Lenox Avenue

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Lenox Avenue
Malcolm X Boulevard
Lenox 123 rowhouses jeh.jpg
Row houses on Lenox Avenue between 122nd and 123rd Streets are part of the Mount Morris Park Historic District
Former name(s)Sixth Avenue
Part ofSixth Avenue
NamesakeJames Lenox and Malcolm X
OwnerCity of New York
Maintained byNYCDOT
Length1.9 mi (3.1 km)[1]
LocationManhattan, New York City
South endCentral Park North / East Drive in Harlem
145th Street Bridge in Harlem
North end147th Street in Harlem
EastFifth Avenue
WestAdam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard
CommissionedMarch 1811

Lenox Avenue – also named Malcolm X Boulevard; both names are officially recognized – is the primary north–south route through Harlem in the upper portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan. This two-way street runs from Farmers' Gate at Central Park North (110th Street) to 147th Street. Its traffic is figuratively described as "Harlem's heartbeat" by Langston Hughes in his poem Juke Box Love Song.[2] The IRT Lenox Avenue Line runs under the entire length of the street, serving the New York City Subway's 2 and ​3 trains.

From 119th Street to 123rd Street, Lenox Avenue is part of the Mount Morris Park Historic District, designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1971.[3]


Originally a part of Sixth Avenue, the segment north of Central Park was renamed in late 1887[4] for philanthropist James Lenox. In 1987, it was co-named Malcolm X Boulevard, in honor of the slain civil rights leader.[5][6]

Co-signing of Lenox Avenue and Malcolm X Boulevard

The avenue was the heart of Harlem during the Harlem Renaissance in the 1930s. The street brought together African Americans, Latinos, British West Indians, and Spaniards who developed relationships over common interests such as jazz and food.[7] In 1932, Harlem was so firmly established as the world capital of jazz and African-American culture in general that "black cinema" films like Harlem Is Heaven were playing on the nation's big screens. Jazz flourished and grew like it could have in no other time and place. "You might have had 15 great clubs on one block, all going at once," said the trombonist and bandleader Wycliffe Gordon. "Imagine going into a joint to check out Willie 'The Lion' Smith, and sitting next to you are Duke Ellington and James P. Johnson." Lenox Avenue is thought by some to be one of the most important streets in the world for African American culture.[8]

The Savoy Ballroom was located between 140th and 141st Streets on Lenox Avenue.[9] Other historical venues of Lenox Avenue are Sylvia's Restaurant, located between 126th and 127th; and the Lenox Lounge, located between 124th and 125th.

In popular culture[edit]



  1. ^ Google (September 13, 2015). "Lenox Avenue / Malcolm X Boulevard" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  2. ^ "Governor Announces $11 Million to Enhance NYC Communities (Bronx, Brooklyn, Kings, New York & Queens Counties)" (Press release). New York State Department of Transportation. April 6, 2000. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
  3. ^ New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009). Postal, Matthew A. (ed.). Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1., p.205
  4. ^ "Honoring the Lenox Family". The New York Times. October 5, 1887. p. 4.
  5. ^ Gray, Christopher (June 15, 2003). "Streetscapes/200-218 Malcolm X Boulevard, From 120th to 121st Street; A Once-Noble Row of Houses Hopes for Renewal". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
  6. ^ "Malcolm X Boulevard". New York City Department of City Planning. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
  7. ^ Friedwald, Will (May 9, 2011). "Follow the Sound Uptown". The Wall Street Journal. New York. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
  8. ^ Aberjhani; Sandra L. West (2003). Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438130170.
  9. ^ Ward, Geoffrey C.; Burns, Ken (2000). Jazz: A History of America's Music. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 174.
  10. ^ Horne, Aaron (1996). Brass Music of Black Composers: A Bibliography. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-29826-4.
  11. ^ "Travelagu | Download Lagu MP3 | Lagu Populer | Lagu Terbaru 2022".
  12. ^ O'Brien, Lucy (2008). Madonna: Like an Icon. Bantam Press. pp. 295–301. ISBN 978-0-552-15361-4.
  13. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (2004). From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7., p.59

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]