Moscow Leningradsky railway station

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Leningradsky railway terminal
October Railway terminal
Ленинградский вокзал.JPG
Location  Russia, Moscow, Komsomolskaya Square, 3
Coordinates 55°46′34″N 37°39′19″E / 55.776111°N 37.655278°E / 55.776111; 37.655278
Platforms 6
Tracks 10
Connections

Tram: 7, 13, 37, 50;

Bus: 40, 122, А;

Trolleybus: 14, 41;
Other information
Station code 060073
Fare zone 0
History
Opened 1851
Rebuilt 1903, 1977
Previous names Peterburgsky, Nikolaevsky, Oktyabrsky
Services
Preceding station   October Railway   Following station
toward Tver
Saint Petersburg – Moscow Railway
Moscow suburban
Terminus
Saint Petersburg – Moscow Railway
High-speed rail
Terminus
Location
Leningradsky railway terminal is located in Moscow Ring Road
Leningradsky railway terminal
Leningradsky railway terminal
Location within Moscow Ring Road

Moscow Leningradsky railway terminal (Russian: Ленинградский вокзал, Leningradsky vokzal) also known as Moscow Passazhirskaya station (Russian: Москва-Главная-Пассажирская) is the oldest of Moscow's nine railway terminals. Situated on Komsomolskaya Square, the station serves North-Western directions, notably Saint Petersburg. International services from the station include Tallinn, Estonia, operated by GoRail, and Helsinki, Finland.

It is the only Moscow railway terminal operated by October Railway rather than Moscow Railway.

History[edit]

The station was constructed between 1844 and 1851 to an eclectic design by Konstantin Thon as the terminus of the Moscow-Saint Petersburg Railway, a pet project of Emperor Nicholas I. Regular connection was opened in 1851. Initially it was known as Peterburgsky (i.e., St Petersburg station). Upon the Emperor's death five years later, the station was named Nikolayevsky (and the railway Nikolayevskaya) after him and retained this name until 1924, when the Bolsheviks renamed it Oktyabrsky terminal (and the corresponding railway to October railway), to commemorate the October Revolution. The present name was given a year later when the city of Petrograd became Leningrad.

Thon's design follows closely that of the station's counterpart in St. Petersburg. The monotonous regularity of rustication and pilasters is enlivened with Italianate details (ground floor windows strongly reminiscent of the Palazzo Rucellai) and an elegant clocktower at the centre (probably inspired by the Palazzo Senatorio in Rome). Even more rigorous is the exterior of the nearby Moscow Customs House (1844–1852), also by Thon. The interior of the station was modernized and renovated in 1950 and 1972.

Destinations[edit]

Long distance from Moscow[edit]

Train number Train name Destination Operated by
001/002 Krasnaya Strela (rus: Красная стрела) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
003/004 Express (rus: Экспресс) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
005/006 Double-deck coach (rus: Двухэтажный состав) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
007/008 Double-deck coach (rus: Двухэтажный состав) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
009/010 Pskov (rus: Псков) Russia Pskov Russia Russian Railways
011/012 Alexander Nevsky (rus: Александр Невский) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
015/016 Arktika (rus: Арктика) Russia Murmansk Russia Russian Railways
017/018 Karelia (kar: Karjala, rus: Карелия) RussiaKarelia Petrozavodsk Russia Russian Railways
019/020 Megapolis (rus: Мегаполис) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Tverskoy Express
025/026 Smena/A. Betankur (rus: Смена/А. Бетанкур) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
027/028 Severnaya Palmira (rus: Северная Пальмира) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
031/032 Lev Tolstoy (rus: Лев Толстой) Finland Helsinki (Central) Russia Russian Railways
033/034 Baltic Express (est: Balti Express) Estonia Tallinn (Balti jaam) Russia Russian Railways[1]
037/038 Afanasiy Nikitin (rus: Афанасий Никитин) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
053/054 Grand Express (rus: Гранд Экспресс) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Grand Service Express
063/064 Dve Stolitsy (rus: Две Столицы) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways
747/748 Nevsky express (rus: Невский Экспресс) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways

There are also numerous ordinary long range trains to these directions.

High-speed rail[edit]

Train number Train name Destination Operated by
751/752[2]
753/754
755/756
757/758
759/760
761/762
763/764
765/766
767/768
769/770
771/772
773/774
775/776
777/778
779/780
781/782
Sapsan (rus: Сапсан) Russia St. Petersburg (Moskovsky) Russia Russian Railways

High-speed commuter rail Since 1 October 2015 Siemens Desiro RUS high speed commuter trains operating on Moscow-Tver and Moscow-Kryukovo(Zelenograd) routes. The major stops on the route are:Khimki, Kryukovo(Zelenograd), Podsolnechnaya(Solnechnogorsk) and Klin.

Other destinations[edit]

Country Destinations
Russia Russia Bologoye, Borovichi, Ostashkov, Tver, Velikie Luki, Veliky Novgorod, Zelenograd (Kryukovo)

Suburban destinations[edit]

Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect Leningradsky station with stations and platforms of the Leningradsky suburban direction of Oktyabrskaya Railway, in particular, with the towns of Khimki, Zelenograd (Krukovo), Solnechnogorsk (Podsolnechnaya), Klin, Konakovo, and Tver.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]