|Borough of Sherbrooke|
Corner of Queen and College streets in downtown Lennoxville
|Merged||January 1, 2002|
|• City councillor||Claude Charron|
|• Borough councillors||Linda Boulanger|
|• Total||27.81 km2 (10.74 sq mi)|
|• Density||208.27/km2 (539.4/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|Website||Borough of Lennoxville|
Lennoxville is an arrondissement, or borough, of the city of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada. Lennoxville is located at the confluence of the St. Francis and Massawippi Rivers approximately five kilometres south of downtown Sherbrooke.
Lennoxville had previously existed as an independent city until Jan. 1, 2002, when the city of Lennoxville, along with several other formerly independent towns and cities in the region, were merged with the city of Sherbrooke. A demerger referendum held on June 20, 2004 failed to attract the required majority of votes to reestablish Lennoxville as an independent city.
Lennoxville was first settled in 1819, although the Mallory family began farming at the edge of the eventual town limits in 1804. Its name was taken from Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, who was then Governor General of Canada. Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, lived in Lennoxville after being imprisoned for treason following the war.
The borough is represented by one councillor on Sherbrooke City Council, and two councillors who serve on the local borough council but not on the full city council.
Historically, as with most of the Eastern Townships, Lennoxville originated as a predominantly anglophone community with an initially small francophone population. Today the population is almost evenly split between anglophones and francophones with francophones making up a plurality among native speakers (35.3%) whereas English is the language most spoken at home. Of the various districts in Sherbrooke (which itself began as an anglophone community but has since transformed into a city where French is the dominant language), Lennoxville has the largest proportion of English speakers remaining. Lennoxville is designated as a bilingual borough and municipal services are provided in both English and French.
Several educational institutions are located in Lennoxville, including Bishop's University, Champlain Regional College, Bishop's College School and Alexander Galt Regional High School. During the school year, the population of Lennoxville increases significantly as students from elsewhere in Canada and around the world move to Lennoxville to attend school. Bishop's College School is home to Canada's oldest indoor ice hockey rink.
At Bishop's University, frosh week (orientation week) is held in the first week of the fall semester, which generally falls around the first week of September. In 2005 Bishop's University received an award for running one of the most successful orientation weeks in the country. Homecoming weekend is typically celebrated the last weekend of September, with a football game, gatherings of designated graduating classes, and various social functions.
Students often play a role in the community, volunteering as Big Brothers and Big Sisters to area youth, Habitat for Humanity, Best Buddies, working on community events and taking part-time jobs at local businesses.
Quebec Routes 143 and 108 provide access to Lennoxville from surrounding communities and nearby Autoroute 10 and Autoroute 55 provide easy access to Montreal, Quebec City, and the United States. Autoroute 410 is currently being extended from its current terminus on 108 to further east, bypassing Lennoxville, with a bridge built over the Massawippi river and culminating at R-108 near Glenday Road, Alexander Galt Regional High School and the Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre. Bishop's University. The extension of Autoroute 410 will redirect heavy truck traffic from downtown Lennoxville's often congested single intersection.
- Canada 2006 Census
- "Demerger vote will change map of Quebec". CBC News. 2004-06-21. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
- The Papers of Jefferson Davis Archived 2007-11-30 at the Wayback Machine.
- Canada 2006 Census.
- "Bishop's College School ~ Overview". Retrieved 2011-11-02.
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