|Birth name||Leonard Harold Breau|
August 5, 1941|
Auburn, Maine, U.S.
August 12, 1984 (aged 43)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Genres||Jazz, country, classical, flamenco|
|Labels||RCA, Sound Hole, Adelphi, Genes, Tudor|
|Associated acts||CKY Caravan, Chet Atkins, Randy Bachman, Dianne Brooks, John Allan Cameron, Betty Cody, Buddy Emmons, Tal Farlow, Don Francks, Beverly Glenn-Copeland, George Hamilton IV, Moe Koffman, Catherine McKinnon, Anne Murray, Hank Smith, Buddy Spicher, Ray St. Germain, Three, Phil Upchurch|
Leonard Harold Breau (August 5, 1941 – August 12, 1984) was an American-born guitarist and music educator. Breau blended many styles of music, including jazz, country, classical, and flamenco. Inspired by country guitarists like Chet Atkins, Breau used fingerstyle techniques not often used in jazz guitar. By using a seven-string guitar and approaching the guitar like a piano, he opened up possibilities for the instrument.
Breau was born August 5, 1941, in Auburn, Maine, but moved with his family to Moncton, New Brunswick in 1948. His francophone parents, Harold Breau and Betty Cody, were professional country and western musicians who performed and recorded from the mid-1930s until the mid-1970s. From the mid to late 1940s they played summer engagements in southern New Brunswick, advertising their performances by playing free programs on radio station CKCW Moncton. Lenny began playing guitar at the age of eight. When he was twelve, he started a small band with friends, and by the age of fourteen he was the lead guitarist for his parents' band, billed as "Lone Pine Junior", playing Merle Travis and Chet Atkins instrumentals and occasionally singing. He made his first professional recordings in Westbrook, Maine at Event Records with Al Hawkes at the age of 15 while working as a studio musician. Many of these recordings were released posthumously on the album Boy Wonder.
The Breau family moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba, in 1957, and their new band performed around the city and province as the CKY Caravan. Their shows were radio broadcast live on Winnipeg's CKY on Saturday mornings from remote locations. One of their regular listeners was Randy Bachman, who was sixteen years old at the time. On one occasion Bachman bicycled to a Caravan performance in his West Kildonan neighborhood and ended up meeting Breau. Breau and Bachman soon became friends, and Breau informally began teaching Bachman, who has since described those lessons as "the beginning of my life as a guitar player."
Turning to jazz
Around 1959 Breau left his parents' country band after his father slapped him in the face for incorporating jazz improvisation into his playing with the group. He sought out local jazz musicians, performing at Winnipeg venues Rando Manor and the Stage Door. He met pianist Bob Erlendson, who began teaching him more of the foundations of jazz. In 1962, Breau left for Toronto and created the jazz group Three with singer and actor Don Francks, and Eon Henstridge on acoustic bass.
Three performed in Toronto, Ottawa, and New York City. Their music was featured in the 1962 National Film Board documentary Toronto Jazz. They recorded a live album at the Village Vanguard in New York City and appeared on the Jackie Gleason and Joey Bishop television shows. Returning to Winnipeg, Breau became a session guitarist, recording for CBC Radio and CBC Television, and contributed to CBC-TV's Teenbeat, Music Hop, and his own The Lenny Breau Show.
In 1963 and 1964, Breau appeared at David Ingram's Fourth Dimension at 2000 Pembina Highway in Fort Garry, a suburb of Winnipeg. Every Sunday night was a party open to all. Another regular at the club on Sunday nights was Neil Young and his band with Vancouver CKNW's Rick Honey as his drummer.
In 1967, recordings of Breau's playing from The Lenny Breau Show found their way to Chet Atkins. The ensuing friendship resulted in Breau's first two albums, Guitar Sounds from Lenny Breau and The Velvet Touch of Lenny Breau – Live! on RCA.
He lived in various Canadian cities until returning to the United States in 1976. For several years he moved between Maine, Nashville, Stockton, California, and New York City, eventually settling in Los Angeles in 1983. These years he spent performing, teaching, and writing for Guitar Player magazine. A few more solo albums were issued during his lifetime, in addition to albums recorded with fiddler Buddy Spicher and pedal steel guitarist Buddy Emmons.
Breau had problems with drugs beginning in the 1960s which he managed to control during the last years of his life. On August 12, 1984, his body was found in a swimming pool at his apartment complex in Los Angeles, California. The coroner reported that Breau had been strangled. Breau's wife, Jewel, was the chief suspect, but she was not charged. He is interred in an unmarked grave at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery.
Many live and "lost" recordings have been issued since Breau's death, and most of his previously released albums have also been reissued. Due to efforts by Randy Bachman of Guitarchives, Paul Kohler of Art of Life Records, Tim Tamashiro of CBC radio and others, a new generation of listeners has access to his music.
A documentary entitled The Genius of Lenny Breau was produced in 1999 by Breau's daughter, Emily Hughes. This Gemini Award-winning film includes interviews with Chet Atkins, Ted Greene, Pat Metheny, George Benson, Leonard Cohen, and Bachman, as well as family members. George Benson said, "He dazzled me with his extraordinary guitar playing... I wish the world had the opportunity to experience his artistry." The biography One Long Tune: The Life and Music of Lenny Breau by Ron Forbes-Roberts was published in 2006 containing interviews with nearly 200 people and a comprehensive discography.
CBC Radio presented a documentary on Lenny Breau entitled On the Trail of Lenny Breau (the title is in reference to Breau's parents' song "On the Trail of the Lonesome Pine"). It was first broadcast on September 13, 2009 as part of a regular weekly program called Inside the Music. It was narrated by Breau's son, Chet. The one-hour feature was produced in Montreal by John Klepko.
Technique and guitars
Breau's fully matured technique was a combination of Chet Atkins's and Merle Travis's fingerpicking and Sabicas-influenced flamenco, highlighted by right-hand independence and flurries of artificial harmonics. His harmonic sensibilities were a combination of his country roots, classical music, modal music, Indian, and jazz, particularly the work of pianist Bill Evans. Breau often adapted Evans's compositions, such as "Funny Man", for guitar. Breau said in relation to this, "I approach the guitar like a piano. I've reached a point where I transcend the instrument. A lot of the stuff I play on the seven-string guitar is supposed to be technically impossible, but I spent over twenty years figuring it out. I play the guitar like a piano, there's always two things going on at once. I'm thinking melody, but I'm also thinking of a background. I play the accompaniment on the low strings."
He had two custom seven-string guitars made, one classical and one electric. At the time, no company made a string that could be tuned to the high A on his classical guitar. Breau used fishing line of the correct gauge until the La Bella company began making a string for him. The electric guitar was made by Kirk Sand, also with the first string being a high A.
- 1968: Guitar Sounds from Lenny Breau (RCA)
- 1969: The Velvet Touch of Lenny Breau – Live!
- 1978: Minors Aloud, Buddy Emmons with Lenny Breau
- 1979: Five O'Clock Bells
- 1979: Lenny Breau
- 1979: The Legendary Lenny Breau... Now! (Sound Hole)
- 1981: Mo' Breau (Adelphi Genes, 1981)
- 1981: Standard Brands (RCA)
- 1982: When Lightn' Strikes (Tudor, 2005) (Art of Life) (Released as Swingin' on a Seven-String)
- 1984: Legacy (Relaxed Rabbit) (also released as Live at Bourbon St. by Guitarchives in 1995)
- 1985: Quietude Electric Muse (also released as Live at Bourbon St. by Guitarchives in 1995)
- 1986: The Living Room Tapes, Vol. 1 Livingroom (with Brad Terry) (1988)
- 1988: Last Sessions
- 1990: The Living Room Tapes, Vol. 2 (Musical Heritage Society, with Brad Terry)
- 1995: Live at Bourbon St. (Guitarchives)
- 1997: Cabin Fever (Guitarchives)
- 1997: Chance Meeting (Guitarchives)
- 1998: Boy Wonder (Guitarchives)
- 2000: Live at Donte's (String Jazz)
- 2001: Pickin' Cotten (Guitarchives) (with Richard Cotten)
- 2003: The Complete Living Room Tapes (Art of Life)
- 2003: The Hallmark Sessions (Art of Life)
- 2004: At the Purple Onion (Art of Life) (with Don Francks and Eon Henstridge)
- 2006: Mosaic (Guitarchives)
- 2014: LA Bootleg 1984 Linus Entertainment
- Forbes-Roberts, Ron (2006). One Long Tune: The Life and Music of Lenny Breau. University of North Texas Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781574412307.
- "Lenny Breau". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
- Forbes-Roberts, Ron (2006). One Long Tune: The Life and Music of Lenny Breau ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). Denton, Texas: Univ. of North Texas Press. ISBN 1-57441-210-8.
- "Breau, Lenny". canoe.com. Retrieved 11 May 2008.
- Forbes-Roberts, pp.41-42
- McClellan, John; Bratic, Deyan, eds. (2004). Chet Atkins in Three Dimensions. Pacific, Missouri: Mel Bay Publications. ISBN 0-7866-5877-0.
- Atkins, Chet (July 1986). "The Genius of Lenny Breau". Frets.
- Ferguson, Jim (November 1984). "Lenny Breau Remembered". Guitar Player.
- "A Tribute to Lenny Breau". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. August 16, 1984. p. 41. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- "Guitar Star Found Dead". Winnipeg Sun. 14 August 1984.
- "While his guitar not so gently wept". The Globe & Mail. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
- Lieberson, Richard. "Lenny Breau". AllMusic. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "Lenny Breau - Jazz Guitar - Lenny Breau Documentary - The Genius of Lenny Breau - DVD". Softandgroovy.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-04. Retrieved 2015-08-01.
- CBC Music: Inside the Archives Archived 2016-03-01 at the Wayback Machine.
- Ricci, Michael (8 September 2009). "On the Trail of Lenny Breau". All About Jazz. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
- Drake, Gayla. "Builder Profile: Kirk Sand Guitars". Premier Guitar. Retrieved 19 June 2014.