Lensky District, Sakha Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lensky District
Ленский улус (Russian)
Ленскэй улууһа (Sakha)
Lensky ulus location.PNG
Location of Lensky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 60°43′N 114°55′E / 60.717°N 114.917°E / 60.717; 114.917Coordinates: 60°43′N 114°55′E / 60.717°N 114.917°E / 60.717; 114.917
145 Скала Хапчагай, Ленский район.jpg
Khapchagay Rock in Lensky District
Coat of Arms of Lensk rayon (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center town of Lensk[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns 1
Settlements 2
Rural okrugs 8
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements[3] 2
Rural localities 16
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Lensky Municipal District[4]
Municipal divisions:[5]
Urban settlements 3
Rural settlements 8
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 77,000 km2 (30,000 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 39,765 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 87.0%
• Rural 13.0%
Density 0.52/km2 (1.3/sq mi)[7]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[8]
Established January 30, 1930[2]
Lensky District on WikiCommons

Lensky District (Russian: Ле́нский улу́с; Sakha: Ленскэй улууһа, Lyenskey uluuha) is an administrative[1] and municipal[4] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders Mirninsky District in the north, Suntarsky District in the northeast, Olyokminsky District in the east, and Irkutsk Oblast in the south and west. The area of the district is 77,000 square kilometers (30,000 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the town of Lensk.[2] As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 39,765, with the population of Lensk accounting for 62.8% of that number.[6]

Geography[edit]

The main river in the district is the Lena with its tributaries the Vitim and the Nyuya.

Climate[edit]

Average January temperature is −32 °C (−26 °F) and average July temperature is +16–17 °C (61–63 °F).[9] Annual precipitation is 300–400 millimeters (12–16 in).[9]

History[edit]

The district was established on January 30, 1930.[2]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Lensky District is one of the thirty-four in the republic.[1] It is divided into one town (an administrative division with the administrative center in the town (inhabited locality) of Lensk), two settlements (administrative divisions with the administrative centers in the urban-type settlements (inhabited localities) of Peleduy and Vitim), and eight rural okrugs (naslegs), all of which comprise sixteen rural localities.[2] As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Lensky Municipal District.[4] Within the municipal district, the Town of Lensk is incorporated into Lensk Urban Settlement, the two settlements are incorporated into two urban settlements, and the eight rural okrugs are incorporated into eight rural settlements.[5] The town of Lensk serves as the administrative center of both the administrative[2] and municipal[4] district.

Inhabited localities[edit]

Administrative[2]/municipal[5] composition
Towns/Urban settlements Population[6] Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Lensk
(Ленск)
24,966
  • Town of Lensk (administrative center of the district)
Settlements/Urban settlements Population[6] Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Vitim
(Витим)
4,376
Peleduy
(Пеледуй)
5,262
Rural okrugs/Rural settlements Population[6] Rural localities in jurisdiction*
Bechenchinsky
(Беченчинский)
786
Murbaysky
(Мурбайский)
350
Natorsky
(Наторский)
441
Nyuysky
(Нюйский)
1,544
Orto-Nakharinsky
(Орто-Нахаринский)
689
Saldykelsky
(Салдыкельский)
424
Tolonsky
(Толонский)
426
Yaroslavsky
(Ярославский)
501

*Administrative centers are shown in bold

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is mostly based on timber industry, production of construction materials, and food industry.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population of Lensky District
2010 Census 39,765[6]
2002 Census 38,669[10]
1989 Census 49,702[11]
1979 Census 40,019[12]

As of the 1989 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[9]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Constitution of the Sakha Republic, Article 45
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #172-Z #351-III
  5. ^ a b c Law #173-Z #354-III
  6. ^ a b c d e f Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ a b c d Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Lensky District (in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Lensky District. (in Russian)
  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).