-Kongress (cropped).jpg Nikolai Tikhonov[14]
(1896–1979)
Writer, Chairman of the Soviet Peace Committee (1949–1979)  Soviet Union
1958 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-10342-0001, Prof. Hromatka besucht CDU-Vorstand.jpg Josef Hromádka[7][19]
(1889–1969)
Protestant theologian, founder of the Christian Peace Conference  Czechoslovakia
1958 Artur Lundkvist 40-talet.jpg Artur Lundkvist[7][20]
(1906–1991)
Writer, literary critic, Member of the Swedish Academy (1968–1991)  Sweden
1958 Louis Saillant [fr][7]
(1906–1991)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the World Federation of Trade Unions (1945–1969)  France
1958 Kaoru Yasui [ja][7][21]
(1907–1980)
Jurist, scholar, Professor at the University of Tokyo, Chairman of the Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs (1954–1965)  Japan
1958 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-28224-0009, Berlin, Ausstellung sowjetischer Grafik (cropped).jpg Arnold Zweig[7][22]
(1887–1968)
Writer  East Germany
1959 Fotothek df pk 0000305 011 Pfingsten 1947.jpg Otto Buchwitz [de][23][24]
(1879–1964)
Politician, Member of the Reichstag (1924–1933), Member of the Volkskammer (1946–1964)  East Germany Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 WEB DuBois 1918.jpg W. E. B. Du Bois[23][24]
(1868–1963)
Sociologist, historian, civil rights activist  United States Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruschtschow.jpg Nikita Khrushchev[23][24]
(1894–1971)
Politician, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–1964)  Soviet Union Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 Ivor Montagu[23][24]
(1904–1984)
Filmmaker, critic  United Kingdom Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 Kostas Varnalis[23][24]
(1884–1974)
Poet State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1973).svg Greece Awarded 30 April 1959
1960 Laurent Casanova[25][26]
(1906–1972)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of France (1945–1958)  France Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Cyrus-Stephen-Eaton-picture.gif Cyrus S. Eaton[25][26]
(1883–1979)
Industrialist  Canada
 United States
Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Александр Корнейчук и Ванда Василевская (cropped).jpg Oleksandr Korniychuk[citation needed]
(1905–1972)
Playwright  Soviet Union Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Aziz Sharif[26][27]
(1904–1990)
Politician, Chairman of the Peace Partisans Organization of Iraq[28]  Iraq Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Presiden Sukarno.jpg Sukarno[25][26]
(1901–1970)
Politician, President of Indonesia (1945–1967)  Indonesia Awarded 3 May 1960
1961 Fidel Castro - MATS Terminal Washington 1959 (cropped).png Fidel Castro[29][30]
(1926–2016)
Politician, revolutionary, Prime Minister of Cuba (1959–1976), President of Cuba (1976–2008)  Cuba Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Ostap Dłuski [pl][29][30]
(1892–1964)
Politician, Member of the Sejm (1961–1964)  Poland Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 William Morrow.jpg Bill Morrow[29][30]
(1888–1980)
Politician, Member of the Australian Senate (1947–1953)  Australia Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Rameshwari Nehru[29][30]
(1886–1966)
Social worker, founder of the All India Women's Conference  India Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Mihail Sadoveanu.jpg Mihail Sadoveanu[29][30]
(1880–1961)
Writer  Romania Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Antoine Tabet[29][30]
(1907–1964)
Architect, Chairman of the Lebanese National Peace Council[31]  Lebanon Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Ahmed Sékou Touré 1962.jpg Ahmed Sékou Touré[29][30]
(1922–1984)
Politician, President of Guinea (1958–1984)  Guinea Awarded 30 April 1961
1962 Dobi István 1948-06.jpg István Dobi[32][33][34]
(1898–1968)
Politician, Prime Minister of Hungary (1948–1952)  Hungary Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Faiz Ahmed Faiz (cropped).jpg Faiz Ahmad Faiz[32][33][34]
(1911–1984)
Poet  Pakistan Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Kwame Nkrumah (JFKWHP-AR6409-A).jpg Kwame Nkrumah[32][33][34][35]
(1909–1972)
Politician, Prime Minister of Ghana (1957–1960), President of Ghana (1960–1966)  Ghana Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Paolo Monti - Servizio fotografico (Milano, 1953) - BEIC 6356204.jpg Pablo Picasso[32][33][34]
(1881–1973)
Painter, sculptor  Spain Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Olga Poblete[32][34]
(1908–1999)
Teacher, feminist, Professor at the University of Chile, President of the Chilean Movement of Advocates for Peace  Chile Awarded 30 April 1962
1963 Manolis Glezos with LAE 2.jpg Manolis Glezos[36][37]
(born 1922)
Politician, guerilla State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1973).svg Greece Awarded 1 May 1963
1963 Modibo Keita 1961-09-13.jpg Modibo Keïta[35][38][36]
(1915–1977)
Politician, President of Mali (1960–1968)  Mali Awarded 1 May 1963
1963 Oscar Niemeyer 1968.jpg Oscar Niemeyer[36][37]
(1907–2012)
Architect  Brazil Awarded 1 May 1963
1963 Georgi Traykov.jpg Georgi Traykov[36][39]
(1898–1975)
Politician, Chairman of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1964–1971) Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967).svg Bulgaria Awarded 1 May 1963
1964 Alberti002.jpg Rafael Alberti[40][verification needed]
(1902–1999)
Poet  Spain Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Aruna Asaf Ali[40][41]
(1909–1996)
Politician, independence activist, Vice President of the Women's International Democratic Federation  India Presented 14 August 1965
1964 Président Ahmed Ben Bella.jpg Ahmed Ben Bella[42]
(1916–2012)
Politician, revolutionary, President of Algeria (1963–1965)  Algeria Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Herluf Bidstrup[42]
(1912–1988)
Cartoonist, illustrator  Denmark Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Dolores002.jpg Dolores Ibárruri[13][42]
(1895–1989)
Politician, [[General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (1942–1960)  Spain Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Ota Kaoru.JPG Ota Kaoru [ja][40][verification needed]
(1912–1988)
Trade unionist, Chairman of the General Council of Trade Unions of Japan (1955–1966)  Japan Awarded 1 May 1964
1965 Peter Ayodele Curtis Joseph[35][43]
(1920–2006)
Politician  Nigeria
1965 JamsrangiinSambuu.png Jamsrangiin Sambuu[40][verification needed]
(1895–1972)
Politician, Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (1954–1972) Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992).svg Mongolia
1965 Mirjam Vire-Tuominen [fi][43]
(1919–2011)
Politician, General Secretary of the Finnish Peace Committee (1949–1975), General Secretary of the Women's International Democratic Federation (1978–1987), Member of the Parliament of Finland (1970–1979)  Finland
1966 David Alfaro Siqueiros (El Coronelazo).jpg David Alfaro Siqueiros[44][45]
(1896–1974)
Painter  Mexico Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Miguel Angel Asturias, Nobel Prize of Litterature 1967, at the UNESCO's studios.jpg Miguel Ángel Asturias[6][43][46]
(1899–1974)
Writer, diplomat, Nobel laureate in Literature (1967)  Guatemala
1966 Bram Fischer[44][45]
(1908–1975)
Advocate, anti-apartheid activist  South Africa Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Rockwellkent.jpg Rockwell Kent[44][45]
(1882–1971)
Painter, printmaker, adventurer  United States Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Ivan Málek [cs][44][45]
(1909–1994)
Microbiologist, Professor at Charles University, Member of the National Assembly of Czechoslovakia (1960–1968)  Czechoslovakia Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Giacomo Manzù 1966b.jpg Giacomo Manzù[43][47]
(1908–1991)
Sculptor  Italy
1966 Martin Niemöller (1952).jpg Martin Niemöller[44][45]
(1892–1984)
Lutheran pastor, theologian, President of the World Council of Churches (1961–1968)  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-16396-0002, FDGB-Sitzung, Herbert Warnke (cropped).jpg Herbert Warnke [de][44][45]
(1902–1975)
Trade unionist, Chairman of the Free German Trade Union Federation (1946–1975)  East Germany Awarded 1 May 1967
1967 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1982-0121-028, Erich Honecker und Romesh Chandra (cropped).jpg Romesh Chandra[48]
(1919–2016)
Politician, President of the World Peace Council (1977–1990)  India
1967 Jean Effel[48]
(1908–1982)
Illustrator, journalist  France
1967 Joris Ivens (1978).jpg Joris Ivens[48]
(1898–1989)
Documentary filmmaker  Netherlands
1967 Nguyễn Thị Định[48]
(1920–1992)
General, politician, Vice President of Vietnam (1987–1992)  South Vietnam
1967 Endre Sík[48]
(1891–1978)
Politician, historian, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary (1958–1961)  Hungary
1967 Jorge Zalamea Borda[48]
(1905–1969)
Writer, politician  Colombia
1968–1969 Akira Iwai [ja][12]
(1922–1997)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the General Council of Trade Unions of Japan  Japan Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Jaroslaw Iwaszkiewicz.jpg Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz[12]
(1894–1980)
Writer  Poland Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Khalid Muhyi al-Din-1952-54.jpg Khaled Mohieddin[12]
(1922–2018)
Major, politician, Chairman of the Egyptian Peace Council  Egypt Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Linus Pauling 1962.jpg Linus Pauling[12]
(1901–1994)
Chemist, educator, Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1954), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1962)  United States Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Shafie Ahmed el Sheikh[12]
(1924–1971)
Trade unionist, politician  Sudan Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Bertil Svahnström [sv][12]
(1907–1972)
Journalist, writer  Sweden Awarded 16 April 1970
1970–1971 Hikmat Abu Zayd (cropped).jpg Hikmat Abu Zayd[49]
(1922/1923–2011)
Politician, academic, Minister of Social Affairs of the United Arab Republic (1962–1965)  Egypt
1970–1971 Eric Burhop 006204.JPG Eric Burhop[50][51]
(1911–1980)
Physicist, Professor at University College London, Fellow of the Royal Society (1963)  Australia
 United Kingdom
1970–1971 Fotothek df pk 0000249 051.jpg Ernst Busch[50]
(1900–1980)
Singer, actor  East Germany
1970–1971 Tsola Dragoycheva.jpg Tsola Dragoycheva[50]
(1898–1993)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1946–1990) Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg Bulgaria
1970–1971 Renato Guttuso 1960b.jpg Renato Guttuso[50][52]
(1912–1987)
Painter  Italy
1970–1971 Kamal Jumblatt (1917 - 1977 ) (Cropped).jpg Kamal Jumblatt[50][53]
(1917–1977)
Politician, Member of the Parliament of Lebanon (1947–1977)  Lebanon
1970–1971 Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti graduate.png Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti[54][55]
(1900–1978)
Teacher, women's rights activist  Nigeria
1970–1971 Alfredo Varela-C115.jpg Alfredo Varela [es][6][50]
(1914–1984)
Writer  Argentina
1972 James Aldridge (1987) by Guenter Prust.jpg James Aldridge[56][57]
(1918–2015)
Writer  Australia
 United Kingdom
Awarded 1 May 1973
1972 Salvador Allende Gossens-.jpg Salvador Allende[56][57]
(1908–1973)
Politician, psysician, President of Chile (1970–1973)  Chile Awarded 1 May 1973
1972 Leonid Brezhnev Portrait (1).jpg Leonid Brezhnev[56][57]
(1906–1982)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1964–1982)  Soviet Union Awarded 1 May 1973
1972 Enrique Pastorino[56][57]
(1918–1995)
Trade unionist, politician, President of the World Federation of Trade Unions (1969–1975)  Uruguay Awarded 1 May 1973
1973–1974 Luis Corvalan cropped portrait.jpg Luis Corvalán[58]
(1916–2010)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Chile (1958–1990)  Chile
1973–1974 Raymond Goor[58]
(1908–1996)
Priest  Belgium
1973–1974 Jeanne Martin Cissé[58]
(1926–2017)
Politician, teacher  Guinea
1973–1974 Sam Nujoma.jpg Sam Nujoma[35]
(born 1929)
Politician, anti-apartheid activist, President of Namibia (1990–2005)  South Africa (before 1990)
 Namibia (after 1990)
1975–1976 Hortensia Bussi de Allende.jpg Hortensia Bussi de Allende[59][60]
(1913–2009)
Educator, librarian, First Lady of Chile (1970–1973)  Chile Widow of Salvador Allende (recipient in 1972)
Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 János Kádár 1962.jpg János Kádár[59][60]
(1912–1989)
Politician, General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (1956–1988)  Hungary Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Seán MacBride 1984.jpg Seán MacBride[59][60]
(1904–1988)
Politician, barrister, International chairman of Amnesty International (1965–1974), Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1974)  Ireland
 France
Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Samora Moises Machel detail DF-SC-88-01383.jpg Samora Machel[35][59][60]
(1933–1986)
Politician, revolutionary, President of Mozambique (1975–1986)  Mozambique Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 President MPLA, heer Neto door Den Uyl ontvangen premier Den Uyl en A Neto (r), Bestanddeelnr 927-8518 (cropped).jpg Agostinho Neto[35][59][60]
(1922–1979)
Politician, revolutionary, President of Angola (1975–1979)  Angola Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Pierre Pouyade[59][60]
(1911–1979)
Brigadier general, Chairman of the Franco-Soviet Friendship Association  France Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Yannis Ritsos - Monemvasia (2).JPG Yiannis Ritsos[59][60]
(1909–1990)
Poet  Greece Awarded May 1977
1977–1978 Kurt Bachmann [de][61][62]
(1909–1997)
Politician, Chairman of the German Communist Party (1969–1973)  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1987-0306-113, Berlin, XII. DFD-Kongress (cropped).jpg Freda Brown[59][60]
(1919–2009)
Politician, President of the Women's International Democratic Federation (1975–1989)  Australia Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 Vilma Espín.jpg Vilma Espín[59][60]
(1930–2007)
Revolutionary, politician, President of the Federation of Cuban Women (1960–2007)  Cuba Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 K. P. S. Menon[59][60]
(1898–1982)
Diplomat, Foreign Secretary of India (1948–1952)  India Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 Poseł Halina Skibniewska VIII kadencja.jpg Halina Skibniewska[59][60]
(1921–2011)
Architect, politician, Deputy Marshal of the Sejm (1971–1985)  Poland Awarded 1 May 1979
1979 Hervé Bazin à Cunault en 1993.jpg Hervé Bazin[63][64]
(1911–1996)
Writer  France Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-M0804-0757, Berlin, 10. Weltfestspiel, Demonstration, Angela Davis, Walentina Tereschkowa (cropped).jpg Angela Davis[61][62]
(born 1944)
Activist, academic, Professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz  United States Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Urho Kaleva Kekkonen.jpg Urho Kekkonen[63][64][65][66]
(1900–1986)
Politician, lawyer, President of Finland (1956–1982)  Finland Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Khamisi.jpg Abd al-Rahman al-Khamisi [ar][63][64]
(1920–1987)
Poet, composer  Egypt Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Le Duan(cropped).jpg Lê Duẩn[63][64]
(1907–1986)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1960–1986)  Vietnam Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Otero (cropped).jpg Miguel Otero Silva[63][64]
(1908–1985)
Writer, journalist  Venezuela Awarded 30 April 1980
1980–1982 Arafat Darwish Habash (cropped).jpg Mahmoud Darwish[67][68]
(1941–2008)
Poet  Palestine Awarded May 1983
1980–1982 John Hanly Morgan[67][68]
(1918–2018)
Unitarian minister  United States
 Canada
Awarded May 1983
1980–1982 Líber Seregni 1971.jpg Líber Seregni[67][68]
(1916–2004)
Politician, military officer  Uruguay Awarded May 1983
1980–1982 Mikis Theodorakis Fabrik 070004.jpg Mikis Theodorakis[67][68]
(born 1925)
Composer  Greece Awarded May 1983
1983–1984 Charilaos Florakis.JPG Charilaos Florakis[citation needed]
(1914–2005)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (1972–1989)  Greece Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg Indira Gandhi[69][70][71]
(1917–1984)
Politician, Prime Minister of India (1980–1984)  India Awarded posthumously on 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Jean-Marie Legay[69][70][71]
(1925–2012)
Academic  France Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg Nguyễn Hữu Thọ[69][70][71]
(1910–1996)
Politician, Chairman of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (1969–1976), Acting President of Vietnam (1980–1981)  Vietnam Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Eva Palmær [se][69][70][71]
(1904–1995)
Writer, chemist, Chairwoman of the Sweden-Soviet Union Association (1979–1987)  Sweden Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Luis Vidales[69][70][71]
(1904–1990)
Poet  Colombia Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Josef Weber [de][69][70][71]
(1908–1985)
Politician, peace activist  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1985
1985–1986 Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann2.jpg Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann[72][73]
(1933–2017)
Politician, Foreign Minister of Nicaragua (1979–1990), President of the United Nations General Assembly (2008–2009)  Nicaragua
1985–1986 Dorothy Hodgkin Nobel.jpg Dorothy Hodgkin[72]
(1910–1994)
Chemist, Fellow of the Royal Society (1947), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1964)  United Kingdom
1985–1986 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1986-0226-325, Bonn, Besuch Volkskammer-Delegation, Sindermann (cropped).jpg Herbert Mies[72]
(1929–2017)
Politician, Chairman of the German Communist Party (1973–1989)  West Germany
1985–1986 Julius Nyerere (1965).jpg Julius Nyerere[72][74]
(1922–1999)
Politician, anti-colonial activist, President of Tanzania (1964–1985)  Tanzania
1985–1986 Petur Tanchev[72]
(1920–1992)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1950–1990) Flag of Bulgaria (1971 – 1990).svg Bulgaria
1988 Abdul Sattar Edhi.jpg Abdul Sattar Edhi[75]
(1928–2016)
Philanthropist, ascetic  Pakistan
1989 Alvaro Cunhal (1980).jpg Álvaro Cunhal[citation needed]
(1913–2005)
Politician, Secretary-General of the Portuguese Communist Party (1961–1992)  Portugal
1990 Mandela 1991.jpg Nelson Mandela[35][76][77]
(1918–2013)
Politician, anti-apartheid activist, President of South Africa (1994–1999), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1993)  South Africa Unable to accept the prize until 2002 due to his trial and imprisonment in South Africa
Unknown year Martti Ahtisaari, tidigare president Finland och mottagare av Nobels fredrspris (2).jpg Martti Ahtisaari[78]
(born 1937)
Politician, diplomat, President of Finland (1994–2000), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (2008)  Finland
Unknown year Valerie Goulding[78]
(1918–2003)
Campaigner  Ireland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ ПРЕЗИДИУМА ВС СССР ОТ 11.12.1989 N 905-1 О МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ЛЕНИНСКОЙ ПРЕМИИ МИРА" (in Russian). 2006-10-12.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1950 год. Pravda. Apr 6, 1951 [1]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Deseret News – Apr 7, 1951
  4. ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – Dec 21, 1951
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (2nd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1953. vol. 24, p. 366.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g El Tiempo – Jun 10, 1980
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1959.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Eugene Register-Guard – Dec 22, 1952
  9. ^ Sontag, Susan (20 February 2005). "A Report on the Journey". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Reading Eagle – Dec 21, 1953
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i St. Petersburg Times – Dec 21, 1954
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (3rd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. In some cases in GSE's 3rd edition the year is that, "in which" the Prize was awarded, in other cases – "for which". Hence, the year "1970" there seems to be the Prize "for 1969" or "for 1968–1969"
  13. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1989.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1958.
  15. ^ a b c d e f О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1955 год. Pravda. Dec 21, 1955, page 1 [2]
  16. ^ a b c d e f Toledo Blade – Dec 21, 1955
  17. ^ "Lenin Peace Prize". NNDB. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  18. ^ The Telegraph – Apr 8, 1965
  19. ^ Toledo Blade – Dec 29, 1969
  20. ^ Eugene Register-Guard – Oct 8, 1983
  21. ^ Reading Eagle – Apr 11, 1965
  22. ^ Vochenblatt – Nov 27, 1958
  23. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1960.
  24. ^ a b c d e The Deseret News – May 1, 1959
  25. ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1961.
  26. ^ a b c d The Spokesman-Review – May 4, 1960
  27. ^ Yitzhak Oron, ed. (1960). Middle East Record Volume 1.
  28. ^ Sharif, Issam. "Abstract: Aziz Sharif (1904-1990)" (PDF). www.issamsharif.com. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1962.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g Schenectady Gazette – May 1, 1961
  31. ^ "Tabet, Antoine Georges". The Free Dictionary. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  32. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1963.
  33. ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – Apr 30, 1962
  34. ^ a b c d e Daytona Beach Morning Journal – May 1, 1962
  35. ^ a b c d e f g Meddlesome Medals?
  36. ^ a b c d Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1963
  37. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1964.
  38. ^ "Modibo Keita." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998.
  39. ^ Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1965.
  40. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1966.
  41. ^ The Sumter Daily Item – Aug 14, 1965
  42. ^ a b c Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1964
  43. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1967. p. 623.
  44. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1968. p. 622.
  45. ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – May 1, 1967
  46. ^ The Milwaukee Journal – Jun 10, 1974
  47. ^ Lodi News-Sentinel – Jan 19, 1991
  48. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1969. p. 607.
  49. ^ Shukri, Sabin M. (1984). The International Who's Who of the Arab World (2nd ed.). London: International Who's Who of the Arab World. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-9506122-1-8.
  50. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1972. p. 618.
  51. ^ Toledo Blade – Jan 23, 1980
  52. ^ The Palm Beach Post – Jan 19, 1987
  53. ^ Lewiston Evening Journal – Mar 16, 1977
  54. ^ Ian Sansom (11 December 2010). "Great Dynasties: The Ransome-Kutis". The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  55. ^ Johnson-Odim, Cheryl (January–February 2009). "'For their freedoms': The anti-imperialist and international feminist activity of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria". Women's Studies International Forum, special issue: Circling the Globe: International Feminism Reconsidered, 1910 to 1975. ScienceDirect. 32 (1): 58. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2009.01.004. Pdf.[permanent dead link]
  56. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1973. p. 634.
  57. ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – May 1, 1973
  58. ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1975. p. 653.
  59. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1977. p. 633.
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Lakeland Ledger – May 2, 1977
  61. ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1979. p. 573.
  62. ^ a b The Spokesman-Review – May 1, 1979
  63. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1980. p. 577.
  64. ^ a b c d e Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1980
  65. ^ The Evening Independent, October 27, 1981
  66. ^ Star-News – Nov 14, 1980
  67. ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1983.
  68. ^ a b c d Reading Eagle – May 4, 1983
  69. ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1985. p. 571.
  70. ^ a b c d e f El Tiempo – May 1, 1985
  71. ^ a b c d e f LENIN PEACE PRIZE AWARDED TO INDIRA GANDHI
  72. ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1987. p. 599.
  73. ^ Herald-Journal – Jan 15, 1988
  74. ^ The Telegraph – Sep 9, 1987
  75. ^ Daily Times, January 30th 2008
  76. ^ The Great Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1991. vol. 1, p. 759.
  77. ^ MANDELA FINALLY PICKS UP PRIZE
  78. ^ a b "Lenin Peace Prize Recipients". Research History. Retrieved 4 May 2017.

External links[edit]